Turkey, on the other hand, is a powerful state based on the Ottoman Empire, whose history is full of wars, which dominated 3 continents. The continuation of this war for 35 years indicates that Turkey has not fought a simple terrorist organization. For 35 years, Turkey has been fighting against the coalition of countries that provide arms to the PKK terrorist organization and provide logistical support. It is not possible to fight against Turkey unless the PKK terrorist organization obtains support from the outside. A simple terrorist organization can never fight a big state for 35 years.
States with imperial aims in the Middle East use the PKK terrorist force against Turkey. When Turkey does not accept the policies of these states, the PKK terrorist organization is attacking in Turkey. Bombs explode in Turkey when Turkey, Asia and Middle East countries and oil and natural gas agreements are made. These are never a coincidence.
Turkey has made important progress in the defense industry in recent years. These progresses are very important in terms of Turkey’s national independence. Because Turkey understood that on July 15th the coup and occupation initiative was solitary and that allies were not helped. In fact, Turkey understand that some of its allies were supporting the FETO terrorist organization in the coup attempt. For this reason, after the coup and invasion attempt, the prospect of economic and political independence emerged.
Turkey is a strategically important country. Countries that are friendly with Turkey have achieved significant gains. Some countries support terrorist organizations against the possibility of the axis change of Turkey. Terrorist organizations used against Turkey and supported by some countries are PKK terrorist organization, FETO terrorist organization, ISIL terrorist organization.
Let’s just look at the attack by the PKK and ISİL terrorist organizations in Turkey in 2016. (Source: http://www.aljazeera.com.tr/haber/2016daki-bombali-saldirilar)
January 12, 2016 – Istanbul, Sultanahmet
In the suicide attack of ISIS in Sultanahmet Square in Istanbul, 13 German tourists lost their lives. Fourteen foreign nationals were injured in the explosion.
January 14, 2016 – Diyarbakır, Çınar
In the Çınar district of Diyarbakir, the Police Headquarters building, where the police lodge was located, was attacked by PKK members with bombed vehicles. Two of them lost their lives. 39 people were injured, including 6 police and 8 police officers.
February 17, 2016 – Ankara
In Ankara, 29 people, including civilians, lost their lives in a bombed vehicle attack on service vehicles carrying Turkish Armed Forces personnel. 61 people were injured in the attack. Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu said the attack was carried out by the PKK in Syria. The PKK-affiliated organization TAK stated that the action was carried out by them.
March 13, 2016 – Ankara, Red Crescent
A car bomb was detonated near Güvenpark in Ankara Red Crescent. The PKK killed 37 people and 71 people were wounded in the attack.
19 March 2016 – Istanbul, Istiklal Street
Istanbul, on Istiklal Street, killed 5 people, including himself, as a result of an explosion of the bomb on the member of ISIS. 37 people were wounded in the attack. Twelve of the injured were foreign nationals.
March 31, 2016 – Diyarbakır
7 policemen were killed in the bombardment attack on the police service near the Diyarbakir Bus Station. 13 police and 14 civilians were injured. The attack was organized by the PKK.
April 27, 2016 – Bursa
Bursa, Ulu Camii next to a live bomb attack that killed a person, 13 people were injured. Attack PKK-affiliated TAK has undertaken. Dönem Interior Minister Efkan Alla explains that the attacker is a 24-year-old PKK member Traitor.
May 1, 2016 – Gaziantep
Gaziantep police headquarters building was attacked with a bombed vehicle, 2 police martyrs, 19 police, 23 people were injured. It was announced that the attack was linked to ISID.
May 12, 2016 – Diyarbakir
A bomb-loaded truck belonging to the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) killed 16 people, 23 others were injured in the Dürümlü field of Sur province of Diyarbakir.
June 7, 2016 – Istanbul, Vezneciler
The Istanbul Vezneciler was attacked with a bombed vehicle. Six policemen were killed and five civilians were killed in an attack targeting the aggressive force. 36 people were wounded in the attack on 3 heavy. The attack was a TAK.
June 8, 2016 – Mardin, Midyat
The police headquarters in Mardin’s Midyat district was attacked with a bombed vehicle. Two of the police have lost their lives in the attack. 34 people were injured. PKK attacked the attack.
June 28, 2016 – Istanbul
At the Istanbul Atatürk Airport, 45 people were killed and 239 people were injured in the armed attack on three people who were reported to be members of ISIS.
August 1, 2016 – Bingöl
7 policemen were killed and 2 policemen were wounded in bombardment attack against armored midibus carrying agile police officers in Bingöl. PKK attacked the attack.
August 10, 2016 – Diyarbakir
On the way to Mardin in Diyarbakir, besides a vehicle belonging to agile force, the bomb-laden vehicle lost five civilian lives after the explosion of the vehicle. 5 police and 12 people were injured. PKK attacked the attack.
August 10, 2016 – Mardin, Kızıltepe
Mardin Kızıltepe municipality in the parking lot bomb-loaded vehicle detonated during the passage of vehicles carrying agile force teams. In the explosion, a police officer and two civilians lost their lives. 5 police officers injured 30 people. PKK attacked the attack.
August 16, 2016 – Diyarbakir, Çınar
In the Çınar district of Diyarbakir, the PKK attacked the Regional Traffic Directorate with a bombed vehicle. In the attack, 5 police officers were martyred, one kid lost 2 civil lives.
August 17, 2016 – Van
Police detonated a bomb-laden vehicle parked in front of two April Police Station in Van city center, and the police lost four lives. Twenty police officers and 72 police officers were hurt. PKK attacked the attack.
August 18, 2016 – Elazig
Elazığ Police Department, organized by the PKK bombers attacked 5 security guards were killed, 217 people were injured.
August 20, 2016 – Gaziantep
52 people lost their lives in a suicide attack on a henna night in Gaziantep, 94 people were injured. Officials said the attack was behind ISIS.
August 26, 2016 – Sirnak, Cizre
11 police officers were killed and 78 people were injured in the bombed vehicle attack in the agile force branch directorate in Cizre province of Şırnak. PKK attacked the attack.
September 12, 2016 – Van
The PKK attacked the first day of the Feast of Sacrifice in Van city center with a bombed vehicle. At the police point in front of AK Party Provincial Presidency, 53 people were wounded in the explosion and 53 people were injured. PKK attacked the attack.
October 6, 2016 – Istanbul, Yenibosna
Ten people were injured in a motorcycle-bombing explosion near the police station in Yenibosna, Istanbul. One day after the security units, a PKK member caught in the province of Aksaray said that the attack was a fallacy.
4 November 2016 – Diyarbakır, Bağlar
The Police Department, located in the Bağlar district of Diyarbakir, was attacked by a vehicle loaded with a bomb near an additional building where the branches of Anti-Terror and Aggressive Force took place and 2 police officers lost their lives. The attack was carried out by both the ISIS and the PKK-linked TAK. The Governor of Diyarbakir announced that the PKK was attacking.
November 24, 2016 – Adana
The bomb-loaded car exploded in Adana Governor’s car park. Two people lost their lives in the attack and 33 people were injured. The attack was undertaken by the organization TAK.
December 10, 2016 – Istanbul
Besiktas-Bursaspor after the match in front of the Vodafone Arena was detonated a vehicle in the course of 45 seconds later, immediately stopped at a nearby Maçka Park a person himself exploded.
Most police officers lost at least 38 people during the attacks targeted by the police. More than 150 people were injured. Officials pointed to the PKK as a felicitous assault.
These are attacks that are only in 1 year. Turkey is in a great war. The countries behind these terrorist organizations know the Turkish state very well. These are so cowardly countries that they do not want to fight directly with Turkey. Because they know very well how they are being disrupted by the Turks in history.
But as President Erdogan said in his historical speech breaking record on Youtube:
“Turkey is not just the name of country
Turkey also is a name of hope for millions of oppressed and aggrieved Muslim.
We know clearly the purpose of ruse in Syria at the expense of 400.000 innocent people
We are quite aware of the underlying causes that why the terrorist organization are dragging region again into blood and destruction, while they were at the phase of armistice once.
I’m telling one more time;
THEY WON’T SUCCEED !
If the point had been preponderance of numbers or weapons:
Sultan Alp Arslan wouldn’t have succeed
Kilij Arslan wouldn’t have succeed
Malik Shah wouldn’t have succeed
Murad Hüdavendigâr wouldn’t have succeed
If the point had been just technology the Gallipoli campaign would result in different,
Turkish war of independence would have result in different
They won’t divide our citizens !
They won’t break into pieces our country !
They won’t prevent us from waving to our flag !
They won’t silence the azans that play five times every day !
do you know what is the point ?
“la galibe illlallah” [The victor only belongs to Allah ]
We will know that !”
Spurious Assertions May Cause Diplomatic Failure
America has once again disregarded the enduring efforts of Pakistan in war on terror. The latest US state department’s report on terrorism 2019, published on 24th June 2020, states that the country took meager actions to counter the menace of terrorism and continued to provide safe heavens to militant groups in 2019. However, Pakistan has contributed financially as well as in the flesh for regional peace. Further, the country has strengthened its institutes to halt the financial support of militant groups and restricted the terrorist movements into its territory. Meanwhile, It has also remained a true ally of America, as the former has played crucial role in soviet war and Afghan-Peace process. Despite the efforts, such recurring pessimistic remarks from US may derail the peace process in the region. It would also impair the strategic and economic interests of the two states. As, both relations are one of the dependency based one. US need Pakistan as a strategic ally in south Asia to negotiate with Taliban in Afghanistan, and Pakistan need US support to finance its economy.
Considering that, in 1954 Pakistan due to strategic compulsion joined US backed military alliances of SEATO and CENTO. It provided a power equation to Pakistan to contain its regional adversary India. In return, Pakistan allowed US military to use its land against the advancements of Soviet Union. Later, Pak-US relation crumbled when America left Pakistan alone without any financial and military assistance during 1971 war with India. From this time onward, relation between two countries failed to prolong ahead. Each of them started to suspect, and disillusioned one another. US proved not helpful, and it brought realization in Pakistan’s foreign policy corridor about US betrayal in hour of need. Thus, Pakistan adopted policy of aloofness with US, and started to look toward Muslim world for financial and diplomatic assistance. In this regard, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto then prime minster of Pakistan played a vital role to establish subtle relations with Muslim countries as well as Republic of China.
But again, strategic dependence from US and Pakistan’s compulsion to get financial assistance brought two countries closer to each other. And, after episode of 9/11 both countries jointly fought war against terror in Afghanistan. Pakistan stood shoulder to shoulder in this war with US. As a result, the former has lost some 75 thousand precious lives and billions of rupees in economic terms so far. Ironically, US under the influence of India and their widening strategic cooperation, started to put screws on Pakistan about its role in war on terror. Consequently, time after time US asked, to do more in countering terrorism, to Pakistan. It has Never, acknowledged the sacrifices Pakistan bore in this war. Similarly, the recent report by US state department echoes same rhetoric of doing more to Pakistan. However, Pakistan helped US to bring Taliban on negotiations table, even though Pakistan’s role is considered moderate.
While, in last few years Pakistan has brought various institutional reforms through technological and human capital advancements pertaining to counter terrorism in the country and region. The establishment of National Counter Terrorism Authority (NACTA), formulation of National Action Plan (NAP) and strengthening its institutional capacity to halt financial assistance of militants are the cases in point. Additionally, the country has increased its border security to halt the terrorist movements across its borders. For instance it receives biometric information at land crossings through its International Border Management Security System. Moreover, the military operations against terrorists like, Operation Enduring Freedom (2001-2002), Rah-e-Haq and Rah-e-Rast (2007-2009), Operation Rah Nijat (2009-2010) and Zarb Azb (2014), are also crucial strides taken by Pakistan to eliminate the radical elements from its soil.
Regardless of all above cooperative efforts US has taken no notice of Pakistan’s role in war on terror. Instead, the former repeatedly blamed the country for financial assistance and providing its territory as safe heaven to militant groups. It also breached Pakistan’s territorial sovereignty on various instances. Drone strikes on Pakistani soil, Salala incident and killing of Osama bin laden without informing Pakistani forces divulges the belligerence of US towards Pakistan. Since then the diplomatic ties between the two countries worsened drastically. As, later Pakistan ordered US military to evacuate Salala Air Base as well as Pakistan stopped NATO supplies for US. Likewise, various instances happened in later years. Despite of America’s skeptical attitude, Pakistan is still playing a paramount role in Afghan peace process and helping US military to exit Afghanistan for the sake of regional peace.
Therefore, US should not forget the sacrifices that Pakistan has rendered since it participated with US in Afghan war and its role while exterminating Soviet Union from the region. The country is yet bearing the repercussions of its partaking with US in its South Asian interests. Due to that various radical groups turned to Pakistan and plotted various terrorist attacks on the country. One of the most devastating attacks was on Army Public School Peshawar where the militants killed hundreds of innocent children. Besides that numerous attempts were made and are still being carried out on various points of time by militias in Pakistan. For instance the recent terrorist attack on Pakistan Stock Exchange on 29th June 2020 in Karachi reveals that the country is still under threat of terrorism. Additionally, due to its allegiance with US, Pakistan lost its bilateral ties with Russia for a long time in past. As, in early years of Pakistan, the country had the choice of building allegiance with Soviet Union or United States; however, it opted for the latter.
Thus, US must recognize the enduring efforts of Pakistan to sustain stability in the region. Such, accusations by US would just disrupt the bilateral diplomatic ties between both countries. Resultantly, both sides would have to bear the consequences. Since, Pakistan needs financial aid from US to strengthen its economy while, strategically Pakistan is significant ally of US in the region. Furthermore, the attitude of denunciation by any side would drastically disturb the peace process. Therefore, it is necessary for the two to make joint efforts to fight against the terrorism and keep the peace process on track to pave the way for regional peace and prosperity.
Attack on Pakistan Stock Exchange: A Fuel-to-fire in Southeast Asia
On June 29th, four armed men opened fire in the premises of Pakistan Stock Exchange, Karachi. All four terrorists were successfully gunned down on the spot by the police, whereas one policeman and three guards were shot fighting. A representative account of Balochistan Liberation Army (BLA), a US-designated terrorist organization, on Twitter claimed responsibility for the attack. Prime Minister Imran Khan pinned this attack on India the very next day. This incident could further escalate the already high tensions between Pakistan and India. Apparently, the shootout lasted for only eight minutes but the context of it has been developing for ages.
BLA is a Baloch separatist militia which aims for an independent Balochistan due to ‘economic exploitation by the rest of Pakistan’. Its ultimate goal is to form an independent state of Balochistan where all the regional resources are used for the development of the Baloch nation.
Both India and BLA see Pakistan as their mutual enemy. India seems to never let go of any opportunity that leads to instability in Pakistan. RAW, leading Indian intelligence agency, has been accused of sponsoring this banned outfit on multiple occasions. In an interview in 2009, Hairbiar Marri, founder of Free Balochistan Movement (FBM), said, “We appreciate any kind of aid for BLA, be it moral or any other kind.” An alleged Indian spy, named Kulbhushan Jadhav, was arrested in 2016 on the charges of terrorist activities in Balochistan. In a video confession, Jadhav said, “These activities have been of anti-national or terrorist nature which resulted in the killing and wounding of Pakistani citizens.”
Since the formation of Narendra Modi’s far-right wing government in India, the relations between the two bitter neighbours have continued to soar. Military stand-off on the Line of Control among the two nuclear-armed states has become habitual. Lockdown in Kashmir, 2016 ‘surgical strike’ and 2019 Balakot Dogfight were some of the significant incidents occurred over the recent years. Ajit Doval, PM Modi’s current advisor on National Security, has allegedly devised what is called the ‘Doval Doctrine’ for carrying out covert operations in Pakistan, especially Balochistan. And now, the attack on the economic hub of Pakistan, claimed by BLA, exhibits a similar pattern. “We have no doubt that it [PSX attack] was planned in India”, said PM Khan while addressing the Parliament.
Earlier in June, New Delhi directed Pakistan High Commission to reduce its staff by half. India blamed Pakistani envoys of espionage. Dismissing it as a false claim, Pakistan did the same for Indian High Commission staff.
The Chinese element
With the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, a flagship project of China’s Belt and Road Initiative, the BLA considers its ‘national’ identity in danger. It is repeatedly found to threaten and carry out activities against Chinese-backed projects. Chinese Engineers working in Balochistan were targeted in a suicide attack in August, 2018. In 2018, BLA also took responsibility for the attack on Chinese Consulate in Karachi.
The separatists consider CPEC an underhand exploitation of the resources belonging to the Baloch. In an email to AFP, the Baloch Liberation Army (BLA) claimed that the PSX attack was not only on “Pakistan’s economy” but also on “China’s exploitative plans for Balochistan”.
Dr. Moeed Pirzada, a Pakistani columnist, has analyzed that RAW is trying to market BLA’s perspective as ‘Anti-China’ militant outfit. He further draws that RAW is attempting to gain sympathy of western powers for Balochistan cause by exposing the neo-imperial mindset of China. The west is already wary of China’s ‘debt-trap diplomacy’ for the poor, developing nations in Asia and Africa. If they get the ear of the west, things might take a new turn.
The hostility between India and China increased over the past months regarding the Line of Actual Control (LAC). The claims of 135,000 square kilometer area along the border is a dispute between India and China, processing via negotiations and dialogues. Years of negotiations between New Delhi and Beijing failed on June 15th when troops of either sides clashed, resulting in death of 20 Indian and several Chinese soldiers.
If the alleged BLA links with India are officially proved, the ongoing Sino-India tensions could take a new hike. This would create grave repercussions for the entire region. The state of affairs in Southeast Asia has alarmed the international society as the malice revolving around three nuclear-powered nations is catastrophic to much bigger geography.
Terrorist groups exploiting COVID-19 in Sahel
COVID-19 is complicating an already complex security situation in the Sahel, with terrorist groups exploiting the pandemic as they step up attacks on national and international forces, the UN’s peacekeeping chief said on Friday.
Jean-Pierre Lacroix told the Security Council that the last six months have been particularly challenging as the G5 Sahel group of nations – Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger – deploys a joint force to restore stability to the vast African sub-region.
“We are seeing attempts by terrorists and other groups in the region to capitalize on the pandemic to undermine State authority and destabilize Governments”, with innocent lives being lost daily, schools shuttered and many people denied access to basic social services, he said.
Years to rebuild
“It will take years to rebuild affected communities in the Sahel even under the best of circumstances (as well as) sustained efforts to ensure that nobody is left behind”, added the Under-Secretary-General for Peace Operations.
“In the face of such loss and devastation, we cannot be passive.”
Mr. Lacroix was briefing a videoconference meeting of the Council as the United Nations considers options for beefing up its support for the G5 Sahel Joint Force, including through its MINUSMA peacekeeping mission in Mali.
He said that the Joint Force is making “tangible and encouraging progress” in building up its ranks and establishing a command structure based in Niamey that will cooperate with other international forces in the Sahel.
Military operation ‘progressing well’
Those efforts have led to an ongoing major military operation, code-named Sama, that is “progressing well”, he reported.
With financial support from the European Union, MINUSMA – the French acronym for the UN Stabilization Mission in Mali – is providing “life support consumables” (food, water and fuel) within its mandate.
Mr. Lacroix warned, however, that the Mission is running at maximum capacity and cannot do more for the Joint Force within its current Council-defined mandate and resources.
Comprehensive support package needed Expanding on the Secretary-General’s latest report on the Joint Force, he called for a comprehensive support package, funded by Member States through their assessed contributions to the UN.
“This would not only allow for predictable and sustainable support, it would also make it easier to pursue a long-term strategy to phase out this support and to render the Joint Force autonomous,” he explained.
It would also free up MINUSMA to focus exclusively on supporting the peace process and stabilization of central Mali, he added.
“The G5 Sahel Joint force is on the right track, but there is still a long way to go”, he said, adding that a stronger Joint Force is only part of a comprehensive international approach for the Sahel that includes improving governance, eradicating poverty and protecting human rights for all.
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