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ADB Supports Digital Technologies for Innovative Development Solutions

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The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is helping countries in Asia and the Pacific leverage digital technologies for development, while implementing digital reforms within its own institution, said ADB President Mr. Takehiko Nakao during a 2-day forum being held at ADB headquarters.

The Digital Development Forum 2018 provides a venue for high-level discussions on the use of information and communications technology (ICT) for development in region. During the forum, leading technology experts will give presentations and workshops to more than 300 participants from development institutions, government agencies, academe, and the private sector, as well as to ADB staff.

“The world is again in a time of immense change being brought about by the 4th Industrial Revolution,” said Mr. Nakao in his opening remarks at the forum. “With appropriate policies, the developing countries of Asia and the Pacific stand to benefit tremendously in this new era. I see great opportunities, as well as challenges.”

Digital technology is rapidly developing in diverse fields. New tools like mobile communications, robotics, and artificial intelligence (AI) are bringing profound changes to the way people live, work, interact, and do business. To help countries leverage digital technologies for development, ADB created the Digital Technology for Development Unit in March 2018. It is also implementing new digital reforms that focus on innovation and support dramatic modernization of business processes.

ADB has actively started to promote digital technologies in its operations. In education, computer-based adaptive learning and remote technologies will enhance learning outcomes in schools. Telemedicine, AI, and the use of big data will have great potential to improve health services. Fintech will help the poor to access financial services.

Over the last 8 years, ADB has approved 450 projects that have ICT components. Moving forward, ADB will deliver integrated solutions in the areas of “smart cities,” “e-government,” and “e-commerce.”

In addition to the use of digital technologies in its operations, ADB is helping build an enabling environment for countries to better use digital technologies. This includes (1) reliable ICT infrastructure, (2) skilled human resources, and (3) enabling policies and regulatory environments.

To help build ICT infrastructure, ADB, for instance, is financing a submarine cable system between Palau and Guam to provide affordable broadband internet to Palau. To build skilled human resources, ADB supported the technical and vocational training system in Sri Lanka to provide better job opportunities for graduates with high ICT skills.  And, as part of its efforts to support enabling policies and regulatory environments for digital technologies, ADB’s new country partnership strategy in the Kyrgyz Republic will support the national initiative on digital transformation.

Turning to ADB’s own digital reforms, Mr. Nakao said that new digital technologies will strengthen ADB’s operations, financial services, administration, and knowledge services in line with its new long-term Strategy 2030. He emphasized that the willingness of staff to embrace change was key for the reforms’ success.

During the Digital Development Forum, ADB will sign a cooperation agreement with the Asian Institute of Management (AIM) to collaborate on research and development of innovation programs and activities, and capacity building and the promotion of innovation programs at both institutions.

As a pre-event, the two institutions held the ADB–AIM Hackathon 2018, where youth and start-ups from around the world presented innovative solutions to various development challenges. Click here to see the list of teams that won the competition as they provided solutions for Know Your Customer, Health Solutions for Rural Health, and Digital IDs.

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ICTP to Inaugurate New Quantum Technologies Institute

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On 25 March, UNESCO’s Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) will launch a new institute dedicated to the study of quantum technologies. The Trieste Institute for Theoretical Quantum Technologies (TQT) is a joint initiative with the University of Trieste and the International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA). The new centre will provide a hub for the partners’ research and training activities on this topic.

The creation of the institute comes as the ICTP builds on a series of recent successes in the field of quantum technologies. On 9 November 2018, Marcello Dalmonte from ICTP’s Condensed Matter and Statistical Physics Section learned that he was among the recipients of a research grant offered by a major European initiative to develop quantum technology called the Quantum Flagship.
The European Commission has endowed the Quantum Flagship with €1 billion over the next 10 years. For the first three-year phase, Marcello Dalmonte will be acting as co-principal investigator of a research project that will focus on quantum simulation, one of the Flagship’s five research themes. Quantum simulators study quantum systems, such as the atomic make-up of materials or chemical reactions, performing tasks that are too complex for the most powerful, transistor-based classical computers.

In early 2017, ICTP researcher Antonello Scardicchio was awarded a Google Faculty Research Award for work related to quantum computing. The US$72,000 in seed funding will be used to support graduate students and postdoctoral associates working in his group.

‘Researchers in computer science and physics see quantum computation as being the next frontier. Quantum computing promises a future of unprecedented computing speed,’ says Scardicchio, before adding that ‘this is slowly becoming a reality, with IBM and Google already producing quantum computing chips that will someday drive a quantum machine. The creation of the first quantum computer will certainly have an impact on artificial intelligence (AI) by enabling us to solve more complex problems.’

The TQT will provide a hub for the study of the future of AI on quantum devices, offering in parallel a convenient link to private actors such as Google and IBM.

The ICTP first identified AI and data science as being critical areas for research and training in 2010, while brainstorming on the contours of its new multiyear strategic plan. The ICTP is currently recruiting a staff scientist in AI and data science.

The TQT will complement these activities, while providing a valuable venue for imparting cutting-edge knowledge to the thousands of scientists from developing countries who travel to the ICTP each year for education and training opportunities.

The Centre already has several conferences on quantum technology lined up for 2019. These include the Advanced School and Workshop on Ubiquitous Quantum Physics: the New Quantum Revolution from 18 to 22 February and the School on Advances in Condensed Matter Physics: New Trends and Materials in Quantum Technologies, which will run from 7 to 15 May.

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How can artificial intelligence enhance education?

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The transformative power of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in education cuts across all economic and social sectors, including education.

“Education will be profoundly transformed by AI,” says UNESCO Director-General Audrey Azoulay. “Teaching tools, ways of learning, access to knowledge, and teacher training will be revolutionized.”

AI has the potential to accelerate the process of achieving the global education goals through reducing barriers to access learning, automating management processes, and optimizing methods in order to improve learning outcomes.

This is why UNESCO’s upcoming Mobile Learning Week (4-8 March 2019) will focus on AI and its implications for sustainable development. Held annually at UNESCO Headquarters in Paris, the 5-day event offers an exciting mix of high-level plenaries, workshops and hands-on demonstrations. Some 1200 participants have already registered for the event that provides the educational community, governments and other stakeholders a unique opportunity to discuss the opportunities and threats of AI in the area of education.

The discussions will evolve around four key issues:

Ensure inclusive and equitable use of AI in education – including actions on how to address inequalities related to socio-economic status, gender, ethnicity and geographic location; identify successful projects or proved-effective AI solutions to break through barriers for vulnerable groups to access quality education.

Leverage AI to enhance education and learning – improve education management systems, AI-boosted learning management systems or other AI in education applications, and identify new forms of personalized learning that can support teachers and tackle education challenges.

Promote skills development for jobs and life in the AI era – support the design of local, regional and international strategies and policies, consider the readiness of policymakers and other education leaders and stakeholders; and explore how AI-powered mobile technology tools can support skills development and innovation.

Safeguard transparent and auditable use of education data – analyze how to mitigate the risks and perils of AI in education; identify and promote sound evidence for policy formulation guaranteeing accountability, and adopt algorithms that are transparent and explainable to education stakeholders.

During Mobile Learning Week, UNESCO is organizing a Global Conference on AI (Monday 4 March) to raise awareness and promote reflection on the opportunities and challenges that AI and its correlated technologies pose, notably in the area of transparency and accountability. The conference, entitled “AI with Human Values for Sustainable Development” will also explore the potential of AI in relation to the SDGs.

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3 Ways Samsung’s 2019 Smart TVs Will Change How You Interact with Your TV

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Showcased at CES 2019, Samsung’s 2019 Smart TVs signify the next stage in the evolution of intelligent displays, as the screen becomes a hub for content and device connectivity in the home. This year’s lineup builds on the innovations of previous years, including the Universal Guide and the One Remote Control, to bring an enriched experience to the home. Equipped with the new Bixby, a voice-powered AI assistant, not only do the 2019 Smart TVs enhance your content experience, but they also widen the reach of connected living.

Below are three key developments for Samsung’s 2019 Smart TVs that will change the way you think about content and connectivity at home.

Stronger Partnerships, Even More Content

Samsung has expanded its partnerships to provide a greater variety of content to viewers in 2019. From Over The Top (OTT) and live TV streaming, to free channels and lifestyle media, a large range of content and services are now available to choose from.

What’s more, Samsung announced it will offer iTunes Movies and TV Shows and Apple AirPlay 2 support on 2019 Samsung Smart TV models beginning this spring. In an industry first, a new iTunes Movies and TV Shows app will debut only on Samsung Smart TVs in more than 100 countries. AirPlay 2 support will be available on Samsung Smart TVs in 190 countries worldwide.

A More Intelligent Search for Content

With such a vast library of content, sometimes you need a little help finding just what you want to watch, when you want to watch it. The 2019 Smart TVs are equipped with an advanced Universal Guide that analyzes a user’s preferences and viewing patterns to provide personalized content suggestions.

Bixby is an AI platform that asks intuitive questions, encouraging sequential conversations to better understand what users have in mind. Just like how people get to know each other better through each conversation they have, Bixby learns more about a user’s preferences from each interaction, so the AI platform can make informed suggestions about what to watch.

Users also have more options than ever to quickly and easily find and control their favorite content with just their voice by using new Bixby and the AI Remote

Seamless Connectivity throughout the Home

Samsung 2019 Smart TVs will allow you to control devices around the home with the integrated Smart Thingsdashboard.

SmartThings seamlessly connects and controls smart home devices, delivering an unparalleled connected living experience. Using a SmartThings Hub and Works With SmartThings products from leading smart home brands, users can create automations that control devices or run scenes whenever certain conditions – such as the time of day, device status or the arrival and departure of family members – are met. For example, set the lights to turn on when you arrive home using SmartThings sensors or when your smartphone is nearby using location awareness.

Thanks to the open ecosystem, Samsung’s 2019 Smart TV lineup is also capable of seamless interaction with Amazon’s Alexa and the Google Assistant. Users can navigate a range of simple operations such as turning the power on/off, controlling the volume, changing channels and launching apps all with their voice assistant of choice.

Whether it’s by expanding content partnerships, enhancing AI capabilities or strengthening device connectivity, Samsung is committed to providing users with individual personalization and tailored services for its Smart TVs in 2019. Stay tuned in the coming weeks for more details on Samsung’s 2019 Smart TV lineup.

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