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Smarter and more energy-efficient buildings in the EU by 2050

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MEPs set goal of near zero-energy buildings in the EU by 2050, following December 2017 EP-Council deal, backed by the full European Parliament on Tuesday.

The updated legislation, voted through with 546 for, 35 against and 96 abstentions, requires member states to develop national long-term strategies to support cost-saving renovation of public and private buildings, with a view to reducing emissions in the EU by 80-85% compared to 1990 levels.

These long-term goals to renovate the existing building stock ensure investment certainty and new financing tools for citizens and businesses, say MEPs.

The national strategies will provide roadmaps to a highly decarbonised national building stock by 2050, with indicative milestones for 2030 and 2040, and measurable progress indicators will have to be put in place to monitor the implementation of the national strategies.

Supporting electro-mobility

The new directive will introduce electro-mobility requirements for new buildings and those undergoing major renovations, such as the location of at least one recharging point for electric vehicles in buildings with more than ten parking spaces. It will also require the installation of cabling infrastructure for recharging electric vehicles.

Smart tools to increase energy efficiency

The text introduces the “smart readiness indicator”, a new tool to measure the ability of buildings to improve their operation and interaction with the grid, adapting energy consumption to the real needs of the occupant. The European Commission will have to develop this concept by the end of 2019.

New buildings and existing ones, where heat generators are replaced, must have automated devices to regulate temperature levels, while rules on inspection of heating and air conditioning systems and building automation were tightened up.

Facts 

  • • Buildings consume most energy in Europe, absorbing 40% of final energy.
  • • Approximately 1% of buildings are newly constructed each year, and three out of four European buildings are energy-inefficient.
  • • The construction industry generates about 9% of European GDP and accounts for 18 million jobs.

Next steps

Once approved by the Council, the updated Energy Performance of Buildings Directive will be published in the EU Official Journal and will enter into force 20 days after publication. The transposition period for these new rules into national legislation is 20 months.

The updated directive for Energy Performance of Buildings (EPBD) is the first of the eight legislative proposals of the Clean Energy for All Europeans package launched in November 2016 to be approved by the Parliament in first reading.

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Urban Development

Moscow to host international online forum – the Smart Cities Moscow

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On May, 25-26 Moscow will host the Smart Cities Moscow, international online forum dedicated to the development of smart cities and current topics of adaptation of the urban environment to the realities of the “new normal”.

The forum hosts over 50 speakers, including heads of administrations of the world’s largest megacities, professors and experts from the world’s leading educational institutions, business representatives and international experts in the field of informatization and development of smart cities.

Smart Cities Moscow Forum will bring together speakers from countries and cities boasting the best urban infrastructure in the world, based on advanced IT technologies. The online format of the event provides a unique opportunity for millions of people from around the world to join sessions and participate in discussions. The event will become a prologue to the Smart Cities Moscow offline forum, which will be held in 2022.

As part of a series of online conferences, international and Russian experts will discuss how large metropolitan areas are being transformed in the modern conditions, dictated by the society and environment. Speakers will share the best success stories for the development of healthcare, city transport logistics, telecommunications, culture and education of the city.

The business program will cover three major areas: Smart city’s infrastructure and technologies, Smart City for a Smart Living, and Smart city’s sustainability. The experts will discuss urban development in the post-covid period, changes in the sustainable development strategy, infrastructure challenges and the deployment of IoT, Big Data, and AI technologies. The sessions will also focus on city renewable energy, creation of a favorable urban environment, and other topical issues. Various communication formats are provided within the framework of the forum: from panel discussions and expert sessions, to show-cases and case studies.

The Forum is supported by The Government of Moscow, Department of Information Technologies.

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Urban Development

Cities and Pandemics: Towards a more just, green and healthy future

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A new report on pandemics and cities from UN-Habitat, points the way to how hard-hit urban centres can reduce the impact of future outbreaks and become more equitable, healthy and environmentally friendly.

Cities and Pandemics: Towards a more just, green and healthy future’, launched on Tuesday, describes how urban areas have been at the forefront of the COVID-19 crisis. 

“95 per cent of all cases” were recorded in cities in the first months of the pandemic, Maimunah Mohd Sharif, UN-Habitat Executive Director, said. 

Cities on the frontline 

“Throughout this pandemic, it has been up to local governments and communities to move quickly and decisively to stop the spread of COVID-19 and ensure an effective response,” Ms. Sharif added.

Despite these pressures, many local governments and community leaders responded quickly and effectively to prevent the spread of the pandemic and mitigate its effects. 

The UN-Habitat report recommends actions for a sustainable recovery based on evidence from more than 1,700 cities.

Life and death inequalities

It found that patterns of inequality, due to a lack of access to basic services, poverty and overcrowded living conditions, have been key destabilising factors in increasing the scale and impact of COVID-19. 

Eduardo Moreno, Head of Knowledge and Innovation at UN-Habitat, said that due to the pandemic, an estimated “120 million people in the world will be pushed into poverty and living standards will reduce by 23 per cent”. 

“The conclusion is that income matters”, he added.

According to the text, urban leaders and planners must rethink how people move through and in cities, using lessons learned from the last year of COVID-19. 

This includes an increased focus at the local level on planning neighbourhoods and communities that are multi-functional and inclusive. 

Planning, affordability

The report explores how well-planned cities combining residential and commercial with public spaces, along with affordable housing, can improve public health, the local economy and the environment. 

It calls for cities to be at the forefront of moves towards a Social Contract between governments, the public, civil society and private sector.  

The new social contract should “explore the role of the state and cities to finance universal basic income, universal health insurance, universal housing”, said Sharif.

For one real-world example, Claudia Lopez Hernandez, Mayor of Bogota, explained how in the Colombian capital, their new social contract prioritises women and children. 

It is a “social contract that includes women, that provides them with time, with time to take care of themselves, with time to educate themselves, and with time and education skills to come back to the labour market”. 

“To have self-sustainable women is to have self-sustainable societies”, Hernandez explained.

New priorities

The Report outlines how a new normal can emerge in cities “where health, housing and security are prioritised for the most vulnerable, not only out of social necessity, but also from a profound commitment to human rights for all.”  

This requires governments to focus on policies to protect land rights, improve access to water, sanitation, public transport, electricity, health and education facilities and ensure inclusive digital connectivity. 

The Report recommends strengthening access to municipal finance to enable city leaders to build a new urban economy that reduces disaster risk as well as addressing climate change by developing nature-based solutions and investing in sustainable infrastructure to enable low carbon transport. 

The Cities and Pandemics Report makes it clear that the way urban environments recover from the pandemic, will have a major impact on the global effort to achieve a sustainable future for all – in line with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

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Urban Development

Paul Dass OBE and his passion for creating design led homes in Goa

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Paul-Dass

Paul Dass OBE moved from London to Goa to build a new kind of life while living his passion for creating design-led luxury homes. He is also one of the key partners who brought Soho House to Mumbai. His style of design is unique and his collaborations span across the world. However, despite having a worldly view of building, architecture and design, Paul Dass OBE incorporates the local into the modern and brings two different worlds together.

Tell us more about your journey in construction and architecture.

I made a conscious decision to move to Goa from London to ease into the only kind of life I knew was worth living – inspired, tranquil and charming. During my search for a new home, I could not find the right home with requirements I had in mind. So I thought, why not build a home for myself and to the high end real estate market that’s looking for similar properties?

I wanted to take the ingenuity and create bespoke living through Mayaland Homes, bringing to Goa all the knowledge I possessed over the last three decades of creating design-led homes in London and across India.

How is your style different from other architects in Goa?

Mayaland Homes combines high-quality British and international architecture, design and progressive technology with the best Indian professionals, artisans and creative artists. The architecture for Grande Gemeo Villa I & II reflects Goa’s famous heritage, offering the timeless charm of Indo-Portuguese architectural style.

However, we have taken the modern approach by incorporating the highest international standards in design, construction as well as sustainable methods and merging progressive technology from around the world with the heritage of local artisans to develop spaces that are absolutely unique.

Tell us more about your work with Soho House in Mumbai.

I was one of the three partners who brought Soho House in India. I was a local partner, along with David Fischer and Kris Jones. They trusted my caliber and allowed me to build Mumbai’s famous landmark at Juhu. The construction and design of Soho House was done by my in-house construction company – Pacific In.

During this time, I met Aaron at  Soho House in Mumbai, who was designated as the designer and it was then that I knew, we could create magic. When I saw his work, I knew he was the right person to work with and ever since there has been no looking back. I took him on as our design director at Mayaland Homes.

If not Goa, where would you be in India?

I travelled across India and Goa is just perfect. If not Goa, then London would have been my final destination. 

Which has been your dream project so far?

My dream is creating the next Beverly Hills in Goa and what better location than Assagao? The Mews, Assagao is my ultimate dream to build a community of like-minded individuals. It will be a private lane surrounded by the forests of Assagao, dotted with gorgeous villas that reflect Goa’s famous architectural heritage. On completion, the area will offer a combination of private luxury homes and a maze of cool walkways for residents to truly soak in the wonder of nature.

What inspires you to create?

In Goa we take inspiration from the Iberian Peninsula – researching traditional Portuguese paint colours and classic wall paneling from Lisbon. I just fell in love with the fusion between Goan architecture and Portuguese architecture. Here, we are recreating Portuguese architecture with a modern approach.

What do you like most about Goa and why should people choose it as a destination for their second home?

Goa is a very special place and everyone here has a very wide mindset due to international exposures, right from the time Goa started radiating its beauty to the world. The fusion of cultures along with its charming surroundings and spots has given Goa a unique potential of being an international tourist destination and has resulted in making Goa the most sought-after place to live in India.

How do you incorporate traditional Goan architecture in your work?

As an international design studio, we always reference our project’s local history and surroundings. It’s important to us to create spaces and buildings that feel natural and comfortable within their environments. In Goa, we use many traditional components of classical Goan architecture, such as balcao seating at the entrance or apuntado arched windows leading to Juliet balconies. Our future projects will look to classic Goan roof tiles and reference a modern take on Goan pattern cement tiles. The idea is that we are always looking to see how we can re-invent these classic elements with a more modern, luxurious touch.

What role do you think collaborations play in your industry?

We want to be the leading, most creative interior design firm in India, and know the only way to achieve that is through collective creativity and collaboration. Our initial goal is to first build an international in-house creative studio, but once established, work and collaborate with local designers and artists. India has an incredible creative history of craftsmanship, artistry and imagination, which positions it as a leading, yet untapped creative playground for designers and architects. Specifically, we want to forge connections with furniture designers: to create luxury, bespoke furniture pieces for our homes and artists to fill these homes with leading, contemporary Indian art.

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