The Oyster is the embodiment of Rolex’s world renowned prestige and know-how, a true watchmaking archetype. Today the collection consists of some 15 ranges: Classic watches like the Datejust, the Day-Date and the Sky-Dweller, as well as Professional watches, such as the Explorer, the Submariner and the GMT-Master II, designed for specific activities.
Beyond its legendary technical performance, the Oyster’s aesthetic codes set it apart as a benchmark of universal and timeless style, a lifestyle icon. An Oyster watch constitutes a perfect alchemy of form and function and is recognizable at first glance.
The Oyster collection was built on the success of the original Oyster model, patented by Rolex and launched in 1926. As the first waterproof wristwatch in the world, it played a pioneering role in the development of the modern wristwatch. Over the years the Oyster became the proud bearer of many other innovations – such as self-winding by means of the Perpetual rotor – that defined the identity of the different models, forged Rolex’s reputation for excellence and often went on to set watchmaking standards.
The identity of the Oyster collection is based on four fundamental characteristics:
First and foremost, the Oyster is distinguished by the hermetic case invented by Rolex in 1926, from which its name is derived. It was the first waterproof wristwatch in the world thanks to an ingenious patented system combining a screw-down bezel, case back and winding crown. The Oyster thus provided a definitive solution to one of the inherent weaknesses of the wristwatch, which was more exposed to external hazards than the pocket watch.
Today, the Oyster case, entirely manufactured by Rolex, is waterproof to a minimum depth of 100 metres (330 feet) – 300 metres (1,000 feet) for the Submariner, and up to 3,900 metres (12,800 feet) for the Rolex Deepsea. Its middle case is crafted from a block of particularly corrosion- resistant 904L steel, 18 ct gold or 950 platinum. The case back with its characteristic fluting is hermetically screwed down with a special tool that allows only Rolex watchmakers to access the movement. The winding crown is fitted with a waterproofness system, either the Twinlock (double waterproofness system) or the Triplock (triple waterproofness system, notably on divers’ models). It screws down securely against the middle case, ensuring watertight security akin to a submarine’s hatch. The waterproof Oyster case provides the high-precision movement with optimal protection from water, dust, pressure and shocks.
The Oyster is also characterized by its great precision. Each Oyster is certified as a Superlative Chronometer. This exclusive designation attests that it has successfully undergone a series of tests conducted by Rolex in its own laboratories and according to its own criteria, which exceed watchmaking norms and standards. These tests are carried out on the fully assembled watch, in order to guarantee its superlative performance on the wrist.
The precision of every movement – officially certified as a chronometer by COSC (Swiss Official Chronometer Testing Institute) – is, therefore, tested a second time by Rolex after being cased, to ensure that it meets criteria for precision that are far more exacting than those for an official chronometer. The tolerance for the average rate of a Rolex Superlative Chronometer after casing is of the order of −2/+2 seconds per day. Its precision is tested by Rolex using an exclusive methodology that simulates the conditions in which a watch is actually worn and is much more representative of real-life experience. This certification testing is carried out using state-of-the-art equipment specially developed by Rolex. The Superlative Chronometer status is symbolized by the green seal that comes with every Rolex watch and is coupled with an international five-year guarantee.
In 1931, Rolex invented a self-winding mechanism with a free rotor, called the Perpetual rotor, based on a patented principle that would later be adopted by the whole watchmaking industry. The Oyster became the Oyster Perpetual, and this designation appears today on the dials of all models in the collection – with the exception of certain decorated and gem-set dials – to indicate that they are waterproof and feature a self-winding movement. The Perpetual rotor consists of a half-moon shaped oscillating weight rotating freely on its axis in both directions under the impetus of the wearer’s wrist movements. The rotor transmits energy to the mainspring, the motor of the watch.
Apart from increased comfort for the wearer, who is freed from winding the watch every day, the Perpetual rotor helps to reinforce the waterproofness of the Oyster by eliminating the need to regularly unscrew the crown, an operation which exposes the movement to dust and humidity. By continuously winding the mainspring, the rotor maintains a stable high-level supply of energy to the movement, ensuring greater regularity and enhancing the precision of the watch. Self-winding via the Rolex Perpetual rotor provides excellent winding power in both rotation directions of the weight.
All watches in the Oyster collection are in a class of their own when it comes to the rigorous design that allows them to faithfully fulfil their functions over time and under any circumstances. This reliability is the fruit of the technical choices made by Rolex as well as the draconian reliability controls and tests imposed on the watch components to satisfy the brand’s stringent standards.
For its watch cases and bracelets, Rolex uses only highly resistant noble materials: 18 ct gold cast and machined in its own foundry, 950 platinum, or particularly corrosion-resistant 904L steel. And for certain bezels or bezel inserts, non-fading, virtually scratchproof, corrosion-resistant ceramic. The Oyster case is a paragon of robustness and waterproofness. It provides the movement with optimal protection against external hazards. The reliability of Oyster watches also includes the metal bracelets and clasps, designed and manufactured by Rolex to maximize wearing comfort and security.
The Perpetual movement – whose architecture is common to all models – is designed to ensure excellent long-term resistance to shocks, effects of gravity, magnetic interference and temperature variations that would affect accuracy. It also allows ease of maintenance for many years, anywhere in the world.
The Many Variations Of The Oyster
The Oyster is the incarnation of the ideal watch as conceived by the visionary genius Hans Wilsdorf, founder of Rolex: a precise, reliable and functional watch of timeless elegance, which can be worn in any circumstance. After it acquired its definitive form in the early 1940s, this archetypal wristwatch gradually evolved into a coherent collection of models integrating new functions and innovative technologies. It was nonetheless developed with continuity, strictly abiding by fundamental principles that embody its perfection. This explains why all the models in the Oyster collection share a very strong visual identity that makes them immediately recognizable. And also why their family relationship with the original model remains evident.
The model with the most direct line of descent is the Oyster Perpetual – still in the catalogue today– a particularly precise and reliable watch with three hands, characterized by its waterproof Oyster case and self-winding Perpetual movement. The Oyster collection has developed from the Oyster Perpetual around two axes. Firstly, elegant and prestigious watches, with a calendar, like the Oyster Perpetual Datejust and the Oyster Perpetual Day-Date, launched in 1945 and 1956 respectively; and the Oyster Perpetual Sky-Dweller launched in 2012. Secondly, Professional watches, veritable tool-watches that take full advantage of their waterproofness, robustness and precision to offer dedicated functions for specific activities. This second category was inaugurated in 1953 with the simultaneous launch of the Oyster Perpetual Explorer, an extremely robust and legible model intended for explorers and mountaineers, and the Oyster Perpetual Submariner, the first watch waterproof to a depth of 100 metres (330 feet) and equipped with a rotatable graduated bezel, specially developed for deep-sea diving.
Over the decades, these two categories have expanded, adding numerous models, each with its own strong personality. The Oyster Perpetual Datejust has appeared in versions for ladies, allying aesthetic refinement and technical performance in smaller sizes, such as the Lady-Datejust and the graceful, divinely gem-set Pearlmaster models.
In the Professional watch category, new models have been developed to meet the particular demands and needs of aeroplane pilots (GMT-Master II), physicists (Milgauss), racing drivers (Cosmograph Daytona) and sailors (Yacht-Master and Yacht-Master II).
Today, the main representatives of the Oyster collection are:
Oyster Perpetual Datejust
The Oyster Perpetual Datejust perfectly embodies the classic watch with timeless elegance. Launched in 1945, it was the first self-winding waterproof chronometer wristwatch to display the date in a window at 3 o’clock on the dial – hence its name. The ultimate modern watch, it consolidated all the major innovations that Rolex had contributed to the wristwatch until then – chronometric precision (first chronometer certificates granted to a wristwatch as of 1910), waterproofness (creation of the Oyster case in 1926), self-winding mechanism (Perpetual rotor patented from 1931) and the date in a window. A new, particularly elegant metallic bracelet with five-piece links – the Jubilee bracelet – was created specially for it. In 1953, the famous Cyclops lens was added on the crystal, magnifying the date for easy reading. Another innovation emerged in 1956: the date change at midnight became instantaneous. Today, the Datejust is available for men and women (Lady-Datejust), in sizes ranging from 28 to 41 mm and in different materials – 904L steel, Rolesor versions (steel and 18 ct gold), 18 ct gold, and 950 platinum – with a great variety of dials, bezels, bracelets and gem-set versions offering vast possibilities for personalization.
Oyster Perpetual Day-Date
The Day-Date is the most prestigious and exclusive watch in the Oyster Perpetual collection. At its launch in 1956, the Day-Date marked a world first: the first calendar wristwatch to indicate, in addition to the date, the day of the week spelt out in full in a window on the dial – a technical feat at the time.
With its standing as a watch of great prestige, available only in precious metals – 18 ct gold or 950 platinum – it quickly became the watch of influential people. The indication of the day of the week is available in a choice of 26 languages. The date display is magnified by a Cyclops lens on the crystal. The simultaneous day and date change takes place instantaneously within a few milliseconds at midnight.
The Day-Date is available in gem-set models and in two sizes – 36 and 40 mm. The President bracelet perfectly complements the model’s aesthetics. This bracelet with three semi-circular solid links in precious metal is equipped with a concealed Crownclasp and offers the wearer unique comfort and elegance befitting the Day-Date’s singular status.
Oyster Perpetual Sky-Dweller
A classic and elegant watch for world travellers, the Oyster Perpetual Sky-Dweller is a compelling timepiece of revolutionary design that blends to perfection technological sophistication and ease of use. A technological masterpiece protected by 11 patents, the Sky-Dweller provides, in an unprecedented and highly original way, the information global travellers need to easily keep track of time: a dual time zone, with local time read via centre hands and a reference time display in 24-hour format read via a rotating off-centre disc visible on the dial; a particularly innovative annual calendar named Saros – after the astronomical phenomenon of the same name – that requires only one date adjustment a year, when the month changes from February to March; and a month display by means of 12 apertures around the circumference of the dial. To set its functions quickly and easily, it is also equipped with a new patented interface: the rotatable Ring Command bezel.
Oyster Perpetual Explorer
Watch of daring exploits and mountaineering triumphs, the Oyster Perpetual Explorer embodies the Oyster Perpetual’s spirit of robustness and resistance to extreme conditions. Born in 1953, a direct descendant of the first successful ascent of Everest by a British expedition equipped with Oyster Perpetual watches, it offers optimal legibility in any situation thanks to its contrasting black dial, its Chromalight (long-lasting luminescence) hands, hour markers and emblematic 3, 6 and 9 numerals. A timepiece for all achievers, the Explorer, with the timeless design of its 39 mm 904L steel case, pays homage to pioneers and exalts the spirit of adventure.
Oyster Perpetual Explorer II
The Oyster Perpetual Explorer II perpetuates the spirit of adventure and the extreme robustness of the Explorer while incorporating new functions designed particularly for polar and subterranean exploration. This model created in 1971 has a very legible dial and includes an additional hand indicating the time in 24-hour format on a fixed engraved bezel. The display enables the wearer to clearly distinguish daytime from night-time hours – an essential function for cavers who spend entire days without seeing daylight and for polar expeditions that have to contend with the midnight sun or continuous night. This additional display also allows the Explorer II to indicate two time zones. The conventional hour hand can be easily set to local time, “jumping” in hourly increments independently of the 24-hour hand. The Oyster Perpetual Explorer II, available with a white or black dial in a 42 mm 904L steel case, also features a date window magnified by a Cyclops lens on the crystal.
Oyster Perpetual Submariner
The waterproofness of the original Oyster Perpetual predestined it for underwater use. The first watch waterproof to a depth of 100 metres (330 feet), the Oyster Perpetual Submariner has been the quintessential divers’ watch since its introduction in 1953. Rolex gave it a rotatable graduated bezel, allowing divers to monitor their immersion time, as well as a contrasting black dial with luminescent hands and hour markers. The Submariner’s streamlined and functional design would soon become iconic. A legendary model among the Professional watches developed by Rolex, the Submariner gave a new dimension to underwater exploration and the conquest of the oceans before moving beyond marine depths to triumph on terra firma as the epitome of the watch of action. Today, waterproof to a depth of 300 metres (1,000 feet), this emblematic and powerfully seductive watch is offered in several versions: with or without date in a 40 mm case with a ceramic Cerachrom bezel insert.
Oyster Perpetual Sea-Dweller
In 1967, Rolex developed the Oyster Perpetual Sea-Dweller, waterproof to a depth of 610 metres (2,000 feet), fitted with a helium escape valve. This valve, patented by Rolex, allows the gases that infiltrate the watch during deep-sea saturation diving to escape without damaging the watch when they dilate during the decompression stages in hyperbaric chambers. The watch was chosen as part of the equipment for the divers of Comex, the pioneer and world leader in industrial deep-sea diving, based in Marseille, France. In 1978, the Sea-Dweller 4000 was guaranteed waterproof to a depth of 1,220 metres (4,000 feet).
In 2017, to mark the model’s 50th anniversary, Rolex has introduced an updated version of this legendary divers’ watch, featuring a larger, 43 mm case in 904L steel, and equipped with caliber 3235, a new-generation mechanical movement at the forefront of watchmaking technology.
Oyster Perpetual Rolex Deepsea
Waterproof to an extreme depth of 3,900 metres (12,800 feet), the Oyster Perpetual Rolex Deepsea joined the family of the brand’s prestigious divers’ watches and illustrates the supremacy of Rolex in mastering waterproofness. Presented in 2008 in a 44 mm case, the Rolex Deepsea exceeds the most exacting demands of professional divers in terms of robustness, precision and reliability, while featuring the aesthetic codes and the fundamental characteristics of the Oyster Perpetual.
A new-generation divers’ watch, the Rolex Deepsea benefits from exclusive technical innovations such as the Ringlock System. This new case architecture patented by Rolex – consisting of a central compression ring made of high-performance nitrogen-alloyed steel, a grade 5 titanium case back and a 5.5 mm-thick sapphire crystal – enables the watch to resist the colossal pressure exerted by water at a depth of 3,900 metres, equivalent to a weight of approximately three tonnes on the crystal. Manufactured in exceptionally corrosion-resistant 904L steel, the Rolex Deepsea is equipped with a unidirectional rotatable bezel with a ceramic Cerachrom insert and a Chromalight display with long- lasting luminescence.
Oyster Perpetual GMT-Master II
Emblematic traveller’s watch, the Oyster Perpetual GMT-Master II is the successor to the GMT-Master created in 1955 to meet the needs of airline pilots. It can show the time simultaneously in two time zones thanks to its 24-hour hand and rotatable 24-hour graduated bezel equipped with a ceramic Cerachrom insert. Robust and resistant in its 40 mm Oyster case, featuring an exceptionally legible Chromalight display (long-lasting luminescence), the GMT-Master II is a prized instrument for reading the time in the dimmed cockpit of a long-haul flight. It accompanies elegantly and with distinction all those who travel the world or whose activities span several time zones. In 2013, Rolex introduced single-piece Cerachrom bezel inserts in two colours on the GMT-Master II – a world first. Either blue and black, or red and blue, the two-colour Cerachrom bezels blend the technical performance of the Cerachrom bezel with the iconic aesthetics of the original GMT-Master.
Oyster Perpetual Air-King
The new Air-King epitomizes Rolex’s privileged ties with the world of aviation during its golden age in the 1930s. It was a period when spectacular progress in aircraft performance constantly expanded humanity’s capacity to conquer the skies, and led to the introduction of long-distance flights. One of the pioneers of this era, English aviator Charles Douglas Barnard, set a number of flight records. Of the Oyster, he said: “The peculiar qualities of this Rolex watch render it eminently suitable for flying purposes and I propose to use it on all my long-distance flights in the future”.
In 1933, Oyster watches accompanied the Houston Expedition as it made the first-ever flight over Mount Everest at an altitude exceeding 10,000 metres (33,000 feet) in extreme weather conditions. In 1934, Owen Cathcart-Jones and Ken Waller made a return voyage from London to Melbourne (Australia) in record time with a twin-engine De Havilland Comet, using a Rolex Oyster as their on- board chronometer. Today’s new Air-King pays tribute to the pioneers of flight and the Oyster’s role in the epic story of aviation. It features a distinctive black dial with a combination of large 3, 6 and 9 numerals marking the hours and a prominent minutes scale for navigational time readings.
Oyster Perpetual Milgauss
A watch inspired by science, the Oyster Perpetual Milgauss was a pioneering watch in terms of resistance to magnetic fields, which are a major source of interference for mechanical watch movements. It was originally worn by scientists at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Geneva. Created in 1956 it was designed to resist up to 1,000 gauss (an old measurement of magnetic induction which corresponds to 80,000 A/m), thanks to a protective shield surrounding the movement. Relaunched in an updated version in 2007 in a 40 mm case with a hallmark seconds hand in the shape of an orange lightning bolt, the Milgauss is a reminder that science can sometimes outwit nature.
Oyster Perpetual Cosmograph Daytona
A high-performance chronograph tailored for speed, the Oyster Perpetual Cosmograph Daytona was designed to meet the timing needs of professional endurance racing drivers. Rolex placed a high- precision mechanical chronograph movement in its robust Oyster case to allow the wearer to measure time intervals and determine average speeds up to 400 miles or kilometres per hour. These additional functions are activated by pushers that screw down like the Oyster case’s characteristic winding crown, ensuring waterproofness to a depth of 100 metres (330 feet). A tachymetric scale is engraved on the bezel to free space on the dial and offer optimal legibility for all functions. The name of this chronograph created in 1963 proclaims its affinity with the Daytona International Speedway in Florida, home of the famous Rolex 24 At Daytona® endurance race.
Oyster Perpetual Yacht-Master
The robust and waterproof Oyster Perpetual is the ideal watch for water sports and sailing in particular. A vocation enthusiastically embraced by the Oyster Perpetual Yacht-Master. Waterproof to a depth of 100 metres (330 feet) thanks to its Oyster case with a screw-down case back and winding crown, the Yacht-Master sports a highly legible dial with date magnified by a Cyclops lens. A bidirectional rotatable 60-minute graduated bezel allows timing of a distance covered, for example the sailing time between two buoys. With its raised numerals and graduations, the rotatable bezel in 18 ct Everose gold, in 950 platinum or in a technical ceramic (Cerachrom insert) makes the Yacht-Master immediately recognizable. Just as at home at sea on the deck of a sailboat as on land in port, or in the elegant atmosphere of a yacht club lounge, this model combining character and performance is the only Rolex Professional watch available in several sizes (37 and 40 mm).
Oyster Perpetual Yacht-Master II
A revolutionary regatta chronograph and distillation of Rolex technology, the Oyster Perpetual Yacht- Master II, presented in 2007, is the world’s first watch to offer a programmable countdown with a mechanical memory and with the capacity for on-the-fly synchronization. In the crucial preparation phase before the start of a sailing race, these features make the Yacht-Master II the instrument of choice for professional skippers and yachting enthusiasts. Clad in a 44 mm Oyster case waterproof to a depth of 100 metres (330 feet), the Yacht-Master II innovates with a rotatable Ring Command bezel, whose interaction with the movement allows the wearer to program the countdown duration. This unique function underlines the importance of Rolex’s integrated approach, with command of the know-how involved in the manufacture of all the components of its watches, from the movement to the case, bracelet and clasp.
Tips on How to Get the Most from a Sunroom
If you have decided to add a sunroom to your patio, you want to get the most from it, right? And it’s possible. You only need to consider these tips:
Ensure the sunroom is facing the right direction
Everything begins here, as there is no way you will enjoy the sunroom if it’s facing the wrong side. Don’t get it wrong. There is no right or wrong location to build your sunroom.
You only need to ensure the unit is facing the direction that meets the needs you are looking to achieve. Some of the directions you can install the sunroom include:
North facing: A sunroom facing the north receives low sun levels and partial shade throughout the day. Patio contractors recommend north-facing sunrooms as the best sunrooms to install, but you should be ready to put on the heating system to use the sunroom in the winter.
South facing: South facing sunrooms are the most aesthetically pleasing sunrooms you can have, and they allow plenty of sunlight to get in during the day. Although they are beautiful, you may need a cooling system installed especially if living in the south.
Eastern facing: An eastern-facing sunroom is best if you love taking your breakfast in the sunroom or you love the sight of the sun early in the morning. This is because the sun gets in the sunroom early in the morning, while it’s all shade in the afternoons and evenings.
Western facing: Are you at home mostly in the evening and love watching the sunset? This is the right sunroom to go for. If you live in hot areas, you may need to invest in shades and a cooling system to keep you comfortable.
Ensure that the sunroom is comfortable
Unless you are using the sunroom as the exercise room, you will have to sit, and you need to be comfortable to enjoy the sunsets, have quality time with family, or simply enjoy your creation.
If you visit many sunrooms, you will find most of them packed with wire furniture and uncomfortable wicker. This is because homeowners have the impression that a sunroom is an outdoor unit, so it should be furnished with outdoor furniture. This is wrong.
To be an exception and ensure you are as comfortable as possible, take the sunroom as part of the main house. Like the rest of your house, have plush pillows, upholstered seating, throws, and other pieces that will ensure that you are comfortable.
You also should throw in a side table and coffee tables to have a place to set down your drinks or a book.
The sunroom is a place to relax, and you can also use it to get some work done when the weather is right, so ask an electrician to install electrical outlets to plug in your laptop.
For optimum comfort, take the sunroom as a second living room and furnish it with all the comfortable pieces of furniture you can.
Although it’s crucial to keep your patio sunrooms comfortable, watch out that you don’t waste money on adornments and furnishings that you won’t use or don’t need.
You need to find a balance between comfort and use. If you don’t frequently use a certain piece of furniture or adornment, there is no point in buying or keeping it.
Use the right glass for the window.
The glass you choose for your sunroom has a significant impact on the performance, feel, and allure of the sunroom, so be ultra-cautious when buying it. There are three main glass types for sunrooms you can choose from:
Single glazed glass: This is a basic window glass that features little insulation or UV properties.
Double glazed glass: These are two glass layers with gas or air trapped in between. As you can guess, this glass provides better insulation.
Triple glazed glass: It’s the most expensive glass of the three and provides the highest level of insulation.
When you choose the best glass for your windows, pay attention to the insulating properties of the glass. Of course, you want the glass providing you with the best insulation. After all, you don’t want to be baked in your sunroom as you are enjoying a sunset, do you?
Sunroom experts agree that the minimum glass you should install in the sunroom is double glazed.
Another factor to consider the Low-E coating. An ideal sunroom window glass should have a soft coat Low-E that allows light but reflects the heat. When properly installed, this glass ensures a room is cooler in summer and warm in winter.
The final factor to pay attention to is glass safety. You should go with tampered glass that crumbles when it breaks instead of one that falls off in dangerous shards.
The key to buying the right glass window hinges on extensive research. You should consult with building materials experts and even your local department of building and safety, and they will recommend the best one to go for.
Ensure the space is large enough
The whole point of spending money on a sunroom is to have space you can spend time. If you live alone or have a small family, you can get away with a small sunroom, but if you entertain a lot, your guests will feel cramped and crowded in a small room, and this will prevent them from having a good time.
At the very least, ensure that your sunroom is at least ten feet square. This space is enough for a small grill and a standard outdoor table and chairs.
Upgrade your sunroom to a solarium
Many homeowners believe that a sunroom and a solarium are the same thing, but this isn’t the case. A solarium is completely enclosed in glass (including the ceiling) with the sole intent of trapping in as much light as possible while at the same time blocking the outdoor weather elements.
On the other hand, a sunroom is what architects and designers use to describe any room with large windows (usually running from floor to ceiling).
A solarium is more aesthetically appealing and more comfortable. Unfortunately, it’s pricey to build. Luckily, if you don’t have the budget for it, you can install a skylight instead. The skylight will be cheaper, but it will accomplish the same feat.
Angelus U30 Black Titanium: The one-of-a-kind mean machine
Offered up on the altar of the grande complication, the U30 is a piece like no other. Ultra-light and ultra-sporty, the incredible Angelus design unites a variety of prestigious complications: a tourbillon, flyback and split-second chronograph. The 47mm black DLC titanium case with openworked edges houses one of the most complex automatic skeletonized movements in the world. In the U30, nothing has been sacrificed in the expression of Angelus’ extreme watchmaking approach.
The U30 is a beast in the etymological sense. If it is held up as an examplar, it is because it is one-of-a-kind – pointed out to stress its exceptional complexity. The U30 is a talking point, because this skeletonized, automatic tourbillon, flyback and split-second chronograph with power reserve indicator is quite simply unique. Angelus has not shied away from any technical challenges. 100% independently manufactured, the result is a watch that defies categorisation.
The U30 is also a beast in a figurative sense. It is a mythical creature, a mean machine: an exceptional piece both in performance and design. The spacious skeletonized structure encompasses the case, movement and hands. The case, 47mm in diameter and 15mm thick, is made of black DLC titanium. The lugs and case middle are marked in the centre with a recess that extends the skeletizing of the movement. The openworked movement has 350 components in total, is treated with black DLC and accentuated in grey. The design is an expression of Angelus’ own brand of hyper-technicality; it is the supreme sportiness of an ultra-light split-second chronograph. One-of-a-kind mean machine.
The split-second function allows the central chronograph second hand to be split in two, allowing two events starting together to be timed. At any moment, the same pusher can bring the two hands back together to the same point. A flyback also allows you to reset and restart timing with a single press, without having to stop and reset the hands. This exceptional feature does not compromise the lines of the U30: the split-second pusher is integrated into the crown at three o’clock, barely protruding from the case. Similarly, the chronograph’s start and reset pushers are very discreet, integrated into the overall line of the U30’s black titanium case middle. The pushers have a short trajectory, requiring up-front design work and adjustment to a degree rarely achieved in watchmaking.
It is hard to imagine a complication as sophisticated as the split-second function. The movements capable of achieving this complication can be counted on the fingers of two hands–and for the skeletonized version,far fewer. Angelus has built its modern identity on openworked pieces integrated into spacious structures that bring the surface area down to the absolute minimum. Here, the A-150 calibre has depth. The hand fitting, bridges, cog and column wheels, patina and rotor create a rich texture of levels for the eye to get lost in.
Chronograph calibres are rarely integrated. They are often made up of a basic calibre and an additional functional module. But Angelus does not subscribe to this approach, instead developing its calibres as a unified system. Split-second chronographs are often manual. The U30prefers a sportier, active, technical approach for this extremely rare complication, opting instead for self-winding by a large rotor. Split-second chronographs are hardly ever matched with a flyback. Such a combination is so complex that the watchmaking community is often unaware that it is even possible. The A-150 calibre is capable of such a feat.
Few chronographs also have a power reserve indicator. The traditional display layout leaves little room for an additional gauge. Angelus has placed the indicator at half past seven on the dial, using a subtle asymmetric layout. Tourbillon chronographs are anomalies, and tourbillon rattrapantes are even more unique. But for Angelus, integrating a rotary regulating organ into the dense and intense A-150 calibre has posed no problem. In fact, combining chronometer and chronograph, measuring precision times and short times is a logical choice for the U30.
When it comes to theU30’s design, structure, decoration, functionality and complications, all of these choices are based on an almost unparalleled level of expertise and independence. The A-150 calibre has been entirely developed, machined, decorated, assembled, adjusted and fitted on the Angelus manufacturing site in La Chaux-de-Fonds. This exclusive movement has been designed with exceptional mechanical and graphic detail in mind. The structure and functions form a coherent whole, highlighting the complications and design of their components. In turn, these high-precision micromechanical watchmaking parts have been integrated into a watch with the powerful design of a thoroughbred designated as an exemplar.
5 things you should know before buying a vintage car
Vintage cars belong in a class of their own, rivaling many modern vehiclesregarding style and attractiveness. But there’s more to owning a vintage car than just the aesthetics, as we’ll soon see. Here are five things to know before even consideringbuying a vintage model.
You may not be able to drive it in your state
Vintage cars are from a different era, and many things have changed since they were first manufactured. One significant difference is carbon emission laws. The clean air act, for example, aims to increase the air quality in the U.S. Since vehicle emissions make up most of the air pollution, there are restrictions on the use of certain kinds of cars.
Vintage cars tend to have older engines with more abundant carbon emissions. As a result, many states limit how much you can drive the car within a given year. It’s best to refer to your state’s regulations for guidelines.
It’s worth mentioning that car companies like Tesla have leaped into the limelight majorly because of their minimal carbon footprint. Carbon emissions have also forced manufacturers like Toyota, Audi, and BMW to manufacture electric cars. Even though vintage cars have greater appeal, they may also have more restrictions.
They are difficult to drive
It’s also important to remember that the technology for traction control, cruise control, and power steering wasn’t available when cars like the ford shelby gt350 were manufactured. Some owners even describe the experience as learning to drive all over again. The experience is more intense if you’re not used to driving cars with manual transmission.
Some collectors love the challenge of driving. The logic is that driving a classic car should feel like one. But if you prefer the aesthetics with none of the driving difficulty, you can easily add upgrades. For example, you could get an electronic dashboard, touch screen radio, or a whole new transmission if you can afford it.
One thing to keep in mind is that modernizing your vintage car can reduce its resale value. Collectors prefer to get the whole package, and upgrading it can make the car less appealing.
Classic cars aren’t like real estate
Some cars, like the ford mustang, are likely to stay valuable for the next few decades. However, this isn’t the case for many classic cars. Some vehicles generate a loyal fan base that grows as the years go by, while others become increasingly less appealing.
To gain some perspective on this matter, consider that not all vintage ford vehicles are desirable. For example, the Ford Edsel was a massive flop in its time and will probably stay that way. The lesson here is that vintage cars aren’t as easy to “flip” as real estate. They may increase or decrease in value over time depending on a host of factors.
Interestingly, the rarer a classic car, the harder it may be to sell. In this case, it’s so rare that only a few people are willing to go through the trouble of buying it. Since there’s no guarantee that your vintage car will be worth more tomorrow, it’s best to consider buying one simply for the pleasure of ownership. That way, you’ll always be proud of your purchase.
They have specific storage needs
This comes back to the fact that vintage cars were manufactured in a different era. With a regular Honda or BMW, you can park it in your driveway, regardless of the weather. Classic cars require a more delicate approach. They are highly prone to rust and weather damage, and should only be kept in a clean, dark, and dry space.
If you’re planning to store the vehicle for an extended period, the requirements also change. For example, you can’t park the car in a barn because the dirt floor and light exposure can rapidly age the vehicle. A home garage may not be such a great idea either because constant access can expose the car to the elements.
All vintage car owners know that they require a lot of attention and care. Everything from the soap you use to the tire pressure needs to be on-point to preserve the car’s value.
They are as great as people say
Vintage cars have a special place in people’s minds, whether they are car enthusiasts or regular folk. Owning one of these anachronisms will get you a few glances as you drive by.
And since most people don’t know much about vintage cars, the mere appearance is often enough to get you the street credibility. This is whether you’re driving a ‘66 Mustang GT convertible or something less iconic.
Classic cars are also incredibly fun to drive. They are more or less life-sized toys that thrill you every time you change gears, rev it up, or zoom past a group of people. The engine sounds combined with the attractive paint jobs and old-school interior are enough to make even the most mundane errands fun.
Tips for caring for your vintage car
By now, you realize that caring for a vintage car isn’t’ like any regular car. Here are some tips to help you take proper care of the vehicle.
Pay attention to oil changes
Unlike a regular vehicle, you should not overfill your vintage car. Topping the oil all the way could cause excess crankcase pressure, leading to oil leaks and eventually engine problems. Instead, fill as much oil as you need for the ride.
Vintage cars aren’t designed for long drives, so you often won’t have to worry about not having enough oil. A smart idea is to change your oil every month or so, keeping a close eye on the levels. Be sure to consult with your mechanic for more information.
Keep your gas tank full
Classic cars have metal tanks that are prone to corrosion. When empty, moisture can find a way into the tank, which isn’t something you want. Keeping a full gas tank can solve this problem.
It’s also a good idea to get premium gasoline and a gas stabilizer. Regular gas has ethanol which tends to attract moisture. This usually isn’t a problem for modern cars because the gas tanks are sealed. But vintage cars have vented tanks that are vulnerable to corrosion. A gas stabilizer is an easy fix to this issue.
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