Connect with us

Tech News

Migration statistics: Interconnected data for an interconnected world

Newsroom

Published

on

All over the world, people are moving. As they always have throughout human history, people today migrate in search of better opportunities, to escape hardship or conflict, or to connect with loved ones. Today, though, the scale of migration is unprecedented and the reasons ever more diverse –great swathes of humanity embark on long and dangerous journeys to flee poverty, conflict, terrorism or the effects of climate change, often seeking refuge or the chance of a better living in countries with stronger economies or more stable politics.

Coping with such movements is challenging in many ways. But a crucial step in ensuring resilience in the face of these challenges is gathering data. Knowing the size of these movements of people, how many enter each country, how many are already there, how old they are, what skills, professions, languages, health and housing needs they have – all of this is essential if countries are to maintain the dignity and rights of migrants while preserving peace and justice within communities affected by migration.

Recognizing this need, the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration – a political agreement that is expected to be adopted by UN Member States in Marrakesh in December this year – calls on countries to ‘collect and utilize accurate and disaggregated data as a basis for evidence-based policies’.  Of 23 objectives in the Compact, this is the first, reflecting its indispensability if the others are to succeed.

Yet measuring migration is fraught with challenges. People move quickly, sometimes without documents, sometimes fearing the consequences if they are counted. Others simply have no incentive to report their arrival or departure, so they may never be recorded.

Statistics on migration have had to evolve rapidly to keep up with these growing difficulties. Combining information from a variety of sources — immigration authorities, censuses, surveys and population registers, tax offices, education records — holds great promise, and will be a central topic of discussion at this week’s UNECE-Eurostat Work Session on Migration Statistics (24-26 October), a gathering of more than 90 expert migration statisticians and producers of administrative data on migrants.

Effective integration of multiple data sources, few of which are designed for producing migration statistics, requires strong coordination between national statistical offices, migration authorities and other agencies responsible for data collection. The Work Session will bring together representatives from all these groups to promote dialogue and mutual learning.

Emilio Zagheni, director of the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, will deliver a keynote speech highlighting research findings on using ‘Big Data’ for migration statistics, while Germany and the United States will share experiences of novel ways to measure asylum seekers and refugees.

Continue Reading
Comments

Tech News

Report: Deloitte named a global leader in Internet of Things

Newsroom

Published

on

Deloitte has been named a global leader in Internet of Things (IoT) services in Forrester’s recent report The Forrester Wave™: Global IoT Services For Connected Business Operations, Q4 2018. Deloitte received the highest scores in the Current Offering and Strategy categories.

According to Forrester, businesses are turning to IoT solutions and linking IoT to their broader digital transformation efforts with a focus on business operations and IoT-enabled connected products.

The report’s vendor profile on Deloitte states, “Deloitte offers a breadth of IoT assessment, implementation, and operations services. Its global IoT practice includes engineers, data scientists, cybersecurity analysts, and consultants dedicated to helping clients address their IoT service requirements.”

Forrester identified the 14 most significant providers of global IoT services for connected business operations and researched, analyzed, and scored them based on a 27-criterion evaluation. This report shows how each provider measures up and helps infrastructure and operations professionals make the right choice.

The report also notes, “leading services firms are moving aggressively to fulfill IoT’s potential. In doing so, they’re helping expand IoT’s potential contribution to business value.”

“Clients recognize the opportunity to use IoT to enable digital supply networks and fundamentally change how businesses operate. Deloitte is pleased to work alongside them to imagine, deliver, and run their future and help create insights-driven organizations,” said Andy Daecher, principal, Deloitte Consulting LLP and Deloitte Digital IoT practice leader. “Deloitte is honored to be named a leader by Forrester in global IoT services. We believe it’s a testament to the breadth of services we can offer clients as they bridge the gap between the physical and digital worlds.”

Additional findings in the Forrester report about Deloitte:

  • “Its insights-driven organization method focuses on IoT-enabled equipment maintenance, asset visibility, fleet optimization, and process automation issues.”
  • “Deloitte offers predesigned IoT solutions for predictive maintenance, asset tracking, and asset performance management as well as a dedicated IoT DevOps practice that supports solutions to monitor network connectivity between connected edge devices and machinery programmable logic controllers (PLCs).”
  • “[Deloitte] sees great opportunity for growth in its Smart Factory solutions, which combine multiple use cases, including security, fleet management, asset management, predictive maintenance, inventory and warehouse management, supply chain, and track-and-trace capabilities.”
Continue Reading

Tech News

EU steps up WTO action against China’s forced technology transfers

Newsroom

Published

on

The European Union challenged today in the World Trade Organisation (WTO) the systemic practices that force European companies to give up sensitive technology and know-how as a precondition for doing business in China. This legal action builds up on a case launched by the EU in June 2018.

With this move, the EU significantly broadens and deepens the scope of its WTO action against Chinese measures on forced technology transfers. This step is taken in the light of additional findings concerning the incompatibility of the Chinese measures on the approval of investments and the protection of foreign companies’ intellectual property rights with the agreed multilateral rules.

Commissioner for Trade Cecilia Malmström said: “We cannot tolerate that EU companies have to give away valuable technology as a price to pay for investing in China. This clearly goes against the rules that China committed itself to when it joined the WTO.  Today, we launch a broader and more systemic legal challenge against this illegal practice, as we believe that it is a major issue affecting European companies doing business in China. This is a matter that can and should be solved within the international, multilateral framework.”

In its revised request to the WTO, the EU is challenging Chinese laws that regulate:

–  the approval of investments in the areas of electric vehicles (New Energy Vehicles) and biotechnology (crop seeds), part of the strategic sectors of Made in China 2025 plan,

–  the approval of joint ventures across sectors,

as they impose performance requirements on foreign companies operating in China, and restrict the economic and contractual freedom of foreign companies on investments and technology transfers.

The so-called performance requirements force or induce European companies to transfer technology to their joint ventures with Chinese partners in exchange for the necessary administrative approvals by the Chinese authorities. Foreign companies are also required to carry out research and development activities in China.

At the time of joining the WTO China committed not to impose performance requirements in exchange for investment approvals, and to preserve the contractual freedom of companies in China, in particular in the context of investments and technology transfers. The EU maintains therefore that the Chinese current policy measures are in violation of the China’s legal commitments.

The measures challenged today come on top of what the EU had covered in its initial legal action triggered in June 2018. The previous request targeted provisions of the Technology Import and Export Regulation (“TIER”) and the Regulation for the Implementation of the Law on Chinese-Foreign Equity Joint Ventures (“JV Regulation”), as they go against the WTO rules of equal treatment for national and foreign companies and unduly restrict the rights of EU companies, among others in relation to patents.

Background

The request for consultations formally initiates the WTO dispute settlement proceedings. If consultations do not reach a satisfactory solution within 60 days, the EU may request the WTO to set up a panel to rule on the compatibility of China’s measures with WTO rules.

Continue Reading

Tech News

Climate technology collaboration makes an impact

Newsroom

Published

on

In its Five Year Progress Report, the Climate Technology Centre and Network (CTCN) has announced that 137 technology solutions have been delivered or are under way in 79 countries. Two thousand five hundred people have been trained and over 10 million tonnes of CO₂eq are expected to be reduced per year with the completion of mitigation-related projects.

The CTCN promotes the accelerated development and transfer of climate technologies for energy-efficient, low-carbon and climate-resilient development. It is the implementation arm of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Technology Mechanism and is hosted and managed by UN Environment and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO).

With an original investment of US$40m, the CTCN’s technical assistance has leveraged US$670m in anticipated funding for developing countries’ technology implementation.

“Accelerating the deployment of clean and green technologies is crucial for realizing the aims of the Paris Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals. Over the past five years, the CTCN has served as a powerful example of a UNFCCC mechanism connecting developing countries to the innovative and relevant technologies they seek,” said Patricia Espinosa, Executive Secretary of the UNFCCC.

“Over the last five years, the CTCN has provided targeted interventions to help countries meet their national climate change commitments – through its technology assistance, capacity building programmes and knowledge sharing initiatives. UNIDO is proud to support the Centre in its climate technology transfer mission,” said LI Yong, Director General of UNIDO.

The country-driven nature of the CTCN, with 160 National Designated Entities identifying climate technology needs based on goals set forth in Nationally Determined Contributions and National Adaptation Plans, is closely aligned with the Paris Agreement.

“Our interventions identify the best possible technology options for climate action, and support policy development and resource mobilization to enhance their uptake. Experience from the last five years has taught us that pairing technology expertise with local knowledge is essential, scalability is important and that relationships matter,” emphasized Jukka Uosukainen, Director of the CTCN.

The Climate Technology Centre and Network (CTCN) utilizes the expertise of a global network of over 460 civil society, finance, private sector, and research institutions, to deliver technical assistance and capacity building at the request of developing countries.

Continue Reading

Latest

Style20 mins ago

Breitling Navitimer 1 B01 Chronograph 43 Pan Am Edition

Breitling recently launched its first capsule collection – the Navitimer 1 Airline Editions – celebrating the brand’s important role in...

Newsdesk2 hours ago

Africa Industrialization Day 2018 celebrated in Côte d’Ivoiren

On the occasion of Africa Industrialization Day’s (AID) worldwide celebrations, the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and Côte d’Ivoire’s...

Europe4 hours ago

Why Tony Blair is so angry?

The former British Prime Minister doesn’t have a good time! On the one hand, Tony Blair is witnessing the continuation...

Travel & Leisure6 hours ago

Welcome to Boston’s Newest Destination for Innovative Meetings & Events

Four Seasons Hotel One Dalton Street, Boston is located within the brand new, 61-storey skyscraper in Boston’s Back Bay neighbourhood...

Reports8 hours ago

Renewable Energy the Most Competitive Source of New Power Generation in GCC

Renewable energy is the most competitive form of power generation in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries, according to a new...

East Asia10 hours ago

China’s Soft Power Diplomacy on North Korean Nuclear Crisis

For about the last two decades, North Korea’s nuclear weapon development program has become one of the major issues of...

Newsdesk12 hours ago

World Bank Group Announces $50 billion over Five Years for Climate Adaptation and Resilience

The World Bank Group today launched its Action Plan on Climate Change Adaptation and Resilience. Under the plan, the World...

Trending

Copyright © 2018 Modern Diplomacy