An interesting conversation with Gianluca Savoini, President of the Lombardy-Russia Association and close advisor on Russian affairs of the leader of the Northern League party Matteo Salvini.
The relations between Italy and the Russian Federation have had their ups and downs, but overall they were always good. How to retrieve these relations, especially in economic and political level?
It’s very simple: lift the sanctions to the Russian Federation, thing, which has not done until now the previous government of Matteo Renzi and will surely not do the current one, which is an emanation of the previous one. If we want to reconnect again in a concrete way the relations between Rome and Moscow we must give a very clear signal, even if as a single nation we have obligations with the EU, we have to tell clearly that our country does not agree with this sanctions.
And then, I would like to understand the reason for these sanctions, for Crimea? In Crimea, there was a regular referendum, 95% of the population went to vote without a Russian occupation or interference attempts. An overwhelming majority said they wanted nothing to do with a Ukraine which had become a kind of regime after a coup d’etat which was Maidan. This was a coup supported by the international powers who wanted to use the Ukraine and the Ukrainian people, who are victims of this situation, perhaps without knowing it, to further divide Europe from Russia. All this clearly to the advantage of other players that they earn from the division between the EU and Russia, which should instead be a strong and concrete connection, in both cultural and political level and especially in business relations.
Finally, the Russians are ready to move closer to the European Union, but Italy and Europe have to do the first step, so until there is this Italian government will not change anything because he is liable to the dictates of Brussels and to the dictates of Angela Merkel.
According to Russian intelligence sources the Atlantic Alliance (NATO) is the first threat to the sovereignty of the Federation. Do you think that NATO is still useful? And if so, how it should be reformed?
NATO must be changed, in this moment has no more reason to exist, because the Alliance was also created to contrast the Warsaw Pact, then we talk about historical periods that have not already been exceeded by a year or two but for twenty, thirty ‘years.
I cannot understand NATO in this moment, because when there are important situations that relate to the western world, from Syria to the international terrorism, NATO does not exist, they exist only single governments like the American, the English and the French, so there are only national governments.
NATO does nothing more than creating tensions with Russia, like sending soldiers in Poland and in Eastern European countries and creating the risk, through compliant media, of a Russian invasion of the Baltic, rather than other stories created to insinuate that there is a new Russian threat.
Northern League party has excellent relations with the party of the Russian President Vladimir Putin, United Russia. With Donald Trump victory you intend to expand your official relations even with the Republican Party?
Sure, we had a brief meeting with Donald Trump in Philadelphia during the election campaign and we are in contact through so-called “sherpas”.
The new American president expresses values and positions shared by us, as the issue of immigration and the defense of traditional values, these are things that unite the European sovereignist movements (which Northern League is a member) and Donald Trump positions.
This year will be very interesting for Europe because we will have strategic elections in France, Holland and Germany. Your predictions?
First, these “pro-European” parties aimed only to maintaining the status quo, which is already in bankrupt for some time and especially aim to maintain their grip on power and its advantages.
The citizens have already shown in all elections, an increasing of the so-called “Eurosceptics” parties.
Today, people have understood that most pollsters seek only to influence the public opinion. The vast majority of the media continue to make one-sided propaganda, those who are not in favor of this European Union, gay marriages and uncontrolled immigration is a negative individual and must be stopped. Despite this, people are fed up and suffers every day on their skin the results of this “beautiful” European Union.
In France, they have brought out a candidate like François Fillon (former Prime Minister of Sarkozy presidency). After a minute, who was elected to the Republican primary party was defined by all left and right media as a man of values, of Christian traditions and a good friend of Russia, the same arguments that are typically a Frontist matrix. He is a man of the establishment, is a man who will not change anything about what were the policies of France in recent years, he will not question the membership of France in the European Union and in the Euro currency; the French establishment want only claim that is a man of great changes on the same values of Marine Le Pen.
As regards the Netherlands, Wilders is really strong Leader, I don’t know how they can stop the Party of Freedom.
And finally, we come to Germany. There is a party that is rising but is still too small “Alternative für Deutschland” (AfD) that tells interesting and right things and is our ally in the European Parliament. We must see whether the establishment of the interests of big business and trade will still want to proceed with these disastrous policies of Angela Merkel.
So 2017 might truly be the decisive year in the history of Europe, and I hope so because when the story is set in motion it is difficult to stop, Trump and Brexit I hope they are not signals into space.
No one will deter Russia in the Baltic region
Recently researchers and analysts of the RAND Corporation issued the report “Exploring Requirements for Effective Deterrence of Interstate Aggression.”
The stated aim of this report is “to provide a fresh look at the subject in this context, with two primary purposes: to review established concepts about deterrence, and to provide a framework for evaluating the strength of deterrent relationships.” Chapter Four of the report is called “Deterring Russia in the Baltic Region” and presents analysis of security challenges in the Baltic States.
This particular report is interesting by the fact that it acknowledges the minimal likelihood of Russia’s military aggression in the Baltics. It is more than strange when take into account the previous report that insisted on high level probability of Russian aggression. This time experts consider the situation to be less dangerous for the Baltic Region.
According to the RAND Corporation analysts, Russia does not consider the Baltic States to be a strategically important region for itself.
Therefore, despite the Kremlin’s desire to change the balance of forces in Europe in its favor, Russia does not consider “aggressive actions in the Baltic States as a tool of achieving these goals.”
The US specialists have not found evidence of preparing the invasion of Estonia, Latvia or Lithuania, and Russia’s buildup of military power on their borders.
They have made a conclusion that a more aggressive behavior of Russia towards the Baltic countries can occur in case of the anti-missile defense systems deployment on their territory.
Instead, experts recommend that the US authorities treat Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania with understanding and condescension and even take into account that their eternal anti-Russian fears are associated with difficult common historical past. In other words, they advise to rather provide moral support.
The report of the RAND Corporation cannot be treated only as a private opinion of a non-governmental organization. The findings of this center of expertise usually anticipate and justify strategic decisions made by the United States.
Thus, two years ago RAND Corporation held a war game, which revealed that the Russian armed forces need only about 60 hours to occupy the Baltic States, and NATO allies would not physically have time to help Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. The analysis of the results of the war game was one of the rationales for deploying four multinational battalion-size battle groups on their territory.
Today, the RAND Corporation concludes that Russia does not threaten the Baltic States, and military tensions over this region can arise only if the missile defense systems are deployed. It follows logically that the further militarization of the Baltic States is explosive and undesirable.
So, the US elites as well as NATO do not want to deal with the Baltic States. They do not want to be distracted by countries that are of no importance for Russia, their main antagonist.
The first recommendation made by the analysts of the RAND Corporation in the report is “to assess the motives of potential aggressors and ease security concerns. In Europe, this could include avoiding deployment of the most provocative U.S. systems in or near Eastern Europe, thinning Russian and Baltic forces, and working on a successor to the Conventional Forces in Europe Treaty.”
In the case of military provocation in the Baltic Sea, similar to the one that occurred in the Kerch Strait, NATO, the US or the EU will not even provide the Baltic States with active diplomatic assistance, not to mention immediate military support. The RAND Corporation made this more than clear for the Baltic States.
Russian Aluminium, Health Ministry Announce Ebola Vaccine
Russian Aluminium (RUSAL), one of the world’s largest aluminium producers, together with the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, announced the completion of the vaccination against the Ebola virus in the Republic of Guinea. Two thousand people have received the GamEvac-Combi vaccines during the testing programme conducted at the Scientific Diagnostic Centre for Epidemiology and Microbiology (SDCEM) in Guinea.
The centre was an initiative of Russian business tycoon, Oleg Deripaska, and was built by RUSAL during the height of the Ebola epidemic in 2015. GamEvac-Combi vaccine was created in the Gamalei Federal Research Centre for Epidemiology and Microbiology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation. The vaccine is currently in the final round of testing.
“As part of the testing programme, the health of the vaccinated participants and the development of the immunity are monitored for one year. At the end of this period of monitoring, the vaccine will receive international certification making it available for use by the World Health Organisation and other organizations for the purpose of preventing the spread of the disease,” according to media release.
Vladimir Putin, President of the Russian Federation, instructed the development of the vaccine following a request from the President of the Republic of Guinea Alpha Condé at the end of 2014.
In 2016, the vaccine was revealed during the World Health Assembly where the former WHO Director-General, Margaret Chen, was in attendance. The vaccine was registered in Russia at the end of 2015.
Along with developing the vaccine, RUSAL, as part of the public-private partnership supported by Oleg Deripaska, opened a research centre, an isolation ward and a hospital in Guinea. RUSAL’s commitment to fighting the epidemic was acknowledged by the Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Sergey Lavrov, who thanked RUSAL’s shareholder, Oleg Deripaska, for his contribution to the international effort against Ebola.
The strong relationship that RUSAL has established with the Republic of Guinea is something that Oleg Deripaska often speaks about. He recently highlighted RUSAL’s commitment to helping the population of the country hit by the virus; “When the outbreak of the fever came, we made every effort to help”, said Oleg Deripaska.
“Currently the vaccine is administered to the Russian medics and other specialists going to the regions where there is a high risk of Ebola contagion”, said Veronika Skvortsova, the Minister of Health of the Russian Federation. “During the Ebola outbreak, the centre has shown the best results in terms of the number of Guinean persons wholly recovered: 62.5% of the SDCEM patients with a confirmed Ebola fever diagnosis have been successfully treated”.
The advantages of GamEvac-Combi vaccine
The vaccine was developed using a biotechnology method without using the pathogenic Ebola virus. The base of the vaccine is the genetic material of an adenovirus and vesicular canker virus, safe for humans, modified with a gene containing the information about the structure of the GP protein of the Ebola virus.
Pre-clinical and clinical studies have proven the safety of the vaccine and have shown that it stimulates the immune system more efficiently than foreign vaccines. Another important advantage of the vaccine is its more favourable transportation and storage conditions: GamEvac-Combi can be transported and stored at the temperature above -16◦C – and similar foreign vaccines require the temperature of less than – 60 ◦C for storage, which is difficult to implement in the hot African climate.
The SDCEM centre, that will continue to do medical examinations for the Guinean population, is the most advanced and biologically safe facility in the Western Africa. The centre was created in line with all international humanitarian organizations’ recommendations and is equipped with modern medical and laboratory equipment. RUSAL invested more than US$10 million in the construction of the SDCEM.
Currently, SDCEM is the leading centre in the field of investigating and preventing infectious diseases in Guinea. It also serves as the training facility for the national epidemiologists.
RUSAL has been active in Guinea since 2001 being one of the largest foreign investors in the country. In Guinea, RUSAL owns Kindia Bauxite Company (KBC) as well as the bauxite-alumina facility Friguia. RUSAL continues implementing projects to launch the world’s largest bauxite mines Dian-Dian in Boké region.
Putin, United Russia and the Message
On Dec. 8, Russian President Vladimir Putin took part in the plenary meeting of the 18th United Russia party congress, reiterated the key challenges, problems and accomplishments for the nation. The congress delegates identified the challenges and priorities in the party’s work for the coming year.
Putin acknowledged the party’s support during his presidential election campaign, saying it was “a momentous thing shaping the top institution of power” in Russia. This concerns the president, the government, the region – any level, down to the local or municipal one.
Putin further referred to an action plan that was presented in a condensed form in the Executive Order in May 2018 and that set out in national projects drafted by the Government (the majority in the Government are United Russia members) and was supported by legislators (United Russia holds the majority in the State Duma). He pointed to the fact that there would not be any success without United Russia’s backing at the regional and municipal level.
“The United Russia party plays a special role. For a number of years the party has been showing its competence, its ability to make responsible decisions, explain these decisions to the people,” Putin told the party delegates during his address, while acknowledging frankly that there have been pitfalls and problems in the political leadership.
Leadership means making responsible decisions the country needs. This leadership is an enormous resource to achieve dynamic and substantive change that can ensure a radical improvement in the quality of life and greater well-being of the population.
Putin reminded the party meeting that the entire world going through a dramatic situation. In his words: “the world is undergoing a transformation, a very powerful and dynamically evolving transformation, and if we do not get our bearings, if we do not understand what we need to do and how, we may fall behind for good.”
He suggested that United Russia with its tremendous legislative, organisational and human resource potential must fully utilise it and consolidate all of society, in solving development issues, in implementing the nationwide agenda.
Putin told the party delegates never allow any sort of rudeness, arrogance, insolence towards people at any level – at the top level and the lowest, municipal level. This is important because it does the country a disservice, it is unfair to the people and it denigrates the party to the lowest of the low. The public demands fairness, honesty and openness.
What is “society” after all? It is the people. Thus, one key factor here is that people’s opinions and attitudes must necessarily be taken into account. There must be commitment to implementing people’s initiatives, and their initiatives must be used in attaining common goals, especially at the municipal level, according to the Russian leader.
The most crucial thing for a political party is a steady standing of its representatives and that United Russia does not have to fear change but rather work strategically towards making a change for the better.
Putin further asked the delegates to work relentlessly for a free democratic country, development of nationwide tasks, realisation of new ideas and approaches. Discussions and competition, including within the party itself are very efficient tools for solving problems in the interests of the nation. United Russia has to do everything needed to instil both inside the party in particular and in society in general this political culture, an atmosphere of dialogue, trust and cooperation with all political forces of Russia.
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