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Drifting Saudi- US Relations

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Relations between global super power USA and energy super power Saudi Arabia have been successful in terms of trade volumes with USA buying oil from Saudi kingdom and sells goods, including terror goods to Riyadh. In political terms, the post Cold War era in general and post-Sept-11 in particular, have not been smooth as continuous tensions spoil the otherwise strong bilateral ties.

One logical factor that perhaps binds USA and Arab world is crony capitalism, corruption and state lies and threats to common people.

Ever drifting Saudi-US relations give us an idea about the hidden agendas of USA and Israel against Arab nations, including Palestinians. USA looks at Arab world through Israeli prism and uses Israel to promote the region as a prime zone for profitable energy cum arms trade.  

Saudi-US relations are not exactly what it used to be a few years ago. Now a couple of issues, like Saudi ambition for a UN veto, supposed covert US support for Iran’s overt efforts to dominate the West Asia region, keep them disengaged politically, though in economic terms ties look to be in order.

The post King Abdullah era seemed to be promising a restart of better relations but that is not the case. However, Saudi support for US war in Syria somehow tries to bind the ties not to deteriorate further.  

More than Saudi Kingdom, it is the USA which is eager to reduce tensions between West and Arab world due to NATO war in Islamic world and continued US support for an essentially fascist Israel against Palestine.

In January, Saudi Arabia’s Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman and US President Barack Obama, in their first formal meeting in Riyadh, pledged to work closely on a range of regional and international issues as they focused on regional and international issues of common interest in addition to setting out the means to enhance bilateral relations. In the talks they focused, instead of Israeli arrogance towards Palestinians, on ‘counter-terrorism’ and regional stability with special reference to bilateral Saudi-US relations.

Obama’s meeting with King Salman was considered significant as it comes just days after the death of King Abdullah and during his four-hour stop in Riyadh Obama also attended a dinner with Saudi officials at Erga Palace.

Earlier Americans had no particular interest in Saudi kingdom – then a dessert nation without economic prosperity as oil, making Arab nations rich l, was discovered only later.   Roosevelt arrived from the Yalta summit with Soviet leader Joseph Stalin and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill. Roosevelt’s health was very poor; he had only weeks to live. Ibn Saud had come from Jeddah on an American destroyer, the USS Murphy. It was king’s first trip outside the Arabian Peninsula aside from a brief visit to Basra in Iraq.

Though the Saudi-US relations had begun in 1945 during the Cold War as allies against the communist Russia, they were not important for America. On February 14, 1945, US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt met with Saudi King and the custodian of Holy Mosques Abdul-Aziz bin Abdul Rahman Al Saud in Egypt, as World War II was coming to an end, and the two forged a partnership that has endured for the last 70 years despite occasional severe strains.

As a rule, USA establishes ties with nations only if they are useful to US interests and overtly supportive of US plans for the world. That Saudi does not promote Zionist agenda in Mideast against Palestinians does help improve relations with Arab nations. It is primarily because American rulers consider Israel as being a part of USA or at least a part of US Empire globally. While Israel has the US given right to attack any Arab or Persian nation at will, none in the world can ever try to attack Israel because the super power and the notorious NATO can retaliate on Israel’s behalf.

Discovery of energy resources made Saudi Arabia dear to USA. USA began focusing on energy rich Arab nations very early even while installing an ultra fanatic Israeli regime in Mideast and pampering it with free supply of weapons and technology to fight the Arab nations that did not recognize it and oppose it.

The USA and Saudi kingdom agreed to work together to ensure stability in the post-war Middle East. The USA took the responsibility for ensuring security for the kingdom, focusing on places like Mecca and Medina with holy sites, and the Saudis had to ensure American access to their oil fields. Thus Americans control Saudi economy with many Americans working for the kingdom and economic establishments. US oil companies began already operating in the kingdom.

In the name of Saudi security and using Soviet communism as the main threat to Islam, USA in fact focused on expanding its military bases in Arab world. In order to expand its military might globally, the United States quickly acquired use of Dhahran air base for operations in the Middle East. Under pressure from Washington Saudi Arabia even declared war on Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan, securing an ordinary seat in the United Nations with US support but without the veto. USA is opposed to Saudi acquiring veto because that make Israeli regime accountable for its crimes against humanity in Palestine, elsewhere in the region.

When, during their luncheon meeting as part of Quincy summit Churchill smoked and drank champagne in order to belittle the Arabs, the Saudis felt insulted. The Quincy summit was carefully planned in advance. Ibn Saud’s son Prince Faisal, the future king, had visited the United States in November 1943 to begin the courtship. Faisal was only 36 but he had been serving as his father’s top diplomat since 1919, when he traveled to London to discuss the future of the region after World War I when he was 12 years old. He visited Washington and it was during Faisal’s visit that the plans for the Dhahran air base were agreed and the United States began providing military assistance to the kingdom.

Every Saudi king and every US president since 1945 has reaffirmed the partnership begun on the Quincy. US President Barack Obama was wise to visit Saudi Arabia on his way home from India last month to pay his respects to the memory of the late King Abdullah and confer with the new king, Salman bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud Salman. As the Saudi-US partnership is entering a period of transition in the post US Sept-11 reality, both sides would reconsider their priorities.

Roosevelt found Ibn Saud to be a fascinating figure but a tough negotiator. The issue that they quarreled over was the future of Palestine and the aggressive Zionist movement for Israeli state in Palestine. Roosevelt tried to convince the Saudi monarch to support plans for a Jewish state in Palestine after the World War II without disturbing Palestine. Americans argued that Israel and Palestine would exist side by side. Ibn Saud argued that since the Jews had been the victims of German atrocities, they should get their state out of German territory not in West Asia or Mideast. Rational arguments did not make USA change its preset Zionist criminal mind. Americans with strongest military back up were bent upon putting the arrogant Jews inside Palestine.

USA its ally UK won for Israel and Saudi lost then and there on Palestine. After the creation of Israel in Mideast in Palestine lands, USA helped Israel with its expansionist agenda of effecting holocaust of Palestinians in a sustained manner. Israel occupied West bank and Gaza Strip and later let Gaza Strip become independent by withdrawing terror forces from there during Ariel Sharon era, but West Bank is still in Israeli occupation. Now Illegal Jewish settler parties in Israel ask the fascist regime to retake Gaza Strip as well and put an end to Palestine. Still USA wants to shield Zionist crimes against humanity.

Not only USA and Europe that support Israel and unkind to the besieged Palestinians, but even Russia maintained a discreet silence over Zionist expansionist strategies through criminal policies because a billion Russian Jews were to be sent to the newly created Israel.

Thus the super power USA, veto powers UK, France, Germany, Russia and nuclearized fascist Israel all won and Arabs lost the political war against fascism.. They have in fact threatened the humanity by their defense of Israel and conspiracy against Palestinians. Since all of them have coordinated their strategies to deny Palestinians their legitimate home Palestinians have just one way forward: fight for their rights and for Palestine state through UN. They have made the first moves in the direction with enormous success as US-Israeli terror twins had to lose their illegal and immoral war against humanity.

The Israeli-Palestinian conflict proved to be the most contentious issue in the American-Saudi relationship for the next 70 years and likely will remain so for many more to come. 70 long years of ties between them with difference social and political systems, have let them understand each other as best as possible and the future US alliance with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia would rely on their rich experiences on intentional arena.

USA uses both diplomacy and even triclomacy to get what it wants from the globe and it has been successful as Russia plays double roles very superbly. However, Moscow never comes in the way of US-Arab ties.

Establishment of Palestine has been a major policy of Saudi Arabia while USA has a different plan altogether in favor of Israel. USA, like Israel, is not sincere about settlement of the tensions or establishment of Palestine though they had declared decades ago as their Mideast policy.

Siding with the Palestinians on their right to have a sovereign nation, King Salman has promised continuity in Saudi foreign policy and stressed that implementing the 2003 Arab peace plan for Israeli withdrawal from occupied Palestine was his top priority. The Saudis blame the endless continuation of the Arab-Israeli conflict for fueling terrorism in the region.

Ever since US 9/11 hoax the relationship has been more controversial than in the past in the United States and the rest of the West. Israel expected USA to attack Saudi Arabia for the Sept-11 hoax but the Pentagon attacked an Islamizing Afghanistan. Israel insisted the USA – and still insists hopelessly – to attack Iran over its nuclear program. However, Obama declined to oblige Zionist regime and rich US Jewish leaders who fund generously both the political parties.

Obama’s reluctance in attacking Iran has annoyed Israel and its fascist and fanatic allies. Anti-Islamic media and other sources like war mongers and arms manufactures seeking wars, badly want a civilizational divide between Christianity (and plus Judaism) and Islam as they focused on lingering questions about human rights and gender equality, about Saudi ties to al-Qaeda in the 1990s and early 2000s, concerns about how the Wahhabi puritanical faith provides a breeding ground for radical Islam and questions about have become much more frequent and stark in the last decade. They have many more such bogus reasons.

Arabian kingdom is an absolute monarchy named after the ruling family; maybe the United States is a “vibrant” democracy in the promotion of corruption and capitalism. How Americans treat those who write or speak about US militarism goals is not a secret.

Many Jewish Americans and their powerful organizations influence US foreign policy and have raised doubts in media about the wisdom of the US-Saudi partnership when Israeli ties are enough for Washington.

Saudi Arabia and the United States have few capitalist – even imperialist- values in common though many say they don’t share any values and so the alliance has always been defined primarily by shared threats and enemies. This suits war mongers and arms manufactures.

After all, they all want and hope to watch – rather enjoy – a third world war on their TV sets when millions of humans get killed and wounded, nature is badly destroyed. These sadist elements in USA and Israel, however, might be thinking that only Muslims would be killed and Muslim nations would be destroyed as peer the IA-Pentagon plan as the superpower USA has acquired military bases world over and everywhere USA has maintained paid agents.

Israel, seeking to kill or drive remaining Palestinians out of their homes in Palestine to enable the Jewish military to create a so-called greater Israel, obviously, does not want any Arab-American unity at all. War mongers and arms manufacturers in USA and Israel also do not want peace anywhere in the world especially in West Asia as they seek a permanent and profitable war situation especially in Mideast can make them richer all the time.

With Israel deciding policies for USA, it is not that easy to precisely forecast the future relations between USA and Saudi Arabia or broadly US Arab relations in general.

Middle East

Will Oman Succeed In What The UN And US Envoys Failed In Yemen?

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Since taking office on January 20, US President Joe Biden has made a priority for Yemen and appointed Tim Linderking as the US special envoy to Yemen to seek an end of the war that has been going on for more than six years, which made Yemen live “the worst humanitarian crisis in the world”, as described by the United Nations.

Nearly four months after his appointment as a special envoy to Yemen, and after several visits to the region, and several meetings through Omani coordination with representatives of the Houthi movement in Muscat, Linderking returned to the United States empty-handed, announcing that the Houthis are responsible for the failure of the ceasefire to take hold in Yemen. The US State Department said “While there are numerous problematic actors inside of Yemen, the Houthis bear major responsibility for refusing to engage meaningfully on a ceasefire and to take steps to resolve a nearly seven-year conflict that has brought unimaginable suffering to the Yemeni people”.

Two days only after the US State Department statement, which blamed the Houthis for the failure of the peace process in Yemen, an Omani delegation from the Royal Office arrives in Sana’a. What are the goals behind their visit to Sana’a, and will the Omani efforts be crowned with success?

Houthi spokesman Muhammad Abdul Salam said that “the visit of a delegation from the Omani Royal Office to Sanaa is to discuss the situation in Yemen, arrange the humanitarian situation, and advancing the peace process”. However, observers considered that the delegation carried an American message to the Houthi leader as a last attempt to pressure the Houthis to accept a ceasefire, and to continue the peace efforts being made to end the war and achieve peace, especially after the failure of all intensive efforts in the past days by the United Nations and the United States of America to reach a ceasefire as a minimum requirement for peace.

Oman was the only country in the Gulf Cooperation Council that decided not to participate in what was called “Operation Decisive Storm”, led by Saudi Arabia following its consistent policy of non-interference. Due to its positive role since the beginning of the crisis and its standing at the same distance from all the conflicting local and regional parties in Yemen, it has become the only qualified and trusted party by all the conflicting parties, who view it as a neutral side that has no interest in further fighting and fragmentation.

On the local level, Oman enjoys the respect and trust of the Houthis, who have embraced them and their negotiators for years and provided them with a political platform and a point of contact with the international parties concerned with solving the Yemeni problem, as well as embracing other political parties loyal to the legitimate government, especially those who had a different position to the Saudi-Emirati agenda during the last period.

At the regional level, Oman maintains strong historical relations with the Iran, and it is a member of the Gulf Cooperation Council, and this feature enables it to bring the views between the two sides closer to reach a ceasefire and ending the Yemeni crisis that has raved the region for several years as a proxy war between the regional rivalries Saudi Arabia and Iran.

Oman now possesses the trust and respect of all local, regional and international parties, who resorted to it recently and they are all pushing to reach a ceasefire and ending the crisis, after they have reached a conviction that it is useless. So the Omani delegation’s public visit to Sana’a has great connotations and an important indication of the determination of all parties to reach breakthrough in the Yemeni crisis.

The international community, led by the United States, is now looking forward to stop the war in Yemen. Saudi Arabia also is looking for an end to the war that cost the kingdom a lot and it is already presented an initiative to end the Yemeni crisis, as well as Iran’s preoccupation with its nuclear program and lifting of sanctions.

Likewise, the conflicting local parties reached a firm conviction that military resolution is futile, especially after the Houthis’ failed attempt for several months to control Marib Governorate the rich of oil and gas and the last strongholds of the government in the north, which would have changed the balance of power in the region as a whole.

Despite the ambiguity that is still surrounding the results of the Omani delegation’s visit to Sana’a so far, there is great optimism to reach a cease-fire and alleviate the humanitarian crisis and other measures that pave the way for entering into the political track to solve the Yemeni crisis.

The situation in Yemen is very complicated and the final solution is still far away, but reaching a ceasefire and the start of negotiations may be a sign of hope and a point of light in the dark tunnel of Yemenis who have suffered for years from the curse of this war and its devastating effects.

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Middle East

Saudi Arabia steps up effort to replace UAE and Qatar as go-to regional hub

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Saudi Arabia has stepped up efforts to outflank the United Arab Emirates and Qatar as the Gulf’s commercial, cultural, and/or geostrategic hub.

The kingdom has recently expanded its challenge to the smaller Gulf states by seeking to position Saudi Arabia as the region’s foremost sport destination once Qatar has had its moment in the sun with the 2022 World Cup as well as secure a stake in the management of regional ports and terminals dominated so far by the UAE and to a lesser extent Qatar.

Saudi Arabia kicked off its effort to cement its position as the region’s behemoth with an announcement in February that it would cease doing business by 2024 with international companies whose regional headquarters were not based in the kingdom. 

With the UAE ranking 16 on the World Bank’s 2020 Ease of Doing Business Index as opposed to Saudi Arabia at number 62, freewheeling Dubai has long been international business’s preferred regional headquarters.

The Saudi move “clearly targets the UAE” and “challenges the status of Dubai,” said a UAE-based banker.

A latecomer to the port control game which is dominated by Dubai’s DP World that operates 82 marine and inland terminals in more than 40 countries, including Djibouti, Somaliland, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Turkey and Cyprus, the kingdom’s expansion into port and terminal management appears to be less driven by geostrategic considerations.

Instead, Saudi Arabia’s Red Sea Gateway Terminal (RSGT), backed by the Public Investment Fund (PIF), the kingdom’s sovereign wealth fund, said it was targeting ports that would service vital Saudi imports such as those related to food security.

PIF and China’s Cosco Shipping Ports each bought a 20 per cent stake in RSGT in January.

The Chinese investment fits into China’s larger Belt and Road-strategy that involves the acquisition regionally of stakes in ports and terminals in Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Oman, and Djibouti, where China has a military base.

RSGT Chief Executive Officer Jens Floe said the company planned to invest in at least three international ports in the next five years. He said each investment would be up to US$500 million.

“We have a focus on ports in Sudan and Egypt. They weren’t picked for that reason, but they happen to be significant countries for Saudi Arabia’s food security strategy,” Mr. Floe said.

Saudi Arabia’s increased focus on sports, including a potential bid for the hosting of the 2030 World Cup serves multiple goals: It offers Saudi youth who account for more than half of the kingdom’s population a leisure and entertainment opportunity, it boosts Crown Prince Mohamed bin Salman’s burgeoning development of a leisure and entertainment industry, potentially allows Saudi Arabia to polish its image tarnished by human rights abuse, including the 2018 killing of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi, and challenges Qatar’s position as the face of Middle Eastern sports.

A recent report by Grant Liberty, a London-based human rights group that focuses on Saudi Arabia and China, estimated that the kingdom has so far invested in US$1.5 billion in the hosting of multiple sporting events, including the final matches of Italy and Spain’s top soccer leagues; Formula One; boxing, wrestling and snooker matches; and golf tournaments. Qatar is so far the Middle East’s leader in the hosting of sporting events followed by the UAE.

Grant Liberty said that further bids for sporting events worth US$800 million had failed. This did not include an unsuccessful US$600 million offer to replace Qatar’s beIN tv sports network as the Middle Eastern broadcaster of European soccer body UEFA’s Champions League.

Saudi Arabia reportedly continues to ban beIN from broadcasting in the kingdom despite the lifting in January of 3.5 year-long Saudi-UAE-led diplomatic and economic boycott of Qatar.

Prince Mohammed’s Vision 2030 plan to diversify and streamline the Saudi economy and ween it off dependency on oil exports “has set the creation of professional sports and a sports industry as one of its goals… The kingdom is proud to host and support various athletic and sporting events which not only introduce Saudis to new sports and renowned international athletes but also showcase the kingdom’s landmarks and the welcoming nature of its people to the world,” said Fahad Nazer, spokesperson for the Saudi Arabian embassy in Washington.

The increased focus on sports comes as the kingdom appears to be backing away from its intention to reduce the centrality of energy exports for its economy.

Energy minister Prince Abdulaziz bin Salman, Prince Mohammed’s brother, recently ridiculed an International Energy Agency (IEA) report that “there is no need for investment in new fossil fuel supply” as “the sequel of the La La Land movie.” The minister went on to ask, “Why should I take (the report) seriously?”

Putting its money where its mouth is, Saudi Arabia intends to increase its oil production capacity from 12 million to more than 13 million barrels a day on the assumption that global efforts to replace fossil fuel with cleaner energy sources will spark sharp reductions in US and Russian production.

The kingdom’s operating assumption is that demand in Asia for fossil fuels will continue to rise even if it drops in the West. Other Gulf producers, including the UAE and Qatar, are following a similar strategy.

“Saudi Arabia is no longer an oil country, it’s an energy-producing country … a very competitive energy country. We are low cost in producing oil, low cost in producing gas, and low cost in producing renewables and will definitely be the least-cost producer of hydrogen,” Prince Abdulaziz said.

He appeared to be suggesting that the kingdom’s doubling down on oil was part of strategy that aims to ensure that Saudi Arabia is a player in all conventional and non-conventional aspects of energy. By implication, Prince Abdulaziz was saying that diversification was likely to broaden the kingdom’s energy offering rather than significantly reduce its dependence on energy exports.

“Sports, entertainment, tourism and mining alongside other industries envisioned in Vision 2030 are valuable expansions of the Saudi economy that serve multiple economic and non-economic purposes,” “ said a Saudi analyst. “It’s becoming evident, however, that energy is likely to remain the real name of the game.”

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Middle East

Iranians Will Boycott Iran Election Farce

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Iran and elections have not been two synonymous terms. A regime whose constitution is based on absolute rule of someone who is considered to be God’s representative on earth, highest religious authority, morality guide, absolute ruler, and in one word Big Brother (or Vali Faqih), would hardly qualify for a democracy or a place where free or fair elections are held. But when you are God’s rep on earth you are free to invent your own meanings for words such as democracy, elections, justice, and human rights. It comes with the title. And everyone knows the fallacy of “presidential elections” in Iran. Most of all, the Iranian public know it as they have come to call for an almost unanimous boycott of the sham elections.

The boycott movement in Iran is widespread, encompassing almost all social and political strata of Iranian society, even some factions of the regime who have now decided it is time to jump ship. Most notably, remnants of what was euphemistically called the Reformist camp in Iran, have now decided to stay away from the phony polls. Even “hardline” former president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad realizes the extent of the regime’s woes and has promised that he will not be voting after being duly disqualified again from participating by supreme leader’s Guardian Council.

So after 42 years of launching a reformist-hardliner charade to play on the West’s naivety, Khamenei’s regime is now forced to present its one and true face to the world: Ebrahim Raisi, son of the Khomeinist ideology, prosecutor, interrogator, torturer, death commission judge, perpetrator of the 1988 massacre of political prisoners, chief inquisitionist, and favorite of Ali Khamenei.

What is historic and different about this presidential “election” in Iran is precisely what is not different about it. It took the world 42 years to cajole Iran’s medieval regime to step into modernity, change its behavior, embrace universal human rights and democratic governance, and treat its people and its neighbors with respect. What is shocking is that this whole process is now back at square one with Ebrahim Raisi, a proven mass murderer who boasts of his murder spree in 1988, potentially being appointed as president.

With Iran’s regime pushing the envelope in launching proxy wars on the United States in Iraq, on Saudi Arabia in Yemen, and on Israel in Gaza and Lebanon, and with a horrendous human rights record that is increasingly getting worse domestically, what is the international community, especially the West, going to do? What is Norway’s role in dealing with this crisis and simmering crises to come out of this situation?

Europe has for decades based its foreign policy on international cooperation and the peaceful settlement of disputes, and the promotion of human rights and democratic principles. The International community must take the lead in bringing Ebrahim Raisi to an international court to account for the massacre he so boastfully participated in 1988 and all his other crimes he has committed to this day.

There are many Iranian refugees who have escaped the hell that the mullahs have created in their beautiful homeland and who yearn to one day remake Iran in the image of a democratic country that honors human rights. These members of the millions-strong Iranian Diaspora overwhelmingly support the boycott of the sham election in Iran, and support ordinary Iranians who today post on social media platforms videos of the Mothers of Aban (mothers of protesters killed by regime security forces during the November 2019 uprising) saying, “Our vote is for this regime’s overthrow.” Finally, after 42 years, the forbidden word of overthrow is ubiquitous on Iranian streets with slogans adorning walls calling for a new era and the fall of this regime.

Europe should stand with the Iranian Resistance and people to call for democracy and human rights in Iran and it should lead calls for accountability for all regime leaders, including Ebrahim Raisi, and an end to a culture of impunity for Iran’s criminal rulers.

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