Turkey, on the other hand, is a powerful state based on the Ottoman Empire, whose history is full of wars, which dominated 3 continents. The continuation of this war for 35 years indicates that Turkey has not fought a simple terrorist organization. For 35 years, Turkey has been fighting against the coalition of countries that provide arms to the PKK terrorist organization and provide logistical support. It is not possible to fight against Turkey unless the PKK terrorist organization obtains support from the outside. A simple terrorist organization can never fight a big state for 35 years.
States with imperial aims in the Middle East use the PKK terrorist force against Turkey. When Turkey does not accept the policies of these states, the PKK terrorist organization is attacking in Turkey. Bombs explode in Turkey when Turkey, Asia and Middle East countries and oil and natural gas agreements are made. These are never a coincidence.
Turkey has made important progress in the defense industry in recent years. These progresses are very important in terms of Turkey’s national independence. Because Turkey understood that on July 15th the coup and occupation initiative was solitary and that allies were not helped. In fact, Turkey understand that some of its allies were supporting the FETO terrorist organization in the coup attempt. For this reason, after the coup and invasion attempt, the prospect of economic and political independence emerged.
Turkey is a strategically important country. Countries that are friendly with Turkey have achieved significant gains. Some countries support terrorist organizations against the possibility of the axis change of Turkey. Terrorist organizations used against Turkey and supported by some countries are PKK terrorist organization, FETO terrorist organization, ISIL terrorist organization.
Let’s just look at the attack by the PKK and ISİL terrorist organizations in Turkey in 2016. (Source: http://www.aljazeera.com.tr/haber/2016daki-bombali-saldirilar)
January 12, 2016 – Istanbul, Sultanahmet
In the suicide attack of ISIS in Sultanahmet Square in Istanbul, 13 German tourists lost their lives. Fourteen foreign nationals were injured in the explosion.
January 14, 2016 – Diyarbakır, Çınar
In the Çınar district of Diyarbakir, the Police Headquarters building, where the police lodge was located, was attacked by PKK members with bombed vehicles. Two of them lost their lives. 39 people were injured, including 6 police and 8 police officers.
February 17, 2016 – Ankara
In Ankara, 29 people, including civilians, lost their lives in a bombed vehicle attack on service vehicles carrying Turkish Armed Forces personnel. 61 people were injured in the attack. Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu said the attack was carried out by the PKK in Syria. The PKK-affiliated organization TAK stated that the action was carried out by them.
March 13, 2016 – Ankara, Red Crescent
A car bomb was detonated near Güvenpark in Ankara Red Crescent. The PKK killed 37 people and 71 people were wounded in the attack.
19 March 2016 – Istanbul, Istiklal Street
Istanbul, on Istiklal Street, killed 5 people, including himself, as a result of an explosion of the bomb on the member of ISIS. 37 people were wounded in the attack. Twelve of the injured were foreign nationals.
March 31, 2016 – Diyarbakır
7 policemen were killed in the bombardment attack on the police service near the Diyarbakir Bus Station. 13 police and 14 civilians were injured. The attack was organized by the PKK.
April 27, 2016 – Bursa
Bursa, Ulu Camii next to a live bomb attack that killed a person, 13 people were injured. Attack PKK-affiliated TAK has undertaken. Dönem Interior Minister Efkan Alla explains that the attacker is a 24-year-old PKK member Traitor.
May 1, 2016 – Gaziantep
Gaziantep police headquarters building was attacked with a bombed vehicle, 2 police martyrs, 19 police, 23 people were injured. It was announced that the attack was linked to ISID.
May 12, 2016 – Diyarbakir
A bomb-loaded truck belonging to the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) killed 16 people, 23 others were injured in the Dürümlü field of Sur province of Diyarbakir.
June 7, 2016 – Istanbul, Vezneciler
The Istanbul Vezneciler was attacked with a bombed vehicle. Six policemen were killed and five civilians were killed in an attack targeting the aggressive force. 36 people were wounded in the attack on 3 heavy. The attack was a TAK.
June 8, 2016 – Mardin, Midyat
The police headquarters in Mardin’s Midyat district was attacked with a bombed vehicle. Two of the police have lost their lives in the attack. 34 people were injured. PKK attacked the attack.
June 28, 2016 – Istanbul
At the Istanbul Atatürk Airport, 45 people were killed and 239 people were injured in the armed attack on three people who were reported to be members of ISIS.
August 1, 2016 – Bingöl
7 policemen were killed and 2 policemen were wounded in bombardment attack against armored midibus carrying agile police officers in Bingöl. PKK attacked the attack.
August 10, 2016 – Diyarbakir
On the way to Mardin in Diyarbakir, besides a vehicle belonging to agile force, the bomb-laden vehicle lost five civilian lives after the explosion of the vehicle. 5 police and 12 people were injured. PKK attacked the attack.
August 10, 2016 – Mardin, Kızıltepe
Mardin Kızıltepe municipality in the parking lot bomb-loaded vehicle detonated during the passage of vehicles carrying agile force teams. In the explosion, a police officer and two civilians lost their lives. 5 police officers injured 30 people. PKK attacked the attack.
August 16, 2016 – Diyarbakir, Çınar
In the Çınar district of Diyarbakir, the PKK attacked the Regional Traffic Directorate with a bombed vehicle. In the attack, 5 police officers were martyred, one kid lost 2 civil lives.
August 17, 2016 – Van
Police detonated a bomb-laden vehicle parked in front of two April Police Station in Van city center, and the police lost four lives. Twenty police officers and 72 police officers were hurt. PKK attacked the attack.
August 18, 2016 – Elazig
Elazığ Police Department, organized by the PKK bombers attacked 5 security guards were killed, 217 people were injured.
August 20, 2016 – Gaziantep
52 people lost their lives in a suicide attack on a henna night in Gaziantep, 94 people were injured. Officials said the attack was behind ISIS.
August 26, 2016 – Sirnak, Cizre
11 police officers were killed and 78 people were injured in the bombed vehicle attack in the agile force branch directorate in Cizre province of Şırnak. PKK attacked the attack.
September 12, 2016 – Van
The PKK attacked the first day of the Feast of Sacrifice in Van city center with a bombed vehicle. At the police point in front of AK Party Provincial Presidency, 53 people were wounded in the explosion and 53 people were injured. PKK attacked the attack.
October 6, 2016 – Istanbul, Yenibosna
Ten people were injured in a motorcycle-bombing explosion near the police station in Yenibosna, Istanbul. One day after the security units, a PKK member caught in the province of Aksaray said that the attack was a fallacy.
4 November 2016 – Diyarbakır, Bağlar
The Police Department, located in the Bağlar district of Diyarbakir, was attacked by a vehicle loaded with a bomb near an additional building where the branches of Anti-Terror and Aggressive Force took place and 2 police officers lost their lives. The attack was carried out by both the ISIS and the PKK-linked TAK. The Governor of Diyarbakir announced that the PKK was attacking.
November 24, 2016 – Adana
The bomb-loaded car exploded in Adana Governor’s car park. Two people lost their lives in the attack and 33 people were injured. The attack was undertaken by the organization TAK.
December 10, 2016 – Istanbul
Besiktas-Bursaspor after the match in front of the Vodafone Arena was detonated a vehicle in the course of 45 seconds later, immediately stopped at a nearby Maçka Park a person himself exploded.
Most police officers lost at least 38 people during the attacks targeted by the police. More than 150 people were injured. Officials pointed to the PKK as a felicitous assault.
These are attacks that are only in 1 year. Turkey is in a great war. The countries behind these terrorist organizations know the Turkish state very well. These are so cowardly countries that they do not want to fight directly with Turkey. Because they know very well how they are being disrupted by the Turks in history.
But as President Erdogan said in his historical speech breaking record on Youtube:
“Turkey is not just the name of country
Turkey also is a name of hope for millions of oppressed and aggrieved Muslim.
We know clearly the purpose of ruse in Syria at the expense of 400.000 innocent people
We are quite aware of the underlying causes that why the terrorist organization are dragging region again into blood and destruction, while they were at the phase of armistice once.
I’m telling one more time;
THEY WON’T SUCCEED !
If the point had been preponderance of numbers or weapons:
Sultan Alp Arslan wouldn’t have succeed
Kilij Arslan wouldn’t have succeed
Malik Shah wouldn’t have succeed
Murad Hüdavendigâr wouldn’t have succeed
If the point had been just technology the Gallipoli campaign would result in different,
Turkish war of independence would have result in different
They won’t divide our citizens !
They won’t break into pieces our country !
They won’t prevent us from waving to our flag !
They won’t silence the azans that play five times every day !
do you know what is the point ?
“la galibe illlallah” [The victor only belongs to Allah ]
We will know that !”
Role of Pak-Military in Combating Terrorism: Post-2017 Analysis
Over the past 20 years, Pakistan has continued to be a target of terrorism. It has endured a great deal of hardship as a frontline nation in the fight against terrorism being led by the United States. In the past 20 years, the bloodstained war against terrorism has claimed thousands of lives, including both civilians and security force members. Pakistan adopted a comprehensive plan and carried various operations to eradicate terrorism from its territory. The importance of Pakistan’s military cannot be overstated, especially given how successful that country has been in the last five years in combating terrorism.
In reaction to an increase in “terrorist attacks,” The Pakistani government declared a nationwide military operation with the codename Radd-Ul-Fasaad on February 22, 2017. This operation was not restricted to one area, but had been carried out across whole Pakistan and succeeded in driving out terrorist elements from Lahore, Sehwan Sharif, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and the former FATA. The operation included the involvement of Pakistan’s air force, Pakistan’s navy, Pakistan’s police and other civil armed forces however, the Rangers performed special tasks ‘to operate in Lahore and different parts in the province of Punjab.
Similar to this, the Pakistani army began Operation Khyber-IV in July 2017 to purge the Rajgal Valley of militants in the Khyber tribal district. The primary objective of Khyber-IV was to eliminate the threat of IS in the tribal district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. the declared the Operation was concluded On August 21, 2017.
According to sources (PIPS), systematically compile data on militant and anti-state violence in Pakistan claim that 2018 saw an improvement in the overall security situation compared to previous years. The total number of raids and operations carried out against militants in 2018 were 31 as compared to 2017 i.e. 75. In addition to these operational assaults, security forces and militants engaged in 22 armed confrontations in 2018. This represents a 68% drop from 2017 levels.
In accordance with data from the Global Terrorism Index, terrorist attacks have decreased in Pakistan since 2018. The total number of terrorist incidents decreased from 369 in 2018 to 279 in 2019. While the number of terrorist deaths in Pakistan I.e.300, reached its lowest annual total since 2006.
The nature of the violence in 2018 was diverse the figure below presents a breakdown of the nature of violent incidents and the number of casualties’ recorded in 2018:
Source: PIPS, Pakistan Security Report 2018, 6 January 2019, p. 20
In comparison to 2018, the security situation was even better in the first half of 2019. Numerous counterterrorism operations captured several top commanders from various militant organisations, including the Tehrik-e Taliban Pakistan (TTP) and the Islamic State Khorasan Province (ISKP). According to the data, the security forces engaged in 23 operations against militants in the first seven months of 2019. In addition to these operational assaults, security forces and militants engaged in 15 armed encounters.
There were 276 total violent incidents in the first seven months of 2019. As a result, 403 people died and 702 were hurt. A breakdown of the types of violent incidents and the number of fatalities reported in 2019 can be seen in the figure above.
In 2019, the Pakistani government also contributed positively to the US-Taliban negotiations. Moreover, the National Counter Terrorism Authority (NACTA) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) collaborated to develop Pakistan’s Action to Counter Terrorism (PACT) with a specific focus on Sindh in order to equip the criminal justice systems with the tools necessary to prevent and combat terrorism in a proactive manner. The goal of PACT Sindh is to improve the capabilities and coordination processes of national and local counterterrorism and criminal justice institutions. PACT Sindh’s primary goal is to enhance the criminal justice system’s investigation, prosecution, and adjudication procedures. By working with other departments, it will increase the ability of the police, prosecutors, and judiciary. These counter terrorism efforts of the security forces and especially Pakistan Army are significant indeed, considering the ratio that Pakistan faced in the last two decades.
Terrorism intensifying across Africa, exploiting instability and conflict
The growth of terrorism is a major threat to international peace and security, currently felt most keenly in Africa, the deputy UN chief told the Security Council on Thursday. “Terrorists and violent extremists including Da’esh, Al-Qaida and their affiliates have exploited instability and conflict to increase their activities and intensify attacks across the continent”, Amina Mohammed said on behalf of Secretary-General António Guterres.
“Their senseless, terror-fuelled violence has killed and wounded thousands and many more continue to suffer from the broader impact of terrorism on their lives and livelihoods”.
With misogyny at the core of many terrorist groups’ ideology, women and girls in particular, are bearing the brunt of insecurity and inequality.
And over the last two years, some of the most violent affiliates of Da’esh have expanded, increasing their presence in Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger as well as southward into the Gulf of Guinea.
“Terrorist and violent extremist groups aggravate instability and human suffering. And they can plunge a country emerging from war back into the depths of conflict”, reminded the senior UN official.
Meanwhile, terrorists, non-State armed groups and criminal networks often pursue different agendas and strategies, fuelled by smuggling, human trafficking and other methods of illicit financing – sometimes impersonating legitimate armed forces.
And as digital tools spread hate and disinformation, terrorists and other criminal groups are exploiting inter-communal tensions and food insecurity triggered by climate change.
Globalization of terrorism
In today’s hyper-connected world, Ms. Mohammed remined that the spread of terrorism in Africa is “not a concern for African Member States alone”.
“The challenge belongs to us all. Countering international terrorism requires effective multilateral responses”, she flagged.
From the climate emergency to armed conflict and poverty and inequality to lawless cyberspace, and the uneven recovery from COVID-19, she also pointed out that terrorism is converging with other threats.
For a holistic, comprehensive approach, the deputy UN chief cited the New Agenda for Peace – part of the Our Common Agenda report.
Amidst increasing polarization, she maintained that it proposes ways to address risks and revitalize our collective peace and security system.
Pushing back on terror
Outlining five suggestions to advance counter-terrorism efforts in Africa, Ms. Mohammed reminded that “prevention remains our best response”.
“We must address the instability and conflict that can lead to terrorism in the first place, as well as the conditions exploited by terrorists in pursuit of their agendas”.
Secondly, she called for community-based, gender-sensitive “whole-of-society” approaches.
Noting “complex links between terrorism, patriarchy and gender-based violence”, she said counter-terrorism policies needed to be “strengthened by the meaningful participation and leadership of women and girls”.
She underscored in her third point that “countering terrorism can never be an excuse for violating human rights or international law” as it would “only set us back”.
Fourth, she stressed to importance of regional organisations which can address challenges posed by terrorist and violent extremist groups in the local context.
Finally, Ms. Mohamed called for “sustained and predictable funding” to prevent and counter terrorism.
From economic deprivation to organized crime and governance challenges, “the magnitude of the problem calls for bold investment”, she told ambassadors.
In closing, the Deputy Secretary-General welcomed the planned October 2023 Summit on counterterrorism in Africa as an opportunity to consider ways to strengthen the UN’s efforts across the continent overall.
She expressed confidence that today’s debate would offer insights for the summit, and “help to build peaceful, stable communities and societies across the continent”.
Restoring authority: Ghanaian President
Chairing the meeting with his country assuming the presidency of the Council for November, Ghanaian President Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo, attested to the importance of restoring effective State authority and promoting inclusive governance across the continent. He also urged the Council to support AU-led counter-terror operations, including with predictable funding.
African Union (AU) Commission Chair, Moussa Faki Mahamat, drew attention in his briefing, to the daily physical and psychological damage caused by terrorism and reminded that conventional responses and old models are no longer relevant to counter evolving threats on the ground.
And as terrorism extends to new parts of the continent, Benedikta von Seherr-Thoss, Managing Director for Common Security and Defence Policy and Crisis Response with the European Union’s diplomatic wing (European External Action Service) noted the need for security support while underscoring the role of sustainable development for nourishing peace.
Comfort Ero, President and CEO of the International Crisis Group, also briefed the Council, and maintained that technical and military solutions would not end terrorist threats on their own, calling for a new counter-terror toolkit that includes more dialogue with armed groups and can promote local ceasefire arrangements.
Crime and terrorism thriving again in Afghanistan amid economic ruin
Two-thirds of Afghans are going hungry, with girls’ education subject to “random edicts” of the Taliban, while crime and terrorism are thriving once more buoyed by a large spike in opium production, warned the President of the UN General Assembly on Thursday.
Csaba Kőrösi painted a near apocalyptic picture of ordinary life in the Taliban-ruled nation that has endured almost five decades of “relentless conflict”, urging the international community to make up the $2.3 billion shortfall in the UN humanitarian appeal for $4.4 billion.
In a powerful speech to ambassadors in New York, during a full session of the UN’s most representative body, he said that there was “a moral and also a practical imperative for the international community to support an inclusive and sustainable peace in Afghanistan.”
The resolution expressed deep concern over Afghanistan’s current trajectory and the volatility there since the Taliban takeover.
It urges Afghanistan to honour and fully respect and implement all treaties, covenants or conventions, bilateral or multilateral, which is has signed up to.
Drugs and terror
Beyond the disastrous humanitarian and human rights situation, he said the country was now “awash with heroin and opium.”
“Organized crime and terrorist organizations are thriving once again. Afghanistan is facing complex and interlinked challenges that the Taliban have shown they cannot – or would not – solve.”
Now is the time to come up with some concrete solutions that put the Afghan people first, he said, suggesting one concrete way the General Assembly could help right away:
“I encourage the country’s reengagement with the international science community. And to allow women who used to be respected members of the country’s science community, to resume their research and their studies.
Alone in denial
Afghanistan is now the only State in the world, denying girls the right to a full education, he added, noting that their prospects are totally uncertain, “amid seemingly random edicts from the Taliban.”
For even the most powerful women in the country, “dreams of becoming President have been replaced by the reality of child marriage. Arrests if women and girls leave their home without a male chaperone.
Protect all Afghans
“I reiterate my call for the protection of fundamental rights and freedoms of all Afghans, especially women and girls.”
Mr. Kőrösi urged the Taliban to ensure the safety of all Afghans – regardless of gender, ethnicity, religion or politics – protection for journalists and civil society members, and the unhindered delivery of aid.
Amid the economic meltdown, he pointed out the shocking fact that narcotics constitute the biggest sector in the country, with the UN Office on Drugs and Crime, revealing a 32 per cent growth in illegal opium cultivation.
“We know where these drugs are sent. And we know who profits from these drugs. The threat from drug trafficking is linked with the threat of terrorism, regional and global security.”
He said Taliban leaders needed to engage in serious dialogue about counter-terrorism to reverse the flow of foreign extremists into the country – and prevent their own from becoming foreign terrorist fighters elsewhere.
“Afghanistan must never again become a breeding ground and safe haven for terrorists. I call on the Taliban, other Afghans and members of the international community to cooperate with the Special Representative (for UN Assistance Mission, UNAMA) as she implements the Mission’s mandate.
After debating the resolution, it was adopted by the General Assembly with 116 votes for, and 10 abstentions – Belarus, Burundi, China, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Ethiopia, Guinea, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Russia and Zimbabwe.
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