National Academy of Sciences, Yerevan, Armenia— The First edition of the Eurasian Research on Modern China-Eurasia Conference was held on October 26-27, 2018. This conference was organized by “‘China-Eurasia’ Council for Political and Strategic Research”, Foundation, Armenia and Institute of Oriental Studies, National Academy of Sciences, Armenia. It was supported by the Diplomatic Foundation of Armenia and the Transport Project Implementation Organization, Armenia and Modern Diplomacy, Greece.
The Academician, Prof., Dr. Sci. Ruben Safrastyan (Director, Institute of Oriental Studies, National Academy of Sciences) opened the China-Eurasia Conference with his key note speech on the current situation of Chinese studies in Armenia. He emphasized the importance of this conference, mentioning that it would be very important to testify researches on China’s relations with the other Eurasian countries.
In turn, Dr. Mher Sahakyan (Founding head of the Eurasian Research on Modern China-Eurasia Conference and the Head of the “‘China-Eurasia” Council for Political and Strategic Research”) in his speech mentioned, that the main aim of this conference was providing a platform for researchers who do research on China-Eurasia relations. The Conference was an occasion to facilitate exchanges on common research subjects, compare perspectives and methodologies and promote interdisciplinary dialogue.
Dr. Robert Ghazaryan, Deputy Director of the Institute of Oriental Studies, NAS, Armenia, co-organizer of this conference, mentioned that the research on China’s modern policy in the Eurasian region has important political, economic and scientific significance for the political and analytical circles of the Republic of Armenia.
Among speakers were Dr.Ma Bin (Fudan University, China), Connor Judge (PhD Candidate, SOAS, University of London, Great Britain),Dr.Srdjan Uljevic (American University of Central Asia, Kyrgyz Republic), Dr.June Wang (City University of Hong Kong, China), Dr.Anna Zalinyan (Anania Shirakatsy Lyceum, Armenia), Zachary Paikin (University of Kent, Great Britain, Senior Editor at Global Brief Magazine), Dr.Anatoly Tsvyk(RUDN University, Russia),Konstantin Tasits (Russian Institute for Strategic Studies, Russia), Dr.Jukka Aukia(University of Turku, Finland), Dr. Uzma Siraj (Federal Urdu University Islamabad, Pakistan), Dr. Mher Sahakyan (“China-Eurasia” Council for Political and Strategic Research, Armenia), Dr.Ma Xiaoyun (Party School of CPC Tongling Municipal Committee, China), Gabriel de Rezende Piccinini(University of Minho, Portugal; Brazil), Dr. Anahit Parzyan (“‘China-Eurasia’ Council for Political and Strategic Research”, Foundation, Armenia), Dr. Robert Tumanyan (Hunan University, China), Izabella Muradyan(Chinese Centre Culture and Science, Armenia),Luiza Grigoryan (European University in Armenia),Dai Yulong (PhD Candidate, Nanjing University, China), Dr. Vakhtang Charaia (Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Georgia),Gabriela Radu (Strategic Analyst, Romania),Saren Abgaryan (PhD Candidate, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China), Dr. Shota Gulbani(Caucasus International University Georgia), Andranik Hovhannisyan (PhD Student, Russian-Armenian University, Armenia),Oganesyan Arusyak(PhD Candidate, RUDN University, Russia), KhubrikovBadma (Buryat State University, Russia).
Among invited honorable guests of the conference were Ambassador of the Kazakhstan in Armenia, H.E. Mr. Timur Urazaev, Academician-Secretary of the Department of Armenology and Social Sciences, Prof., Dr. Sci. Yuri Suvaryan, Mr.Dmitry Semenovich, Senior Counsellor of the Embassy of the Republic of Belarus and others.
The conference was an important international contribution on modern China-Eurasia Research, as it stood an important academician platform for the scholars to present and discuss contemporary issues related to China’s political and economic relations with Eurasian countries.
Commission invests €1 billion in innovative clean technology projects
The Commission is launching the first call for proposals under the Innovation Fund , one of the world’s largest programmes for the demonstration of innovative low-carbon technologies, financed by revenues from the auction of emission allowances from the EU’s Emissions Trading System. The Innovation Fund will finance breakthrough technologies for renewable energy, energy-intensive industries, energy storage, and carbon capture, use and storage. It will provide a boost to the green recovery by creating local future-proof jobs, paving the way to climate neutrality and reinforcing European technological leadership on a global scale.
Executive Vice-President Frans Timmermans said: “This call for proposals comes at just the right time. The EU will invest €1 billion in promising, market-ready projects such as clean hydrogen or other low-carbon solutions for energy-intensive industries like steel, cement and chemicals. We will also support energy storage, grid solutions, and carbon capture and storage. These large-scale investments will help restart the EU economy and create a green recovery that leads us to climate neutrality in 2050.”
For the period 2020-2030, the Innovation Fund will allocate around €10 billion from the auctioning of allowances under the EU Emissions Trading System, in addition to undisbursed revenues from the Innovation Fund’s predecessor, the NER 300 programme.
The first call will provide grant funding of €1 billion to large-scale projects for clean technologies to help them overcome the risks linked to commercialisation and large-scale demonstration. This support will help new technologies to reach the market. For promising projects which are not yet ready for market, a separate budget of €8 million is set aside for project development assistance.
The call is open for projects in eligible sectors from all EU Member States, Iceland and Norway. The funds can be used in cooperation with other public funding initiatives, such as State aid or other EU funding programmes. Projects will be evaluated according to their potential to avoid greenhouse gas emission, innovation potential, financial and technical maturity, and potential for scaling up and cost efficiency. The deadline for submission of applications is 29 October 2020. Projects can apply via the EU Funding and Tenders portal where more details on the overall procedure are available.
The Innovation Fund aims to create the right financial incentives for companies and public authorities to invest now in the next generation of low-carbon technologies and give EU companies a first-mover advantage to become global technology leaders.
The Innovation Fund will be implemented by the Executive Agency for Networks and Innovation (INEA), while the European Investment Bank will provide project development assistance to promising projects that are not ready for full application.
Electric mobility could boost green jobs as part of the COVID-19 recovery in Latin America
The transition to electric mobility could help Latin America and Caribbean countries to reduce emissions and fulfill their commitments under the Paris Agreement on climate change, while generating green jobs as part of their recovery plans from the COVID-19 crisis, according to a new study.
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) report, “Electric Mobility 2019: Status and Opportunities for Regional Collaboration in Latin America and the Caribbean,” analyzes the latest developments in 20 countries in the region and highlights the growing leadership of cities, companies, and civil associations in promoting new e-mobility technologies.
Though still a recent development, electrification of the public transport sector is happening at high speed in several countries in the region, says the study financed by the European Commission through the EUROCLIMA + Programme and the Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation (AECID) and renewable energy company Acciona.
Chile stands outs with the largest fleet of electric buses in the region, with more than 400 units, while Colombia is expected to incorporate almost 500 electric buses in Bogotá, its capital. Other Colombian cities, like Cali and Medellín, have join Ecuador’s Guayaquil and Brazil’s Sao Paulo in introducing electric buses.
Increased efficiency, lower operation and maintenance costs of electric buses, as well as growing public concern around the impacts of road transport-related emissions on human health and the environment are the main drivers behind this transition in public transport, according to the study.
The transport sector is responsible for 15 per cent of greenhouse gas emissions in Latin America and the Caribbean and is one of the main drivers of poor air quality in cities, which causes more than 300,000 premature deaths a year in the Americas, according to the World Health Organization.
“In recent months we have seen a reduction of air pollution in cities in the region due to lockdowns to prevent the spread of COVID-19. But these improvements are only temporary. We must undertake a structural change so that our transportation systems contribute to the sustainability of our cities,” says Leo Heileman, UNEP Regional Director in Latin America and the Caribbean.
The report calls on decision-makers to prioritize the electrification of public transport, especially when updating the old bus fleets that run through the large cities in the region. There is fear of a “technology lock-in” over the next 7 to 15 years if authorities choose to renew old fleets with new internal combustion vehicles that will continue to pollute the air and cause severe health damages.
Some countries are already paving the way to ensure a transition to sustainable transport. Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, and Panamá have designed national strategies on electric mobility, while Argentina, Dominican Republic, México, Paraguay are finalizing their own plans, according to the report.
More than 6,000 new light-duty electric vehicles (EVs) were registered in Latin America and the Caribbean, between January 2016 and September 2019, according to the report. The need for charging infrastructure has boosted new ventures and services. For example, e-corridors, already running in Brazil, Chile, México, and Uruguay, allow users to extend the autonomy of their EVs by making use of public fast charging point networks.
Shared mobility businesses focusing on electric bicycles and skateboards are also being developed in at least nine countries in the region.
The development of electric vehicle charging infrastructure has the potential to foster new investments and jobs, which are key to COVID-19 recovery efforts in the region.
The report calls on governments to develop a clear medium- and long-term roadmap that provides legal certainty for private investment and highlights the role of sustainable mobility in power grid expansion plans, in line with climate commitments under the Paris Agreement.
The 2015 Agreement, signed to date by nearly 200 countries, aims to keep the global temperature rise well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels by the end of the century and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
The report was produced with inputs from the Latin American Association for Sustainable Mobility (ALAMOS) and contributions from the Center for Urban Sustainability in Costa Rica.
ADB Becomes Observer for the Network for Greening the Financial System
The Asian Development Bank (ADB) joined the Central Banks and Supervisors Network for Greening the Financial System (NGFS) as an observer on 23 June.
NGFS, launched at the Paris One Planet Summit on 12 December 2017, is a group of central banks and supervisors willing to share best practices and contribute to the development of environment and climate risk management in the financial sector, while mobilizing mainstream finance to support the transition toward a sustainable economy.
“NGFS is a valuable network to share ADB’s approaches and experience in addressing climate risk management in the financial sector,” said ADB Chief Economist Yasuyuki Sawada. “We look forward to learning from and contributing to the network as we continue our pursuit of a more green and sustainable future.”
“ADB’s operational experience in implementing climate finance targets as well as its expertise in mobilizing innovative finance to support the transition of emerging Asian countries into sustainable economies will be of great value in supporting the work of NGFS,” said NGFS Chair Frank Elderson.
ADB joins the ranks of the World Bank, the International Finance Corporation, the International Monetary Fund, and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development as NGFS observers.
ADB’s inclusion to the NGFS is aligned with the goals in its corporate strategy, the Strategy 2030, particularly in tackling climate change, building climate and disaster resilience, and enhancing environmental sustainability; fostering regional cooperation and integration; and strengthening governance and institutional capacity.
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