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Urban Development

WEF Teams up with Cities in Michigan and Ontario for Seamless Integrated Mobility

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The World Economic Forum in partnership with Deloitte announced today a collaboration with the cities of Detroit and Ann Arbor in Michigan, USA, and Windsor, Ontario, Canada, to pilot seamless integrated mobility solutions in the region. Following a call for applications in April 2018, the three cities were selected as the primary partner out of 13 applicants from across the globe to participate in a year-long engagement. To support the innovation led by the SIMSystem partner geography, the Forum will build a community of public- and private-sector leaders to interact and exchange leading practices via a digital collaboration tool and a series of workshops.

“We are thrilled to collaborate with the cities of Detroit, Ann Arbor and Windsor – a corridor so deeply connected to the history of 20th-century mobility and commerce,” said Christoph Wolff, Head of the Mobility Industries and System Initiative and Member of the Executive Committee at the World Economic Forum. “Each city is taking big steps to improve its community’s livability through transportation: Detroit is investing in its public transit by increasing routes and service times; Ann Arbor is fostering what will be the world’s largest real-world deployment of connected vehicles and connected infrastructure; and Windsor is developing an active transportation master plan with focus on multi-modal transportation. As SIMSystem partners, the regional sister cities will cohesively embrace the integration and innovation possibilities of 21st-century mobility,” he added.

The pilot, part of the Forum’s SIMSystem: Designing Seamless Integrated Mobility project, is the continuation of a year-long dialogue between leading private- and public-sector partners. In January 2018, the project launched the SIMSystem Manifesto proposing 10 principles for public-private collaboration. The SIMSystem Manifesto also examines how mobility providers and their regulators can integrate multiple transport modes into a seamless integrated mobility system, or SIMSystem. A SIMSystem will connect city buses, ride shares and autonomous vehicles to enhance the overall efficiency of the transport network and enable faster, safer, cleaner and more affordable mobility of people and goods.

To demonstrate the principles of the SIMSystem Manifesto, the Forum called on government leaders to improve people-and-goods mobility and launched a request for proposals in April 2018.The 13 applications – representing cities, groups of cities, regions and nations from 10 countries – were reviewed by the SIMSystem Working Group during a workshop in New York in May.

“The pool of applicants was very competitive and diverse, from small to large geographies, all in very varied states of development. They demonstrate how rapidly the future of mobility is evolving globally,” said Scott Corwin, Managing Director and Deloitte Consulting LLP’s Future of Mobility Practice Leader, Deloitte, USA. “The application from Detroit, Ann Arbor and Windsor was well received by the working group for the strong collective leadership commitment to generate measurable progress and create a global showcase for demonstrating the far-reaching impact a SIMSystem can have on the movement of people and goods.” He added: “The Deloitte Future of Mobility team supporting the Forum and Deloitte’s Detroit office working closely with leaders in Michigan are excited about what lies ahead.”

Partners from the region say they look forward to applying the SIMSystem principles to their ongoing efforts.

“Making it easier to get around will not just improve the quality of life for our residents, but also tremendously accelerate the economic growth that our city and region are currently experiencing,” said Mike Duggan, Mayor of Detroit. “We are excited to work with our partners and the experts from the World Economic Forum to better leverage the investments we are making in all aspects of mobility.”

“The City of Ann Arbor attracts an increasing number of residents and businesses. However, we are constrained to accommodate growth and deliver an exceptional mobility experience due to parking and congestion issues. The city is also trying to find ways to best address the mobility and accessibility needs of its vulnerable populations such as senior citizens,” said Ann Arbor’s Mayor Christopher M. Taylor. “Ann Arbor is an ideal environment to test the key principles of a SIMSystem. The city includes a diverse set of transportation modes, a highly progressive community, one of the top research universities in the world, and a heritage of transportation innovation.”

“In collaboration with our United States colleagues in Detroit and Ann Arbor, Michigan, we see a significant opportunity to enhance transportation integration and better connect the region to promote economic growth and enhance quality of life,” said Drew Dilkens, Mayor of Windsor, Canada. “With its history of cross-border trade and collaboration, the Detroit-Ann Arbor-Windsor region is uniquely positioned to lead the world in developing the next-generation mobility system.”

Throughout 2018, the geographies will collaborate to address significant mobility challenges such as the lack of connectivity between transport modes, increased congestion and evolving mobility needs of underserved populations. Some residents are without reliable transport to jobs or are unable to take advantage of new mobility options due to a lack of access to reliable internet. As the cities of Detroit, Ann Arbor and Windsor build regional cohesion to tackle their mobility opportunities, the World Economic Forum will provide support through several design workshops that will connect the cities to the SIMSystem Working Group. The SIMSystem Working Group comprises senior executives from diverse industries (such as automotive, supply chain, mobility-on-demand and technology), academics and government officials.

Insights from this pilot will be documented throughout the year and shared publicly so all cities can learn from the experiences of Detroit, Ann Arbor and Windsor and apply practices to their own municipality.

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Urban Development

Preparing (Mega)Cities for the 2020s: An Inmovative Image and Investment Diplomacy

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Globalized megacities will definitely dominate the future, in the same way as colonial empires dominated the 19th century and nation-states the 20th. A new geography of power is emerging, made up of global city networks. All in all, the attractiveness of cities is based on the hope of higher purchasing power through greater opportunities, for a better quality of life. Megacities have the potential to effectively fight against poverty and enhance living conditions for a large proportion of the population – if they are managed correctly and make the most of their advantages. Nonetheless, there is a drastic need for new urban models to tackle the associated social, economic, and environmental pressures in a sustainable way.

Cities are the new engines of growth in the global economy, responsible for 80% of global GDP. It is no longer just countries that compete, but cities as well. Like there is great power competition, so will the world’s great cities increasingly compete. Every city will have to gain a competitive edge to differentiate itself from the rest. Flexible and agile cities that can diversify their resources and offer economic, social, and cultural opportunities to their citizens will not only survive but thrive. The cities that are best equipped to produce innovative, inclusive, and ethical solutions in the face of multiplying risks and threats will emerge as leaders. A clear picture emerges: cities will compete and collaborate globally as interdependent entities and will drive the future.

Speaking about megacities, let’s look for example at Mumbai, which is the financial capital of India and the second-most populated city in the world. It is not only the subcontinent’s city with the highest GDP but also ranks among the world’s top ten trade centers. The city contributes 25% of industrial output and 70% of capital transactions to India’s economy. Important financial organizations such as the Reserve Bank of India and the National Stock Exchange of India are in Mumbai. It houses the headquarters of various multinational companies and has thus become an influential commercial and entertainment center of India. It would be foolish to ignore such cities in tomorrow’s global economy.

City diplomacy could be considered a form of decentralization of international relations management, choosing cities as the key actors. In many cases, the representatives of cities involved in city diplomacy will be the mayors, given that they are often responsible for the international relations of their communities. On behalf of their cities, these key actors can engage in relations with other actors on the international stage through two-sided or multiple-sided interactions. There is a lot of room for city diplomacy to grow. It can be driven by image or investment interests, development and strategic communications complete each other.

A city relationship is formally created when the mayors or highest elected or designated leaders from two communities sign a memorandum of understanding establishing the partnership. Nevertheless, this is usually the result of a long process that involves the local city organizations along with the municipalities and other local institutions. It takes a lot of work to get to this stage, so, as in many other cases, sustained effort and clear vision pay off. So, time to shape up the in house mayoral or county staff and consolidate a stellar local talent team of global reach.

Competition matters but so does cooperation. Collaborating with neighboring or nearby cities enables cities to plan and implement actions to address emissions from energy infrastructure, public transport, food systems, waste management, and other services that often operate across municipal borders and to address cross-border climate risks. It also helps cities overcome regional or national climate-policy barriers, share the cost of staff and equipment, and secure better access to data, funding, and technical assistance – all of which can motivate other cities in the area to participate as well.

Image and Investment demand a third I in the 2020s: Innovation. The fastest way to connect cities and counties is using technology. The technological progress of recent decades has had not only a powerful but also a transformative influence on urban life. As technology progresses and becomes more affordable, the functionality and sustainability of urban practices undergo significant advancements as well. At the same time, increased access to information consolidates the role of knowledge as a powerful engine of economic growth. This enables the development of knowledge-based and connected societies. Under these continuously evolving conditions, many concepts about the organization and management of the new technological capabilities have become popular, including the smart city.

To establish an approach for the ideal future of an urban settlement that harnesses technology should be part of the integrated processes that connect cities at a regional level. In the best-case scenario, a city that aspires to become „smart‟ has an integrated, forward-looking plan that includes a vision and a methodology focused on benefiting from digital technologies to improve urban functions and develop knowledge ecosystems. Like any strategy, the plans for smart cities must be adapted to the needs, priorities, and constraints of their circumstances.

Funding for smart city projects is still carved out of overall city or department budgets, either through existing spending (e.g., IT, lighting contracts) or designated ‘smart city’ spending, which is typically relatively small. It is therefore difficult to identify the exact amount local authorities allocate to such projects. Even though a lot of the investment for smart city projects comes from the general city budget, cities have found it most beneficial to have earmarked funds for innovation initiatives. At the moment, what is clear is that the funding and budgeting has to match the ambitions of big cities and transform the smart city objective into reality.

National governments are also encouraging cities to increase funding by boosting the participation of the private sector in delivering smart city projects. Businesses’ experience with participating in the delivery of smart city projects has been dominated by pilot projects often utilizing public sector grant funding. There is room for much more. Local authorities need to make more strides towards scaling pilot projects and procuring large-scale solutions. The city must be able to articulate clearly the challenges it faces and develop a more open way for the market to respond. The sky is the limit, if the game is played well. An innovative image and investment diplomacy operation is an important way forward.

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Urban Development

Regional City Networks: Bringing the 4IR to Small and Medium-Sized Cities

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The World Economic Forum is launching two regional networks of cities in Latin America and South Asia to share knowledge on smart city development while protecting public interests related to privacy, security and sustainability. Under the umbrella of the Forum’s G20 Global Smart Cities Alliance the two city networks will connect leading pioneer cities from the Global Alliance with smaller cities in the region.

Smart city technology improves sustainability, resiliency and quality of life, but about 50% of the world’s urban population live in smaller or medium-sized cities. With cyberattacks on municipalities rising and digital technologies becoming central to economic competitiveness, these cities need to invest in new technologies, but have less capacity than their larger global counterparts to implement the ensure effective governance.

Set up in Medellín and Mumbai, the networks will be hosted by the Centres for the Fourth Industrial Revolution in Colombia and India, and efforts will be supported by partners of the World Economic Forum and the Centre for the Fourth Industrial Revolution (C4IR) Global Network. The roll out follows the successful establishment of this model in a number of Japanese cities, led by the Centre for the Fourth Industrial Revolution Japan.

Cities in Latin America and India will be invited to meet regularly to analyse smart city policies and will receive technical support from the Forum’s network of global experts. Founding members of the Regional Alliance for Latin America are Bogotá, Colombia; Brasília, Brazil; Buenos Aires, Argentina; Córdoba, Argentina; Medellín, Colombia and Mexico City, Mexico. Founding members of the National Alliance for India are Bengaluru, Bhopal, Faridabad, Hyderabad, Indore, Kohima, Mangalore, Raipur, Shillong and Thane.

“When we launched the G20 Global Smart Cities Alliance during Japan’s presidency, we could see city governments asking for global best practices that would allow them to compete in a global, tech-driven economy. But we also knew that smaller cities would struggle to implement these practices without local support,” said Chizuru Suga, Head of the Centre for the Fourth Industrial Revolution Japan. “That is why we launched the global alliance in parallel with a national initiative to unite cities across Japan for adapting and sharing global best practices.”

“For over a year now, Kaga City has been sharing knowledge with 12 other cities to make sure we have the policies we need to deploy technology quickly and safely,” said Riku Miyamoto, Mayor of Kaga City. “We can learn from global best practices and still get a local perspective on issues that matter to our residents.”

“Latin America is home to some of the most exciting initiatives in smart cities today, but that success is not evenly spread,” said José Manuel Restrepo, Minister of Trade, Industry and Tourism of Colombia. “Colombia is honoured to take on the task of coordinating the regional activities of the G20 Global Smart Cities Alliance in Latin America, so that cities across the region can benefit from both global and regional knowledge exchange.”

“India already has one of the world’s most ambitious smart city programmes, driven by the Government of India’s Smart Cities Mission,” said Purushottam Kaushik, Head of the Centre for the Fourth Industrial Revolution India. “Now with input from the G20 Global Smart Cities Alliance, Indian cities will have access to the world’s foremost expertise in smart city policy-making.”

“India’s Smart Cities Mission is dedicated to being at the forefront of policy innovation in data and technology for the urban sector. With the launch of the National Urban Digital Mission we hope to scale new heights,” said Kunal Kumar, Joint Secretary, Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, Government of India. “The G20 Global Smart Cities Alliance being extended to regional alliances in India, led by the World Economic Forum, is a pathway in that direction.”

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Urban Development

Moscow to host international online forum – the Smart Cities Moscow

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On May, 25-26 Moscow will host the Smart Cities Moscow, international online forum dedicated to the development of smart cities and current topics of adaptation of the urban environment to the realities of the “new normal”.

The forum hosts over 50 speakers, including heads of administrations of the world’s largest megacities, professors and experts from the world’s leading educational institutions, business representatives and international experts in the field of informatization and development of smart cities.

Smart Cities Moscow Forum will bring together speakers from countries and cities boasting the best urban infrastructure in the world, based on advanced IT technologies. The online format of the event provides a unique opportunity for millions of people from around the world to join sessions and participate in discussions. The event will become a prologue to the Smart Cities Moscow offline forum, which will be held in 2022.

As part of a series of online conferences, international and Russian experts will discuss how large metropolitan areas are being transformed in the modern conditions, dictated by the society and environment. Speakers will share the best success stories for the development of healthcare, city transport logistics, telecommunications, culture and education of the city.

The business program will cover three major areas: Smart city’s infrastructure and technologies, Smart City for a Smart Living, and Smart city’s sustainability. The experts will discuss urban development in the post-covid period, changes in the sustainable development strategy, infrastructure challenges and the deployment of IoT, Big Data, and AI technologies. The sessions will also focus on city renewable energy, creation of a favorable urban environment, and other topical issues. Various communication formats are provided within the framework of the forum: from panel discussions and expert sessions, to show-cases and case studies.

The Forum is supported by The Government of Moscow, Department of Information Technologies.

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