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IEA for EU4Energy Policy Forum on energy subsidies taking place Kyrgyzstan

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The forum is being attended by over 80 participants from the 11 IEA EU4Energy countries (Photograph: IEA)

IEA for EU4Energy is holding a three-day Policy Forum in Issyk Kul, Kyrgyzstan from 26-28 June, focusing on energy security and energy subsidies. The forum will cover energy demand restraint programmes, fuel switching, response mechanisms, and energy access.

The forum is being attended by over 80 participants, including officials and experts from the 11 IEA EU4Energy countries (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan).

The aim is to promote policy discussion on energy subsidies and, in particular, to address government practices that set energy prices and subsidise different forms of energy, thereby discouraging investment in the sector and preventing energy system self-sufficiency.

This is a particular issue in the 11 EU4Energy countries, where energy subsidies often create pricing structures that are below cost-recovery levels. This hinders the energy sector’s ability to generate adequate financial resources and to maintain infrastructure at the necessary technical standards. As a consequence, aging infrastructure is in many cases in urgent need of upgrades.

Yet when upgrade programmes are carried out, they are often part of government-guaranteed long-term loans from international financial institutions. This puts even more pressure on the high levels of public finances.

Discussions during the forum will address these challenges and will consider pathways to reach fully cost-reflective tariffs that also allow for planned capital investment.

They will also consider best practice examples on the gradual phase-out of subsidies and exchange information on tariff methodologies for electricity and heat tariffs in EU4Energy countries.

The forum will also cover the development of emergency response mechanisms to address recurrent or other prolonged energy supply shortages. Particular focus will be placed on demand restraint management and the need for oversight by the authorities.

Statisticians from 10 different countries are playing a key role in the event, in line with the EU4Energy programme’s core objective of promoting evidence-based policy making. The IEA energy data team has put together an interactive programme of exercises to help non data specialists to increase the use the data in decision making.

Download Energy Balance and Use in Policy-Making: An Energy Factsheet from the EU4Energy Programme

The IEA is leading the implementation of the EU4Energy Programme funded by the European Union (EU) for the following Eastern Partnership (EaP) and Central Asian countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan.

The programme’s aim is to work with these countries to improve energy data capabilities and enhance data collection and monitoring, and assist them in evidence-based energy policy design relevant to the country’s needs.

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New Programme Aims to Improve Infrastructure Procurement Capacity in Africa

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The Africa Infrastructure Fellowship Programme (AIFP) was today announced by Jean-Baptiste Lemoyne, Minister of State attached to France’s Minister for Europe and Foreign Affairs.

The World Economic Forum, the Global Infrastructure Hub and the private investment firm Meridiam have partnered to create the Africa Infrastructure Fellowship Programme (AIFP), an initiative to help African governments strengthen internal procurement capability by training and retaining key officials in procurement agencies, with the aim of attracting greater private-sector investment to Africa.

The components of the programme will be tailored to the needs of each country but, at its core, the AIFP will be made up of the following elements:

  • Three-day introduction to infrastructure procurement and networking with peers (provided by GI Hub)
  • Tutoring and examination through the Multilateral Development Banks’ Private Public Partnerships certification course
  • Two-week intensive course in infrastructure procurement (provided by selected universities)
  • Two-month placement in a private-sector company’s infrastructure team
  • Ongoing support for 12 months following the programme, including twice-yearly AIFP-related events hosted by the GI Hub

“It is important to emphasize that this project is in line with the mission of the Forum, to improve the state of the world. It is necessary to highlight the importance of jointly solving the challenges that surround the development of infrastructure at the global level,” said Denise Burnet, Head of Event Management and Member of the Executive Committee at the World Economic Forum.

Chris Heathcote, Chief Executive Officer of the Global Infrastructure Hub, said that, despite ongoing efforts, attracting private-sector investment into Africa remains a major challenge, and is a barrier to achieving the UN Sustainable Development Goals.

“In order to meet the UN SDGs and the demands of accelerating economic and population growth in the African continent, we forecast that these countries will need to spend $7.6 trillion to 2040. Our analysis forecasts that the continent will invest $4.3 trillion based on current trends, exposing an investment gap of $3.3 trillion, or 43%. Investors will only invest in countries where market conditions are favourable, and it’s our goal through this initiative to assist in creating an environment that is conducive to private-sector investment in infrastructure,” said Heathcote.

Thierry Déau, Chief Executive Officer of Meridiam, added: “As long-term investors, we are convinced that key success factors to projects rely on excellent synergies between the private and public sector. We chose to accompany the AIFP initiative, convinced that this agile organization based on strong commitments of stakeholders is the perfect tool to accelerate the deployment of sustainable infrastructure in Africa.”

Africa has the highest population growth globally, and a number of its countries rank highly in terms of economic growth; and yet these countries also have the lowest growth in infrastructure stock.

The AIFP will be a six-month capability-building programme that will give participants a robust understanding of procurement, governance and the role of the private sector in infrastructure projects. The programme will provide participants with a mix of theoretical and practical training, opportunities to work within major private-sector companies, and lead to the establishment of a strong network of infrastructure practitioners across Africa.

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How ICT is transforming and making our societies more resilient

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Together with the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and other partners, the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) has organized a side event at the UN High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) to explore how information and communication technology (ICT) is transforming and making our societies more resilient.

The HLPF, which runs through to 18 July, brings together more than a thousand government, business and civil society leaders. The Forum, which meets annually under the auspices of ECOSOC, is a platform for the exchange of experiences in the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), identifying gaps and lessons learned.

A selected multi-stakeholder panel at the side event, “ICT enabling the transformation towards sustainable and resilient societies”, included government, business and the UN. Participants discussed how digital technologies are improving productivity and competitiveness, pointing out that recent studies confirm that digitalization has immense potential that could deliver around $100 trillion in value to business and society over the next decade. It was also noted that digital solutions have the potential to enhance resource optimization and efficiency in water and energy consumption.

Providing a UN perspective, UNIDO’s Takeshi Nagasawa said, “The sustainable energy transition and Industry 4.0 share important characteristics that can be interconnected to pursue a sustainable energy transition. Such integrated approaches could be guided by the SDGs, which provide important target setting for energy, climate change and industry,” adding that UNIDO has “the capability and relevant portfolio to foster Industry 4.0 across all stages of industrial development.”

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Climate action: Organic waste as fuel for a circular economy

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The Secretariats of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) have organized a workshop as part of the Regional Technical Expert Meetings on Mitigation (TEMs-M) and the Marrakech Partnership for Global Climate Action. It was held during the Asia-Pacific Climate Week, taking place between 10 and 13 July in Singapore. The session on “Enabling waste-to-energy, industrial waste reuse and prevention solutions to achieve circular economy and boost climate action” brought together members of civil society, UN agencies and financial institutions.

The workshop presented waste-to-energy, in particular the use of organic agricultural waste as a source of fuel, as an integral part of achieving the circular economy and its associated social and environmental benefits. The circular economy transforms the currently prevailing linear model of ‘take-make-use-dispose’ into one based on closed cycles, ultimately powered by renewables.

Rene van Berkel, UNIDO Representative in India, said, “The circular economy is not to be constrained to a recycling economy, but is one that firstly, maximizes use of renewables; secondly, minimizes resource use for products and services; and thirdly, perpetually recycles and recovers residual wastes.”

Three case studies were presented and served as a basis for discussion. Brahmanand Mohanty, an independent energy and resource management expert, spoke about technical insights into aspects of waste-to-energy projects in Lao, Thailand and Cambodia. Abhishek Bansal, Head of Sustainability for Arvind Limited, talked about the private sector focusing on enhancing sustainability and promoting the idea of a circular economy across key inputs such as cotton, energy, water and chemicals. And Solomone Fifita, Manager of the Pacific Centre for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency, presented on the circular economy concept, with a focus on waste-to-energy technologies through a policy/institutional perspective.

“Using waste as an alternative fuel is a key enabler for the circular economy, and practical solutions are already practiced in different sectors, for example, as alternative fuels in cement-making, and the production of biodiesel from spent cooking oils and of biogas from effluents,” van Berkel said. “It is time to scale up and speed up these solutions as a practical way to deliver on commitments in the Paris climate agreement.”

The Technical Expert Meetings on Mitigation (TEMs-M) facilitate the identification of policy options, practices and technologies with high mitigation potential. They bring interested parties together to examine in-depth opportunities to promote the implementation of and support for climate action. This event builds on a meeting held earlier this year.

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