The International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE today signed an initial US$ 3.8 million grant agreement with the World Bank, as part of a larger US$ 9 million grant by the Government of Korea to support the Regional Scholarship and Innovation Fund (RSIF) aimed at building world-class class scientific capacity across Sub-Saharan Africa.
The RSIF grant contribution from the Government of Korea will be managed by the World Bank as a Trust Fund and implemented by ICIPE in support of broader Africa technical skills development initiative under the umbrella of the Partnership for skills in Applied Sciences Engineering and Technology (PASET).
Earlier in May 2018, the World Bank and the Government of Korea signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on the margins of the Africa Development Bank Annual Meetings in Busan, Korea, under which Korea agreed to set up a US$10 million Trust Fund at the World Bank to support the RSIF and strengthen the on-going partnership to build Africa’s technical and scientific capacity. The contribution will be implemented by ICIPE as part of a US$24 million project to support the RSIF, which also includes a US$15 million grant from the World Bank to ICIPE to become a regional capacity builder for high quality PhD training, research and innovation in areas imperative to Africa’s transformation, such as renewable energy, big data, artificial intelligence, materials engineering, food security and climate change.
“PASET is delighted to receive this contribution from the Government of Korea, which marks the launch of a new phase for the RSIF. We deeply appreciate Korea’s support to PASET and Africa in recent years and look forward to a continued long-term mutual partnership towards building African capacity in science, technology and innovation to propel the continent’s transformation.” said Hon. Amb. (Dr.) Amina Mohamed, Chairperson of the PASET Governing Council
The support from the Government of Korea will facilitate PhD scholarships and research support to students and university faculty working on relevant transformative technologies across Sub-Saharan Africa. It will also provide funding for “sandwich” PhD training programs (programs incorporating international and home-based study) for scholars from African universities. It will also integrate cross-country knowledge exchange by enabling collaborative research between faculty in Sub-Saharan Africa universities and Korean universities in priority areas such as information and communication technology, solar energy, energy storage, and materials engineering with a focus on the innovative growth sectors.
“ICIPE is honored to support implementation of the RSIF, an initiative with a noble goal for the continent; one that resonates with our Centre’s vision in many ways,” noted ICIPE Director General & CEO, Dr Segenet Kelemu. “We believe that our near 50-year history stands as a testament of unrelenting commitment to science and innovation-led development in Africa.”
An estimated 20 representatives and delegates from Sub-Saharan Africa and the Government of Korea are expected to attend the event demonstrating Africa’s commitment to invest and develop technological skills and the collaboration between PASET, Korea and the World Bank.
“The World Bank is excited to be partnering with the Government of Korea on a new project to support the RSIF. Africa’s scientific and technical capacity will be key drivers for its economic growth and the RSIF is an important initiative on the continent that will help build highly qualified local talent as well as strong institutional capacity in a sustainable manner,” said Sajitha Bashir, World Bank Education Practice Manager for Eastern and Southern Africa.
Artificial intelligence: Tackling the risks for consumers
Artificial intelligence and automated decision making processes can pose certain threats to consumers. Find out how the European Parliament wants to protect them.
What is artificial intelligence and why
can it be dangerous?
As learning algorithms can process data sets with precision and speed beyond human capacity, artificial intelligence (AI) applications have become increasingly common in finance, healthcare, education, the legal system and beyond. However, reliance on AI also carries risks, especially where decisions are made without human oversight. Machine learning relies on pattern-recognition within datasets. Problems arise when the available data reflects societal bias.
Artificial Intelligence in decision-making processes
AI is increasingly involved in algorithmic
decision systems. In many situations, the impact of the decision on people can
be significant, such as access to credit, employment, medical treatment, or
judicial sentences. Automated decision-making can therefore perpetuate social
divides. For example, some hiring algorithms have been found to be biased
How to protect consumers in the era of AI
The development of AI and automated decision-making processes also presents challenges for consumer trust and welfare. When consumers are interacting with such a system, they should be properly informed about how it functions.
The position of the Parliament
In a resolution adopted on 23 January, the internal market and consumer protection committee urges the European Commission to examine whether additional measures are necessary in order to guarantee a strong set of rights to protect consumers in the context of AI and automated decision-making.
to make sure that consumer protection and trust is ensured, that the EU’s rules
on safety and liability for products and services are fit for purpose in the
digital age,” said German Greens/EFA member Petra De
Sutter., chair of the internal market and
consumer protection committee.
MEPs will vote on the resolution in mid February. After that it will be transmitted to the Council and the Commission. The Commission should present its plans for a European approach to AI on 19 February.
APEC Advances Digitization of the APEC Business Travel Card
Officials from APEC member economies break new ground in digitizing the APEC Business Travel Card scheme, seeking to modernize the process and make it easier for cardholders in the region to travel with the development of a mobile application.
The APEC Business Travel Card (ABTC) scheme facilitates short-term business travel within the APEC economies by streamlining the entry process at ports of entry within the region. Approved applicants are issued with a card that serves as the entry authority to fully participating economies.
“We continuously seek to improve the system and make it easier and more secure for cardholders to travel around the region,” said Kimberlee Stamatis, Convenor of the APEC Business Mobility Group who oversees the scheme.
The mobile application will include security features such as user verification, the use of watermarks and disabling of screenshots within the mobile application to ensure authenticity of the cardholder.
“Additional security features for the mobile application further hinder fraudulent replication and misuse, and protect the personal details of APEC Business Travel Card holders,” she added.
Additionally, the mobile application will provide cardholders and airport officers real-time information on the status of the travel card. Cached information will also be accessible for a period, in the event that the holder is not able to go online while they are traveling.
“The service will be offered to new applicants from fully participating economies, and we are exploring ways to enable existing cardholders to request the mobile application when they apply for a card renewal, which is required every five years,” Stamatis explained.
Further discussions are underway to ensure that the mobile application caters to the needs of both cardholders and airport officials. The APEC Business Mobility Group will work on the pilot version of the application with the expectation to launch it in November 2020, during APEC Economic Leaders’ Week in Malaysia.
Depending on member economies’ preference for either the mobile application or physical card, the service is expected to be ready for use in early 2021.
Nineteen APEC economies are fully participating members to the ABTC scheme: Australia; Brunei Darussalam; Chile; China; Hong Kong, China; Indonesia; Japan; Korea; Malaysia; Mexico; New Zealand; Papua New Guinea; Peru; the Philippines; the Russian Federation; Singapore; Chinese Taipei; Thailand; and Viet Nam; Canada and the United States are transitional members.
Transitional members’ cardholders will not be able to use the mobile application, however, their existing processes will remain unchanged.
The APEC Business Travel Card scheme reduces travel costs between APEC economies by 38 percent. Businesses pay 27 percent less in application fees and 52 percent less in immigration processing.
Preparing Dushanbe for a New Digital Era
“Preparing Dushanbe for a New Digital Era” was the theme of a workshop held on February 4th and hosted jointly by the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan, the Hukumat of Dushanbe City, the State Unitary Enterprise (SUE), “Smart City Dushanbe” under the Hukumat of Dushanbe City, and the World Bank. Participants included leading Korean experts in the field of digital transformation and smart cities, as well as high-level Government representatives of the Republic of Tajikistan, development partners, the private sector, and civil society.
“Living in the era of digital transformation has many benefits and challenges. As this is a high priority for us, we are expanding our work with development partners on digital transformation. South Korea is the first country that comes to mind as an example of best practices and expertise in the deployment of smart cities and the ability to increase the vitality of urban areas. For us, Korea’s experience gained during almost three decades of building smart cities is extremely valuable,” said Yusuf Majidi, Deputy Minister of Finance of Tajikistan.
Smart city technologies allow city officials to interact directly with both the community and city infrastructure, and to monitor what is happening in the city and how it is evolving. ICT is used to enhance the quality, performance, and interactivity of urban services, reduce costs and resource consumption, and increase interaction with citizens. Smart city applications allow for better management of urban flows and enable real-time responses. In doing so, a “smart city” increases the efficiency of public services provided by city authorities, uses scarce resources more effectively, and improves citizens’ quality of life.
“In this process, the Government is an enabler and a regulator, but digital transformation and smart cities can only be delivered with the active participation of the private sector, and by ensuring tangible benefits for the private sector,” added Jan-Peter Olters, World Bank Country Manager in Tajikistan.
The keynote speaker was Dr. Jong-Sung Hwang, Master Planner, Busan National Pilot Smart City, and Lead Researcher at the National Information Society Agency (former Chief Information Officer of Seoul), who shared the Republic of Korea’s extensive experience in developing smart cities. Oleg Petrov, Senior Digital Development Specialist at the World Bank, provided an update on the proposed Digital CASA Tajikistan project and its role in supporting the Government to build the foundations for a digital economy and the “Smart City Dushanbe” initiative.
This event was a key milestone in developing the Smart City initiative in Tajikistan, a key element of the Digital Economy 2040 Concept and Digital CASA Tajikistan Project. The World Bank confirmed its commitment to providing support to Tajikistan in building the required infrastructure to increase Internet bandwidth and speed, support the required adjustment and modernization of the institutional telecommunications environment, and develop the most critical applications aimed at increasing the efficiency and transparency of public services.
Somalia Eligible for Assistance Under the Enhanced HIPC Initiative
The Executive Boards of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank met, on February 12 and 13, respectively, to...
Kashmir burns as lockdown continues
The valley is on fire again, and it is engulfing the whole region. It is not just about Pakistan or...
Why Australia’s 2019-2020 bushfire season was not normal, in three graphs
Data from satellite sources assembled by the United Nations Environment Programme’s (UNEP) World Environment Situation Room confirms that the wildfires...
Russia’s Changing Economic Attitude towards Abkhazia & Tskhinvali Regions
Looking at the arc of separatist states on the Russian borders, there have recently been interesting developments which might signal...
Violence in North and West Africa increasingly targeting civilian and border areas
Violence in North and West Africa is increasingly targeting civilian and border regions as today’s conflicts involve non-state actors with...
Few Must-Have Invoice Templates Every Freelancer Should Own
Freelancing is undoubtedly one of the highly paid professions in the world nowadays. It totally depends upon the skill set...
Future ACP-EU Partnership
What is the Cotonou Partnership Agreement between the EU and African, Caribbean and Pacific countries? The Cotonou Partnership Agreement is...
Americas3 days ago
The Suicide of Critical Thinking
South Asia3 days ago
Mapping the Negative Indian Nuclear Security
South Asia2 days ago
India: USA’s South Asian bulwark against rising China
Hotels & Resorts3 days ago
Hyatt Regency Barcelona Tower Officially Opens
Intelligence2 days ago
Emerging Cyber warfare threats to Pakistan
Americas2 days ago
Venezuela’s Nicolás Maduro Relaunch PetroCaribe Program, But Is Haiti Included?
Science & Technology2 days ago
What is more disruptive with the AI: Its dark potentials or our (anti-Intellectual) Ignorance?
Middle East2 days ago
Thwarting Iranian Influence is Key to Iraq’s Security