Blaming just the teacher or the school for systemic educational problems can have serious negative side effects, warns a new report from the United Nations educational agency.
“Education is a shared responsibility between us all – governments, schools, teachers, parents and private actors,” said Irina Bokova, Director-General of the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), in a press release.
“Accountability for these responsibilities defines the way teachers teach, students learn, and governments act. It must be designed with care and with the principles of equity, inclusion and quality in mind,” she added.
The report, titled Accountability in education: meeting our commitments, looks at the different ways people and institutions can be held accountable for reaching the internationally agreed Sustainable Development Goal for Education (SDG4).
The report, the second in the Global Education Monitoring (GEM) series, shows that blaming teachers for poor test scores and absenteeism is often both unjust and unconstructive.
“Using student test scores to sanction teachers and schools makes it more likely they will adjust their behaviour to protect themselves, which may mean leaving the weakest learners behind,” explained Manos Antoninis, Director of the GEM Report.
“Accountability must start with governments. If a government is too quick to apportion blame to others, it is deflecting attention away from its own responsibility for creating a strong, supportive education system,”
For example, that nearly half of teacher absenteeism in Indonesia in 2013/14 was due to excused time for study for which replacements should have been provided.
In Senegal, only 12 of the 80 missed school days in 2014 were due to teachers avoiding their responsibilities.
In the European Union in 2009-2014, 38 per cent of education and training tenders only had one bidder, compared to 16 per cent of tenders in the construction sector, indicating that the risk of corruption is higher in education than in the building industry.
The report says that whereas transparency would help identify problems, only one in six governments publish annual education monitoring reports.
The report calls on governments to:
- design accountability mechanisms for schools and teachers that is supportive and avoid punitive mechanisms, especially those based on narrow performance measures;
- allow for democratic participation, respect media freedom to scrutinize education and set up independent institutions to handle complaints;
- develop credible and efficient regulations with associated sanctions for all education providers, public and private, that ensure non-discrimination and the quality of education;
- make the right to education justiciable, which is not the case in 45 per cent of countries.
Left Ventricular Aneurysm Surgery
A heart aneurysm is a serious illness that causes impairment of the contractile activity of the affected area of the heart muscle. Most often such pathology develops in the wall of the left ventricle of the heart. The disease more often affects men over the age of 40. Aneurysm detected in the heart grows only up to a certain size, but always requires surgical treatment.
Treatment for left ventricular aneurysm
Today physicians cope with heart aneurysms only by surgery. This is the only effective method that can completely cure a patient. Medication therapy is only used to temporarily improve the condition of patients with left ventricular aneurysms. If a patient is diagnosed with a left ventricular aneurysm, urgent surgical treatment is prescribed in the presence of the following indications:
- Severe heart rhythm abnormalities
- Formation of a blood clot in the aneurysm
- Rapidly developing heart failure
- Aneurysm rupture
Surgical treatment of acute and subacute heart aneurysms is indicated in the rapid progression of heart failure and the threat of aneurysmatic sac rupture. In chronic cardiac aneurysm, surgery is performed to prevent thromboembolic complications and for myocardial revascularization.
As a palliative intervention, strengthening of the aneurysm wall with polymeric materials is resorted to. Radical operations include ventricular aneurysm resection (if necessary – with subsequent reconstruction of the myocardial wall).
How is the surgical treatment carried out?
During this procedure, the patient’s chest is opened and the blood flow through the heart is stopped. A special device is attached to the main vessels, which continues to maintain the pumping function while the heart remains inactive. Only then a surgeon removes the aneurysm. Vascular bypass is also performed, if necessary. After a cardiac aneurysm is excised, the treatment process is not over. After the operation, it is necessary to stay under the supervision of healthcare professionals, because there is a risk of complications.
In a post-traumatic aneurysm of the heart, the heart wall is sutured. If additional revascularizing intervention is necessary, aneurysm resection with CABG are performed simultaneously.
In the preoperative period, patients with a left ventricular aneurysm receive cardiac glycosides, anticoagulants, hypotensive drugs, and oxygen therapy.
As a rule, small left ventricular aneurysms do not require special methods of repair after the procedure. The defect after aneurysmectomy can be closed by a simple linear suture, which is effective and the most suitable option for such situations.
After left ventricular aneurysmectomy and possible plasty, the development of low ejection syndrome, repeated myocardial infarction, arrhythmias (paroxysmal tachycardia, atrial fibrillation), suture failure and bleeding, respiratory failure, renal failure, cerebral thromboembolism is possible.
Is it worth going abroad for treatment during a lockdown?
All of the above conditions pose a serious threat to a person’s life, so the start of treatment should not be delayed. Left ventricular aneurysm surgery should only be performed by an experienced physician because it is a very complex intervention. And the absence of timeliness and quality of the intervention becomes the reason why people go abroad to treat left ventricular aneurysms.
You might think that it isn’t worth jumping straight into it in the middle of a lockdown. But if you need to go abroad for treatment, you can. Yes, you may need to wait a bit longer to get a visa, but it also doesn’t have to be that way.
Booking Health knows all of the ways to organize the left ventricular aneurysm surgery as soon as possible. The company will help you to get a visa if you’re applying for the first time or if your request has been declined. Booking Health will also help you choose a hospital that suits your preferences, prepare all the necessary documentation, book the flight tickets and accommodation, and will do every single treatment-related thing for you.
For Booking Health to help you, please, leave a request on the official website, and a medical advisor will contact you.
III Eurasian Research On Modern China And Eurasia Conference
December 3-4, 2021, Russian-Armenian University.
Address: Russian-Armenian University, 123 Hovsep Emin St, Yerevan 0051
Organized by: “China-Eurasia” Council for Political and Strategic Research, Foundation, Armenia and Russian-Armenian University, Armenia.
Supported by: Embassy of the People’s Republic of China in Armenia
December 3, 2021
Registration (10:30 Yerevan Time)
H. E. Mr. Yong Fan (Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of PRC to the Republic of Armenia).
H.E. Ms. Zheng Wei (General Secretary of The Good-Neighborliness, Friendship and Cooperation Commission of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization). (Via ZOOM). (Please follow translation from Russian to English via Zoom Link).
Dr. Mher Sahakyan (Director of “China-Eurasia” Council for Political and Strategic Research, Armenia)
Family Photo of Conference Speakers and Special Guests, Reception (12:00-12:40)
Prof. Dr. Heinz Gärtner (Chair, Advisory Board, International Institute for Peace; Professor, University of Vienna; Chair, Advisory Committee for Strategy and Security Policy of the Scientific Commission at the Austrian Armed Forces, Austria)/Keynote Speech/. (Via ZOOM).
Prof. Dr. Emilian Kavalski, (Inaugural NAWA Chair Professor, Complex Systems Lab in the Jagiellonian University of Krakow, Poland; Book Series Editor, Routledge’s “Rethinking Asia and International Relations” series), /Keynote Speech/. (Via ZOOM).
Dr. Sergey Lukonin (Head, Sector of Economy and Politics of China, Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences), /Keynote Speech/. (Please follow translation from Russian to English via Zoom Link).
Moderator: Dr. Mher Sahakyan (Director, “China-Eurasia” Council for Political and Strategic Research, Armenia).
Dr. Gina Panagopoulou (University of Piraeus, Greece), “Great Powers, Eurasia and the Pacific: The Two Pillars of the World – the Golden Apple of Discord.” (Via ZOOM).
Prof. Dr. Nirmal Jindal (Delhi University, India) “China and Eurasia in the New World Order․” (Via ZOOM).
Dr. Seven Erdogan (Recep Tayyip Erdogan University, Turkey), “The Implications of the Common Choice for Multilateralism of the European Union and China for the Multipolar World in the Making.” (Via ZOOM).
Mr. Sebastian Contin Trillo-Figueroa (2020/2021 Asia Global Fellow, AsiaGlobal Institute, University of Hong Kong), “Seeking Strategic Sovereignty: The forthcoming Sino-European relationship within the Indo-Pacific.” (Via ZOOM).
Mr. Daniel Shapiro (Harvard University ‘20, U.S. Fulbright Student Research Fellow, US), “Great Power Competition in Eurasia: China’s Rise in the South Caucasus and its Effects on American Interests.”
Mr. Mateusz Ambrożek (PhD Candidate, University of Warsaw, Poland), “Equal Distance but not Hedging: Maintaining Equilibrium by Japan under US-China Competition.” (Via ZOOM).
Moderator: Dr. Ruben Elamiryan (Chairperson and Associate Professor at the Department of World Politics and International Relations of Russian-Armenian University, Executive Officer of IPSA RC41 – Geopolitics).
Panel 2. (15:30-16:55) Eurasia and Belt and Road Initiative
Dr. Christopher B. Primiano (KIMEP University, Kazakhstan) and Dr. James Paradise (Yonsei University, South Korea), “A Parallel Order: China’s Belt and Road Initiative as a Hub and Spoke System.” (Via ZOOM).
Dr. Maria Smotrytska (International Institute for Middle East and Balkan Studies, Austria), “China’s Nordpolitik: Toward a New Logistics Order in the North.” (Via ZOOM).
Dr. Connor Judge (Ashoka University / Harvard-Yenching Institute / International Foundation for Education and Research China Studies Postdoctoral Fellowship), “Mongolia in China’s Belt and Road Initiative: Receptivity and Connectivity.” (Via ZOOM).
Dr. Shabnam Dadparvar (Tianshui Normal University, China), “China-Azerbaijan Relations within the Framework of BRI; Opportunities and Constraints.” (Via ZOOM).
Mrs. Shanjida Shahab Uddin (Research Officer, Bangladesh Institute of International and Strategic Studies, Bangladesh), “Bangladesh in the Belt and Road Initiative: Strategic Rationale and Future Implications.” (Via ZOOM).
Mr. Dmitry Erokhin (Research Assistant, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, PhD Candidate, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Austria), “Determinants and Gaps in Chinese Outward Foreign Direct Investment in Belt and Road Initiative Countries.” (Via ZOOM).
Mr. Asantha Senevirathna (Senior lecturer, Sir John Kotelawala University, Sri Lanka), “China’s 21st Century Maritime Silk Road and Sri Lanka: A Geopolitical Perspective.” (Via ZOOM).
Moderator: Prof. Dr. Zheng Yuntian (Director, World Socialism Institute, and Assistant Director of BRI Research Center, Renmin University of China).
Panel 3. (17:25-18:25) China and the Middle East
Dr. Davoud Gharayagh-Zandi (Shahid Beheshti University, Iran), “China’s Strategic Development and Foreign Policy in the Middle East in the Second Decade of 21st Century: The Whys and the Wherefores.” (Via ZOOM).
Dr. Ozan Örmeci (Istanbul Kent University, Turkey), “Sino-Turkish Relations and The Belt and Road Initiative.” (Via ZOOM).
Dr. Haila Al-Mekaimi (Kuwait University, Kuwait), “China and the GCC: A Strategic Partnership.” (Via ZOOM).
Dr. Hussein Talal Maklad (Dean, Department of International Relations and Diplomacy, Al-sham Private University, Syria), “China’s Strategy Towards Syria”.
Moderator: Dr. Artur Israyelyan (Vice rector for International Cooperation and Public Relations, Yerevan State University).
Panel 4. (18:30-19:55) China, Central Asia, and South Caucasus
Dr. Marina O. Dmitrieva and Mr. Zakhar V. Davydov (Far Eastern Federal University, Russia), “Prospects for Multilateral Cooperation in Central Asia.” (Via ZOOM).
Dr. Sudhir Singh (University of Delhi, India), “Indian Perception of China- Central Asian Relationship.” (Via ZOOM).
Mr. Devendra Kumar (PhD Candidate, University of Hyderabad, India), “Domestic Drivers of China’s Central Asia Policy.” (Via ZOOM).
Dr. Sun Chao (Centre of International Studies, Jiangsu Administration Institute, China), “Semi-Presidentialism and Political Stability：A Reflection on Political Transition in the Caucasus.” (Via ZOOM).
Dr. Salome Danelia (Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Georgia), “Peculiarities of Innovative Development of Economy in Georgia.” (Via ZOOM).
Ms. Mariam Topakyan (PhD Student, Faculty of International Relations, Yerevan State University), “China and South Caucasus: New Perspectives and Challenges”.
Moderator: Dr. Gevorg Melikyan (Lecturer, Russian-Armenian University; Assistant to the President of the Republic of Armenia).
December 4, 2021
Plenary Session: (11:00-11:25)
Prof. Dr. David Arase (Honorary Professor, Asia Global Institute, University of Hong Kong and Resident Professor, Hopkins-Nanjing Center of the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies) /Keynote Speech/. (Via ZOOM).
Moderator: Mrs. Lara Setrakian (Co-founder and CEO of News Deeply, Journalist, Entrepreneur & Impact Investor).
Panel 5. (11:30-12:35) China’s Cybersecurity Issues and Digital Silk Road
Prof. Dr. Annita Larissa Sciacovelli (University of Bari Aldo Moro, Italy), “EU – China Cybersecurity Cooperation.” (Via ZOOM).
Dr. Anahit Parzyan (Executive Director, “Nork” Social Services Technology and Awareness Center” Foundation, Armenia), “China’s Cyber Diplomacy in Eurasia: Will There be a Match?”
Prof. Dr. Giorgio Caridi (E-Campus University Rome, Italy)“Innovation and digitization of communication: how to skyrocket the BRI in Europe.” (Via ZOOM).
Dr. Nehme Elias Khawly (PhD Degree, INSEEC, Paris, France), “Revolutionizing Soft Power: The Digital Silk Road in Eurasia and the MENA.” (Via ZOOM).
Dr. Ruben Elamiryan (Chairperson and Associate Professor at the Department of World Politics and International Relations of Russian-Armenian University, Executive Officer of IPSA RC41 – Geopolitics), “Cybersecurity in NATO and CSTO: Comparative Analysis of Legal and Political Frameworks.” (Via Zoom).
Moderator: Mrs. Lara Setrakian (Co-founder and CEO of News Deeply, Journalist, Entrepreneur & Impact Investor).
Panel 6. (12:40-14:20) Russia-China-India Triangle; Territorial Disputes in South China Sea
Dr. Mher Sahakyan (Director, China-Eurasia Council for Political and Strategic Research, Armenia), “Russian Greater Eurasian Partnership Strategy.”
Dr. Alexander Korolev (Associate Professor, Deputy Head of the Centre for Comprehensive European and International Studies, National Research University Higher School of Economics), “Political and Economic Security in Eurasia: IR English School Perspective.” (Via ZOOM).
Dr. DAI Weijing (Peking University, China), “Competition for Leadership: China and Russia in Eurasian Integration.” (Via ZOOM).
Mr. Orazio Maria Gnerre, (PhD Student, University of Perugia, Italy), “The Strengthening of the Sino-Russian Partnership in the World Context.” (Via ZOOM).
Dr. Vishal Kumar Baswal (Jawaharlal Nehru University, India), “The Role of India, China and Russia in Emerging World Order.” (Via ZOOM).
Dr. Junuguru Srinivas (Gitam University, India), “China and India View on Emerging Global Order: A Comparative Analysis.” (Via ZOOM).
Dr. Prasanta Kumar Sahu (Jawaharlal Nehru University, India), “India- Russia Relations and the Emerging Geopolitics in Eurasia.” (Via ZOOM).
Dr. Dai Yulong (ShanghaiTech University, China), “Malaysia’s “Flexible Nail” Role in Solving its Territory Disputes with ASEAN Neighbors.” (Via ZOOM).
Moderator: Dr. David O’Brien (Institute of East Asian Politics, Ruhr University Bochum, Germany)
Panel 7. (14:25-15:35) Shanghai Cooperation Organization, Eurasian Economic Union, NATO. China’s Energy Security
Dr. Mahesh Ranjan Debata (Jawaharlal Nehru University, India),“Shanghai Cooperation Organisation at 20: An India Perspective.” (Via ZOOM).
Dr. Elżbieta Pron (University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland), “China and International Institutions – the Case of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and China’s Foreign Policy in Central Asia.” (Via ZOOM).
Ms. Jayshree Borah (Doctoral Candidate, Shanghai International Studies University, China), “Regional Multilateralism and China: China’s push for SCO as platform for Regional Security Multilateralism?” (Via ZOOM).
Ms. Angie Hesham (PhD Student University of Hull, United Kingdom), “NATO Tilt Towards China.” (Via ZOOM).
Dr. Pavel Barakhvostov (Belarusian State Economic University, Belarus), “The Problems and Prospects of the Eurasian Economic Union at the Present Stage.” (Via ZOOM).
Mr. Ahmet Faruk ISIK (PhD Student, Shanghai International Studies University and Research Assistant, Shanghai Academy of Global Governance and Area Studies), “In the Context of Energy Security, Role of The Renewable Energy; Chinese Example.” (Via ZOOM).
Moderator: Mr. Daniel Shapiro (Harvard University ‘20, U.S. Fulbright Student Research Fellow, US).
Panel 8. (16:00-16:55) Sino-Russian and Sino-Mongolian Relations: Historical Aspects of Relations
Dr. Oksana Ermolaeva (Research Fellow, Institute for Advanced Studies, New Europe College, Romania), “(B)order-Making in the Russian/Soviet Empire at the Beginning of the Twentieth Century: East – West Dimension.” (Via ZOOM).
Ms. Ulyana Fedorenko (Research Fellow, VSUE, Russia), “China and Russia: An Old Strategic Partnership, but A New Format of Interaction.” (Via ZOOM).
Dr. Borjgin Shurentana (Inner Mongolia University, China), “Mongolia’s Relations with China in the Post-Cold War Era: An Analysis from the Perspective of Social Cognition.”
Dr. Zhengji Ju (Nanjing University, China), “Germany, Britain and Russia in Xinjiang?” (Via ZOOM).
Moderator: Dr. Robert Ghazaryan (Director-Institute of Oriental Studies, National Academy of Sciences, Armenia).
Panel 9 (17:00-18:25) China and Central and Eastern European Countries; Vaccine Diplomacy; People to People Exchange between China and Eurasia
Dr. Sanja Arezina (Counselor with the Government of the Republic of Serbia, Research Associate-Assistant Professor at Belgrade University, Serbia.2020/2021 Asia Global Fellow, AsiaGlobal Institute, University of Hong Kong), “Chinese Relations with Central and Eastern European Countries in a New Era of Global Transformation.”
Mr. Marko Savić and Mr. Todor Lakić (PhD candidates and Teaching Assistants, University of Montenegro),“China and Montenegro: Balancing Between Debt, Vaccines and Diplomacy.” (Via ZOOM).
Prof. Dr. Olga Zalesskaia (Blagoveshchensk State Pedagogical University, Russia), “Interregional Interaction Between China and Russia in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic: When will the Russian-Chinese Border in the Far East Open?” (Via ZOOM).
Dr. Evgenii Gamerman (Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia), “International ‘Covid Diplomacy’ in Eurasia.” (Via ZOOM).
Ms. Ani Margaryan (PhD Candidate, Nanjing Normal University, China), “The Chinese Art of Pandemic Period as the Reflection of its Fight Against and Victory Over COVID-19.” (Via ZOOM).
Prof. Dr. Song Lilei (Tongji University in Shanghai, China) and PAN Jingke (PhD Student, Heidelberg University, Germany), “The Soft Connectivity between China and Europe: People-To-People Linkages Should Never Be Ignored.” (Via ZOOM).
Dr. Nare Haroyan (PhD Degree, Shanghai Normal University, China), “Interpersonal Conflicts between Different Cultural Individuals at Multicultural Workplace. Case Study: China”.
(18:30) Official Closing Ceremony of the Conference.
Dr. Mher Sahakyan (Director, “China-Eurasia” Council for Political and Strategic Research, Armenia. 2020/2021 Asia Global Fellow, AsiaGlobal Institute, University of Hong Kong, China).
Dr. Artur Israyelyan (Vice rector for International Cooperation and Public Relations, Yerevan State University).
Dr. Zheng Yun-tian (Director, World Socialism Institute, and assistant director of BRI research center, Renmin University of China, PRC).
Dr. Konstantin Kurylev (Professor, Department of Theory and History of International Relations of Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, founder, and Editor in-chief of the “Post-Soviet Studies” academic journal and Head of the Centre of Post-Soviet Studies, Russia).
Dr. Robert Ghazaryan (Director-Institute of Oriental Studies, National Academy of Sciences, Armenia).
Dr. Bin Ma (Associate Professor at the Center for Russian and Central Asian Studies, Institute of International Studies, Fudan University, PRC).
Dr. Ruben Elamiryan (Chairperson and Associate Professor at the Department of World Politics and International Relations of Russian-Armenian University, Executive Officer of IPSA RC41 – Geopolitics).
Dr. Sanja Arezina, (Counselor with the Government of the Republic of Serbia, Research Associate-Assistant Professor at Belgrade University, Serbia.2020/2021 Asia Global Fellow, AsiaGlobal Institute, University of Hong Kong).
Dr. Sudhir Kumar Singh (Professor, Dyal Singh College, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India).
Dr. Suha Atature (Professor and Chair of International Relations – Gedik University, Turkey).
Dr. Alexander Korolev (PhD, Deputy Head of Eurasian Sector, Higher School of Economics, Russia).
Dr. Boris Vukićević (Associate Professor-University of Montenegro, Montenegro).
Dr. Varuzhan Geghamyan (Assistant Professor-Yerevan State University, Director-ARDI Institute, Armenia).
Dr. Vakhtang Charaia (Director, Center for Analysis and Forecasting at Tbilisi State University, Georgia).
Dr. Anahit Parzyan (Executive Director, “Nork” Social Services Technology and Awareness Center” Foundation, Armenia).
About Russian-Armenian University
Russian-Armenian University (RAU) offers a diverse range of undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate programs. The main language of instruction is Russian; however, we offer courses in Armenian and English as well. Upon graduation, students receive two Diplomas: Armenian and Russian. The University comprises 31 Departments and 8 Institutes. The University prepares specialists with up-to-date knowledge and skill ensuring their place in the competitive job market. RAU is widely recognized for its prominent activity in the regional educational and scientific environment, and it continues to expand its work internationally. The University’s growing international network provides students and lecturers with various opportunities for mobility. At RAU, we have long identified scientific research as our priority. Students of all levels are encouraged to embark on scientific explorations and participate in research conferences. Professors and postgraduate students conduct activities geared towards solving fundamental issues of modern science, their research interests varying from Natural and Computer Sciences to Social Sciences and Humanities. We conduct research at laboratories based within the Institutes of RAU and in cooperation with major Armenian science centers, including the National Academy of Sciences of Armenia.
Please click the link below to join the webinar and for translation:
The City of Ideas platform is a unique opportunity to make the city comfortable
The Moscow City of Ideas platform is a platform where citizens can propose ideas for solving various issues related to the life of the capital and vote for proposals selected by experts.
Ideas with the largest number of votes are implemented in the city. Over the seven years of such projects, more than 270 thousand Muscovites have sent about 112 thousand ideas for the development of urban infrastructure. More than four thousands of them were selected by experts for further study, over three thousand ideas have already been implemented.
The citizens took part in projects like “My Park”, “Electronic House”, “Moscow Central Diameters”, “Moscow child health center”, “Museums of Moscow” and much more. Thanks to the proposed ideas, new public transport routes have appeared, a Moscow standard for children’s recreation has been developed, public service centers, children’s and adult clinics, libraries, and parks have been transformed.
After modernization, the City of Ideas platform has become more user-friendly. Citizens themselves propose suggestions of improving the platform. 12 thousand residents of the capital took part in the project. They proposed with over 600 ideas. The implementation plan included 121 of them, some have already been implemented.
Today, the platform provides short video instructions and materials explaining how to use platform. This will help both beginners and advanced users. Now citizens can submit their ideas directly from the platform’s main page. When sending a photo attached to the text.
The modernization also affected the voting process: the ideas that pass the expert selection will be presented in a single list. You don’t need to go to each page for grading.
And most importantly, the City of Ideas platform today has a modern design. These changes were suggested and supported by the citizens.
This service is available to individuals, representatives of legal entities and individual entrepreneurs.
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