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European Commission calls for a climate neutral Europe by 2050

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European Commission adopted a strategic long-term vision for a prosperous, modern, competitive and climate neutral economy by 2050 – A Clean Planet for all.

The strategy shows how Europe can lead the way to climate neutrality by investing into realistic technological solutions, empowering citizens, and aligning action in key areas such as industrial policy, finance, or research – while ensuring social fairness for a just transition.

The Vice-President responsible for the Energy Union, Maroš Šefčovič said: “We cannot safely live on a planet with the climate that is out of control. But that does not mean that to reduce emissions, we should sacrifice the livelihoods of Europeans. Over the last years, we have shown how to reduce emissions, while creating prosperity, high-quality local jobs, and improving people’s quality of life. Europe will inevitably continue to transform. Our strategy now shows that by 2050, it is realistic to make Europe both climate neutral and prosperous, while leaving no European and no region behind.”

Commissioner for Climate Action and Energy, Miguel Arias Cañete said: “The EU has already started the modernisation and transformation towards a climate neutral economy. And today, we are stepping up our efforts as we propose a strategy for Europe to become the world’s first major economy to go climate neutral by 2050. Going climate neutral is necessary, possible and in Europe’s interest. It is necessary to meet the long-term temperature goals of the Paris Agreement. It is possible with current technologies and those close to deployment. And it is in Europe’s interest to stop spending on fossil fuel imports and invest in meaningful improvements to the daily lives of all Europeans. No European, no region should be left behind. The EU will support those more impacted by this transition so that everyone’s ready to adapt to the new requirements of a climate neutral economy.”

Commissioner for Transport, Violeta Bulc said: “All transport modes should contribute to the decarbonisation of our mobility system. The goal is to reach net-zero emissions by 2050. This requires a system approach with low and zero emission vehicles, strong increase in rail network capacity, and a much more efficient organisation of the transport system, based on digitalisation; incentives for behavioural changes; alternative fuels and smart infrastructure; and global commitments. All this driven by innovation and investments.”

Following the invitation by the European Council in March 2018, the Commission’s vision for a climate-neutral future covers nearly all EU policies and is in line with the Paris Agreement objective to keep temperature increase to well below 2°C, and pursue efforts to keep it to 1.5°C. For the EU to lead the world towards climate neutralitymeans achieving it by 2050.

The purpose of this long-term strategy is not to set targets, but to create a vision and sense of direction, plan for it, and inspire as well as enable stakeholders, researchers, entrepreneurs and citizens alike to develop new and innovative industries, businesses and associated jobs. We have a strong mandate from our citizens: according to the latest special Eurobarometer (November 2018) 93% of Europeansbelieve climate change to be caused by human activity and 85% agree thatfighting climate change and using energy more efficiently can create economic growth and jobs in Europe. With the vision we are presenting today, the EU can inform others how we can deliver collectively a clean planet and show that transforming our economy is possible and beneficial.

The long-term strategy looks into the portfolio of options available for Member States, business and citizens, and how these can contribute to the modernisation of our economy and improve the quality of life of Europeans. It seeks to ensure that this transition is socially fair and enhances the competitiveness of EU economy and industry on global markets, securing high quality jobs and sustainable growth in Europe, while also helping address other environmental challenges, such as air quality or biodiversity loss.

The road to a climate neutral economy would require joint action in seven strategic areas: energy efficiency; deployment of renewables; clean, safe and connected mobility; competitive industry and circular economy; infrastructure and interconnections; bio-economy and natural carbon sinks; carbon capture and storage to address remaining emissions. Pursuing all these strategic priorities would contribute to making our vision a reality.

The next steps

The European Commission invites the European Council, the European Parliament, the Committee of the Regions and the Economic and Social Committee to consider the EU vision for a climate neutral Europe by 2050. In order to prepare EU Heads of State and Government for shaping the Future of Europe at the European Council on 9 May 2019 in Sibiu, ministers in all relevant Council formations should hold extensive policy debates on the contribution of their respective policy areas to the overall vision.

The long-term strategy is an invitation to all EU institutions, the national parliaments, business sector, non-governmental organisations, cities and communities, as well as citizens – and especially the youth, to participate in ensuring the EU can continue to show leadership and hold other international partners to do the same. This EU-wide informed debate should allow the EU to adopt and submit an ambitious strategy by early 2020 to the UNFCCC as requested under the Paris Agreement.

Member States will submit to the European Commission, by the end of 2018, their draft National Climate and Energy Plans, which are central for the achievement of the 2030 climate and energy targets and which should be forward-looking and take into account in the EU long term strategy. In addition, an increasing number of regions, municipalities and business associations are drawing up their own vision for 2050 which will enrich the debate and contribute to defining Europe’s answer to the global challenge of climate change.

Internationally, over the coming year the EU should expand its cooperation closely with its international partners, so that all parties to the Paris Agreement develop and submit a long-term national mid-century strategy by 2020 in the light of the recent IPCC Special report on 1.5̊ Celsius.

Today the high level panel of independent experts on decarbonisation pathways – an advisory body to Commissioner Moedas – has published a report on the role of research and innovation in achieving the objectives of the Paris Agreement while putting the EU at a competitive advantage in the decarbonisation race. The report underpins the vision as presented in today’s communication.

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China Receives GEF Grant for Green Freight Transport Development

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The World Bank’s Board of Executive Directors today approved a US$8.2 million grant from the Global Environment Facility (GEF) to support China’s efforts to improve efficiency and reduce carbon emissions from the freight sector, a major consumer of energy, with the highest growth rate of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions among all sectors in China.

Freight transport accounted for over half of total transport CO2 emissions in 2013. As one of the most freight intensive economies in the world, for China to maintain healthy economic growth while fulfilling its commitment to global carbon reduction and environmental sustainability, developing a competitive, efficient and green freight transport system is a national strategic priority.

“This GEF project will contribute to China’s efforts in meeting or exceeding its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) under the Paris Agreement well before 2020. It aims to improve the efficiency of multimodal freight transport, so that long-distance freight will be shifted from roads to greener transport modes such as railways and waterways. It will also promote green urban logistics to reduce emissions,” said Tan Hua, World Bank Senior Transport Specialist and task team leader of the project.

The GEF Efficient and Green Freight Transport Project will seek to improve institutional capacity by focusing on two priority areas at the national level: promotion of multimodal freight transportation system, and optimization of urban freight distribution. The project will also pilot key policy, strategy and analytical tools at the local levels in two provinces (Guangdong and Hubei) and three municipalities (Yantai, Weifang and Xiamen). The project will engage key industry players in the formulation of sector policies at both national and local levels.

“This project will introduce and pilot innovations in the development of China’s first macro-logistics freight model, applying big data analytics to inform policy formulation, and piloting of public-private partnerships to facilitate better rural-urban freight distribution and accelerate rural economic development,” added Yang Yi, World Bank’s Operations Analyst and co-task team leader of the project.

Knowledge and experience gained from the project will be disseminated within China and in World Bank’s client countries through TransForm, a knowledge platform jointly developed by the Chinese Ministry of Transport and the World Bank to learn and spread China’s experience and good practices in transport development and transformation.

The GEF was established on the eve of the 1992 Rio Earth Summit to help tackle our planet’s most pressing environmental problems. Since then, the GEF has provided over $17.9 billion in grants and mobilized an additional $93.2 billion in co-financing for more than 4500 projects in 170 countries.

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UN Environment joins campaign to green Kenya

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Building on the momentum of climate action from the just concluded Conference of Parties (COP24), UN Environment today joined the government of Kenya for the launch of ‘Greening Kenya Campaign’, which focuses on growing trees in schools, universities, education centers, farmlands and dryland.

The initiative is part of Kenya’s aim to plant 1.8 billion trees and achieve more than 10% forest cover in the country by 2022.

“Planting a tree is continuing a battle against the global challenge of climate change. We commend the initiative and vision behind it. With this campaign, Kenya lives up to the aspirations of its citizens to uphold a bond of unity between the forests and the people,” said Jorge Laguna-Celis UN Environment Director of Governance Affairs. “These actions, partnerships and joint coordination efforts of various ministries and national organs will definitely lead to reversing the adverse effects on our environment which we see manifested in drought, desertification and flooding among other consequences.”

The Kenyan government has stated that more than 200,000 acres of forest cover has been destroyed in recent years, and called for the enforcement of a moratorium on logging in public and community forests.

“This launch could not have come at a more opportune time. The effects of climate change are real and we have experienced it with the droughts witnessed in Kenya” said Keriako Tobiko, Kenya’s Cabinet Secretary for Environment. “We are doing this for ourselves, our country, our children and our children’s children.”

Some of the world’s foremost environmental assessments, including UN Environment’s Emissions Gap Report and Adaptation Gap Report have shown an increasing gap between countries’ ambitions and actions against the reality of climate change, as the world prepares for a future with increasing climate risks.

The Adaptation Gap Report cited that less than half of countries assessed provide integrated frameworks to address climate change adaptation in a holistic way, revealing that most address adaptation through development plans or sectoral policies alone, while a handful have been specifically designed to create financial instruments or to focus on disaster risk management.

Kenya’s cabinet secretary for Interior Dr. Fred Matiang’i and cabinet secretary for Public Service, Youth and Gender Affairs Prof. Margaret Kobia pledged to provide 50 million of the annual 500 million target tree seedlings and use their national mandates to mobilize their institutions into supporting the restoration efforts.

Approximately 12 million seedlings — both indigenous and exotic — are being grown at Kenya’s Ruiru Prison farm (where the launch was held) using the resources available to the institution. Similar nurseries have been set up in 27 other centres in all the regions and ecological zones across Kenya where 38 million more seedlings will be developed and distributed from.

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Green Economy in Nigeria gets a boost from India-UN Fund

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Jointly advancing environmental sustainability and poverty reduction is a challenge the government of Nigeria holds at heart. In pursuit of these interlinked objectives, the Ministry of the Environment and the Man and the Biosphere National Committee of Nigeria proposed a project titled “Biodiversity Businesses in Omo and Shere Hills: A Means to Poverty Reduction, Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Development.” This initiative, a unique example of triangular partnership between the Government of Nigeria, the Government of India and UNESCO – was recently approved in principle by the India-UN Development Partnership Fund Board to receive $1 million.

This is the first project the India-UN Fund is launching in Nigeria, and one of the first with UNESCO. We are excited to see how it can support people to lift themselves out of poverty in an environmentally sustainable way, and hope it can serve as an example for other countries looking to do the same. It is yet another example of the great commitment India has to further sustainable development through the solidarity-based model of South-South Cooperation” says Jorge Chediek, the Secretary-General’s Envoy on South-South Cooperation and Director of the UN Office for South-South Cooperation, UNOSSC.

The project will increase biodiversity-friendly livelihoods in these two regions of Nigeria. It will offer training to local communities, with a focus on women and youth, on simple nature-based business techniques such as apiculture (bees), snail rearing, eatable mushroom and other rare species harvesting. It will contribute supplies and simple equipment, incubate businesses by providing support on business plan development to accessing markets, and help locals develop business skills including bookkeeping and product marketing.

Omo Biosphere Reserve was designated a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 1977. It comprises over 130,000 hectares and is home to over 5,000 people. Their major economic activities include timber exploitation, fuel wood harvesting, cultivation of arable crops, hunting and fishing. The Shere Hills forest comprises over 35,000 hectares of undulating hills on the Jos Plateau, Nigeria.  It has numerous high peaks, with the highest peak reaching a height of about 1,829 metres above sea level. Currently, both sites are under threat for losses in their biodiversity.  Participatory governance of the ecosystem; improved sustainable livelihoods for local people; and enhanced social, economic and cultural conditions are key to preserving biodiversity and ensuring environmental sustainability. This project and the support by India are, therefore, highly relevant and timely.

The project will be implemented by UNESCO in close collaboration with the Ministry of Environment of Nigeria, the Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, and the Nigeria MAB National Committee.
Convinced that inter-sectoriality and holistic approaches to development are critical to advance on the SDGs, India is supporting the UN System across its various Agencies, Funds and Programmes. We are pleased to work with UNESCO, and we hope this project a harbinger of more to come.” – affirm H.E. Syed Akbaruddin, Permanent Representative of India to the United Nations in New York.

UNESCO’s expertise in promoting biodiversity-friendly jobs is highly relevant for populations living in rural and protected areas. We are very thankful to the Government of India for its support, which will enable us to expand our support incubating small businesses in bee-keeping, snail rearing, mushroom farming, carbon sequestration in biomass, watershed protection, bioprospecting and/or ecotourism in Nigeria.” commented Mr. Yao Ydo, Regional Director of UNESCO Multisectoral Regional Office Abuja.

The United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation (UNOSSC) is the Fund Manager and Secretariat of the Board of Directors of the India-UN Development Partnership Fund. It supports the work of the Fund through the overall project cycle. Launched in June 2017, it’s project portfolio encompasses 31 projects across Africa, Asia Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean.

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