The folowing research is a review around the theme of Southeastern European organized crime, mainly in the period 1995-2007, highlighting the emergence of powerful regional “Mafias” with an actual global presence.
The main focus is the Albanian criminal syndicates centered on Kosovo. The research is composed by previous material of the writer, some of which was presented in international workshops. Moreover the issue of radical Islam is being overviewed in a second part,for the same period, along with information regarding the state of affairs of the Muslim communities in the region.
Narcotics and the emergence of crime syndicates in the Balkans
The main threat to the Balkans nowadays, is the existence of well organized criminal groups that to an extent are an integral part of the world wide “Crime Syndicates” that for the most part control the narcotics trade in our époque. The infamous Balkan drugs route is the main path by which narcotics and specifically heroin; are smuggled to European countries. It is actually a network of contrabands, corrupted public officials and war lords that make sure that the heroin produced in Afghanistan is smoothly transferred to the European addicts.
According to the Council of Foreign affairs, Afghanistan has almost tripled its heroin production and in 2005 32,000 acres were reserved for poppy cultivation, out of 12,000 acres in 2004. This fact shows first of all failure by the NATO Forces in that country to create the necessary framework for the reconstruction process. As far as the ramifications for the Balkans are concerned, the increased profits by criminal gangs have boasted them with tremendous riches and political influence.
There are mainly two organized ethnic groups that deal most of the arrangements concerning the organized crime in the Balkans. The so-called Albanian mafia and the Turkish crime syndicates. The Albanian organized crime is very active since the collapse of the Communist rule in this country that opened the way for various indigenous gangs to spread their wings further and take part in one of the most profitable commerce of all times, namely drugs. A leading French criminologist Xavier Raufer has extensively dealt with the issue of the Albanian mafia. He considers the Albanians as the only true “Mafia” in the Balkans due to the peculiar social structure of their society in the Northern parts of the country “The land of the Genghis”.
An isolated society with very firm beliefs in issues of honor and manhood pride coupled with severe social problems and a culture of vendetta; has been transformed into a huge international crime network. Various reports indicate that roughly 70-80% of the heroin distributed in European is under Albanian control, a really impressive percentage for a nation of just 6 million people. Moreover in the Balkan route –In reality three distinct routes-, the Albanian mafia plays a vital role in safeguarding the interests of the world drugs trade by having its “Soldiers” and “Capos” along the way and protecting shipments from police and official interruption.
Furthermore Albania as a country is a major producer of Cannabis, which is mainly exported to neighboring Greece and Italy. The narcotic traded is placed along the trafficking and illegal immigrant smuggling operations that have seen the Albanians gaining the fame as the most powerful and dangerous criminal group in South Eastern Europe. In Greece alone the revenues from prostitution run at around 7.5 billion USD, a large portion of that being controlled by Albanian criminal groups. Trafficking of women from Albania is one of the main ways to establish a “War chest” for the organized crime, in order to invest its wealth in the drugs trade.
In essence the first stage for every respectable organized crime unit, is to establish a prostitution ring, make easily large amounts of cash, and then invest them for the drugs trade by constructing the expensive logistics bases, fake companies, pay corrupted officials and so on. Therefore when looking into the different aspects of organized criminal activity, one should note that all forms of that activity are interconnected and that each one leads to the other. That actually is one of the differences of organized crime from the other forms of criminality.
Back to the activities of the Albanian criminal groups, the recent history illustrates the existence of a hybrid criminal form, meaning the interconnection between criminal activities and terrorism. The Albanian groups that are mostly active in the North of the country have been associated with the preparations of the U.C.K guerilla forces in the late 90’s, as well as, with their arming and training. The troubling 90’s in South Eastern Europe saw the convergence of the drugs trade along with the formation of radical Islamic groups and the pervasion of corruption in the upper echelons on the countries involved. In the Albanian case the past decade it is assumed that the country is facing a virtual take over of its institution by the organized crime that in its turn has been linked with international terrorism, with Al Qaeda withstanding.
The main role of the Albanian Mafia in the narcotics trade is the one of wholesale distributor of Afghan heroine. Along the Balkan route and especially the one passing through Southern Bulgaria, FYROM; the Albanians import heroin and then dispense it to Italy, or Bosnia- Croatia to Austria and Central Europe. After 1999 and the consequent Albanian dominance in Kosovo, Pristina has become the unquestionable narcotics capital of Europe. A traditionally provisional city in the midst of the Balkans is nowadays the epicenter of all drugs deal of an area encompassing Central Europe, Balkans, and Middle East.
The lack of law coupled with the existence of a society reluctant to pursue organized crime, has created a “black hole” in the centre of the Balkans that primarily lives on criminal activities and the remittances of the Kosovo-Albanian Diaspora. The latter is strategically located in countries such as Switzerland, Austria, Germany and Denmark and dominates the European heroin trade. Despite the fact that Albanians are relatively newcomers to the European organized crime scene-Like the old-timers Sicilians, Corsicans – they have already taken over the entire European heroin market and make large advances in the sectors of trafficking, racketeering, arms smuggling and illegal gambling.
The infamous Albanian mafia is a formidable criminal network, but the existence of another one, influential as well, should be added in order to examine the whole spectrum of drugs trade in the Balkans. The Turkish crime syndicates are the undisputable partner of the Albanians. It would not be possible for the Albanians to become distributors in the first place if the weren’t able to acquire their goods from the East, and that is where the role of the Turks begins.
Turkey is a country strategically located between the East and the West. Apart from its importance in political and military level, it is also an integral part of the international narcotics smuggling. It would just be very hard for heroin to travel from Central Asia to Europe without being able to trespass Turkey, the only Asian country bordering with Europe. Turkey is a state traditionally producing Opium, for pharmaceutical purposes. In the early 70’s international pressure –Mostly from Nixon administration in the USA- obliged Turkey to enforce stricter rules for Opium production in 1974. Up until then heroin was produced in Turkey as an Opium derivative and quantities were sold to the West with the assistance of the Sicilian and Corsican mafias.
The heroin to be sold was transported with ships to Sicily, and then to Marseilles were the Corsicans had created labs for the fabrication of the commercial product. From then onwards it was transferred to New York and other USA ports where the American-Italian mafia would assure its allocation in the end-users, the heroin addicts. The forceful USA administration at that time declared a war against narcotics and obliged the Turks to seek other sources of the lucrative opium. Soon enough Turkish operational production bases were established in Afghanistan and Northern Pakistan. The war in the former during the 80’s, as well as, the resurge of the Kurdish guerilla fighting after 1984 and the Iraq-Iranian war the same period; created a convergence of political, criminal and military operations based in heroin trade.
Events such as the Iran-Contra scandal illuminate how far the heroin trade has penetrated the higher echelons of the world’s decision-making process and how it interacts with the international affairs. Moreover the effective destruction of Beirut during the 80’s collapsed the cities ubiquitous reputation as the prime port for narcotics trade and this role was overtaken by Istanbul. The situation after the end of the Cold War in 1989, found the Turks financially strong from their trade in the previous decades and also ready enough to pursue stronger ties with the countries of Central Asia.
Furthermore the appearance of the Albanians and the civil wars in former Yugoslavia, provided ample of human resources in the Balkans, eager in getting involved in the drugs trade so as to survive financially or gain capital to achieve their political aims. Europe now already hosted considerable Turkish minorities-Especially Germany – and individuals from those Turkish communities were used to act as local retail agents for the heroin distribution in Europe.
In 1996 the Susurluk accident revealed to Turkey the extent where the Drug –Lords have penetrated the upper crust of the society and they were able to conduct their businesses untouched by the law. Even the spouse of the then Turkish Prime Minister Tancu Tsiller was accused by the local media for close interactions with notable underworld figures. Furthermore the accusations that the Turkish security forces were conducting drugs trade in South Eastern Turkey were in relation to the civil strife in that region because of the Kurdish fight and that presents once more that politics and criminal groups seem to go hand in hand.
The modus opperandi of the Turkish organized crime in drugs trade follows the role of the coordinator and distributor. Large amounts of heroin shipments enter Turkey each month and then delivered through the Balkan route mostly, to all over Europe. It has to be noted that the country with the largest Turkish community-Germany- is being used also as a redistribution centre. That means that when heroin reaches Germany, it is being handed out from there to the other major European markets, especially UK and Scandinavia. Moreover some of the strongest “Capo” of the Turkish syndicates resided in Germany and generally speaking this country has become the centre of gravity for the Turkish drug barons, as far as, their posture in the European narcotics scene is concerned. Further the impact of the Turkish drug lords has alarmed European security agencies due to the importance of their overall contribution in the narcotics market in the Continent. For instances since the 1970s, Turkey has accounted for between 75 and 90 per cent of all heroin in the UK. The key traffickers are Turks or criminals who operate along that route using Turkish contacts.
The alliance of Turkish and Albanian crime groups can be explained at first glance by the cultural, religious and ethnic links –A large percentage of Turks in W. Turkey has Albanian ancestry-. Also, the tradition of the Albanians to join and serve larger ethnic groups with whom they feel to have a kind of affinity might have its explanation. The same was he case in USA and New York especially where for decades the Albanian crime syndicates tended to operate under the aegis and influence of the much stronger American-Sicilian crime corporations.
A 2006 article in Balkanalysis revealed interesting facts for the interrelation between USA domestic politics, the role of the Turkish lobby and the American foreign policy. Even though it is extremely delicate to draw conclusive explanations about the real roots of cover the organized crime activities are given; it is beyond any reasonable doubt that in the case of the Balkans the West has dramatically failed to check the narcotics flow. Despite the fact that thousands of troops, intelligence officers and police ones are based in the Balkans assigned by NATO and the EU, there has been no real confrontation with the realities of criminal syndicate pervasion in the Balkans. On the contrary in the areas where the Western presence is more powerful like in Pristina, it is exactly the stronghold areas of the mafias and their collaborators.
It is more than certain that if Western societies along with their partners in the Balkans; cannot control the narcotics trade their incompetence will certainly spill over to the overall antiterrorist security framework that they are trying to enforce. The Hybrid forms that modern crime is currently experiencing will most certainly ensure the continuous flow of capital to terrorist enterprises along with the recruitment of loyal assistants and the corruption of public officials in sensitive sectors of the public sectors. The initiatives by the heads of state of the Balkans to curb on organized crime should give the opportunity for further decisive measures. Balkans have already being developed as Europe’s soft underbelly-Not quite as Churchill imagined- and one of the top priorities of the EU has to be the unquestionable joint effort to “close down” the Balkan route, achieving thus a real advance against terrorism in a worldwide level.
Since the end of the Communist era in the Balkans in the early 90’s, organized crime activities have soared, by expanding their activities in fields such as narcotics, trafficking, racketeering and goods smuggling. The civil wars in Yugoslavia and the continuous strife in Albania provided an excellent framework on which crime syndicates became stronger and gained political and societal clout.
The first and foremost criminal group that can be to an extent classified as a “Mafia” is the Albanian organized crime. Its geographical spread is in and between the triangle Pristina (Kosovo) – Tetovo (FYROM) and Tirana (Albania). During the 1999 and the NATO campaign against Serbia, it was a common secret amongst the members of the international community that the KLA army was financed and assisted by the organized crime that hoped to achieve a safe haven in the Kosovo area. The importance of Pristina is mainly associated with its use as a transit point in the infamous Balkan drugs route. Moreover the capital of Kosovo is a massive hideout for heads of crime syndicates across the Balkans and beyond.
Furthermore the high unemployment rate in the region along with the chronic industrial decay, have forced masses of the population to remain tolerant –at beast- in the practices of illegal activity. The capital flowing from heroin trade mostly, have helped towards the revitalization of the local economies. To that point it is interesting to note that 4/5 of the heroin flowing to Europe from Asia (Afghanistan) is being transferred by Albanians that have established bases all across Europe from Oslo to Barcelona and from Budapest to Rome. The Albanian organized crime as Xavier Raufer has pointed out operates on a dual basis. That means it has also the function of a strong societal force that virtually governs peripheral areas of Albania, mostly in the North, as well as, Kosovo currently. The Albanian crime syndicates work in close contacts with their American-Albanian counterparts that are mainly located in New York, New Jersey and Philadelphia. Since 1991 quite a few Kosovo-Albanians have managed under not-so-legal ways, to immigrate to USA and act as liaison with the European community.
This highly sophisticated criminal network has been able to control much of the drugs trade in Europe and also the trafficking of women and children from the Balkans to Western Europe. Both of these activities are complementary to each other and frequently criminal groups switch from one activity to the other.
The ethnic conflicts in Former Yugoslavia, provided ample opportunities for weapons smuggling that reached unprecedented proportions in 1997. The same year a civil unrest in Albania, led to the overthrow of the government and the lack of the rule of law for almost 6 months. During this period 700,000 Kalashnikov and about 200,000 Albanian passports were stolen. Consequently a large portion of the above was sold to criminal groups in the Balkans and in Europe, whilst there are many allegations of terrorist connection whereby Al Qaeda members were able to obtain Albanian passports and an easier access to the European Continent.
The Kosovo experience has been up to date, a great disappointment for the international community. The UN administered territory has not been able to withstand the all-pervading influence of the organized crime. Despite numerous acts of violence and a very high homicide rate; very few convictions have been handed out to culprits, none of those was a member of the organized crime either. Nowadays the existence of regular heroin supply from Afghanistan, and the control by the “Albanian Mafia” of the Balkan route, has enabled it to obtain a large capital base that is laundered mainly though the construction centre in Albania and the use of offshore financial centers. Actually the largest enterprise in terms of sales and profits in South Eastern Europe is the Albanian organized crime.
In the case of Greece, there is not a national organized crime network that can be classified as a national mafia one, although that does not mean that crimininal network are not indeed quite influential. Nevertheless, the perils of Balkan crime have surely affected the country in numerous ways. Apart form the current crime statistics –that show a stronger pervasion of organized crime related activities- money laundering is a present and clear danger. The spread of the Greek banking system in S.E Europe will certainly address in the near future the issue of capital transfer of criminal activities through those financial institutions.
Also the interstate relations between Greece and the other Balkan states should always take into consideration the influence of organized groups that are the 21st century non state actors. For that reason it is of outermost importance to construct in the Greek territory “An observatory of organized crime” that will act as a counselor for the Greek government-Perhaps for the EU as well- and will be compromised by experienced analysts, law enforcement agents, criminologists and international relations experts. The use of this foundation or institute would be to detect, collect, analyze relevant Balkan crime information and produce consultation. In essence an intelligence unit that will be able to predict future trends in organized activities.
Islamic terrorism and the Balkans: The perfect training ground
The emergence of radical – militant Islam during the 90’s is a very complicated issue that involves worldwide actors, social dynamics and a deep knowledge of the religious realm of the Islamic world. This article aims to present and inform for the events that shaped Islamic terrorism in the Balkans. In this corner of Europe, the past 15 years, the roots of Islamic radicalism have deepened and it is of the outermost importance to comprehend this phenomenon, so as to be able to combat it.
The beginning of the Yugoslavian civil strife in 1991 presented an excellent chance for the Mujahedin to get into Europe via the ethno-cultural conflict between Christians and Muslims in Bosnia. These religious mercenaries had proved their aptitude in war from the early 80’s when they fought the Soviet Army in Afghanistan, and managed to inflict great damages to it using Western assistance.
The West at that period, along with its regional allies, promoted the creation of the so-called “Green Arch”. That meant the creation of strong Islamic pockets in areas of Soviet influence, or in border countries that deemed important for the strategy of the West against the Soviets. Thus Afghanistan, Pakistan, Caucasus, and in Turkey (through the use of the Turkish “Hezbollah”), became radicalized during the 80’s.
What the West could not comprehend and predict at that period, is the “Genie out of the bottle” effect. Once these radicals groups gained access to armaments and training, they became autonomous and sought to create their own agenda. Therefore the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina was the trial test of their newly founded role.
In mid-1992 some 3000 -3500 Mujahedin were already present in the ranks of the Bosnian Army as volunteer forces. They retained their operational autonomy and in essence became an army within an army. Most of their forces were under the command of General Shakib Mahmouljin and their area of operations was Zenica. Soon the Mujahedin acquired the aura of the elite force within the Bosnian Muslim Army and were accounted for many atrocities against the civilian Christian population. There were instances where the guerillas didn’t hesitate in presenting publicly beheaded corpses with the heads of the victims in baskets, a tactic often used in the Ottoman period as a part of psychological warfare against the enemy.
During the Bosnian war, the Al-Qaeda was beginning to emerge as a world wide Islamic force that intended to strike the West with all means possible. One of the key elements in its success would be to get a hold of “safe havens” in Europe. The situation in Bosnia was the opportunity wanted, and soon logistic bases were established within the Bosnian territory. Moreover a campaign of recruiting Bosnian Muslims to the Al –Qaeda cause, resulted in the creation of “Islamic pockets” in the middle of the Balkans. By the end of 1995 and the subsequent Dayton treaty that ended the war; hundreds of Mujahedin fighters were permanent residents of the established Bosnia-Herzegovina state, and acquired the citizenship of that country.
The USA security agencies have revealed that two of the hijackers in 9/11 attacks, had toured the Balkans and were trained in an Al-Qaeda camp in Bosnia. In addition the explosives used in the 7/7 attacks in London came from the Balkans, an event that portrays the tremendous lack of perspective that the West had when it tolerated the emergence of such networks.
The sensitive issue of the Kosovo status is also interlinked with the presence of terrorism –Of an Islamic nature- and its ramifications are much more extended than conventionally thought. Moreover the impact of Islamic driven terrorism in the Balkans is not only restrained in the region but has global consequences, thus it needs multiparty intelligence cooperation in order to be dealt with. Worries about Kosovo morphing into a safe haven for terrorists are not without merit. After all, radical Islamic elements aided some Kosovars–and earlier, Bosnian Muslims–in the ethno-religious warfare that destroyed Yugoslavia in the 1990s. For example, Australian al-Qaeda fighter David Hicks traveled to the Balkans to join the notorious Kosovo Liberation Army. Hicks completed military training at a KLA camp and later fought alongside the Taliban in Afghanistan, where U.S. forces apprehended him.
The Albanian nationalism and the Islamic terrorism
As in the case of Bosnia, the Albanian Muslims (70% of the population) proved to be a magnet for the Islamists that sought to regain a foothold in Europe. The conditions by which Albania was freed by the Communist regime in the early 90’s, revealed the existence of a backward isolated country with no interaction with the rest of the world. The transition from a central command structure to that of a free market; ensured the development of multiple societal forces within the much repressed Albanian society.
In early 1994 the infamous Osama Bin Laden, paid a visit to Tirana, presumably to oversight the networking of his activities there. He came back in 1998 to oversight Al-Qaeda training camps in the Northern part of Albania, just across the borders with Kosovo. The trainers –of Arabic origin mostly- were assigned to train the newly recruits of the Usthria Climirtare e Kosoves –U.C.K- units for the forthcoming guerilla warfare against the Yugoslav forces in Kosovo.
The then Albanian Director of the Albanian secret service-SHIK-named Fatos Klosi admitted the training that took place in these camps and the existence of “Jihad warriors” from Sudan, Algeria, Saudi Arabia and Egypt that were responsible for the instruction of the UCK army. To this point it is important to add to the above, the existence of the Albanian Arab Islamic Bank, that was used for the financing of terrorist activities throughout the Balkans. Various sources indicate the existence of Bin Laden’s backing in the bank’s capital, with the sum of 11 million USD.
In 1997, the financial collapse of Albania by an economic scandal that shook the country; had as a result the social unrest throughout the territory and the collapse of the rule of law. An uncounted number of armaments were stolen during the period of the riots from the Albanian’s Army caches, and the bulk of it ended in the hands of the UCK and its Islamist collaborators. Until early 1998 USA characterized UCK as a terrorist organization, due to its connection with well-known figures of the extremist elements of the Islamic world. Nevertheless, the American policy changed its direction since it deemed the existence of Milosevic more threatening at that period than the Islamic movement. During the skirmishes and fights before the NATO bombings in March 1999, the Yugoslav Army managed to inflict great damages to the Mujahedin fighters that were combating along the UCK lines. In Urocevac the bulk of them was eliminated by the Serbian Army and was obliged to retreat back in their safe havens in Northern Albania.
After the end of the 1999 war, the Mujahedin networks regrouped and started to infiltrate the Kosovo area in great numbers. That included the mushrooming of Islamic charitable funds across the region, the construction of Mosques and the radicalization of the local Albanian population and the wider Muslim populations of the ex-Yugoslavia.
It is interesting to note that the Albanian population in its majority cannot be conceived as a fundamentalist Islamic nation and the extremists are for the time being a forceful minority of that nation. The Islamic expansion in the Balkans is coupled with the existence of the criminal syndicates that are all prevalent in the Balkan Peninsula. Since the terrorist activities cannot be financed through the use of the legal free market economy, the use of narcotics and trafficking illegal trade has enabled the flourishing of the terrorist networks. The “Hybrid” organizations as the merged terrorist and criminal are named, has created the necessary framework for the Balkans to enter in one of the worst periods of their modern history. The leading criminologist Loretta Napoleoni has researched articulately the issue and offers illuminating approaches as to the extent of the infiltration of crime & terrorism in world economy.
According to her recent interview for balkanalysis.com, some 1.5 trillion USD are the revenue of the organized crime worldwide. A fair portion of that is being achieved by controlling the “Balkan drugs route” a geographical area that encompasses Kosovo, Northern Albania and Tetovo. More or less the Islamic terrorism network has located some of its bases, along the way of some of the most lucrative criminal areas of Europe. Therefore it is able to increase its revenues and finance its monstrous acts.
In spring 2001, the Mujahedin forces, once again, were brought to day-light by joining the National Liberation Army in its fight in Western FYROM. The NLA was a composition of various Albanian fractions that along with the Islamic extremists sought to prepare the basis for the disintegration of FYROM. There is a large Albanian minority in the country, which also happens to be located right in the centre of the Balkans and where the “Balkan drug route” passes by. The Mujahedin formed the majority of the 113 brigade of NLA, and were accused of many atrocities against innocent civilians of Slavic descent.
On August 2001 the Ohrid accord was signed and the conflict ceased without any real gains by the Albanian side. A month later, the attack on the twin towers revealed to the world the spread and the power the terrorist organizations have amassed, thus the “War on terror” begun and to a great extent dismantled the world wide Islamic terrorist web.
SEVEN KEY AL-QAEDA MEMBERS WHO DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY TOOK PART IN 9/11 AND ARE LINKED TO BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA
Nawaf al Hazmi, a Saudi. He was a September 11th hijacker. He fought in BiH in 1995.
Khalid al-Mihdhar, from Yemen. He also was a September 11th hijacker. He also fought in BiH with the foreign mujahideen battalion in Bosnia in 1995
Sheikh Omar abd-al Rahman (convicted of the 1993 attack on the WTC) was connected with the so-called humanitarian organization TWRA, which was a cover for terrorists. Bosnian president Alija Izetbegovic made personal guarantees for TWRA’s general director and personal friend Elfatih Hassanein, so he could open an account with Die Erste Osterreich Bank in Vienna, Austria in 1993.
Mohammed Haydar Zammar, who recruited Mohamed Atta into Al-Qaeda, had a terrorist base in Bosnia. Zammar is also responsible for recruiting two of Atta’s lieutenants, Ramzi Binalsahib and Said Bahaji.
Osama bin Laden received a Bosnian passport from the Embassy in Vienna, Austria. Many other Al-Qaeda members were issued B-H passports, which enabled them to continue their terrorist activities.
Abu al-Ma’ali (Abdelkader Mokhtari), a senior Al-Qaeda operative, was stationed in Bosnia until recently. Just a few years ago, US officials used to call him “Osama Bin Laden, Jr.”
Bensayah Belkacem was arrested in Bosnia in October 2001. Numbers saved in his cell phone connected him with at least one top-rank associate of Bin Laden
The “White Al-Qaeda” in Bosnia-Herzegovina
Information available to experts on international terrorism indicate that B-H is at this time one of the most dangerous countries in Europe, as it represents a nursery for potential Islamic terrorists – the so called “white” or “European” Al-Qaeda. Money from Islamic countries that is laundered through “humanitarian” organizations finances the religious education of at least 100,000 young Bosnian Muslims. In addition to such education, which follows the interpretations of Wahhabi Islam, there is another type of “training” in various officially registered camps throughout the B-H Federation. There, the young and carefully selected Wahhabis attend “additional courses” in marksmanship, explosives and martial arts. Organizations such as “Furqan,” the “Active Islamic Youth,” the “Muslim Youth Council” and others – differing only in name and primary donors, but otherwise interchangeable – teach young Muslims computer and Internet skills, so they could establish contacts with their coreligionists worldwide. Knowing all this, the former head of UN Mission in Bosnia Jacques Paul Klein recently said that some 200 mujahid’din in Bosnia did not represent a danger, because they can be easily controlled.Klein knew it would be a lot more difficult to stop the spread of young Bosnian Wahhabis throughout Europe, youths who consider Osama Bin Laden and the mujahid’din role models. Nowadays there is still a strong presence of a variety of extremist Islamic groups in Bosnia-Herzegovina, under the pretext of charity funds and related philanthropic establishments. Thus it is not of surprise that the U.K Foreign Office still warrants concern safety for every British national traveling there, especially in relation to potential terrorist incidents.
Foreign intelligence involvement in the Balkans
Since the early 1990s, Bonn and Washington have joined hands in establishing their respective spheres of influence in the Balkans. Their intelligence agencies have also collaborated. According to intelligence analyst John Whitley, covert support to the Kosovo rebel army was established as a joint endeavor between the CIA and Germany’s Bundes Nachrichten Dienst (BND) (which previously played a key role in installing a right wing nationalist government under Franjo Tudjman in Croatia). The task to create and finance the KLA was initially given to Germany: “They used German uniforms, East German weapons and were financed, in part, with drug money”. According to Whitley, the CIA was, subsequently instrumental in training and equipping the KLA in Albania.
The covert activities of Germany’s BND were consistent with Bonn’s intent to expand its “Lebensraum” into the Balkans. Prior to the onset of the civil war in Bosnia, Germany and its Foreign Minister Hans Dietrich Genscher had actively supported secession; it had “forced the pace of international diplomacy” and pressured its Western allies to recognize Slovenia and Croatia. According to the Geopolitical Drug Watch, both Germany and the US favored (although not officially) the formation of a “Greater Albania” encompassing Albania, Kosovo and parts of FYROM. According to Sean Gervasi, Germany was seeking a free hand among its allies “to pursue economic dominance in the whole of “Mitteleuropa.“
An interesting twist in the sector of intelligence operations and especially the ones described as “ Covert operations”, is the abundance of material available and the easiness by which the USA in particular have provided access to their operational tactics. Todd Stiefler has documented that “In Kosovo, the Agency was extremely eager to publicize its covert operations”. In contrast with other similar incidents in Latin America or the Middle East; the CIA was confident enough to inform the public of operations that are not to be announced and that is an intriguing and not well answered topic.
The emergence of “Balkan Jihad” and its progress in the region
After the 9/11, a worldwide “War on terror” begun in order to disband and neutralize Islamic terrorist networks across the globe. The main focus of the largest anti-terrorist campaign in history is focused in the Middle East area, as well as in Afghanistan.
The Balkan Peninsula is the European area where this campaign has also taken place, with numerous arrests and a continuous effort into riding the fundamentalist out of the area. The question arising though, is how did the extremists gain a foothold in South Eastern Europe in the first place, and what was the reaction of the international community over the previous years.
The presence of Islam in the Balkans dates back in the 13th century.
In order to create the much needed mercenary armies, against the then archenemy, the Francs, Byzantine Emperors allowed Muslim Turks into modern day Bulgaria. They were used mainly as cavalry forces due to their excellent techniques in that kind of war. Over the coming decades the antagonism between the Francs and the Vatican from one side and the Byzantium from the other, led to the final conquest of Constantinople by the Ottoman Turks in 1453. Gradually virtually the whole of the Balkans came under Muslim dominance and were included in the Dar al Islam territory stretching from the Hindu river and up to Gibraltar.
In Bosnia in particular the sect of Vogomils –Eastern Orthodox sect-, converted to Islam for a variety of societal and spiritual reasons. Since the Vogomils were the affluent class of the central Balkans they soon became the ruling class over millions of Christians of mostly Slavic descent.
In Albania the Islamic takeover had a dramatic effect and in a matter of 150 years 2/3rds of the population converted from the Eastern Orthodox and the Roman Catholicism into Islam. The main reason for such a large proselytism in Albania had been the traditional adherence towards the stronger ruler that the mountainous Albanians have showed since their early history. During the Roman Empire times, the Albanians served as elite corps in the Armies of the Emperors Empires –i.e. Diocletian was of Albanian descent- and tended to absorb the cultural and religious norms of their regional superintendents. The same was the case in the more or less Greek dominated Byzantium. As soon as the “Eastern Roman Empire” waned in favor of the Western one; there was a mass conversion to Catholicism in the early 13th century.
The historical collective path of the Albanian people can be compared with that of the mountainous Swiss that have eloquently absorbed influences and norms by the much larger and influential neighbors (Germany, France, and Italy).
It is against this historical background that the Islamic fundamentalist drama in the Balkans evolved in the 1990s. Evan F. Kohlmann, author of Al-Qaeda’s Jihad in Europe: The Afghan-Bosnian Network argues that “key to understanding Al Qaida’s European cells lies in the Bosnian war of the 1990s”. Using the Bosnian war as their cover, Afghan-trained Islamic militants loyal to Osama bin Laden convened in the Balkans in 1992 to establish a European domestic terrorist infrastructure in order to plot their violent strikes against the United States
So, the outbreak of the civil war in Bosnia-Herzegovina in 1992 presented an unparalleled opportunity for the international Mujaheedin to storm Europe, establish safe havens in the area and thus initiate re-conquest of regions they previously ruled. The leader of Bosnia, Alia Izebegovic was eager to obtain as much assistance as possible and didn’t hesitate in providing the necessary framework by which the Islamic ties were forged. In the same year, a variety of Islamic mercenaries flocked into the Balkans in order to support the “Holy cause”, meaning the establishment of the first Islamic state in Europe. The end of the war in 1995 saw quite a few of those mujahedin, acquiring Bosnian citizenship and establishing the first Islamic community in the village of Bocinja Donja. During 2006 and 2007, hundreds of citizenships were revoked by Islamists residing in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Nevertheless the whereabouts of most of them remain unknown, raising fears for potential terrorist acts by them in the future and in an European soil. What is more, the Novi Pazar town in Sanjak area in Southern Serbia; has become a core for Islamic fundamentalism, linked with Al-Qaeda cells. Novi Pazar is the focus of the Islamist attempt to build a landbridge from Albania and Kosovo to Bosnia. Further to the East, in southern Serbia’s Raška Oblast, are three other concentrations of Muslims: Sjenica and Pester area (lightly populated but mostly Muslim), Prijepolje (some 50 percent Muslim) and — very close to the Bosnia border where Republica Srpska controls the slender Gorazde corridor — Priboj (also some 50 percent Muslim). The land between is Serbian farmland, but the Islamist goal is to link the cities as “evidence” that the entire region is, or should be, Muslim territory. The same strategy worked successfully in Bosnia-Herzegovina, where Serbian farmers were driven off their lands during the civil war.
Just south of the Serbian area of Raška Oblast is the Montenegrin part of Raška region, where, for example, Bijeljo Polje is some 60 to 80 percent Muslim, and Pijevlja, close to the Bosnian border, is about 40 percent Muslim. These Montenegrin towns, like those of the Western Serbian Raška region, are the key to the illicit arms and narcotrafficking across the Gorazde Corridor to Bosnia
A new Islamist university has opened in Novi Pazar, ostensibly a normal college, but led by an Islamist mufti of little formal education. This modern institution — whose officials proclaim it a normal educational institution — reveals its character in its symbol: the Wahabbi/Salafi Dawa symbol, an open Q’uran surmounted with a rising sun. The university, in a renovated former textile factory, is a known center of radical Islamist thinking. A book fair held there in early October 2003 distributed very radical Islamist literature, specifically advocating conflict with the West.
The Dawa sign indicates that the university is predominantly Saudi-funded, although some Western funding is known to have been pumped into the institution, reportedly largely to undermine Serb interests in the region.
Western tolerance of Islamic radicals, however, was one of the gravest mistakes of modern times. In addition, a well organized criminal network has already been established in Sarajevo that in a large extent facilitates illegal immigration from Asia to Europe. That activity is coupled with the narcotics trade that is being supplemented by the infamous “Balkan Drug route”. It is illuminating to note that the areas from where this route is passing are under Muslim influence mostly.
The Albanian factor
Albania was under the Communist rule during the Cold War, the most isolated country in Europe. The break of the Soviet Empire unleashed forces that were kept dormant in the society for decades, and resulted to some very interesting developments. In 1992 Albania becomes a member of the Islamic Conference, an international Islamic organization. The same year as well the government of Sali Berisha, currently also a Prime Minister, signed a military agreement with Turkey, thus enacting a series of discussions in the neighboring states, around the possibility of an Islamic arch from Istanbul to Sarajevo.
One of the main reasons the Albanian officials were eager to form strong ties with the Muslim world was the hope that large investments from the Gulf would ensure the uplifting of the decaying Albanian economy. Therefore the religious sentiment of the majority of Albanians, mostly in the North, was overplayed in order to gain capital from the Islamic world. Unfortunately no serious investment initiatives were undertaken; instead the Al Qaeda and Osama bin Laden, found another state to expand their illegal activities. Many different and respectable sources have indicated two visits by Bin Laden in Tirana that aimed into creating an Islamic platform for the country and the construction of terrorist networks within the territory.
An Albanian called Naseroudin Albani played an instrumental role in spreading extremist Islamic values into the Albanian society. He was a fugitive from Albania since 1963 and resided in Amman-Jordan. Sources from Albania point out that Albani organized radical Sunni sects back in the 70’s in the Middle East that became the nucleus of the modern day Mujahedin. Another Albanian, the then head of the Albania’s Secret service, SHIK, called Bashkim Gazidente assisted into implementing radical Islamic agenda in Albanian domestic policies. During the 1997 Albanian riots Gazidente fled from Albania and he is said to be an instrumental part in global Islamic networks. He fled presumably to a Middle Eastern country and currently he resides in Rome-Italy treated in a local hospital due to chronic illness; according to reliable regional sources.
The Al Qaeda factor in Albania was consolidated by the creation of the Arabic-Albanian bank, in which Bin Laden allegedly invested the sum of 11.4 million USD. This financial institution acted as a front cover for the transfer of capital for Islamic activities within the country. Just before Berisha’s political overturn in 1997, another Islamic institution called “El Farouk”, acted as a recruitment agency for young Albanians, under the pretext of a charity. One of the most dramatic indicators of the degree of Islamic presence in Albania is the militant Islamic training camp just outside Tirana, the same camp on which Berisha relied in his unsuccessful 1998 coup of his rival Fatos Nano. At this point it is interesting to note that it was a well known fact around the international community of the nexus between organized crime syndicates, terrorist cells and the KLA, operating under and with Albanian assistance. Actually Albania was mainly used as springboard to neighboring Kosovo. In April 1999, some 500 Arab Mujahedeen were smuggled into the capital of Tirana. Their mission was to conduct special operations against Yugoslav forces in Kosovo. They entered Kosovo from Northern Albania. The whole operation was led by Bin Laden’s deputy Ayman al-Zawahiri.
The Nairobi and Tanzania bombings of 1998 shocked the US administration into taking some action, for the first time, do dismantle terrorist’s networks. Soon, the pressure fell on Albania and in the October of the same month individuals of Middle Eastern origin were rounded up and deported. The head of SHIK, Fatos Clozi, admitted for the first the existence of extremists in Albania and promised the eradication of the terrorist nucleus.
The 9/11 attacks proved to be a fatal blow for the radicals in Albania and the USA forces have more or less neutralize any remaining cells. The government of Albania, which is more than willing to become inducted in the Euro-Atlantic security framework, has ceased to seek Islamic assistance and the current Berisha’s administration has refaced its Islamic outlook into a modern European one.
Nevertheless, the Albanian-Islamic connection is now concentrated in Kosovo, the very same province NATO forces are stationed! There is an overwhelming variety of sources and reports that indicate a well established fundamentalist presence in that area. It is a common secret in the international community that the West kept a blind eye during the 1998-1999 Winter where hundreds of Mujahedin joined the UCK forces and helped it expand. Shaul Shay describes “The [Kosovo Albanian] KLA enjoyed the support of former Albanian President Sali Berisha, who regarded the war in Kosovo as a Jihad and issued a call to all Muslims to fight for the protection of their homeland”.
At that period the means justified the end which was the disbandment of the Russian influence in the Balkans, as the Clinton administration viewed the Milosevic one. The result was a resurge of Islamic radical networks in the region, thus eliminating the beneficial results of previous actions against it. Moreover Russia managed to regroup and it is still viewed as a great player in South Eastern Europe.
The newly independent Montenegro nowadays faces a long term Islamic population bomb and it is certain that should current trends continue, in 2050 half of the population would be Muslim That is not of course a prelude of terrorism action per se, but the overall turbulent Balkan history and the existence of terror networks in nearby Kosovo do not assure a tranquil political future for the newest Balkan state.
The FYROM is also another terrain where the delicate balance between radicalism and Muslim secularism is taking place. Back in 2001, an Albanian uprising nearly resulted in the disintegration of the state although nowadays there is an uneasy stability. However any negative developments in Kosovo will affect directly the country which is also the epicenter of the Balkans by a geopolitical point of view.
Lastly the Sanjak area in Southern Serbia is a territory to watch, where the Wahhabi strain of Islam has gained tremendous influence in the local Muslim population. On March 2007 a terrorist cell was disbanded by the Serbian authorities and a terrorist plan was dwarfed at the last minute .Again Kosovo as the centre of radicalism in the Balkans could play the role of the powder keg for any developments in Sanjak, against the Serbian population in the region.
The EU strategists, whoever they may be, must become aware of the complicated Balkan reality: the region is a mostly secular one, but it has the peculiarity of hosting safe havens of terrorists and organized crime related Islamists. Most of these areas are under international protection a paradox that ridicules the entire Western anti terror campaign. Another worrying fact is the real danger of proliferation of chemical or biological weapons into the hands of terrorists, especially in the case of Albania. Already this threat is one of the top priorities for the security services across Southeastern Europe, and Greece along with the USA, Italy, Switzerland, and the European Union; assists Albania in destroying the stockpiles of its chemical weapons. It is worthwhile to mention that the Albanian authorities had discovered 16 tons of chemicals in 2002, stored in an underground cache, but there are no verified accounts if any amount had been stolen during the 1997 riots, thus raising a question as to whether terrorist organizations already have taken hold of quantities of chemicals.
Lastly, the attack on the USA Embassy in Athens-Greece in January 2007 with an RPG weaponry, is assumed to have a Balkan-Albanian connection, meaning source it came from, the “Weapons black market” vividly active in the borderlines between Kosovo and FYROM.
Only a coordinated pan European operation would be able to eradicate this perilous condition. The bombings in Madrid and in London had a Balkan flavor in them, namely the explosives used, according to many, came from those very same Muslim pockets in the Balkans that are protected by Western armies. For the future then, Islamic radicalism in the Balkans is an X factor. What is certain though is that this factor will not be used for the benefit of the West and the only way of neutralize it is by disrupting its logistic and financial base.
The only obstacle so far for the successful inaction of a “Balkan war on terror” are the careers in various world capitals, that are related on the perception of half truths and half lies about the West’s involvement in the Yugoslav wars and the use of the Islamic X factor on them. Political ambitious, international reputations and the all pervading political correctness, hinders the right actions to be taken. Unfortunately the implications of the Western involvement have spilled-over worldwide and with dire consequences regarding the global anti-terror campaign. Shaul Shay states that “In the course of 1999-2000, several terror cells were discovered in the U.S. and Canada. Some of their members lived in Bocinja [Bosnia] or were connected to radical Islamic entities that resided there”. The West followed a contradictory stance in the Balkans where it promoted the advance of radical Islamic elements linked to terrorism, in the same period -1999- it enacted the attacks against Serbia, thus empowering the former.
A great leader once said “A fanatic is one who can’t change his mind and won’t change the subject”. That surely sums up the mentality of the international officials around this Balkan “X factor”.
The Muslim minorities in the Balkans
In contemporary Europe there is a great debate on the role of Islam in modern societies and the path that the European-Muslim relationship will lead into the 21st century. The Balkans is a European area where considerable Muslim communities reside, some of them for over 700 hundred years and since the era of the Ottoman Empire.
The Balkan Peninsula was always an area characterized by continuous population arrivals and exodus due to the turbulent history of the region and because of its geopolitical disposition in the midst of three continents. Sine the fall of the Roman Empire immigration and conquest waves have over the centuries shaped the population composition of this European soil. The Slavs in the 6th Century AC, the Bulgarians in the 7th and the Turks in the 14th one, have all constructed more or less modern ethno-diversity in the Balkans.
The former were able –after the conquest of Constantinople in 1453 AC- to create the Ottoman Empire stretching from modern day Saudi Arabia and North Africa, right up to the infamous “Gates of Vienna” or more specifically in Klagenfurt and the Styria province. During much of the previous 6 centuries, there have been massive conversions to Islam that formatted the existing Islamic enclaves in the Balkans. The fall of the Soviet Bloc in 1989 and the civil wars in Ex-Yugoslavia; brought the remembrance of the religion wars that were a part of the Balkan history for the better part of the last Millennium.
Nowadays, all Balkan states-Bar Rumania- have Muslim minorities that are part of the social and political life of the respective states and most importantly have been often accused as acting like a “Trojan Horse” from powers seeking to exercise influence in the area.
Bosnia was already a part of the Ottoman realm, back in 1463 and a mass conversion of the Bogomil Christian sect, endured the existence of a large and influential Islamic community in the state. This area was for centuries the epicenter of the Balkan Muslim life, since it was ideally placed in the centre of South Eastern Europe and had a viable and vibrant Muslim community. In this point it has to be noted that the Bogomils were the most affluent class of Bosnia and their adherence to Islam constituted an initiative from their part to retain their privileges and rights under the newly formed dominion.
In 1908 Bosnia-Herzegovina was annexed by the then Austria-Hungarian Empire, at the same period the idea of a united confederation of the Southern Slavs –Serbs, Croats, Slovenians- was gaining hold. The creation of Yugoslavia after WW1 didn’t resolve the wide religious and cultural gaps between Catholics, Orthodox and Sunni Muslims. The Second World War saw the alliance between the Fascist, pro-German Croatian regime of Andre Pavelic and the Muslims in Bosnia.
Actually in 1943 the latter created the 13th Mountainous SS Brigade –Waffen Gerbings Division der SS- that committed atrocities against the civilian Serbian population in a classic ethnic cleansing fashion. In 1944 a similar brigade was to be formed by the Kosovo Albanians -21st Skanderberg Brigade- that sought as well the elimination of Serbians from Kosovo-Metohija.
During the 90’s Mujahedeen from various Islamic states, fought along the Bosnian Muslims against both the Croatians and the Serbs. Numerous allegations and documents reveal a strong Jihad connection between the then Izebegovic administration and Al Qaeda operatives that sought a safe have in the centre of the Balkans and close to mainland Europe. Stephen Schwartz notes “Muslim Bosnia and neighboring territories also face growing Islamist extremism. Wahhabi missionaries, promoting the ultraradical cult financed by Saudi Arabia, have come back to the Balkans after their expulsion from Sarajevo in the aftermath of September 11. Bosnian authorities acted then with admirable speed in cracking down on the Saudi High Commission for Relief of Bosnia-Herzegovina, a center of al Qaeda activity”. Currently 40% of Bosnia’s population is Muslims, mainly populating the urban centers.
Serbia’s largest Muslim minority is to be found in Kosovo where over 90% of the population is of Albanian descent and Muslim in denomination. The situation after the 1999 NATO intervention has revealed a massive destruction of the Serbian Christian Orthodox heritage. Kosovo has been since the early Middle Ages a traditional Serbian pilgrimage and state epicenter. The negotiations in action concerning the status of the province have come to a halt and there is a great debate within the international community on which direction Kosovo should move on within the coming months.
The percentage of the Muslims in Kosovo was traditionally 50-60% from the Ottoman period and up until the 1950’s. The mass immigrations of Albanians from Northern Albania, the immigration of Serbians to Europe and the very high birth rate of the former; resulted in the creation of an almost homogenized Albanian-Muslim Kosovo in the course of the second half of the 20th century. The importance of Kosovo to the Serbian psyche, stems amongst other by the greatness of its artistic, literature and architecture grandeur during the Middle Ages and under the Serbian Nemanjia Kingdom, most probably the most highlighted era in the history of the Serbian Kingdom.
Another Serbian province with large numbers of Muslims is Sanjak –Close to Kosovo borderline- that is also a habitation of Wahabbi strings as recent investigations point out.
FYROM is a state that can be characterized as a hub between Serbia, Albania, Bulgaria and Greece. Due to its unique placement it always attracted various ethnic and religious minorities, amongst them the largest would be the Muslim one. It is mainly composed by Albanians, Turks and Roma. After the 1999 war, scores of Kosovo Albanians sought refuge in FYROM thus increasing the total percentage of Muslims in the country. The 2001 conflicts between the Slavic majority of the country and the Albanian minority revealed a cultural chasm between them, as well as, he fear of the Slavs that the high birth rates of their Muslim compatriots will lead them to majority levels in the course of the 21st century. Already, grossly 30% of the citizens claim Muslim religion.
Montenegro always had a small Islamic community that has risen up considerably due to the continuous influx of refugees because of the Yugoslavian wars in the 90’s. Roughly 20% of the population is Muslim, and their vote was crucial during the independence referendum in 2006, that broke Montenegro’s ties with Serbia.
Albania is the only Balkan country that has an absolute majority in terms of Muslim citizens. Officially 70% of the population is Sunni Muslims, even though there are considerable segments of non-practicing secular ones. The main reason for such a large Muslim impact in the state is the mass conversion during the Ottoman Empire that saw a considerable stratum of the Albanian population exchanging their Christian religion for Islam in order to gain considerable advantages in the Ottoman bureaucracy and army. Actually many Turkish historical figures were Albanians, and one of them rose to become the first Pasha of Egypt; Mehmet Ali Pasha.
Albania since 1992 is a member of the Islamic conference, an intergovernmental Muslim organization and it has often become a country focused by the international community because of links by fundamentalists and members of the state apparatus.
Bulgaria has a considerable Muslim minority in the southern regions bordering with Greece and Turkey. The Communist regime in Bulgaria after 1945, initiated measures that forced Muslims –Of Turkish descent mostly- to immigrate to Turkey. In the 1980’s alone 300, 000 of those were to flee Bulgaria. Nevertheless the percentage of Muslims in the country is well over 10% and they exercise significant influence in the political climate of Bulgaria. The existence of a well established Turkish-Muslim minority in Bulgaria has proved to be one of the main reasons for the Greek-Bulgaria rapprochement that enacted in the mid-70’s and continues up to date, bringing the two states with a colorful history of rivalry together; along with excellent bilateral relations.
Greece’s Muslim minority is to be found in Western Thrace, the province neighboring with Bulgaria and Turkey. The first Muslim coming from Anatolia, settled there in 1363 along with the Ottoman Turks in the first European conquest Endeavour.
In 1923 Greece and Turkey agreed to a mass exchange of populations and consequently Greeks resettled from Minor Asia to mainland Greece and vice versa. The Muslim minority in Thrace along with the Greek-Orthodox in Istanbul remained as a counterweight to its other and as a symbolic remembrance of the oldest Muslim settlement in Europe and the historical Byzantine – Christian presence in the East respectively.
The course of events though revealed a systematic extinction of the Greek-Orthodox Christians in Istanbul that number some 5,000 people down from 200,000 in the 1920’s. In Western Thrace 110,000 Muslims reside and constitute a 1% of the total population in Greece and a Quarter of the Western Thracian populous.
In all Balkan states excluding Greece the overall Muslim population is set to increase because of very low birth rate of the Christian population –Especially in Bulgaria- and the reverse trend by the Islamic communities. Moreover an immigration movement from the Balkans towards Western Europe has actually lowered population like in Bulgaria, over the past decade or so.
The Balkans has always constituted one of the fiercest terrains of ethnic – Cultural enmity in Europe. The reasons for the above are the placement of the Peninsula close to Asia that reserved the role of the “European gatekeeper” for the whole of South Eastern Europe. One has to remember of the Kraijna border area created by the Austrians in the 17th century in order to counterweight the Ottoman forces [89. Moreover the Venetians were active in recruiting Greeks as “Stradioti” in order to combat all along the Aegean Archipelagos and the Greek coastline.
Future seems to have elements of repeating this situation due to the ongoing rivalry between West and East, a phenomenon that one can easily retrieve by reading Homer’s Iliad or by comprehending the Persians wars dated in the 5th century BC, as they were recorded by Herodotus historiography. The Balkans are the borderline area between the West and the East, where the two either meet or contest and in any case synthesize or degenerate.
In lieu of a conclusion
The overall challenges for the security and intelligence services, oriented in the Balkan region seems overwhelming, judging by the multitude of the challenges involved and the tasks needed to overcome them. The current époque has brought –Especially to Greece- the re-engineering of security policies, in order to combat non- symmetrical threats such as the ones of organized crime and terrorism. Taking into account the globalization process, the interrelation between societies and the breathtaking advancements in telecommunications and transport; it is fair to assume that certain issues should be seriously reflected upon, on a different perspective than the traditional mode.
A multiparty approach to organized crime should be form here upon the core of any intelligence activity in the Balkans. Organized crime –Along with the rest of the perils for modern societies- need measures that are up to the modern way of life and communication of ours. A parallel and well constructed method of Open Source Intelligence gathering and the operation of specialized crime intelligence units will certainly help towards the aim of curbing crime and its calamities. In addition a conclusive analysis and synthesis of the available information, without any bias; should be the core of any serious attempt into reaching viable prognosis and stall malicious situations such as terrorists incidents and further empowerment of organized crime.
In order for the aforementioned to become a custom reality, there has to be a constructive and significant replenish of the human resources involved and an upgrade of the present era technical equipment. Therefore decisions should be taken soon enough so as to foresee any positive results, before events surpass the ability of the intelligence community to react and function properly. The Balkan Peninsula remains more than ever “The soft underbelly of Europe”, apart from the other more conventional menaces in the wider Eastern Mediterranean area.
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Footnotes for : “Islamic terrorism and the Balkans: The perfect training ground”
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University of Buffalo; Listserv Buffalo (04/03/2002), By MILS News, “Seven terrorist killed near Skopje”. Website: http://listserv.buffalo.edu/cgi-bin/wa?A2=ind0203a&L=maknws-l&T=0&P=298
The Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars (04/2002), By Lt. Col. Harry Dinella, Policy Advisor, Western Policy Center, “Uncertainty in the Slav-Albanian Partnership”. Website: http://www.wilsoncenter.org/index.cfm?topic_id=109941&fuseaction=topics.documents&doc_id=119929&group_id=115869
University of Belgrade; Faculty of Security Studies Publications (2002), By Prof. Drako Trifunovic, “Terrorism and Bosnia and Herzegovina – Al-Qaeda’s Global Network and its influence on Western Balkans nations” P. 9-11.
Washington Post Newspaper (01/12/2005), By Rade Maroevic and Daniel Williams, “Terrorist Cells Find Foothold in Balkans”. Website: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/11/30/AR2005113002098.html
The Jamestown Foundation; Terrorism Monitor Journal; Volume II; Issue 20, (21/10/2004), By Stephen Schwartz, “Wahhabism and al-Qaeda in Bosnia-Herzegovina”.
PfP Consortium; Study Group Crisis Management in South East Europe; Vienna and Sarajevo (12/2002), By Alfred C. Lugert, “Preventing and Combating Terrorism in Bosnia and Herzegovina”
University of Belgrade; Faculty of Security Studies Publications (2002), By Prof. Drako Trifunovic, “Terrorism and Bosnia and Herzegovina – Al-Qaeda’s Global Network and its influence on Western Balkans nations” P. 16-17.
Kokalis Foundation; Kennedy School of Government; Harvard University, Paper presentation by Teodora Popesku, “Tackling Terrorism in the Balkans. Website: http://www.ksg.harvard.edu/kokkalis/GSW9/Popescu_paper.pdf
United Kingdom Foreign & Commonwealth Office (Current as of 13/05/2007), “Bosnia & Herzegovina travel advice”. Website: www.fco.gov.uk/…/ShowPage&c=Page&cid=1007029390590&a=KCountryAdvice&aid=1013618385675
Quoted in Truth in Media news broadcast in Phoenix; USA( 02/04/1999)
Covert Action Journal; No. 56. (Spring 1996), By Michel Chossudovsky, professor at the Department of Economics at University of Ottawa, “Dismantling Yugoslavia; Colonizing Bosnia”. Website: http://www.lbbs.org/yugoslavia.htm
Association of Breton & Celtic journalists (21/09/1998), By Roger Faligot, “How Germany backed KLA”. Website: http://www.bretagnenet.com/reporter-breton/archives/germany.htm
Geopolitical Drug Watch Journal; No 32 (06/1994). P. 4
Covert Action Quarterly Journal; No. 43, (Winter 1992-93), By Sean Gervasi, “Germany, US and the Yugoslav Crisis”
Intelligence and National Security, Volume 19, Number 4 (12/2004), pp. 632-654(23), By Todd Stiefler, ” CIA’s Leadership and Major Covert Operations: Rogue Elephants or Risk-Averse Bureaucrats?”
Chicago-Kent College of Law and the Illinois Institute of Technology (1996), ” Nationbuilding in the Balkans-History of Albanians”. Web Site: http://pbosnia.kentlaw.edu/resources/history/albania/albhist.htm
Evan F. Kohlmann, “Al-Qaeda’s Jihad in Europe“,Berg Publications, Preface, Oxford-UK, September 2004.
Kokalis Foundation; Kennedy School of Government; Harvard University, Presentation paper by Xavier Bougarel, “Islam & Politics in the Post-Communist Balkans. Website: http://www.ksg.harvard.edu/kokkalis/GSW1/GSW1/13%20Bougarel.pdf
Foreign Military Studies Publications (02/1995), By LTC John E. Sray, U.S. Army, “Mujahedin Operations in Bosnia”. Website: http://leav-www.army.mil/fmso/documents/muja.htm
Department of the USA Navy; Naval Historical Centre Publications (26/07/2005), By Steven Woehrel, “Islamic terrorism & the Balkans”. Website: http://www.history.navy.mil/library/online/islamic_terrorism.htm
Reuters, Alert Net Service (11/04/2007), By Daria Sito-Sucic, “Bosnia revokes citizenship of Islamic ex-soldiers”. Web Site: http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/L1151505.htm
Information was provided by a variety of ISSA Reports, informal journalist sources from Serbia, Albania & FYROM. The material has been made publicly else were and has not been contended for its reliability.
For extensive and sensitive information on the subject see: ISSA Special Report (17/09/2003). Web Site: http://184.108.40.206/ISSA/reports/Balkan/Sep1703.htm#App1
Council on Foreign Relations; Open Edition (13/02/2002), By David L. Phillips, “Keeping the Balkans free of Al-Qaeda”. Website: http://www.cfr.org/publication/4344/rule_of_law.html?breadcrumb=%2Fregion%2F385%2Fbalkans
European Commission; External Affairs Service (2004), “The Contribution of the European Commission to the Implementation of the EU-Central Asia Action Plan on Drugs”. Website: http://ec.europa.eu/external_relations/drugs/hero.htm
Organization of Islamic Conference (2007), memberships. Website: www.oic-un.org/about/members.htm
Center for Contemporary Conflict; Strategic Insights; Volume V; Issue 4 (04/2006), Anouar Boukhars, “ The challenge of terrorism in Jordan”. Website: http://www.ccc.nps.navy.mil/si/2006/Apr/boukharsApr06.asp
ISSA Research & Analysis Corporation; Defense & Foreign Affairs Special Analysis (16/01/2006), “Kosovo SHIK Directly Linked With Albanian SHIK Intelligence Organization”.
According to Stavro Markos, acclaimed Albanian journalist, correspondent for UK, French and Greek media.
Global Research Organization Publications (22/10/2003), By Michel Chossudovsky, “Regime rotation in the USA”. Website: http://globalresearch.ca/articles/CHO310B.html
Federation of American Scientists Publications (1998), By Milan. V. Petkovic, “Albanian terrorists”. Website: http://www.fas.org/irp/world/para/docs/980000-kla-petkovic-terror.htm
Alessandro Politi, “European Security: The New Transnational Risks,”Chaillot Papers, No. 29, October, 1997. This paper discusses analytically the strong evidence around the KLA’s tendencies towards criminal actions well before the U.S. intervention in Kosovo and with the suffice knowledge by the international bodies. ALSO see an article by the Independent newspaper (25/09/2002), “Bin Laden linked to Albanian drug gangs”. Website: http://www.thedossier.ukonline.co.uk/Web%20Pages/INDEPENDENT_Bin%20Laden%20linked%20to%20Albanian%20drug%20gangs.htm
Der Spiegel, 24 September 2001, p. 15
Federation of American Scientists Publications; Patterns of global terrorism (1998), “Europe overview”. Website: http://www.fas.org/irp/threat/terror_98/europe.htm
International Herarld Tribune (22/12/2006), “Albania seizes assets of alleged bin Laden associate”. Web Site: http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2006/12/22/europe/EU_GEN_Albania_Terror_Financing.php
Voice of America News Service (08/05/2007), “Albania supports War on terror”. Website: http://www.voanews.com/english/About/2007-05-08-albania-foreign-minister.cfm
Anti War Article & Analysis Organization (19/09/2001), By Christopher Deliso, “How Islamic terrorism took root in Albania”. Website: http://www.antiwar.com/orig/deliso5.html
Shay Shaul “Islamic Terror and the Balkans”,P. 82, Transaction Publishers, New Jersey, December2006
For detailed information on terrorist sympathizers in the Sanjak area ( Names, locations), see a GIS Security Briefing: http://www.slobodan-milosevic.org/news/dfasa040307.htm (Reprint)
ISSA Research & Analysis Corporation; Defense & Foreign Affairs Special Analysis (03/2007), By Darko Trifunovic, “Terrorism: The case of Bosnia, Sanzak & Kosovo”.
United Nations Information Service in Vienna (01/10/2004), Press Release SOC/CP/311, “UN warning on terrorism in the Balkans”. Website: http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2004/soccp311.doc.htm
Washington Post (20/01/2005), By John Stilides, “Albania’s Dangerous Past”.
Boston Globe (o1/05/2006), By Jonathan B. Tucker and Paul F. Walker , “A long way to go in eliminating chemical weapons”. Web Site: http://www.boston.com/news/globe/editorial_opinion/oped/articles/2006/05/01/a_long_way_to_go_in_eliminating_chemical_weapons/
Kathimerini Newspaper (07/02/2007), “ Kosovo link to Embassy strike”. Web Site: http://www.ekathimerini.com/4dcgi/_w_articles_politics_100012_07/02/2007_79818
Shay Shaul “Islamic Terror and the Balkans”,P. 70, Transaction Publishers, New Jersey, December2006
Of course there were interactions of a great scale between the Byzantines and the Arab Muslims well before the arrival of the Ottomans in the Balkans. For more see: H.T. Norris “Islam in the Balkans: Religion and Society Between Europe and the Arab World”, P. 43-50, C. Hurst & Co, London, Jan 1994
Nexhat Ibrahimi, “Islam’s first contacts with the Balkan nations”. Web site: http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Delphi/6875/nexhat.html
The USA Pentagon Library; Selected bibliography on Balkan conflicts. Website: http://www.hqda.army.mil/library/balkans.htm
Wikipedia (2007), “Bogomils”. Website: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bogomil
For an articulate description of the “ Bogomils” and their impact in the Pan-European history see: Medieval Cathares History:Short History of Bosnian Bogomils. Web Site: http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Troy/9892/bhhisto.html
Serbianna News Agency (11/04/2006), By Carl Savich, “The role of the Bosnian Muslims in WW2”. Website: http://www.serbianna.com/columns/savich/077.shtml & http://www.serbianna.com/columns/savich/006.shtml
The Counterterrorism Blog (17/08/2005), “Jihadist found a convenient base in Bosnia”. Website: http://counterterror.typepad.com/the_counterterrorism_blog/2005/08/jihadists_find_.html
Schwartz Stephen, “The failure of Europe in Bosnia and the Continuing Infiltration of Islamic Extremists”, The Weekly Standard, 20 June 2005
CIA Publications; Factbook; Bosnia-Herzegovina (2005). Website: https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/bk.html
Serbianna News Agency (23/10/2006), By Russell, Gordon “Behind Kosovo’s façade”. Website: http://www.serbianna.com/columns/gordon/004.shtml
Radio Free Europe; Background Report/253 (31/10/1983), By Louis Zanga, “Albanian Population Growth”. Reprinted by the Open Society Foundation Archives. Website: http://files.osa.ceu.hu/holdings/300/8/3/text/3-13-10.shtml
Kaplan, Robert D. “Balkan Ghosts: A Journey Through History”,P. 95-98 St. Martin’s Press, New York, 1993. The chapter of Kaplan on Serbia, extensively and articulately grasps the importance of Kosovo-Metohija for the Serbian nation and the consequences of a potential loose of that territory.
USA AID Organization Publications (2002), “Wahhabi presence in Sanjak”. Website: www.pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PNADC982.pdf
Indian Ministry of External Affairs Publications (2003), “Assessment of FYROM”. Website: www.meaindia.nic.in/foreignrelation/macedonia.pdf
BBC News (32/12/2005), “Muslims in Europe: Country guide”. Web Site: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/4385768.stm
Wikipedia (2007), “History of Ottoman Albania”. Website: www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Ottoman_Albania
Bulgarian Helsinki Committee Publications (11/2003), “The human rights of Muslims in Bulgaria in law and politics since 1978”. Chapter 2, Paragraph 2. Web site: www.bghelsinki.org/special/en/2003_Muslims_fm.doc
Hellenic Resources Network Organization, “Presentation of the Lausanne Treaty”. Website: www.hri.org/docs/straits/exchange.html
London School of Economics; Hellenic Observatory Annual Symposium; Paper presentation, By Giorgios Niarchos Ph.D Candidate, “Continuity & Change in the minority policies of Greece & Turkey”. Website: www.lse.ac.uk/collections/hellenicObservatory/pdf/symposiumPapersonline/Niarchos.pdf
Ibid. AND Saudi Aramco Corporation Publications (08/1976), By Pamela Roberson, “Islam in Greece”. P. 26-32
BBC News (23/12/2005), “Muslims in Europe: Country guide”. Website: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/4385768.stm
Wikipedia (2007), “Kraijna”. Web Site: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krajina, ALSO for an in-depth analysis of the ethno-religious lines during the era of the Ottoman Empire in the Northern Balkans: Blumi Isa,”Contesting the edges of the Ottoman Empire: Rethinking ethnic and sectarian boundaries in the Malesore”, International Journal of Middle East Studies, 35:P. 237-256, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2003
M. E. Mallet and J. R.Hale, “The Military organization of a Renaissance State: Venice ca. 1400 to 1617″,Cambridge University Press,London, 1984
Footnotes for: “Narcotics and the emergence of crime syndicates in the Balkans”
Interpol official publication (2006), “Heroin production”, Website: http://www.interpol.int/Public/Drugs/heroin/default.asp
Council of Foreign Affairs (09/2006), by Lionel Beehner; “Afghanistan’s role in Iran’s Drug problem”. Website: http://www.cfr.org/publication/11457/
BBC News Europe (03/08/2000), “Albanian mafia steps up people smuggling”. Website: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/863620.stm
Federal Research Division, Library of Congress (12/2002), By Glenn E. Curtis & Tara Karacan. Website: http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/pdf-files/WestEurope_NEXUS.pdf
Website of Xavier Raufer: http://www.xavier-raufer.com/
The Washington Quarterly Journal (09/1999), By Frank Cilluffo & George Salmoiraghi. Website: http://www.twq.com/autumn99/224Cilluffo.pdf
EUROPOL Publications (2005), “EU Report on drug production and drug traffiking 2003-2004. Web site : http://www.europol.europa.eu/publications/SeriousCrimeOverviews/2005/SC2Drugs-2005.pdf
CEMES Institute (2004), “Balkan trafficking report”. Website: http://www.cemes.org/current/ethpub/ethnobar/wp1/wp1-d.htm
Sisyphe Organization (02/2005), By Prof. Richard Poulin, “The legalization of prostitution and its impact in trafficking of women and children”. Website: http://sisyphe.org/article.php3?id_article=1596
Maltz D. Michael , “Defining Organized Crime”, in: Robert J. Kelly et al. (eds.), Handbook of Organized Crime in the United States, Westport/London 1994, 21-37. ALSO for the particular Modus Opperandi of the Albanian criminal groups see: Raufer, Xavier avec Stéphane Quéré. “La Mafia Albanaise, une Menace pour l’Europe: Comment est née cette Superpuissance Criminelle Balkanique” P. 12-124, Lausanne, Favre, 2000.
United Nations Information Service in Vienna (09/2004), “Nexus between drugs, crime & terrorism”. Website: http://www.unis.unvienna.org/unis/pressrels/2004/uniscp500.html
Xavier Raufer (2002), “At the heart of the Balkan chaos: Albanian mafia”. Website: http://www.xavier-raufer.com/english_5.php
BIA -Security Information Agency- (09/2003), “Organized crime in Kosovo & Metohija”. Website: http://www.decani.org/albterrorism.html
National Post (04/2000), By Patrick Graham, “Drug wars: Kosovo’s new battles”. Website: http://www.balkanpeace.org/index.php?index=article&articleid=7582
Wikipedia (2007), “Albanians”. Website: http://www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albanians
Observatoire Geopolitque des Drogues Foundation; Annual Report (1996) “The World Geopolitics of Drugs”.Page 61-75.
Wikipedia (2007), “Opium”. Website: http://www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Opium
FBI Publications (2002), “Report on transnational narcotics trade”. Website: http://www.fbi.gov/hq/cid/orgcrime/lcn/ioc.htm
Drug Text organization, Reference library, By McCoy, “Marseille: America’s heroin labatory”. Website: http://www.drugtext.org/library/books/McCoy/book/11.htm
Federation of American Scientists briefing, “Kurds I Turkey”. Website: http://www.fas.org/asmp/profiles/turkey_background_kurds.htm
The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th Ed. (2001-2005), “Iran-Iraq war”. Website: http://www.bartleby.com/65/ir/IranIraq.html
Charles R. Grosvenor Jr. (2007), “The Iran-Contra scandal”. Website: http://www.inthe80s.com/scandal.shtml
Lobster Magazine; Issue 30 (1995), “Persian Drugs: Oliver North, the DEA and Covert Operations in the Mideast”
German Ministry of Foreign Affairs (10/2006), “Profile of Turkey”. Website: http://www.auswaertiges-amt.de/diplo/en/Laender/Tuerkei.html
DHKC Information Bureau (01/1997), “The Susurluk accident”. Website: http://www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/51/289.html
BBC News (06/10/2005), By Sarah Rainsford, “ Turkey at the drugs crossroads”. Web site: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/4305692.stm
West Network organization (1998), “Corruption in Turkey”. Website: http://users.westnet.gr/~cgian/cillermurder.htm
Le Monde Diplomatic (07/1998), By Kendal Nezan, “Turkey’s pivotal role in international drugs trade”. Website: http://mondediplo.com/1998/07/05
Centre for Drugs Research-University of Amsterdam- (1998), By Tim Boekhout Van Solinge, “Drugs use & trafficking in Europe”. Website: http://www.cedro-uva.org/lib/boekhout.drug.pdf
Journalismus Nachrichten Von Heute (11/12/2006), “The Highjacking of a Nation”, Quoting Mark Galeotti, a former UK intelligence officer and expert on the Turkish mafia. Web Site: oraclesyndicate.twoday.net/stories/3049459
Centre for European Reform (07/2006), By Hugo Brady, “Organized crime & punishment”. Web Site: http://www.cer.org.uk/articles/brady_esharp_july_aug06.html
Cooperative Baptist Fellowship Publications, “Open Edition on Albanian people”. Web Site: http://www.thefellowship.info/Global%20Missions/UPG/Albanian.icm
CNN (26/10/2004), By Eric Pearce, “Albanian crime rings suspects arrested”. Website: http://www.mfa.gov.yu/FDP/CNN-261004_1.html
Balkanalysis news agency (30/11/2006), By Christopher Deliso, “The hijacking of a nation, part-2”. Website: http://www.balkanalysis.com/2006/11/30/the-hijacking-of-a-nation-part-2-the-auctioning-of-former-statesmen-dime-a-dozen-generals/
American Council for Kosovo organization (28/08/2006), “Text of report in English by Belgrade based Radio B92”. Website: http://www.savekosovo.org/default.asp?p=5&leader=0&sp=118
Croatian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (11/05/2005), “Bucharest Declaration”. Website: http://www.mvpei.hr/seecp/docs/7_BUCHAREST_DECLARATION_11_MAY_2005.pdf
Subcommittee on European Affairs, Committee on Foreign Relations United States Senate (30/10/2003), Testimony by Grant D. Ashley, Assistant Director, Criminal Investigative Division, FBI, “Eurasian, Italian, and Balkan Organized Crime”. Website: http://www.fbi.gov/congress/congress03/ashley103003.htm ALSO see more on: Galeotti, Mark. 2001. “Albanian Gangs Gain Foothold in European Crime Underworld.” Jane’s Intelligence Review 13(11, November): 25-7.
CIAO organization, interview of Mark Edmond Clark in CIAO, “Terrorism and organized crime”. Website: http://www.ciaonet.org/special_section/iraq/papers/clm10/clm10.html
The Center for Peace in the Balkans (06/2003), “Humanitarian bombing vs. Iraqi freedom”. Website: http://www.balkanpeace.org/index.php?index=/content/analysis/a14.incl
Global Policy Forum (2004), “Kosovo”. Website: http://www.globalpolicy.org/security//issues///ksvindx.htm
Gus Xhudo. (1996) “Men of Purpose: The Growth of Albanian Criminal Activity.” Transnational Organized Crime. 2(1). Spring: 1-20
Website of Xavier Raufer: http://www.xavier-raufer.com/
Wikipedia (2007), “Albanian Mafia”. Website: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albanian_mafia
USA Department of State (2006), Trafficking in person’s reports”. Website: http://www.state.gov/g/tip/
Albanian-Canadian organization (2006), “Dateline of Albanian history”. Website: http://www.albanian.ca/datehistory.htm
Serbianna News Agency (19/04/2005), By M. Bozinovich, “Al-Qaeda in Kosovo”. Website: http://www.serbianna.com/columns/mb/035.shtml
Interpol official publication (2006), “Heroin production”, Website: http://www.interpol.int/Public/Drugs/heroin/default.asp
Italian Parliament Publications (29/03/2006), Report by Senator Alberto Maritati, “Organized crime in the Balkans with a reference to Albania”. Website:
Open Democracy Foundation (16/08/2006), By Ilija Trojanow, “Bulgaria: The Mafia’s dance to Europe”. Website: http://www.opendemocracy.net/democracy-europefuture/bulgaria_3825.jsp
Information acquired through various reliable journalistic sources in Bulgaria
Robert Schumann Foundation (17/10/2006), By Corrine Deloy, “Presidential election in Bulgaria”. Website: http://www.robert-schuman.org/anglais/oee/bulgarie/presidentielle/default2.htm
Xenakis Sappho, “International Norm Diffusion and Organised Crime Policy: The Case of Greece”, Global Crime, Volume 6, Issue 3 & 4 August 2004 , pages 345 – 373, London.
Business Week Journal (20/06/2005), BY Alkman Granitsas, “Digging for gold in the Balkans”. Website: http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/05_25/b3938161_mz035.htm
Chaos Maker: Bernard-Henry Levy video in Panjshir and the chaos making in the Middle East
First: The Israeli-French intelligence maneuver deliberately displaying the video of the French-Israeli Jewish chaos maker “Bernard-Henry Levy” globally to form a “resistance front against the Taliban in the Afghan province of Panjshir” to distract the attention of the whole world and the Taliban leaders themselves about “the real location-based of the Israeli intelligence presence in Afghanistan and on its borders in “Bhutan and Azerbaijan”
Second: My deep analysis for the first time globally of the relationship between the French-Israeli “Chaos Maker” video “Bernard-Henry Levy” in the “Afghan Province of Panjshir”, and the chaos making in the Middle East, the countries of the Arab Spring revolutions, and the role of Israel and the West
The Egyptian researcher viewed, with great academic and analytical interest, during mid-August 2021, a leaked video of the French-Israeli Jewish writer, known internationally as the “mysterious person”, whose name is “Bernard-Henry Lévy”.
And he publicly circulated it, and “Bernard Henry Levy” deliberately published it on his page publicly about his meeting with the people of the “anti-Taliban state of Panjshir” and a number of armed militia loyal to it led by “Ahmed Shah Massoud” to incite against the Taliban movement and its affiliates, the Egyptian researcher went in (an intellectual and analytical trend completely different from that of the entire Arab and Islamic world), by not believing the truth, purpose and real purpose of the content of this deliberately circulated and leaked video, as believed by millions around the world – including the leaders of the Taliban movement themselves who rushed to get rid of the insurgents in the anti-Panjshir state to them – especially all the Islamic peoples who hurled insults at “Bernard Henry Levy” as the Egyptian researcher saw and smiled strongly for this huge amount of insults in the “wrong direction”, because I have realized with my understanding of the Israeli and Western intelligence mentality, that:
“Deliberately displaying something intended to display a specific mental image, and trying to install it publicly and globally, while it is intended to be something completely other than the content issued to us”
And this analysis applies to me completely to the video of “Bernard Henry Levy” as “deliberately exporting an intelligence image in one direction to distract attention, while what is meant is something else entirely”. So, the Egyptian researcher has viewed and analyzed the situation, as follows:
First: The Israeli-French intelligence maneuver deliberately displaying the video of the French-Israeli Jewish chaos maker “Bernard-Henry Levy” globally to form a “resistance front against the Taliban in the Afghan province of Panjshir” to distract the attention of the whole world and the Taliban leaders themselves about “the real location-based of the Israeli intelligence presence in Afghanistan and on its borders in “Bhutan and Azerbaijan”
On the other hand, the Egyptian researcher closely follows the Israeli intelligence and military sites, such as: “Breaking Defense Hebrew and Debka” sites, to explain, understand and analyze (how and the mechanism of the response and the Israeli presence in Afghanistan and on its borders, for fear of the extensions of the Taliban armed militias to the Israeli borders), thus threatening the security of Israel itself.
– Accordingly, the Egyptian researcher stopped at a number of possible Israeli military and intelligence sites precisely on the borders of Afghanistan or even inside it, in coordination with Turkey, mainly, according to the assurances of the Israeli military generals themselves on the Israeli military and intelligence sites, so the serious and first global analysis of the Egyptian researcher came in this framework, by presenting and analyzing future scenarios and the following strategic Israeli tactical and intelligence plans:
The Egyptian researcher found an agreed statement within the Israeli intelligence and military services, regarding:
“The need for Israel to monitor the movements of armed militias loyal to the Taliban through its Turkish ally, and through joint security coordination between Israel and Turkey, as well as through the Israeli presence itself on the regional borders directly adjacent to Afghanistan”
Therefore, the spread of leaks about (the Israeli intelligence presence in a military base in the state of Azerbaijan on the borders of Afghanistan to monitor the movements of both the Taliban armed militias, and to monitor the Iranian movements themselves), this confirms the previous analysis of the Egyptian researcher on (the connection of the Israeli presence inAfghanistan and its relationship with Bhutan and Azerbaijan states to monitor developments and the situations in Afghanistan for the benefit of Israel and its allies in Central Asia and India).
This applies to the academic analysis of the Egyptian researcher about that (the Iranian and international emphasis is primarily on the discovery of the locations of two Israeli bases on the territory of the state of Azerbaijan near the capital Baku” in mid-October 2021, to monitor the movements of the Taliban movement in Afghanistan, and to monitor the presence of the Iranian army and its extensions), and therefore, this confirms and also applies to the situation and the Israeli presence in the “State of Bhutan” and its borders and heights, which are very close to the Afghan heights and mountain ranges, making it easier for those Israeli military sites, as well as those Israeli intelligence moves, to take the necessary measures and means to destroy the Iranian army and its collaborators from the Taliban leaders fully upon any suspicious or planned move against Israeli, American, or even Indian goals or interests, as a primarily ally to Washington and Tel Aviv, according to the permanent and continuous Israeli assurances of that.
As these (Israeli military bases in the state of Azerbaijan after their unveiling immediately in October 2021), according to pro-Iranian websites, became within the range of (the Iranian Fajr Khamsa missile system), which is able to carry out the task very easily to strike those Israeli military bases in the Azerbaijani capital “Baku”. And this (confirms that idea, with the Israeli presence on the regional borders adjacent to Afghanistan and Iran to monitor the situation and the Iranian-Afghan movements and its militias), and from here, the logic also applies to “the Israeli intelligence presence in the state of Bhutan and its regional highlands immediately adjacent to Afghanistan, India and China, and to expose the region”.
Perhaps as a result of this Iranian accuracy in revealing those Israeli military sites in “Azerbaijan”, which (the United States of America was forced to warn Israel directly against doing or committing any reckless or hostile act or making any attempt to target Afghanistan or those Iranian missile capabilities on the one hand Azerbaijan), and all the leaks came from the assertion of the United States of America to its Israeli ally, that:
“Israel’s targeting of these Iranian missiles or any other targets inside Afghanistan through these Israeli military bases in the Azerbaijani capital, Baku, will burn Tel Aviv”
This caused (international intelligence disclosure of those “Israeli military bases in Azerbaijan” to Washington itself, which led to the American request for the Israeli side to withdraw them), with the American assurance directed to Israel, about:
“The Israeli need not to prejudice these Iranian missile capabilities through the Israeli military bases in Azerbaijan, and not to link them to the Iranian nuclear file, while calling and warning Israel to reduce its military presence or even withdraw its forces from Azerbaijan”
Returning to the Israeli scheme in the state of Azerbaijan, it was “targeting to harass Iran through the attacks as it was planning, and also trying to provoke Iran to respond to the Israeli bombing in the event that it occurs”, with Iran responding by bombing the two Israeli military bases, which are close to the Azeri capital, “Baku”, and that perhaps (an Israeli desire to embarrass Turkey as an ally of the Azerbaijan state), and it is close to the political decision-making centers in Azerbaijan, and therefore (Israel is forcing the Turkish side to intervene to defend Azerbaijan, as an Israeli intelligence and strategic plan from the Israelis point of view, which will lead to a strong conflict between Iran and Turkey due to situation in Azerbaijan).
But,Turkey has realized the serious consequences that it will have in the event of intervention in Azerbaijan in favor of any party according to the Israeli tactical plan, and at the same time, Turkey does not want the “presence of another competitor or partner such as Israel or even Iran that may share its alliance and control to some extent over the state of Azerbaijan”. Therefore, the United States of America proceeded to warn and warn Israel not to proceed with its endeavors, which (which will mainly return to Israel and from it by targeting it from several Turkish, Iranian and other Asian parties, all of which will negatively return only to the Hebrew state in Tel Aviv and not others), according to the assurances of the US military for military leaders in Israel.
Based on those Israeli intelligence and military movements in “Azerbaijan”, which the Egyptian researcher also linked to the idea and philosophy of the Israeli intelligence presence in the “State of Bhutan” directly on the borders of Afghanistan by signing a peace agreement with it, the most dangerous international analysis of the Egyptian researcher relates to the same Israeli idea Presented in Azerbaijan, and related to Israel’s policy of “deliberately diverting attention about the places and the reality of its real locations”, so, “Israel may deliberately leak a video of the Israeli presence in the Afghan state of Panjshir, which is basically anti-Taliban rule and opposition to it, through the French-Israeli Jewish chaos maker, whose name is “Bernard Henry Levy”, as an Israeli attempt to make the “Afghan province of Panjshir itself a strategic target for the Taliban leaders to delude them of their success in striking the presence of Israel and its allies in the Afghan province of Panjshir that opposes the rule of the Taliban”.
The Egyptian researcher reached this dangerous analysis, the first of its kind in the world, due to her strong understanding of the viewpoint and method of work of “Israeli and Western intelligence in general”, that what they present to us and issue to our peoples of a “certain mental image” is not the truth that is intended to be reached, but is intended to access to something else entirely through it.
Hence, I personally went to follow (the pages of social networking sites and the private Twitter site of the French-Israeli “Bernard Henry Levy”) and to send a public message commenting on the video of “Bernard” referred to, requesting an academic and research interview with him publicly in a post that the Egyptian researcher publicly published on the Twitter social network that has been read by the whole world for my commenting on Bernard Henry Levy’s meeting with the leaders of the “Afghan Province of Panjshir and its armed militias to support them against the Taliban”, of course, I did not miss reading the number of insults on the video of Bernard Henry Levy’s meeting with the people of the Afghan province of Panjshir, which were issued mainly from Islamic nationalities, the majority of which are Arab. And linking all parties, poles, and analyzes to each other, I reached very easily that these insults are what Bernard Henry Levy and those behind him mean, and they are assured of the success of their plan to “distract attention”. And what confirms the validity of an analytical result completely, is (the fall of the Afghan state of Panjshir very easily in the hands of the leaders and militias of the Taliban movement, with absolute ease, after deliberately “Bernard Levy” and those behind him deliberately publish this video so that the leaders of the Taliban movement and the world can watch it).
The tangible evidence of the correctness of my analysis in this regard was my complete knowledge of “how fragile of the Afghan province of Panjshir”, despite it being against the Taliban thought, therefore, I expected its complete fall with absolute ease in the hands of the “Taliban militias”. This is of course what happened, and what he meant Bernard Henry Levy, who leaked a video of his meeting with the people of the “Afghan province of Panjshir” for their support against the armed Taliban militias, and in the full and complete truth, which “Bernard Henry Levy”, knows, that:
“He completely wants to distract the leaders of the armed Taliban movement around the real presence of the Israeli intelligence in the heart of the Afghan province of Panjshir. Therefore, the drawn intelligence plan is to expedite the leaders of the Taliban movement to get rid of the armed militias in the Afghan province of Panjshir, seize that state and tighten the Taliban grip on it”
Which can be analyzed in my opinion, that Israel intended to publish this video referred to in the “Afghan Province of Panjshir”, as an intelligence plan, aimed at:
“A delusional perception by the Taliban leaders, who believed that storming and controlling Panjshir province, misses the opportunity for Israel and its security allies to penetrate Afghan territory through the Afghan province of Panjshir and its armed militias that are basically opposed to the Taliban movement and its ideology”
The truth is exactly the opposite of the above. Giving the Taliban leaders the opportunity to achieve “a fictitious victory over Israel and the Western intelligence loyal to it”, which is the required success or the bait that the Taliban leaders swallowed with absolute ease, and even hurried to seize the Afghan province of Panjshir as soon as they deliberately published this video for “Bernard Henry Levy” in his meeting with the people of the Afghan province of “Panjshir” for their support in their “legitimate demand to stand firmly against the Taliban and its militias”.
Hence, the Egyptian researcher was assured of the soundness of her important and complete analysis, that the publication of the video of the internationally known Jewish chaos maker, “Bernard Henry Levy” in the heart of the Afghan province of Panjshir, is nothing, but:
“Deliberately exporting an intelligence image in one direction to distract attention, while the intention is something else entirely”
Also, as the Egyptian researcher tried in another way to track and understand the activity and mechanism work of “Bernard Henry Levy” in general around the world, the Egyptian researcher understood that his main places of existence are “areas of chaos and turmoil constantly, including all countries of the Arab Spring revolutions”, such as: (Syria, Libya Egypt, Tunisia, South Sudan, the Kurdish regions), and others, and perhaps this is the real reason for calling him globally by the title of “chaos maker”, with his constant presence in places of unrest and revolutions or demands for secession, and his constant encouragement to secession or revolutionaries and rebels wherever he goes to it around the world, especially the countries of the Arab world and the Middle East.
From here, I can analyze the “deliberate leakage of the video of the chaos maker “Bernard Henry Levy” through him personally via Twitter, despite (he knew in advance that he endangered the safety of the people of “Panjshir State” as soon as he deliberately published and broadcast this video, and this was so clear and doesn’t need a discussion, which caused them severe harm from the leaders and militias of the Taliban movement after storming the state of Panjshir after “Bernard Henry Levy” deliberately published this video on his page on the “Twitter”), which reinforces the main hypothesis of the Egyptian researcher, that what happened by “Bernard Levy” towards the people of Panjshir province against the Taliban, it is “a clear moral betrayal in the first place for the sons of “Panjshir”, and then actually causing them to be targeted by the Taliban’s incursion into the state, and then to confuse – which is the most important thing – about another goal nearby in which Israel is present near Afghanistan”.
And what I analyzed in this regard, that the intentional leakage of this video by its owner in the first place, enhances that “intelligence mental image” that Israel and other intelligence agencies cooperating with it wanted to communicate to the peoples of the Islamic world in the first place and its intelligence systems and even the leaders of the Taliban movement on their head, by showing a video The French-Israeli Jewish chaos maker “Bernard-Henri Levy” in Afghanistan and his meetings with the leaders of “Panjshir Province” against the “Taliban movement” and its affiliates, not with the aim of sympathizing with them or supporting them, but with the aim of defaming them, and handing them over to the leaders and militias of the Taliban movement, and this is another problem that has not been addressed Before about “the possibility of sacrificing those who share their goals in order to achieve a greater goal”, and this is precisely what was done with the intention of deliberately leaking the video, although I reserve the word “leak”, because it was deliberately published and not leaked as circulated by a number of Arab websites and Islamic countries.
Hence, my analysis, which I concluded as follows, is that the leak of the video referred to by “Bernard Henry Levy” personally through social networking sites and the “Twitter” site, and even “left the whole world preoccupied with the leaked video of its owner mainly in public and not a secret leak without his knowledge, reinforces the hypothesis of the Egyptian researcher”, which the Egyptian researcher analyzed in depth, that:
“leaking deliberately this video is nothing, but an Israeli intelligence maneuver with a French and perhaps American partnership, and perhaps with the participation of a number of international intelligence services cooperating with them in order to draw the attention and attention of the whole world to the location of the real presence of the Israeli intelligence and all the intelligence services cooperating with Tel Aviv, “Bernard Levy Henry” personally leaked this video, contrary to the truth for what it is intended for reaching”
Additionally, when the Egyptian researcher entered the social networking sites of “Bernard Henry Levy” to try to understand or read any comment from him or comment about the publication of this video and the timing of its leakage in the first place or such matters, but I found that it is not a leaked video as we arrived in the Arab world and in the region, but I found that “Barnard” himself was the one who deliberately put it and presented it globally on his Twitter page in the first place, so I have written a public message on Bernard’s Twitter page, commenting on the video of Afghanistan and his meetings with the people of the Afghan state of Panjshir, in which I asked to meet him to do an academic analysis I researched with him about this video, but my request was rejected and ignored to analyze the video academically, research and analytically. Therefore, from here we fully understand the following analysis:
“It is absolutely inconceivable that a video of the intelligence of Israel, France, and perhaps India as their ally, as well as other intelligence services cooperating with them, and sacrificing their interest with the utmost ease, which proves my analytical view that the “video of the French Jewish chaos maker” Bernard-Henri Levy”, is nothing but a kind of distraction about that Israeli-French intelligence maneuver by deliberately showing the video of the French-Israeli Jewish chaos maker “Bernard-Henry Levy” globally to form a “resistance front against the Taliban in the Afghan province of Panjshir” to distract the attention of the whole world about “the truth and location of the Israeli intelligence presence in Afghanistan and on its borders, and all the intelligence agencies cooperating with it”.
After all those events that accompanied the presentation of this aforementioned video, the Egyptian researcher continued to follow the method and mechanism of work of “Bernard-Henry Levy” during his previous work for a long time, whether as “an official military correspondent for France in Afghanistan”, based on a personal choice of his friend, the French President. The former Sarkozy, or the analysis of other visits to him in this way in the “State of Panjshir” in many and multiple countries that witnessed turmoil or severe crises or demands for secession and division, and others, I was amazed at what I witnessed and analyzed from the amount and volume of information circulated about “Bernard” and the most important thing to me now It became (attempting to understand the meaning, purpose, or purpose of “Bernard Henry Levy” deliberately publishing those many videos in different parts of the world, which he personally involved in those countries for sitting among their revolutionaries, or carrying a weapon openly with their armed militias, as in cases of separation and division that He supported it, such as South Sudan, or for his permanent support for secession demands, as in the Libyan and Kurdish cases), emphasizing his intention to publish all his videos and pictures publicly through his social networking pages and wearing circulating leaks, as is rumored in the Arab world. and the Islamic, which is something that is worth stopping at analytically and in research to try to understand:
“The nature of the role or work that Bernard Levy is doing, and in whose interest, and even who is behind it in the first place?”
Perhaps for all these facts that I mentioned, the nickname “Bernard” among the French and the world has become a “chaos maker” or a “mysterious figure”, and the big question about him, especially with his nickname circulating among the French, that he is the “inspirer of former French President Sarkozy”, his data bank and his close advisor. We find that despite the intertwining of all these data about Bernard, as I mentioned, in his relationship with Afghanistan and the countries of the “Arab Spring revolutions” and others, which some of us in the region may not understand, given the difficulty of being familiar with that Asian region to a great extent.
Therefore, the Egyptian researcher was able to link all these data, interactions and previous scenarios together, which are matters that linked them and the Egyptian researcher stopped at them a lot, given (the announcement of Israel in December 2020, signing an agreement to establish diplomatic relations with the state of Bhutan), as a small and remote kingdom in the Himalayas south of the Himalayas, in the middle of the line of Asia, specifically between India and China, and this coincided with the Egyptian researcher’s attempt to analyze this and link it to the Israeli presence in the state of Azerbaijan on the borders of Afghanistan and Iran together to monitor their movements and detect it in mid-October 2021 through mainly Iranian leaks, and also according to my situation and assumption from the beginning is basically a different perception related to the location of the Israeli intelligence presence in Afghanistan, completely away from the “Afghan state of Panjshir”, according to the Israeli promotion through “Bernard Henry Levy” video and the regional relations between China and India, but rather the withdrawal of this on “political normalization with the UAE and the countries of the Middle East”, as I have analyzed earlier, through the “employment mechanism for the political and psychological value of the “happiness index” pursued and adopted by the state of Bhutan since its establishment and inception, and its promotion and dissemination in the Emirates before the start of the stage of signing a peace agreement with it”. This may be withdrawn later through several countries in the region, with which Israel plans to start political normalization.
Second: My deep analysis for the first time globally of the relationship between the French-Israeli “Chaos Maker” video “Bernard-Henry Levy” in the “Afghan Province of Panjshir”, and making the chaos in the Middle East, Arab Spring countries revolutions, and the role of Israel and the West towards them
When the Egyptian researcher tried to follow and understand the activity and mechanism of work of “Bernard Henry Levy” in general around the world, the Egyptian researcher understood that “Bernard Levy” is a Jew of religion, and has strong relations with Tel Aviv. In Afghanistan and the world, and what caught the Egyptian researcher’s attention to him are those old photos that he himself published, which were taken of him more than a year ago, to form a “resistance front against the Taliban”, made up of “the militias of the Afghan province of Panjshir led by “Ahmed Shah Massoud”, Knowing that “Panjshir Province”, asit was (the only state that was not subject to the Taliban movement), but once the video of “Bernard Henry Levy” was leaked, the Egyptian researcher analyzed for the first time globally the relationship between the video of “Bernard Henry Levy” in the Afghan state of Panjshir, and linking it to the relations of Israel and the West in general with the Middle East and the countries of the Arab Spring revolutions, as follows:
The validity of the Egyptian researcher’s analysis and her attempt to prove her previous theory may come from the angle of (Israel’s attempt to play to swallow the Taliban leaders for the bait or the trap set for them by going to the anti-Afghan province of “Panjshir” and controlling it, in the belief of the Taliban leaders and the Islamic world, that Israel is playing there in the “Afghan Province of Panjshir” while the truth is completely different and the evidence that proves the correctness of my hypothesis and my referred theory, is that within a few weeks of the referred publication video by “Bernard Henry Levy” in the “Panjshir State” that has been stormed by Taliban militias, and they were completely controlled and the movement of the Afghan province was paralyzed in favor of the Taliban leaders, and this was exactly what was required, by following the “game of delusion or projection or making political illusion” or “installing and fabricating content” and then displaying it in public to distract attention from the real goal of what is happening in Afghan mandate by Israeli and Western intelligence.
We find that “Bernard Henry Levy” may have succeeded in one way or another in his mission completely after everyone in Afghanistan started talking about “the mysterious political role in Afghanistan and other places of turmoil in the Arab and Islamic world in the first place” by the French “Bernard Henry Levy”, known for his constantly presence in “chaos areas” around the world, through his movements and stances, which raise many question marks.
On the other hand, reviewing the reasons for the fear of any moves made by “Bernard” is also reinforced by looking at his various precedents in the same context. For example, we find that “Bernard-Henri Levy” was one of the most prominent French-Israeli thinkers who relentlessly criticized the “socialist ideas, Communism and nationalism”, and he considered them moral evils, and this is what he expressed in his book, which bore the title of (Barbarism with a Human Face), published in 1977, and then his other book (God’s Will).
It was also known that “Bernard Henry Levy” employed what he inherited from his Jewish father of Algerian origin in encouraging all “Israeli expansionist projects”, which was what the Egyptian researcher observed in the leadership of “Bernard Henry Levy” and his leadership of a group of fanatical Jews in order to establish (philosophical Institute of Levy, located in Jerusalem, Israel), and Bernard Levy is one of the most affected by ideas hostile to the Islamic faith, such as his view that “the veil is an invitation to rape”, and Bernard Levy Henry believes that (the extremist Islamic movements were not a product of Western anti-Islam behaviors. Rather, from Bernard Levy Henry’s point of view, it is deep and rooted in the Islamic faith that calls for violence, and it is one of the most serious dangers threatening the West, such as fascism threatened it in the recent past), besides his other statement:
“Military and political interference in the affairs of the Arab and Islamic world is not considered an imperialist violation. Rather, it is a legitimate right of the civilized West and a sacred duty that must be carried out quickly and without hesitation. His goals are all centered on dismantling Arab and Islamic entities, and seeking to fragment them. And scatter it, destabilize its security and tamper with its stability, so that it does not have a list!”
Here, the Egyptian researcher found that the French philosopher (Michel Onfray) was the first to criticize the positions of “Bernard Levy“, and he explicitly saw in him the description of (a philosopher complicit with suspicious world plans), and he considered him (an igniter of fire, a merchant of wars). Theprominent French philosophers, such as: “Prof.Gilles Deleuze”, his professors “Jacques Derrida and the historian Pierre Vidal Naquet”, called him a “cultural deception”, as the philosopher Cornelius Castoriadis called him “the empty prince and the criminal opportunist”.
The most prominent (areas of chaos) in which the responsibility of “Bernard Henry Levy” was announced as a chaos maker in the countries of the Arab Spring revolutions in the Middle East and the region, as follows:
When “Bernard Henry Levy” visited Libya in 2011 and demanded that “NATO intervene in the Libyan conflict and division”, and the strangest thing for the Egyptian researcher is that Bernard Levy personally lowered the green flag adopted by Libya in response to the 1977 Camp David agreements, related to the Israeli peace agreement with Egypt. Bernard Levy raised the old Libyan royal flag, which was in effect in the fifties and sixties, before the late Libyan president, Colonel “Muammar Al-Qathafi”, overthrew the Libyan monarchy, overthrew the rule of the former Libyan king “Idris Al-Senussi” and put in place a “ready-made partition map of Libya”. Bernard-Henry Levy also attended the meetings of the “delegations of the Libyan Transitional Council with former French President “Sarkozy” with a number of French officials, and “Bernard-Henry Levy” was active in arranging (the intervention of NATO forces in Libya). He conveyed a message from one of the leaders of the Libyan movement to the former Israeli Prime Minister “Benjamin Netanyahu” and conveyed to him again his response to it.
Bernard Henry Levy was also present in the “Kurdistan Region of Iraq”, and his adoption and encouragement of the idea of a referendum on the independence of the Kurdistan Region from Iraq.
Also, the strange presence of the mysterious French Jew “Bernard Henry Levy” in Sudan, and “Bernard Levy” was one of the fiercest advocates of international intervention in the “Darfur of North Sudan”.
Bernard Levy’s permanent encouragement for (the secession of southern Sudan from the north), and his encouragement of the plan for “the armed conflict of southern Sudan and the division and fragmentation of Sudan into several parts”. Here we find Bernard Henry Levy’s video interviews published with the (armed militias of Sudan) to encourage them to secede from the north and form a separate and independent government and region in “South Sudan” to secede to break up Sudan.
The same thing has been repeated in (Syria), with Bernard Henry Levy inciting the West to intervene in the Syrian interior, during which Bernard Levy called to support the Syrian revolutionaries to overthrow the regime of “Bashar Al-Assad”, and his actual meeting with the armed militias working against “Bashar Al-Assad”.
Here, we also notice Bernard-Henry Levy’s exploitation of the so-called “Arab Spring” revolutions, with his public appearances in front of the lenses of photographers and his daily field participation in the demonstrations that swept the “streets of Tunisia” before the fall of the late Tunisian President “Zine El Abidine Ben Ali”.
The most dangerous thing for the Egyptian researcher, as she is an Egyptian identity, is the mysterious, sudden, and even recurring appearance of the French “Bernard Henry Levy” in the heart of “Tahrir Square in the center of Cairo during the period of the Egyptian revolution of January 25, 2011”, and the strangest thing is that “Bernard Levy” distributed Food on the Egyptian protesters and revolutionaries in the heart of the “Egyptian Tahrir Square in central Cairo”, without anyone recognizing it in the famous Egyptian Square that witnessed the Egyptian revolutions on (January 25, 2011 or June 30, 2013).
Through the previous presentation of tracking and understanding the activity and mechanism of work of “Bernard Henry Levy” in general around the world, the Egyptian researcher understood that the “intelligence mental image” that is intended to be communicated to us by displaying public videos and pictures of Bernard Levy, and then deluding us every time that it is Leaked photos or videos, without his knowledge, that the primary role of Bernard’s policy may have been part of “Israeli or Western intelligence maneuvers, all of which drew the attention and attention of the whole world to a certain point in order to plant an idea about something in another direction far from the destination of what is being circulated”. This is what happened with us in the Afghan case, and I analyzed it very carefully, as I mentioned.
Israel-Bhutan peace agreement and its affect on China’s influence
First: The relationship between (political normalization agreements between Israel and the Emirates and the State of Bhutan or the Kingdom of Happiness) between India and China with the UAE appointment of a “Minister of Emirati Happiness”
Second: Is Israel’s extensive study of the importance, danger and location of (the State of Bhutan or the Kingdom of Happiness) directly between India and China, the only motive for signing a peace agreement with it?, and then persuading the UAE side to bring the idea of “the Minister of Happiness from the State of Bhutan to the Emirates and then later to the countries of the region”?, I am calling it, as: “The theory of Israel’s employment of political psychology functionally” in the Emirates and the region
Third: An analysis of (the content of the Israeli Foreign Ministry’s statement to establish a peace agreement with the State of Bhutan) to balance relations between the Indian and Chinese sides in favor of Washington, and its relationship to political normalization and Israeli peace agreements in the Arab Gulf and the Middle East
Fourth: An analysis of the geographical, regional maps and border areas surrounding the state of Bhutan in practice, and an analysis of the danger of its location for Israel to play a role on (the borders facing Afghanistan) to monitor the movements of the Taliban movement, and in (the dividing line between India and China) to reveal the most important movements of China on its borders in China’s Tibet Province for the United States of America
Fifth: Analyzing the dangerous relationship between Israel’s signing of the peace agreement and political normalization with the small Buddhist state of “Bhutan” directly adjacent to the Chinese territory of Tibet in December 2020, and (Washington’s appointment only two months prior to the US special coordinator for human rights in the Chinese Buddhist region of Tibet in October 2020)
Since Israel signed full diplomatic relations with the state of “Bhutan” between India and China on Saturday, December 12, 2020, it has called it – according to the Israeli Foreign Ministry statement published on their official website – “political normalization” – in the presence of the Israeli ambassador to India “Ron Malka” with his Bhutanese counterpart ambassador in India, “Fitsub Nagimil”, in a ceremony during which the (the alliance between the Israeli and Bhutan sides was confirmed with Indian mediation), to become the “54th country in the history of Bhutanese relations with the world”, with the Israeli side confirming that “there have been secret negotiations for many years between Israel and a state Bhutan to persuade it to sign an agreement to establish peace and political normalization with Israel”. This is in view of (the policy of the isolationist state of Bhutan of its wn will since its inception and its distance from the idea of conflict, polarization and competition between regional and international powers, and its adoption of the policy of national happiness for its people and its internationally limited relations). Hence, we understand that Bhutan does not have diplomatic relations with China, nor with the United States of America itself.
The Egyptian researcher was very surprised by the lack of interest of the Arab side in the event, despite its researching, academic and analytical importance to me for a long time, due to my realization of its significance and its danger to the the Asian region and the Middle East security itself and their balances, so, I have profoundly analyzed the following information and inquiries, regarding:
The reasons for the United States of America appointing a prominent official for the human rights file in the Chinese Buddhist region of Tibet directly facing the state of “Bhutan” in October 2020, just two months before the signing of the peace and political normalization agreement between Israel and Bhutan in December 2020? As a result of a special strategic security arrangement between Israel and the United States of America, then what is its relationship with Afghanistan, and with the discovery of a spy network, a modern Israeli spy cell, and military bases for Israel in the state of “Azerbaijan” in Central Asia, at the closest border between it and Afghanistan, to spy on the activity of the “Taliban” movement and its armed militias and to monitor Iran, then what does all this have to do with Israeli political normalization with the countries of the Arab Gulf and the Middle East, especially the United Arab Emirates?
And that as you will understand from this long analysis, which took me a long time and extended to several whole months, in order to try to read, understand and analyze the entire scene, and research and analyze all its dimensions and fringes, and then – the Egyptian researcher has been in-depth reading of the geographical, regional and border maps – surrounding the state of “Bhutan” to understand (the reasons for Determining and choosing the Israeli side of the “State of Bhutan” specifically to sign a peace agreement despite its very small size, its small population of no more than 750,000 people, and its small influence), in view of my in-depth study of that Asian region, and the study of its relationship with China – as a precise focus of my academic specialization in Chinese political affairs – and even linking Israel’s modern diplomatic relationship with the State of Bhutan, for a deeper future analysis in my research related to studying the impact of the relationship between Israel’s signing of the peace agreement with (the State of Bhutan) between India and China on (Taliban) in Afghanistan and its relationship with the discovery of two Israeli military bases in the State of Azerbaijan to monitor Iran’s movements and its activitie, additionally of the armed Taliban movement in Afghanistan, and the impact of this on the Chinese role and influence in confronting the state of India, and then the impact of all these data and interactions related to the Taliban. Finally, afterwards, the researcher was trying to analyze the impacts of Israeli-Bhutanese peace agreement on “the future of political normalization in the Arab Gulf region and the Middle East, focusing on the UAE side in particular”.
Hence, the Egyptian researcher worked for a long time to analyze the issue of Israel’s signing of the peace agreement with (the State of Bhutan) between India and China through the Israeli embassy in the Indian capital “New Delhi” and with Indian mediation, then asking: (What is the relationship of the file of political normalization between Israel and Bhutan and the United States of America appointment of a prominent official on the file of “human rights” in the Chinese region of Tibet, which is directly opposite the state of Bhutan, and a dispute between Bhutan and China)?, and the reasons for that even though (the state of Bhutan) is very small, as you mentioned, which is also called internationally as “the kingdom or a state of Happiness”, which is based on (the happiness indicators scale, and the Gross National Product for happiness to measure the Bhutanese productivity), the state of “Bhutan” is the first country in the world to appoint a “Minister of Happiness“. But the serious question remains here, which is:
(Does the completely severed relations and the cessation of contacts between the “State of Bhutan” and the People’s Republic of China since 1959 due to the Buddhist minority in the “Tibetan region of China” supported by the Buddhist population and its Buddhist monks in “Bhutan” in the face of China have anything to do with the establishment of official Israeli diplomatic relations with the State of Bhutan Small, due to the difficulty of Chinese influence in the face of India as an ally of Israel and Washington in the region of South and Southeast Asia)?
For all these reasons, the Egyptian researcher began a new in-depth study of the map of that Asian region of the state of “Bhutan” and to identify its importance in relation to the “file of Israeli political normalization with the Gulf countries and the Middle East”, by tracing the following main headlines:
First: The relationship between (political normalization agreements between Israel and the Emirates and the State of Bhutan or the Kingdom of Happiness) between India and China with the appointment of the UAE as a “Minister of Emirati Happiness”
Although some were surprised by the depth of this new research and analytical idea globally, which the Egyptian researcher wounded for the first time, and which is not universally addressed by studying many influences from Asia to the Middle East and the United Arab Emirates, and linking it to the “political normalization agreements between Israel and the Emirates” and the UAE’s appointment of a Minister of Happiness, as a step For full official diplomatic relations with Israel, as an idea inspired primarily by the “State of Bhutan” between India and China, which is considered the first country in the world to care about happiness, and to set the indicator and the national product of happiness, and to make continuous measurements of the happiness and well-being of its citizens at all times. My analysis is based mainly on the following dimensions:
A serious question jumped in the mind of the Egyptian researcher, related to: “Was political normalization between Israel and the UAE planned before 2016, when the UAE announced the appointment of the Minister of Happiness as a newly created Emirati ministry that was established in the UAE on February 8, 2016?”. The most important tasks of the Minister of State for Happiness, which are: Harmonizing all the plans, programs and policies of the United Arab Emirates to achieve the happiness of society. The first Emirati minister to hold the position of Minister of Happiness is “Ohoud Khalfan Al Roumi”. And that previous idea directly was linked by the Egyptian researcher to the (political normalization agreements between Israel and the Emirates), and with the appointment of the UAE before it (Minister of Happiness) as an idea that was mainly studied and inspired and brought forth from the experience model of the “State of Bhutan” known globally as the “Kingdom of Happiness”, and Bhutan was keen to appoint a “Minister of Happiness” and policies based on the happiness index and scale, for decades, and the complete reliance of Bhutan on the national product of happiness and measurements of the happiness of its citizens, given that “Bhutan” was and still is the first country in the world to adopt the happiness index and scale to measure (the Gross National Product of happiness in Bhutan), And it adopted the designation of “official policies for happiness” in the previous long decades.
Hence, my research and academic understanding came in a deeper and more prolific way, related to answering a question that has always occupied me research and intellectually since the appointment of the UAE as its Minister of Happiness, and Israel worked out (political normalization agreements full diplomatic relations with the Emirates and Bhutan respectively, and the two countries’ attention at the same time itself with happiness on the political and national level), as a deep intellectual occasion for the Egyptian researcher to answer this question that raises her globally and intellectually, which no research or analytical study has previously addressed, namely:
“(The extent of the relationship between appointing a Minister of Happiness in the UAE with Bhutan, and most importantly, Israel’s relationship with exporting the idea of happiness to the Emiratis before signing the “peace agreement with the United Arab Emirates”, especially with the Israeli announcement of its quest for several years to sign an agreement for peace and political normalization with Bhutan, then recognition Israel that this was done with an Israeli desire and an Indian mediation between Bhutan and Israel)?”
Bearing in mind as I have mentioned that the country (Bhutan) is the first country in the world to adopt the (national happiness index to measure the gross national product), and it was the first to formulate the idea and policy of (gross national happiness) in 1971. The fourth king of the Kingdom of Bhutan, his name is “Jigme Singhai Wang chuck”, who stressed that “the total national happiness of Bhutan is more important than the gross domestic product”. This concept means that:
“Sustainable development should not be linked only to economic indicators of well-being as a measure of progress”
Since then, the concept of “gross national happiness” has influenced the entirety of Bhutan’s economically, socially, culturally, intellectually, touristic and planning policies, while also dominating the imagination of others outside its borders, prompting the United Nations and some countries and those interested to study the unique Bhutanese experience to learn from it.
The strange paradox of the Egyptian researcher is that Bhutan prevented the entry of television sets, the Internet, and telephones into the country until 1999, with the aim of (protecting traditional culture from external influences). The Bhutanese authorities have also imposed a pedestrian day every Thursday, with the aim of preventing traffic in cities and protecting humans and the environment. It derives its energy from its surroundings, including: (rivers, valleys, lakes and landscapes), so you find that Bhutan is a small country, and one of the cleanest countries in the world, and the number of cars in it does not exceed a car, all its streets are about 200 cars only, and it has countless waterfalls and rivers One of the strangest and rarest animals in the world lives in Bhutan, the takin animal, which is of the cow family, and the penalty for hunting it may reach the death penalty even for visiting foreigners.
What caught the Egyptian researcher with great interest, is “their link between the areas and priorities” indicators and measures of achieving happiness in the Emirati concept in a manner similar to the basis for the state of Bhutan, mainly represented in (nine areas for measuring the percentage of gross national happiness), which are, as follows:
Mental health, physical health, education, time use, cultural diversity, adaptability, good governance, community vitality, environmental diversity and adaptability, and standards of living
According to the “Gross National Happiness Index” in Bhutan, it was found that 42% of the population of Bhutan was “happy“, while 50% felt “almost happy“, and 8% of the people felt “completely happy“.
The Egyptian researcher also linked with interest the statements of UAE officials and officials in Bhutan about their common priorities for happiness, emphasizing the following:
That their country had developed a system for measuring progress, which was not only useful for policy making, but would also motivate the government, NGOs and the private sector to increase their “gross national happiness rate and ratios”.
In this context, Business Week magazine ranked Bhutan (as the happiest country in Asia, and the eighth happiest country in the world), citing a global survey conducted by (University of Leicester) in Britain, called (The World Happiness Map Survey).
Perhaps the Egyptian researcher presented this new and extensive idea in our Arab world and our region about happiness and the happiness index, then he linked it to the state of “Bhutan” in the first place, as the first country in the world that adopted and adopted those policies for measuring the welfare rates of its citizens, and so on, and to here, the matter has nothing to do with this problem or crisis, but my analysis came through (what is the connection between a common idea between the Emirates and Bhutan, which is happiness, and then its relationship later to Israel’s signing of peace agreements and political normalization with the two countries, especially after a period of the UAE’s announcement of appointing a “Minister of Happiness” in it, as an idea inspired mainly by the country of Bhutan). This is what made me, as a researcher and political analyst specialized in Chinese and Asian political affairs, look at the event from a different angle “politically, psychologically, psychologically, strategically and securityly”, meaning:
(The extent of the importance of psychological preparation for the Arab citizen and his feeling of happiness and his value and well-being in his country, before accepting the idea of peace or normalization with the Israeli side despite the Arab rejection of it, especially the Gulf in the first place).
I know in advance that (I am willing to propose a new global idea that has not been discussed or circulated and analyzed globally before, but the whole matter has stopped me, not with the aim of attacking or prejudice against the policies of one country or another because that did not really concern me when adopting and presenting this new analytical idea in the Arab world And globally), as much as it has occupied me as an Egyptian and Arab researcher specializing in Chinese and Asian political affairs for many years. On what I started, especially from specialists in “political psychology“, regarding:
(Is putting the happiness index and measure as a concept and a political position in the state an ideal prelude when concluding peace agreements between Arab parties and Israel)? Rather, it remains the most dangerous and most important, regarding: (the relationship between the common link between the Emirates and Bhutan, which is “happiness” and the agreements of political normalization, as the Israeli side is calling it or peace agreements, as it is called in the Gulf and the Middle East)?
Based on the previous analysis, this brings me to another comprehensive level of analysis and is clearer to me that the (Psychologists) and not politics or strategic experts and academics this time, because it is more related to their understanding and vision of the idea, and the extent of the depth of what I presented and their analysis of it from their research angle, which is:
(Is Israel’s choice of countries based on happiness indicators and with ministers of happiness, such as: Bhutan and the Emirates having a primarily maximum significance for Israel, politically and psychologically, in order to start normalization? Then, was the idea of appointing an emirati minister of happiness an Israeli idea primarily by its experts to export the happiness of the state of Bhutan to the UAE or adopt the same idea specifically as a “psychological prelude” to pave the way for the acceptance of Israel among the people of the region and the Gulf?)
Second: Is Israel’s extensive study of the importance, danger and location of (the State of Bhutan or the Kingdom of Happiness) between India and China directly, the only motive for signing a peace agreement with it, and then persuading the UAE side to bring the idea of “Minister of Happiness from the State of Bhutan to the Emirates and then later to the countries of the region”?, I am calling it the “theory of Israel’s employment of political psychology” functionally in the Emirates and the region
When the Egyptian researcher analyzes this new and profound point for the first time globally regarding the UAE’s import of the Minister of Happiness as an idea from the very small “state of Bhutan” between the borders of China and India, and its relationship to Israel’s signing of the peace agreement or normalization, according to the term that has been in circulation in the Arabs for many years, as an introductory introduction to the agreement Peace or normalization between the Israeli and Emirati sides. Hence, the Egyptian researcher understood this point, as follows:
On a personal level, this matter occupied my thinking as a political analyst on this issue from a different psychological angle, that the appointment of “a minister of happiness in the Emirates and then the signing by Israel, mediated by India, of a peace agreement with the state of Bhutan”, may have come as a deep psychological introduction and precedent to acceptance. Psychologically political normalization between the Emiratis and the Israelis, as a “new Israeli employment of what is known to me as a professor of political science for political psychology and its functional applications, happiness lies in its income and its gross national product”, but rather in its overall management of its internal and external conditions and when setting its policies, as I will explain.
This was withdrawn by the Egyptian researcher by analyzing another indicator that is more dangerous than the (political aspect), given that (the State of Bhutan) does not fully establish diplomatic relations with the State of China and has cut diplomatic relations with it until this moment since 1959, due to the sympathy of the State of Bhutan with the Chinese Buddhist majority located in (Tibet) and directly facing the border with the state of “Bhutan”, as well as the sympathy of (Bhutan Buddhist monks) with their views in the region of Tibet, and their support for the “Dalai Lama”, whom China considers in the rule of the rebels.
The (Bhutan State) also refuses to establish diplomatic relations with the United States of America and Russia, and, as we mentioned, it rejects absolutely any relations with China, because it desires to live in (happiness and harmony among its Bhutanese people), away from the conflicts of the surrounding regional powers and the competition of major powers. international, such as the United States of America. But on the other hand, Bhutan has very limited relations with a number of countries in the world, led by (the State of India), and here came the keenness of (Israel) as the Egyptian researcher followed for several years to appoint the Israeli ambassador to India as an ambassador (not residing in the State of Bhutan), and with the Arab side not being completely interested in looking at or thinking about (the State of Bhutan) in view of its very small size and low impact in its surroundings.
Hence, the Egyptian researcher has been preoccupied for several years, considering the importance and danger of the Bhutan site – for which she will single out a separate part – to ensure the Israeli influence and penetration on the two (Indian and Chinese fronts), and its relationship with Afghanistan and political normalization in the Middle East after that, and even remains the most dangerous for the researcher The Egyptian, and related (reasons for Israel’s establishment of relations with the very small state of Bhutan, which has severed its relations with China since 1959), due to the accusation of (the State of Bhutan) to China of violating the rights of the Tibetan minority in the Chinese territory of Tibet, which has intertwined with the Buddhist majority in the state of Bhutan, as I have explained.
On the other hand, the Egyptian researcher discussed a lot, and stopped to understand the importance of “Israel’s work for full diplomatic relations with the very small state of Bhutan, despite the presence of an Israeli ambassador who is not resident in Bhutan to the State of India”. It became clear to me that “the state of Bhutan has a great intelligence importance for the country”. For Israel, which I have studied well, given that it is located in a dangerous middle area between China and India, and Bhutan’s complete severing of diplomatic relations since the fifties with the State of China, gives it a great additional importance and advantage for the Israeli side, ally of India and Washington, by ensuring (the inability to influence the State of Israel). Bhutan was identified by China as a large country with influence in the region, and after the withdrawal of US forces from Afghanistan, it became clear to me – by referring to the geographical and border maps surrounding Bhutan – the extent (the danger, sensitivity and depth of Bhutan’s borders also with Afghanistan, and its intelligence importance for Israel), and that is considered, according to my analysis of the danger of this small Asian country, it is:
“An Israeli intelligence maneuver to get between all the competing and competing Asian fronts through “a very small country, no one in the Arab world and the Middle East is fully aware of its importance to Israel”
Hence, we understand from this analytical part (the extent of the danger and political sensitivity of Bhutan in relation to Israel), and that Israel did not choose it randomly to sign a peace agreement or political normalization, but when I dig deep and understand what I have reached by studying, research and deep analysis for a long time to try to understand the reasons for Israel’s choice of Bhutan in order to establish a comprehensive peace with it, and even the (Israeli side was not satisfied with the Israeli ambassador in India as a non-resident ambassador also for the small state of Bhutan, and Israel’s request India’s mediation with its friendly Bhutan to accept political normalization with it).
Hence, I think that perhaps my research and analytical approach to understanding the importance and danger of this event analytically in the previous way, may have prompted me to think differently about the matter, and then try to transfer it in this new form to the Arab region and Western intellectual and research centers – to adopt the idea and the possibility of studying it together given that it is a new idea to the academic analysis and community that has not been touched upon before – and this may be what may move me to another part of this analysis, to identify the geographical importance, borders and regional sensitivity of the neighboring and surrounding countries of Bhuta in a practical way, especially China, and its proximity to the “Indo-Pacific” region from the ocean side India, which are the countries of interest in the “new AUKUS defense agreement led by the United States of America with Australia and Britain to counter China’s security and maritime influence in Asia”.
Third: An analysis of (the content of the Israeli Foreign Ministry’s statement to establish a peace agreement with the State of Bhutan) to balance relations between the Indian and Chinese sides in favor of Washington, and its impact on political normalization and Israeli peace agreements in the Arab Gulf States and the Middle East
The most important thing that caught the attention of the Egyptian researcher about less than a year ago, specifically in December 2020, was what she read from a statement on the “Twitter website” of the Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs, in which it mentioned a text:
“Israel and the Kingdom of Bhutan have signed an agreement to establish full diplomatic relations between them, and this step represents an important development in the course of Israeli-Asian relations”
Accordingly, the Egyptian researcher tried to trace this important historical event for the Hebrew state, and analyze the content of the statements of Israeli military intelligence men, state officials and Israeli politicians, as follows:
The celebration of the Israeli media, including the website of the “Yedioth Ahronoth newspaper”, emphasized that:
“The Israeli-Bhutanese agreement was signed in the Indian capital, New Delhi, in the presence of the Israeli ambassador to India (Ron Malka) and the Bhutanese ambassador to India (Stop Namgyel)”
The former Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu welcomed this, saying:
“I welcome the establishment of diplomatic relations between Israel and Bhutan, which is another fruit of the peace agreements”
Here, we find that “Netanyahu” intentionally added, in a statement issued by his office, regarding the new relationship with Bhutan, to a sentence that stopped the researcher analytically, namely:
“We are in contact with other countries that want to establish diplomatic relations with us”
Perhaps what stopped the Egyptian researcher in this context is that – the Israeli newspapers tried to approach in a very simplified and brief way – and by the way, it was ambiguous to me, research and academic, to explaining the importance of the state of Bhutan as a small Buddhist kingdom, and that it is located on an area of 40 square kilometers at the eastern edge of the Himalayas on (the border with India and the Tibet Autonomous Region in China), its population does not exceed 750,000 people.
Also, when I read analytically the Jerusalem Post’s comment on the new peace agreement between Israel and Bhutan came, the “Hebrew newspaper’s ambiguous statement to me), said that:
“The Israeli agreement with Bhutan has nothing to do with the normalization agreements that were reached during the last four months with American mediation between Israel and four Arab countries, namely: (UAE, Bahrain, Sudan, Morocco)”
The matter increased a research and analytical ambiguity for me, with the assertion of the “Israeli Jerusalem Post” newspaper on:
“The insignificance of the state of Bhutan, and its isolation, and that it pursues a policy of isolation from the world”
Perhaps my interpretation was that it was an Israeli intelligence attempt, which the researcher interpreted as “an Israeli attempt to divert attention away from the importance and danger of the state of Bhutan”, which is what the statement of the Israeli “Jerusalem newspaper” explicitly stated:
“There is no enmity between Bhutan and Israel, but the former pursues an isolationist policy with the countries of the world, in order to avoid external influences”
The important matter remains for the Egyptian researcher, which it has omitted and avoided mentioning all the Israeli statements that (Bhutan cut diplomatic relations with China because of Bhutan’s accusations of China infiltrating the Buddhist-majority province of Tibet near Bhutan).
As the assertion of all the Hebrew newspapers was dull, general and ambiguous to me analytically, with a quick reference, that the state (Bhutan) generally only establishes official diplomatic relations with (only 53 countries) around the world, and this does not include the United States, Britain, France and Russia.
Also, according to my in-depth reading about (the possibility of establishing future relations between China and Bhutan), it became clear to me that this is impossible, according to the strict Buddhist traditions of Bhutan, which (rejects any relations that it may have with China), especially with the “increased warning” of Buddhist monks to China, and their accusation of China explicitly that it violated the rights of Buddhists, so the final decision of Bhutan was to close its border with Beijing after accusing them of China’s invasion of Tibet in 1959, and Bhutan’s view that “the Chinese province of Tibet is an inseparable part of the Buddhist state of Bhutan”.
Based on the Egyptian researcher’s presentation of simple excerpts from all these Israeli statements and statements, she fully understood, as I indicated during the previous points, the extent to which “all Israeli statements deliberately indicate or avoid mentioning a lot about the small state of Bhutan, and its importance as an important regional balance area between China and India”. Rather, all the statements of the Hebrew newspapers intended for an important matter that caught my attention analytically, which is all Israeli statements, including the official statement issued by the Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs itself and published deliberately on the famous “Twitter social networking site” to underestimate the importance of the state of Bhutan, and deliberately emphasize that it is a small country, additionally “it has deliberately concealed all the facts related to its relationship with China, and Bhutan’s close friendship with India, as an ally and closest partner to Israel and the United States of America in confronting China”.
Likewise, the Egyptian researcher noted with great interest the deliberate and omission of all these facts in Bhutan by Israeli statements (to not draw the attention of the world, especially the countries of the Middle East), despite my previous reading of statements related to prominent Israeli officials publicly published, in which they confirmed that “Israel deliberately establishes formal diplomatic relations and peace with countries that it deems of great importance to the interests of the Hebrew state”.
This confirms my previous analytical idea of the danger, location and importance of Bhutan for Israel, and the reasons why “the Israeli side is not satisfied with the Israeli ambassador in India, as a non-resident representative of the State of Israel in Bhutan, who is present as a full ambassador performing his duties in India”.
I also analytically stopped, as a last matter, in a way that should not be neglected, about: “Israeli statements and newspapers deliberately refer to Israel’s explicit request for mediation by India to help it make a peace agreement with the state of Bhutan”, and the Israelis deliberately mentioned the reasons for this, despite “the presence of more impimportant and influential neighbors to India from Bhutan itself”.
Finally, and based on my in-depth analysis of the content of Israeli speeches, statements and statements about the state of Bhutan, in my opinion and according to my understanding of the general scene according to Israel and its security and strategic relationship with India as an ally of Washington as well, that there is a link between what happened with regard to the location and importance of the state of Bhutan for China, as well as the great importance of Bhutan , given that it has not had any relations with China for many years. These are all matters (which were omitted by all the previously mentioned Israeli statements and statements), in a deliberate attempt that the Egyptian researcher read, according to her understanding, that (the state of Bhutan, perhaps is the main winning card for Israel in Asia, given that it is any Bhutan country also is the only country that has a relationship with a state the only one in the Middle East, which is Israel, for the time being).
Fourth: An analysis of the geographical, regional maps and border areas surrounding the state of Bhutan in practice, and an analysis of the danger of its location for Israel to play a role on (the borders facing Afghanistan) to monitor the movements of the Taliban movement, and in (the dividing line between India and China) to reveal the most important movements of China on its borders in China’s Tibet Province for the United States of America
Perhaps the Egyptian researcher has been preoccupied for a very long time, following the signing of the “peace agreement or political normalization between Israel and the State of Bhutan” in December 2020, with a thorough and objective reading of the danger and importance of the very small “Bhutan” state through “reading and analyzing the maps and the surrounding geographical and regional area, and the most important human and natural resources in Bhutan”, the researcher was very surprised given the remoteness of the entire Arab and Islamic world and its lack of awareness of the danger of this very small country, whose population does not exceed only 750,000 people, but its borders on that (the line directly between India and China and the presence of heights in it to reveal both From China and Afghanistan together), perhaps the most plausible reason for the Egyptian researcher, especially when (I brought political, geographical and natural maps to study the nature and analysis of the importance of the state of Bhutan, and gradually began a long time ago to study its importance and danger).
By studying the maps of the Bhutanese state, the Egyptian researcher realized that it was definitely not a coincidence, but rather to establish certain political and institutional arrangements, and most importantly security, which she deeply analyzed that “Israel’s request for mediation by India to help it make an agreement for political, strategic and economic rapprochement with the state of Bhutan was not a normal request with linking the official Israeli-Bhutanese peace statement to the term “political normalization” in the Israeli Foreign Ministry’s statement on the same pattern as the recent normalization or peace agreements with the Arab and Gulf sides, especially the UAE).
What caught my eye, as I analytically mentioned, and intellectually and researchly occupied me, is the adoption of the “UAE” as the first country in the whole region to set an indicator to measure and increase the awareness, proportions and equipment of well-being and happiness of the Emirati people (as is the case in the state of Bhutan), by designating the (Emirates Minister of Happiness) for the first time in its history and the whole region, and then Israel signed in December 2020 a statement of “political normalization” with Bhutan, mediated by India and an official Israeli request, despite its very small size and small population, as well as its different lifestyle, depending heavily on (indicators and measurements of Happiness and raising the level and awareness of happiness among the Bhutanese people, and primarily caring for the human being, his well-being, his rights, nature, water and the environment), and other such natural and environmental elements.
Therefore, the Egyptian researcher realized the importance and danger of the “State of Bhutan”, for Israel, and perhaps for its ally Washington, and of course, the state of “India”, an ally of Israel, in facilitating the process of political normalization with the Bhutanese side, due to the friendship between them, given the location of “Bhutan” on the highest mountainous region in the world, and it can both (China and Afghanistan) were revealed through its chain of heights very easily, and from here we can (by reading and analyzing Bhutanese maps, realize how dangerous the location of that very small country is in monitoring the movements of the Taliban in Afghanistan, and revealing the highest regions of China with ease), according to my reading to the indications of the sensitive areas surrounding the state of “Bhutan” by referring to the geographical and regional maps and the surrounding border area, as follows:
The state of “Bhutan” is the highest country in height above sea level, where the average height of the land in “Bhutan” is more than three kilometers above sea level, making it (the highest in the world), followed by the country of “Nepal“, in which the summit is located Mount Everest.
The sensitive location of Bhutan, as it is bordered by China from two directions for (north and east), and India is bordered by (south and west).
Here, we find that the highlands of the state of “Bhutan” can detect China very easily, given that the heights of “Bhutan” directly face the heights of the “Tibet Plateau as the highest region in China”, with an altitude of more than 1500 meters above sea level, and the summit of Everest is located on its heights, knowing that the reason for the dispute between the “state of Bhutan and China” and the reason for the severing of relations between them since 1959 is the dispute over “the borders of the Chinese territory of Tibet and its intertwining with the state of Bhutan”, as well as, of course, the most important thing, which is “the ethnic and national intersection of the Buddhist minority in Chinese Tibet”, and the Buddhist majority in Bhutan,” which caused a sharp dispute between the Chinese and Bhutan sides.
We note here the occurrence of the state of “Bhutan” in the face of the heights and mountains surrounding Afghanistan, which constitute about 75% of the area of Afghanistan, and the average height of the lands in Afghanistan is about 49% of the country, in addition to the high level of Afghanistan in the face of the heights of “Bhutan” with a height of up to to about 2026 meters above sea level.
Here, we find that (the Hindu Kush highlands are the highest mountainous group in Afghanistan) and is an extension of the Himalayas, directly facing the small state of “Bhutan”, knowing that the “state of Bhutan” is sometimes called in some ancient sources and references that the researcher referred to as “the kingdom of the isolated Himalayas”, which is thus in the same extensions and borders of the sensitive geographical areas surrounding Afghanistan.
It is very close to “Afghanistan and the state of Bhutan, which is sometimes called the small kingdom in South Asia”, with an area estimated at 46,500 square kilometers directly between (China and India), and its location on (directly the southern slopes of the Himalayas) made it higher level of the mountains range region in the whole world, and the most dangerous for me analytically, research and academically is “the seriousness of Bhutan’s position in the US-Chinese conflict and polarization in the Indo-Pacific region”, given (the location of the state of Bhutan is only hundreds of miles from the shore of the Indian Ocean).
Perhaps what caught my attention in research is what I have seen on Indian websites, with the announcement by the (Indian Army) in the month of April 2020, about (the Indian army has sent separate military medical teams to deploy in the countries of India’s regional neighbors), which are mainly (Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Afghanistan) countries, with the aim of helping these countries enhance their capabilities to deal with the increasing cases of the Corona virus. And the danger of this matter for me, analytically, is (India deliberately deploying teams from the medical army, not the civilian, and pushing them into the heart of the two states of Bhutan and Afghanistan together), which refers to (an Indian move to Afghanistan through Bhutan).
Through the previous detailed analysis, of the importance of the state of “Bhutan” directly on the border between India and China, as well as its location in the highest region of a chain of heights in the whole world (it confirms indirect confrontation with the state of Afghanistan across its neighboring regional and geographical borders), we will immediately realize the importance of choosing the State of Bhutan “as an ideal country for the agreement of (political normalization between Israel and Bhutan and linking it to the Emirates and the Minister of Happiness on both the Bhutan and Emirati sides). Its head (China, India, Afghanistan, the Indian Ocean region).
Fifth: Analyzing the dangerous relationship between Israel’s signing of the peace agreement and political normalization with the small Buddhist state of “Bhutan” directly adjacent to the Chinese territory of Tibet in December 2020, and (Washington’s appointment only two months prior to the US special coordinator for human rights in the Chinese Buddhist region of Tibet in October 2020)
What most stopped the Egyptian researcher was the (link between the appointment of the United States of America to an American official on the human rights file in the Chinese Buddhist region of Tibet in October 2020, and Israel’s signing, just two months later, of the peace agreement and politicalization with Bhutan, normal China in December 2020), which is the Chinese territory directly adjacent to the state of “Bhutan”.
It came as a surprise when the United States of America appointed “Robert Destroc”, the American official, as responsible for (the human rights file in the Chinese Buddhist region of Tibet), in October 2020, who previously held the position of (US Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor) during the era of former President Trump’s administration, and the United States of America announced that “Robert Destro” would take the additional position that had been vacant since the beginning of the presidency of former President “Trump” in 2017. Hence, the Egyptian researcher began to analyze this American step and its relationship to the agreement of political normalization and peace between Israel and the State of Bhutan, as follows:
The researcher personally considered that the step of appointing the United States of America to a prominent official for (the human rights file in the Chinese region of Tibet, which is directly adjacent to Bhutan) is a deliberate American provocation to China, and one of the latest stages and levels of escalation and tension between the Chinese and American sides, a move that has of course provoked anger And criticism of China and its Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
However, the Egyptian researcher stopped at Washington’s move to appoint a senior human rights official as the US special coordinator for issues related to (Human Rights in Tibet in October 2020), but what made me look at the matter from a different analytical angle is “Israel’s speeding up after that American step directly with less than less than two months to sign the peace and normalization agreement with “Bhutan”. It seemed to me research and analysis, as if it were:
“Deliberate security, political, and intelligence agreement and coordination between Israel and the United States of America regarding their joint cooperation in the Chinese regions of Tibet and the Buddhist state of Bhutan directly adjacent to Tibet”
This was accompanied by what the former US Secretary of State (Mike Pompeo) announced during the administration of former President “Trump”, that “Robert Destro”, who was holding the position of (US Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights and Labor), during the era of the former president’s administration Trump will take the additional position, which has been vacant since the beginning of the Trump presidency, in 2017. With “Pompeo” confirming in a statement that “Destro” will work to achieve:
“Leading U.S. efforts to promote dialogue between China and the Dalai Lama or his Buddhist representatives, protect the unique Buddhist religious, cultural, and linguistic identity of Tibetans, and press for respect for their human rights”
We find that (China has refused, until this moment to deal continuously with that American coordinator for Tibet affairs), considering Washington’s behavior as a blatant interference in its internal affairs.
China was not satisfied with this, but at the same time lodged a protest with the United States, following a meeting held between the Special Coordinator for Tibet Issues (Robert Destro) and the leader of the Tibetan government-in-exile “Lobsang Sangai”. Beijing called on Washington to refrain from supporting the anti-separatists for China. Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman “Zhao Lijian” said, in an explicit threat and response to Washington, stressing that:
“The affairs of Tibet are limited to China’s internal affairs, interference from outside is unacceptable, and the appointment of the so-called Special Coordinator for Tibet in the United States constitutes a political move to interfere in the internal affairs of the People’s Republic of China and undermine the development and stability of Tibet”
The official spokesperson for the Chinese Foreign Ministry “Zhao Lijian” also indicated that:
“China firmly opposes and never recognizes this, and we have made solemn representations to the United States”
Here, “Zhao Lijian”, as the official spokesperson for the Chinese Foreign Ministry, made a very clear criticism of the American administration, in which he verbatim said:
“The so-called Tibetan government-in-exile is a political separatist organization that pursues unrealistic dreams of Tibetan independence, and this organization violates China’s constitution and legislation, and has not been recognized by any country in the world”
Also, China issued another statement through its Ministry of Foreign Affairs, in which it toughened its tone against Washington, in which it said in text:
“We also oppose any contact with the so-called leader of the Tibetan government-in-exile “Lopsang Sangai” by officials of other countries, as Destro, after meeting with this man, violated the obligations and strategic position of the American side that the United States neither supported the independence of Tibet nor recognizes the “Tibetan government-in-exile”, hence we call on the United States to stop interfering in China’s internal affairs, undermining the development and stability of Tibet, and refrain from providing any support to separatist forces”
All official Chinese statements came through the official government newspapers and media, stressing that “China will take all necessary measures to preserve its own interests”.
And mainly because of these American provocations, relations between the United States and China have fallen to their lowest level in decades, due to a group of issues primarily related to “the blatant American interference in China’s affairs”.
Based on my previous connection and analysis of the (relationship between Israel and the United States of America in Bhutan and the Chinese Buddhist region of Tibet), my academic research and analysis of those successive events between America and Israel came in a completely different way, that:
It seems as if the matter came out of the context of being just a blatant American interference in China’s affairs, especially with my complete focus on the history of the American provocation to China in the Tibetan region, despite the existence of that Tibetan problem or crisis with China for decades, but “Washington suddenly remembered to appoint its own envoy to manage the human rights file in the Tibet region, and then Israel signed a peace agreement two months later with the Buddhist state of Bhutan, which is directly adjacent to Tibet”, which has completely severed its relations with China since 1959, suggests that there is something secret and mysterious behind the scenes that is not understood between the American and Israeli sides.
The impact of the joint security coordination between Israel and Turkey in Afghanistan
First: Analysis of the potential scenarios of (Israeli-Arab or Iranian-Arab security coordination on Afghanistan), or the extent of success of the (joint security coordination between Turkey and Israel inside Afghanistan), according to the Israeli intelligence point of view
Second: My analysis of the (content of the speeches of the Israeli military intelligence men and the Israeli Mossad) about the intelligence cooperation between Tel Aviv and Washington regarding Afghanistan… (I’m attaching it for the first time globally from an Egyptian researcher as a complaint to the international academic community towards the Israeli research and academic institutions and national libraries for not providing me the available researches, documents, data, and analyses and the required published Israeli publications on China’s relations with Egypt and the region)
Third: My analysis of the content of Israeli military intelligence websites and reports on (the joint security coordination between Israel and Turkey in Afghanistan in the face of the Taliban), its conflict with the Indian-Emirati interests as partners of Tel Aviv in the face of Turkey, and its impact on (the Abrahamic-Israeli peace agreements in the Arab Gulf and the East middle)
Fourth: Analyzing the possibility of Israel’s game in the future to form (a new joint Israeli-Arab security umbrella as an alternative to the joint Arab defense agreement) to protect against the threat of terrorism and confront terrorist organizations after the Taliban rule, focusing on (analyzing the role of the United Arab Emirates in the success of the Israeli security alliance in the region)
The Egyptian researcher has tried to analyze the content of Israeli military intelligence websites and reports regarding the Israeli Mossad intelligence presence in Afghanistan and the future expectations regarding the future potential scenarios and game of Israel’s strategy to make a (joint security coordination with Turkey in Afghanistan), and its affect on the Indian-Emirati interests as partners of Tel Aviv in the face of Turkey, and its impact on (the Abrahamic-Israeli peace agreements with Emirates and the Arab Gulf States).
On the other hand, the Egyptian researcher has attempted to analyze as well the Israeli potential scenarios and reactions to form (a new joint Israeli-Arab security agreement) to protect the Israeli interests and confront terrorist organizations after the Taliban rule, focusing on analyzing the role of the United Arab Emirates in the success of the Israeli security alliance in the region.
So, the Egyptian researcher has analyzed the following aspects to highly understand the whole situation and its potential impacts on the Middle East region and its security and stability, as the following:
First: Analysis of possible scenarios (Israeli-Arab or Iranian-Arab security coordination on Afghanistan), or the extent of success (joint security coordination between Turkey and Israel inside Afghanistan), according to the Israeli intelligence point of view
Perhaps the expected US withdrawal from Afghanistan opened the door wide for advanced analyzes regarding what the situation will be in the coming period, and most importantly to me the extent of its relationship with the Middle East region, and the balance of regional and international powers within it.
The Egyptian researcher was able, through her extensive reading in the recent period of all the analyzes that occurred under her eyes, regarding the possible roles of (Israeli, Iranian, Arab, Pakistani, Turkish) parts at Afghanistan to understand all what is going on in secret between the various previous parties, and its relationship to the Arab region and the Middle East in general, and this is what moved the researcher to research on several analytical fronts, regarding:
The impact of the US withdrawal from Afghanistan on the Middle East, the export and expansion of terrorism and the increase in the frequency of terrorist operations from the “leaaders of the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq” known as “ISIS” in the region to demonstrate their defiance of the United States of America after its failure to manage the file of the war on terrorism in the region. Afghanistan, and how this relates to French President “Emmanuel Macron’s visit to Iraq” and his announcement of the French partnership with the countries of the region and Iraq to fight terrorism.
The Israeli-Iranian conflict and the extent to which it is affected by the increasing influence of Iran in Afghanistan through (the Hazara and Tajik Shiite minorities) in Afghanistan, and the extent to which Israel is able to recruit other ethnic and national sects, mainly in Afghanistan, to monitor these “Iranian movements in Afghanistan”, and Israel’s attempt to extend relations with countries The geographical neighborhood of Afghanistan, such as India, Bhutan and the Central Asian countries, to gather Israeli intelligence information about the Taliban’s movements and alliances with the Iranian side in that region, and whether it poses a threat to the security of Israel and the Middle East.
Which is closer to Arab cooperation against the idea of (exporting terrorism to the region from Afghanistan), according to the preference of interests, do we cooperate with Iran or Israel? In the sense that thinking, as I understood it analytically from the Iranian and Israeli points of view, is mainly focused on “the game of regional interests with the Arabian Gulf and Middle Eastern Countries”, which deepens our understanding of how the Israelis and Iranians work in this context, ie:
“Iran is presenting itself as the ideal partner for coordination with the Arab countries, especially the Gulf states, to help them protect their borders from the danger of Taliban militias extending and intrusion into the Arab interior, and on the Israeli side, the matter has become similar to that, with Israel trying to export itself as the most affected and dangerous than the danger of the Afghan Armed militias and extremist jihadist movements that target the security and stability of the Hebrew state, so Israel is trying from now to extend relations of cooperation and security and defense partnership and perhaps sign joint military agreements between Israel and its allies in the region who seek to undermine the influence, penetration, and influence of jihadist movements and extremist militias to the borders of the countries of the region, which is what a number of Arab countries, especially, the Gulf states, may push to coordinate security cooperation with the Israeli side to defend the security of the region and combat terrorism, as the Israeli side mainly promotes it”.
Here remains the most dangerous question, related directly to the previous question, and which stopped me for a long time with study, research and analysis, about:
What can actually happen if terrorism spreads to the Arab world and the Middle East from Afghanistan and the threat of ISIS and all the extremist groups and organizations associated with it spreads? Will the Arab regimes agree to form (a joint Israeli-Arab security umbrella to strengthen their collective front in the face of the threat of terrorism) as an alternative to the joint Arab defense umbrella to confront terrorism, which excludes any security rapprochement with Israel?
What are the forms of US-Israeli intelligence cooperation in Afghanistan, and its relationship to the Middle East? For example, the Egyptian researcher found that all Israeli military and intelligence analyzes have focused mainly on “the necessity and importaof Iransraeli coordination with Turkey to closely monitor the situation in Afghanistan” with the exclusion of Iran and Pakistan, of course, and the Israeli rapprochement with Turkey in the recent period to coordinate the matter about how to deal with the new situation and how to control it, which has not been analyzed at all in the countries of the region.
In the same context, the Israeli promotion of the importance of rapprochement with Turkey as an ideal choice for them in Afghanistan began, and we find that the same question is being repeated, regarding:
“Does Israel in Afghanistan tend to cooperate with Turkey more than (Pakistan, India), and why?”. This is according to what the Egyptian researcher has seen from Israeli military and intelligence analyzes that are publicly published in their military sites.
Accordingly, the Egyptian researcher analyzed when trying to track the effects of the future US withdrawal from Afghanistan on the future of Egypt, the Middle East and the region in general, and their relations with the surrounding regional powers to coordinate security with them primarily in (whether Israeli-Arab or Iranian-Arab coordination or the success of joint security coordination between Turkey and Israel or the possibility of success Israel in forming a security umbrella and front of alliances with the Arab world to confront terrorist organizations), according to the different analytical viewpoints, and in my personal belief that the future may bring us many surprises.
Second: My analysis of the (content of the speeches of the Israeli military intelligence men and the Israeli Mossad) about the intelligence cooperation between Tel Aviv and Washington regarding Afghanistan… (the Egyptian researcher is attaching for the first time a complaint to the international academic community towards the Israeli research and academic institutions and national libraries for not providing the researcher with the required available documents, data, research and analyses and the required published publications on China’s relations with Egypt and the region)
The Egyptian researcher has been very interested several years ago in trying to track all (Israeli military and intelligence analyzes), through well-known military sites, such as:
Breaking Defense & Debka
In addition to my constant knowledge, research and academically, of all the analyzes of the (Israeli Institute for National Security Studies) “INNS”
On the personal and analytical level that I am conveying to you, I found that in particular, the only department or program that interests me in the Israeli Institute for National Security Studies is the “Chinese Studies Program”, due to my precise specialization in Chinese affairs, and my continuous attempts to track all Israeli analyzes of Sino-Egyptian relations, and trying to present it to Egypt and the region every once in a while.
Hence, the Egyptian researcher will attempt to present her new international analysis for the first time, attached to it (a complaint submitted by me to the lack of cooperation from the Israeli academic and research institutions with me as an internationally and regionally known academic in Chinese and Asian political affairs, and the Israeli side’s reluctance to provide me with the required data and linking this to the aforementioned analysis), as follows:
The Egyptian researcher thinks that perhaps today I had the opportunity academically to complain about (the lack of cooperation by all Israeli academic and research institutions with the Egyptian researcher academically and research, and the failure to provide me with all the analyzes that interest me in my research area), and I do not know whether this is an Israeli intention or not?, whether (the Israeli Institute for National Security Studies) “INNS”, or the “Israeli National Library of the Hebrew University of Al-Quds”, which (contains almost all copies of all research published in all Israeli academic and research institutions).
The Egyptian researcher was also very interested in what stopped the Egyptian researcher and I think that it would “astonish the international, American and Western academic community as a whole”, when I tried to send emails to the “Israeli Institute for National Security Studies” with my real personality and all my academic data for verification, in order to provide me and sending all the researches published by them mainly on (Sino-Egyptian relations or China’s relations with the region, from an Israeli academic point of view, mainly , for academic and research purposes), is:
“The Israeli Institute for National Security Studies, and specifically the “Chinese Studies Program” inside it, deliberately omitted and ignored the content of my request in the first place, and even deliberately sent them another email to their new branch in the Chinese capital “Beijing”, that is, to open the branch of the “Institute for Israeli National Security Studies in China”, to inquire From him about the required documents, and in my personal opinion, Israel is trying to draw the Egyptian researcher’s attention to their new branch in the capital, “Beijing”, despite “the absence of these Israeli academic analyzes in the first place at the branch of the Institute for Israeli National Security Studies in Beijing” related to analyzes and research on China-Egypt relations. And the region from the point of view of the Israelis themselves, so I think that this Israeli reluctance to cooperate with me in research and academically regarding my research areas and my specialization in Chinese political affairs, certainly has a “negative impact” on the Israeli academic side, because we do not understand in the region, the Arab world and Egypt the point of view of Israeli academics On Egypt’s relations with China and the region, mainly from an Israeli point of view, and therefore, it hinders Israel’s plans and attempts to build bridges of cooperation and political normalization or perhaps cooperation with all the countries and states of the region and the Arab world, and I believe that the opportunity has now opened for me for the whole world to read my view on that dangerous part related to our desire as Egyptian and Arab academics to understand the way of thinking and analyzing Our academic colleagues in Israel, however, there is Israel’s reluctance to cooperate with us in this regard, and I am confident that it is a point that has been raised for the first time internationally, especially with my complete possession and full of academic courage, by asking me all Israeli analyzes, statements, research and documents available for publication and public viewing in their libraries and research and academic centers, primarily, and by giving me the opportunity, as an Egyptian academic in Chinese and Asian political affairs, and even for all my other academic colleagues to review them, to understand the Israeli academic viewpoint on it, and “I’m confidentiality that my complaint will find a great international and academic resonance, due to my desire to understand Israel academically and the reluctance of the Israelis to help me in this matter”.
With the Egyptian researcher completely amazed at the question about (the reasons for the Israeli refusal to provide her with what she wants from research and academic data concerning her research and academic area in Chinese political affairs and its relationship with Egypt and the countries of the region, and trying to follow it from an Israeli point of view), knowing that I was surprised that “The Israeli National Library” has put in its own archive my own published papers within a book on China and Israel on its own website network, however, the “Israeli National Library officials” refused to provide me with important documents that they mainly have for public viewing, regarding my international analysis of the previous publication, on:
(The leaked Russian documents to the Israeli National Library during the period of the Israeli military rule in Palestine from 1948-1968)
Although the Russian documents are available for public viewing on the “Israeli National Library” website, “the Israelis refused to provide them to me completely by opening the link for them to view them, as an academic and research cooperative with me as an Egyptian academy known to them and internationally”, which is what I’m going to tell you, and I was very surprised.
Perhaps this previous point – although it may seem unimportant in the context I am talking about – is of great and utmost importance to me, related to the reasons for this (the Israeli selection and choice of those with whom Tel Aviv cooperates, and its schools and research institutions welcome them according to its interests).
Based on (the Israeli selective selection process for those who cooperate or refuse to cooperate with them), this quickly moves me to study and analyze (the aspects of Israeli-American intelligence and military cooperation in Afghanistan), especially after a number of Israeli officials visited Washington at the end of August 2021 as an Israeli request to strengthen intelligence cooperation (between the CIA and Mossad), in light of the United States’ exit from Afghanistan.
In general, and returning to my analytical point in this context, related to “analyzing Israel’s relationship with the Afghan issue after the withdrawal of the United States of America and the control of the Taliban’s rule”, the Egyptian researcher follows the most prominent of those Israeli defense and military sites, to get acquainted with their military vision for dealing with the region and for aspects of cooperation. The required, for fears of (the growing threat of the terrorist organization “ISIS” and its extension to Israel and its borders with Egypt, Lebanon and also Syria, given the occupation and the Israeli presence in the Syrian Golan Heights). We will find here, that the Israeli military intelligence analysis confirmed:
“The Israeli diplomacy prefer to open political, and even military channels of communication with Turkey regarding Afghanistan, to protect the “State of India” as Israel’s militarily ally in the South Asia region, given the difficulty of Israeli military-intelligence coordination with Pakistan and Iran as allies of China in the face of India, as an ally of Washington”
This brings the Egyptian researcher to a more serious point related to the reasons for the Turkish presence in Afghanistan, and the attempt to be present and communicate with the Taliban leaders to the extent that the Taliban leaders asked Turkey to modernize and rebuild the international airport in the capital “Kabul”, and whether that was (with a joint Turkish coordination with Israel in the face of (the Iranian-Pakistani moves as allies of China against India), whereas India is Washington’s ally in the region around Afghanistan)?
Here, the Israeli intelligence and military focus on the necessity of (improving the exchange of US-Israeli intelligence information) comes amid renewed fears that (the terrorist organization of ISIS) will use Afghanistan as a hub to launch new attacks on American and Israeli targets, whether in Afghanistan or the Middle East.
Here, the Israeli Mossad officers, through their military and intelligence positions, blame (ISIS in the Afghan province of Khorasan), the branch that focuses on Afghanistan, for the suicide bombing that targeted “Kabul Airport”, and resulted in the deaths of more than 200 people after the withdrawal of the United States of America from Afghanistan, including (13 American soldiers).
By following the Egyptian researcher on the Israeli military and defense sites, she found Israeli analyzes that confirm:
“There are indications that ISIS and its various proxies are terrorist acts, and it is now encouraged by the success of the Kabul airport and the lack of an appropriate American response to it as it exits Afghanistan”
Here, the Israeli military analysts agree on:
“Raising fears that the US intelligence network in Afghanistan will inevitably be paralyzed by the Biden administration’s departure from the country, with little human intelligence left behind and a possible lack of any intelligence on the horizon, even if at least a little of that intelligence on paper is needed to counter ISIS”
And here remains (the most dangerous analysis that the Egyptian researcher stopped at much, because based on it, the rest of her other analyzes will be based very carefully), which is the Israeli intelligence and military analysis published on Israeli defense and military sites, with the confirmation of the Israeli military generals, that:
“Israel’s major covert operation in the region could help complement US intelligence efforts in Afghanistan and elsewhere”
Here came the confirmation of Mossad officers and military generals in Tel Aviv, according to a special coverage on the Hebrew “Breaking Defense website”, which specializes in defense and security affairs, in their published statements, affirmed that:
“The Americans know that these Israeli capabilities can save lives, even in remote places”
With the confirmation of the Israeli military sources, according to the “Israeli military Breaking Defense Hebrew website”, about:
“That Mossad is particularly adept at taking raw data and turning it into action, and that people in Israel’s intelligence services see the little details that in many cases are crucial to stopping terrorist attacks”
In a publicly published statement in the Hebrew media and press, according to the head of the internationally known Israeli intelligence service “Ephraim Halevy”, the former head of the Israeli Mossad “Ephraim” mentioned literally, according to the “Breaking Defense website”, saying that:
“There are very close ties between terrorist organizations in countries bordering Israel, such as Syria and Lebanon, and similar organizations in the international arena”
With the most dangerous statement of the Egyptian researcher, which revealed all the dimensions of the Israeli game, and analyzed them carefully, according to the statements of the former head of the Israeli Mossad, “Ephraim Halevy”, about:
“Through close Israeli monitoring of terrorist organizations’ actions in neighboring countries, Israel is obtaining intelligence information that is “extremely vital to our allies” that would not be available without Israeli human intelligence sources on the ground”
In response to a request to comment on the statements of the former Mossad chief, the spokesman for the “American embassy in Jerusalem”, said that:
“We do not comment on intelligence issues”
It is worth noting here that the discussion about the increasing intelligence relations between Israel and the United States of America regarding Afghanistan comes after (the visit of the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency “William Burns” to Israel in August 2021, and then he made a surprise trip to Afghanistan to meet the Taliban leadership), without any official clarification about the relationship between my visits to Kabul and Tel Aviv directly, which is something from my point of view, which raises a big question mark for me and I must stop at it for a long time, regarding (the visit of the Director of American Intelligence to Israel, then his visit to Afghanistan directly and not vice versa).
We also find the talks that took place between the Israeli Prime Minister (Naftali Bennett in Washington at the end of August to meet with President “Joe Biden” to discuss the US-Israeli intelligence plans in the post-Afghanistan era), but the meeting, which was scheduled due to the Kabul attack, was postponed to later date.
Here, the Egyptian researcher noted, according to the same American websites, to analyze the reasons for “Israel’s Prime Minister Naftali’s meeting with US President Joe Biden”, that “Naftali Bennett” carried with him two requests mainly during (Israel’s meeting in Washington on Afghanistan), and the two Israeli requests, they are basically:
A) The first Israeli request from the United States of America regarding Afghanistan:
Naftali’s requests from the American side mainly focused on joint coordination on Afghanistan, whereas the United States open foreign military funding to help Israel more quickly buy new fighters of “F-15”. And for the United States to help buy additional “Dome” interceptor missiles
With the Israeli assurance to the American side, according to Israeli military intelligence websites, that:
“Israel’s purchase of Dom missiles from Washington became necessary for Tel Aviv after Hamas fired nearly Dom missiles during the Israeli-Palestinian conflict earlier this year 2021”
B) The second Israeli request from the United States of America regarding Afghanistan:
The request of “Naftali Bennett”, the Prime Minister of Israel, came from Washington, that:
“Israel wants to get about $1 billion in new money to cover both Iron Dome’s needs and the Israeli Air Force’s ‘special munitions’”
Here, the Egyptian researcher noted, that the Israeli delegation of “Naftali Bennet” left Washington without obtaining a firm commitment on either of the two issues of funding from the United States of America.
Here, the Egyptian researcher concluded by reading the United States’ meeting with Israel, that Washington shed light on:
“Biden’s full support for the renewal of the Iron Dome system in Israel”
The Egyptian researcher also noted that Israel, in its requests from Washington, has linked (the US-Israeli cooperation on Afghanistan depends on Iran, which Washington was convinced of in the first place). Where we find that after the secret meeting session between (Biden and Naftali Bennett) in Washington, US President “Biden”, confirmed:
“The United States is committed to ensuring that Iran does not develop a nuclear weapon, but he has not backed away from his administration’s hopes for a political solution”
The most important thing here is what Joe Biden confirmed, regarding leaving all options open with the Israeli side regarding Iran, and dealing with Afghanistan or any other files that may arise for the benefit of the Hebrew state itself, as confirmed by US President Joe Biden, about:
“We put diplomacy first and see where that leads, but if diplomacy fails, we are ready to resort to other options”
And we conclude through the previous analysis very briefly in that part related to (how and the mechanism of Israeli coordination with the United States of America regarding Afghanistan), the words of US President “Joe Biden”, regarding Afghanistan, and his attempt to include “Iran” in the American-Israeli political equation, regarding everything related to security coordination and defense cooperation between Washington and Tel Aviv on Afghanistan.
Third: My analysis of the content of Israeli military intelligence websites and reports on (the joint security coordination between Israel and Turkey in Afghanistan in the face of the Taliban), and its conflict with the Indian-Emirati interests as partners of Tel Aviv in the face of Turkey, and its impact on (the Abrahamic-Israeli peace agreements in the Arab Gulf and the East middle)
The most prominent Israeli military intelligence reports, which were reviewed by the Egyptian researcher, came from (the well-known sites close to the Israeli military intelligence departments immediately after the American withdrawal from Afghanistan), and with the Taliban movement taking over the reins of power and control in the country. With the entire situation, and an (analysis of the content and context of the statements of the military spokesmen in Tel Aviv), by referring to the sites of the Israeli military intelligence, most notably, are:
The Hebrew “Breaking Defense” website, as an intelligence and security website, specialized in defense and security affairs.
“Debka website”, it’s an Israeli military intelligence website, headquartered in Jjerusalem. It is a well-known Israeli military intelligence website, providing mainly (Israeli military commentary) on issues related to terrorism, intelligence, national security, international and military relations, with a special focus on the Middle East. Knowing that DEBKAfile had won – in its Israeli military and intelligence capacity – the (Best Award-winning Website among the global websites), for its diverse and comprehensive intelligence analyzes from (Forbes International Magazine). Forbes magazine specifically identified the “archives” section of DEBKAfile as “the best part of this Israeli military intelligence site”, but Forbes magazine warned at the same time that (most of the information is attributed to unspecified sources). Based on the Egyptian researcher’s tracking of the most prominent and important reports, data and statements of the aforementioned Israeli military and intelligence sites, through which, the Egyptian researcher was able to extract and analyze the following scenarios and points:
By informing the Egyptian researcher of most of those “unknown or unidentified Israeli military and intelligence sources or the Israeli military identity”, she noticed that there is almost unanimous agreement in the Israeli analyzes issued by those Israeli sites, that (Turkey is the best and optimal option for For Israel to coordinate joint security with it in Afghanistan and on its borders to monitor the movements of the armed Taliban movement), given the difficulty of security coordination between Israel and Iran or Pakistan, given the impossibility of doing so, as is known.
Although Turkey has been publicly excluded several times from any “secret military cooperation with Israel”, the succession of events made the Egyptian researcher pause for a long time to analyze “the features of the increasing Turkish role and influence inside Afghanistan and the extent of its relationship with Israel”. The first thing that stopped me here, in research and analysis, is that (the Turkish request to manage the airport of the Afghan capital, “Kabul”).
But (this matter related to Turkey’s request from the Taliban leaders has been rejected), and this was what the spokesman for the Taliban movement, whose name is (Zabihullah Mujahid) publicly stated. In the name of the “Taliban movement”, that “the leaders of the Taliban movement want good relations with Ankara, but we strongly disagree with the presence of Turkish military forces in our country, because this is considered interference in our internal affairs”.
The Egyptian researcher also noted the extent of the Turkish insistence on (negotiating with Taliban leaders regarding the status of the international airport in Afghanistan under Turkish administration, with Turkish-American and international coordination), which was rejected by the Taliban leaders, with confirmation (Zabihullah Mujahid), spokesman for Taliban, that:
“Ankara does not allow us to send our forces to it to secure one of its airports, because this deed interferes in the internal affairs of other countries and is very dangerous, but despite that, we are ready to negotiate with Turkey, and it must realize our concerns, and we negotiated to settle and solve the dilemma”
The most important thing that caught my research and analytical attention was (Turkish negotiations with the United States to ensure the security and management of Hamid Karzai International Airport), with the Turkish assertion to Washington and the world that these fears are increasing from “the airport falling into the hands of Taliban leaders and militias since the movement launched an attack against the Taliban Afghan army”. In fact, the Turkish justification for the reasons for this insistence on its request to control the Afghan international airport was that “the Taliban movement has been leading a comprehensive attack against the Afghan forces since the withdrawal of US forces in May 2021 from Afghanistan”, while the international forces began the process of their final exit from the country at the end of last August 2021.
Perhaps what the Egyptian researcher concluded here is the question about (the reasons for this Turkish offer to control the international airport of Afghanistan), despite the presence of many international and regional forces that are closer and more understanding with the Taliban leaders and can present this request to them, discuss it and negotiate about it, especially Iran and Pakistan, but rather and Central Asian countries close to the immediate borders of Afghanistan.
In my opinion, too, “the Taliban movement may have read the scene carefully, and noticed the extent of Turkey’s adherence to being in the most sensitive and strategic areas in Afghanistan under the pretext of “maintaining regional and international peace and security”. Therefore, the Taliban sought to miss the opportunity for Turkey politically and security, and he himself what was confirmed by (Zabihullah Mujahid), the spokesman for the “Taliban“, by confirming the actual control of the Taliban movement over most of the regions of Afghanistan, sending messages of global reassurance, and in particular to the neighboring countries of Afghanistan, that:
“The leaders of the Taliban movement spoke with “neighboring countries about the crossings, and the situation will be urgently controlled and organized in the best way, and there will be no problem”
On the other hand, the policies of Turkish President “Erdogan” as a defender of the Muslim Brotherhood and the currents of political Islam contradict (the Abrahamic Alliance for Peace between Israel, the UAE and the Gulf), hence the Turkish-Israeli rapprochement, according to the analysis of the (weakening the Abrahamic-Israeli alliance to conclude peace agreements Political normalization with the countries of the Middle East, as well as his opposition to the UAE and the Hindu nationalist orientation of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who rejects Turkey’s sponsorship of political Islam currents), as well as India and the UAE’s explicit accusations of Turkey of encouraging their opponents, so both India and the UAE reject Turkish influence in Afghanistan and its surrounding area.
Despite (India’s encouragement of the Abrahamic peace agreements concluded between Israel, the UAE and the State of Bhutan with Indian mediation), India sees that Turkey is an obstacle to it. Therefore, tensions have escalated between India and Turkey, with (Turkey intensifying its support for Pakistan in the Kashmir issue in the face of India), since Erdogan’s rise to power, and what has increased the tension in Indo-Turkish relations is (Turkish President Erdogan’s speech before the United Nations General Assembly in 2019, and his public criticism of India for abolishing the autonomy of Jammu and Kashmir). Hence, we understand the reasons for the Indian rejection of Turkish influence in Afghanistan, even if it was coordinated with its ally Israel, because of Turkish interference in the affairs of the Indian state, and public criticism of its policies.
Therefore, we find that, on the other hand, due to the Turkish stance against India’s policies, Indian Prime Minister “Narendra Modi” canceled a trip that was scheduled for him to Turkey in 2019.
Moreover, a part from the Indian dispute with Turkey over the Kashmir issue, Pakistan’s relations as well as a strategic competitor to India with Turkey, as well as (Pakistan’s rejection of the Abrahamic peace in the Israeli concept and its public criticism in favor of Turkey, as a security partner and supplier of arms to Pakistan), especially After Pakistan’s support for the Turkish intervention in “Libya and Azerbaijan”, and with (Pakistan’s desire to obtain a deal from Turkish drones, which increased India’s concerns about this close and joint security and military relationship between Pakistan and Turkey) in the face of Indian policies.
As well as the Indian dispute with Turkey for its support for Pakistan’s membership in the (Nuclear Suppliers Group with Turkey’s opposition by India’s membership in the organization at the request of Pakistan as a security ally of Turkey).
Therefore, in response from India to this growing threat from the joint security coordination between Turkey and Pakistan, (New Delhi turned to the eastern Mediterranean and the Persian Gulf, especially the United Arab Emirates to support agreements of political normalization and the Israeli Abrahamic peace), according to what Israel is trying to promote. This new term is used in the region to encourage its countries to sign peace agreements with Israel, in order to counter Turkish influence through (Indian cooperation with Turkey’s main opponents, namely: Greece and the UAE), and to encourage their policies against Turkey.
Hence, we find (Indian support for Greece and the United Arab Emirates in the eastern Mediterranean region against “Turkish naval boat diplomacy”). New Delhi and Athens have also intensified their military coordination and cooperation to confront Turkish moves in the eastern Mediterranean.
In July 2021, (Greece and India) conducted a naval maneuver in the eastern Mediterranean against Turkey, in order to confirm (Indian support for Greece in the face of Turkish ambitions in the eastern Mediterranean), which is called “Indian maritime solidarity with Greece and the UAE in the face of Turkish naval ambitions” in the eastern Mediterranean.
Hence, we understand the reason for (the UAE’s inclusion of India in its camp as allies of Tel Aviv and Israel’s drinks of the Abrahamic peace), especially with Pakistan approaching Turkey, who reject the Abrahamic alliance announced between Israel, the Emirates and India, as well as the possibility of other countries entering the Middle East.
The new strategic consensus between (New Delhi and Abu Dhabi revolves around combating Islamic extremism and spreading the values and spirit of the Abrahamic Israeli peace in the face of Turkey and Pakistan), defending the sovereignty of their two countries, repelling the increasing influence of the Islamic political system led by Turkey, and undermining the (new Abrahamic peace efforts).
And in confirmation of joint security coordination and cooperation to spread and confirm (the Abrahamic alliance between India, the Emirates and Israel in the face of Turkey that rejects it), we find the UAE’s invitation to India to attend (the meeting of foreign ministers of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation in Abu Dhabi for the first time in 2019), and in the same year, it was the UAE’s granted “Narendra Modi” as well received the “Prize of Zayed Honor”, which is the highest civilian honor in the UAE, despite international outcry over his government’s campaign in Kashmir.
In December 2020, for the first time ever, (Indian Army Commander General “MM. Naravani” visited Saudi Arabia and the UAE), as an attempt to establish (security arrangements that include joint military exercises and security and intelligence partnerships between India, the UAE and its partners in the Gulf). It is understood from this Indian step that (its support for the Abrahamic peace policies led by Israel and the United States of America with the help of the Emirates in the region).
Based on Naravani’s visit to the UAE, India participated in air exercises hosted by the UAE in March 2021, alongside air forces from Saudi Arabia and Bahrain, as a joint Emirati-Saudi-Gulf attempt to (integrate India into the heart of the joint security arrangements in the Arabian Gulf to counter Turkish influence and penetration).
Hence, according to my personal and analytical point of view in this regard, which stems from my understanding of the logic of the Israeli strategic and military thinking for its presence in Afghanistan through Turkey, this can be understood and explained through that (the Israeli desire to move from political and economic relations to security coordination and defense and intelligence cooperation with various countries in the Middle East and the Persian Gulf, even if it is indirectly through the presence in Afghanistan from the Turkish gate), and perhaps to collect more Israeli intelligence information about Afghanistan, as well as to monitor the movements and movements of Tehran directly confronting it, if Israel achieves this inside Afghanistan through “Israeli security coordination with Turkey inside Kabul”, this may (provide a broader movement space for Israel in an important circle that has an impact in the Middle East, and may make Israel an active part, according to the Israeli planning to try to integrate it in the future in the issues of security and defense coordination with the Arab world and Islamic), thus providing it with a broader regional role in the context of competition between regional powers over the region’s breadth, as Israel seeks through For its presence inside Afghanistan through (its intelligence coordination with Turkey, perhaps to invest it in order to integrate into the economies of the region, and to become a legitimate party in the paths of the network of relations and balances of power within the Middle East and the countries of the Arab Gulf).
Fourth: Analyzing the possibility of Israel’s game in the future to form (a new joint Israeli-Arab security umbrella as an alternative to the joint Arab defense agreement) to protect against the threat of terrorism and confront terrorist organizations after the Taliban rule, focusing on (analyzing the role of the United Arab Emirates in the success of the Israeli security alliance in region)
The Egyptian researcher was following the most prominent and dangerous Israeli analyzes after the Taliban movement took control of “Kabul”, and it consisted in asking this prominent question, which is:
“Can Israel start a new and comprehensive regional security dialogue for all in the region and the Arab world, mainly after the “Taliban” took control of the political power in Afghanistan, in a way that supports the US regional strategy that aims to achieve balance with Iran?”
Here, we find that the common American-Israeli fear, is that the growing threat of the terrorist organization of “ISIS” and the other terrorist militias in Afghanistan and on its borders who may create a (joint security integration and coordination between the countries of the region with Iran), known as: (Iranian integration with regional structures in the region to try to integrate them), which could create opportunities to reduce Arab-Iranian tensions in the Persian Gulf at Israel’s expense, including: (threatening basic American and Israeli interests).
Through the Egyptian researcher’s tracking of a number of Israeli intelligence and military sites to determine the degree of their analysis and understanding of the situation, specifically after the Taliban’s takeover, and the same Israeli fear of the spread of the danger of terrorism, militias and extremist terrorist movements and their threat to the security of the Hebrew state, my research and academic analysis came, as follows:
The United States of America has prepared well for attempts to integrate Israel into the heart of the same Arab regional security umbrella, and perhaps (the political or Abrahamic normalization agreements and the Israeli-Gulf peace, especially with the United Arab Emirates, is a series of American and Israeli attempts themselves, to integrate Israel in the future into the Arab circle security), despite the expected Arab and regional reservations.
Hence, Israel is trying to exploit the situation of the control of the Taliban and its militias, and the fear of the spread of a series of terrorist operations in the region and on Israel’s borders to make (security partnerships and alliances with the countries of the region to confront any future dangers), considering that this is the appropriate alternative or entrance to the idea choice for Israel’s proposal with the help of its first ally, Washington, to activate security and intelligence partnerships on the countries of the region, to form that “joint Arab-Israeli security alliance under the pretext of protecting the region surrounding Israel from the danger of ISIS terrorism and armed militias”.
Perhaps the most prominent sudden development that occurred in the file of the Palestinian-Israeli settlement and negotiations project, which has been frozen for many years, is those (American attempts to revive it again, despite the immaturity of the political conditions surrounding the activation of this thorny and complex file), as a suitable main entrance for the Hebrew state and the United States of America. In order to (present the security cooperation or the security alliance between Israel and the Arabs, in light of the common security and intelligence challenges facing them all from the fear of the spread of terrorist movements and operations in those countries surrounding Israel), and their impact on the security of Tel Aviv itself.
We find here that the US administration of President Joe Biden had given the green light to a high-level security and political delegation from Washington to head to the region, and try to hold meetings with the Arab, Palestinian and Israeli sides to test the waters on the possibility of moving the negotiations file and reviving the settlement project again. Additionally, the establishment of (an expanded security alliance between the Israelis and the Palestinians themselves and the Arabs). Therefore, the American delegation headed to the region at the end of July 2021, and its first trip landed in Egypt, accompanied by holding meetings with Egyptian security and political authorities to discuss how to put the first step of the settlement project back on track, and bring the views closer to reaching a common point that helps break the stalemate. In this file, and then (discussing the file of common security challenges between Tel Aviv and the Arabs after responding to a minimum of those Palestinian and Arab demands in the face of Israel).
We find that the American delegation also headed to the Jordanian capital, Amman, as well as to Jerusalem, expressing that if the conditions matured, it might hold meetings with Palestinian President “Mahmoud Abbas Abu Mazen” inside the district headquarters in the “city of Ramallah in the West Bank”, there are intensive contacts from the American side with (Egypt, Jordan, the Palestinian Authority, Israel), to prepare and set the initial outlines for any American move in this thorny file related to sharing the Israeli settlement with the Palestinians, to ensure its success and to obtain the support and approval of all parties and to start from the last point At that point, negotiations were concluded, the last of which was at the end of 2014. The Palestinian-Israeli peace negotiations have been suspended since April 2014, for several reasons, including: (Israel’s refusal to release former detainees and halt settlements). The US administration here began to move “from the stage of rhetoric to actions”, especially after (Washington’s decision to resume financial aid to Palestinian refugees).
From my analytical point of view, both Washington and Tel Aviv are planning a project to “integrate the Israeli state into the internal affairs and Arab regional security after making certain efforts at the point of settlement of the course of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict”, and this is what the US administration has stated several times under the leadership of “Biden and Trump”. On the common security challenges facing the entity of Israel and the Arabs due to the stalemate in the peace negotiations between the two parties.
The Israeli strategic thought in this regard is clear and does not know any ambiguity, but the question posed is: “the arrangement of its dealings with the region is based on this new security logic”, and it is also trying to adapt the American perception to make American policy if it does not stand in support of such a strategy at least avoid rejection. There is no doubt that the Israeli policy proceeds with real awareness, based on “not to rush in its steps, not to rush after achieving its goals, and to wait for the right moment when the situation becomes ripe to advance the wheel of development”. In fact, the observer of Zionist diplomacy – and not Israeli policy – notes that it was prepared for the diplomacy of the Jewish state in this regard from a far-sightedness when it worked to transform the Arab national system into multiple internal systems, even in the economic sphere.
Israel’s future strategy revolves around two logics, both of which complement the other: the first: paralyzing the dangers it faces, and the second: working to achieve its Zionist goals, not in the sense set by the early Zionist fathers, but in the sense imposed by contemporary reality, which is “the security challenges facing the Hebrew state, and the flexibility that may entail with the Arab and Palestinian side to obtain what Israel aims to protect its borders and security”.
What caught the Egyptian researcher with great interest are the statements of Palestinian President “Mahmoud Abbas Abu Mazen”, published on Tuesday, December 30, 2018, when he spoke about:
“Security cooperation between Palestine and Israel is described as a Palestinian “national interest”, regardless of the Israeli behavior towards the Palestinians”
We find that the call of the Israeli Minister of Defense “Benny Gantz” on Tuesday, August 25, 2020, is the first with the UAE Minister of State for Defense Affairs “Mohammed bin Ahmed Al-Bawardi”, focused on:
“The need to advance security cooperation between the two countries”
The Hebrew “Yedioth Ahronoth Newspaper” published a statement by Israeli Defense Minister “Gantz”, in which he said that he spoke with the emirati minister about “the need to advance the normalization agreement that establishes, including: security relations between the two countries and the region”. Which is now paving the way for a more formal and public security relationship. We find that “the new Israeli-Gulf alliance can create advanced early warning systems against Iranian missiles, and it can create the conditions for implementing a connected command and control network for missile defense and naval operations in the Red Sea, the northern Indian Ocean and the Arabian Gulf. It also allows for a joint use of military technology and a regular exchange of information”.
According to the same Israeli future analysis, (Abu Dhabi could benefit greatly from increased security cooperation with Israel. For example, the Emiratis could request Israeli assistance in protecting the country’s critical infrastructure, including: oil and water desalination facilities, power stations and airports and sea ports). The Israeli missile defense system “Iron Dome” can also represent an addition in this regard. There were already some indications that the UAE might buy the (Iron Dome system) in the future.
According to the same Emirati future analysis, (the UAE can also benefit from Israeli support in the “fields of cyber security and intelligence,” and the Israelis had already supported the UAE for some time in this field, even before the normalization agreement), several Israeli companies, such as: “Aronatex” By providing Emiratis with products and services to enhance their intelligence and electronic capabilities. It is said that Emirati companies, such as: “DarkMatter”, brought in former Israeli army cyber experts from the (army’s 8200 secret unit) to work in the UAE.
Israel will also benefit from closer security relations with the Emirates, which are located in the Gulf near the southern flank of Iran, and thus the Emirates can provide a foothold for Israel to monitor and spy on Iran. What (confirms this joint step for security cooperation between Israel and the United Arab Emirates), is what was reported by several joint security intelligence reports between the two parties, according to which:
“The UAE and Israel are planning to develop a joint spy base on the Yemeni island of Socotra overlooking the Arabian Sea”
Regardless of the veracity of these reports, the UAE’s proximity to Iran (as well as the large Iranian population in Dubai) could provide Israel with access to Emirati intelligence about Iran and its regional activities.
Moreover, by establishing official relations with the Emirates, (it will become easier for Israel to coordinate regional security affairs with Saudi Arabia), even in the absence of official relations between Riyadh and Tel Aviv.
On the other hand, the Emiratis can provide tacit support to Israel in the (Eastern Mediterranean region) that is increasingly important to Israel’s security. Abu Dhabi and Tel Aviv are likely to cooperate closely with (Greece, Cyprus) and other members of the European Union in taking a strong stand against Turkey’s geopolitical ambitions.
The Horn of Africa region could also become a theater for increased Emirati-Israeli cooperation. For example, we find that countries, like: (Socotra, Puntland, Eritrea) are areas where “the UAE could facilitate a small Israeli presence to monitor potential hostile developments”, according to former US Defense Department officials in published statements, stating:
“Israel knows that most of these Arab regimes do not represent the people, which means that once they fall, the weapons will be in the wrong hands”
But on the other hand, the (increasingly complex dynamics in the UAE’s relationship with Syria and Iraq may complicate a closer security partnership with Israel), so Israel is now planning to help the UAE currently, according to the same Israeli security perception to reintegrate Damascus into Arab diplomacy, while targeting Israel regularly organizes Iranian-backed militias loyal to President “Bashar Al-Assad” in Syria to achieve Israel’s interests.
The same Israeli security thinking may apply to Iraq (considering the Iraqi state is an important regional balance area in the region that the UAE and Saudi Arabia are trying to return to the sphere of influence of the Egyptian, Saudi and Emirati bloc), and here, according to what the Israelis themselves analyze, (the Emirates need to be careful not to appear overtly supportive of potential future Israeli military strikes against Iranian-sponsored groups given Abu Dhabi’s relations with the governments in Damascus and Baghdad).
Here, we find that through this comprehensive previous analysis of the Egyptian researcher, Israel, with the help of its American ally and their Gulf partners in the Middle East, especially the United Arab Emirates, or regionally in the Asian region, with the help of “India and the State of Bhutan”, (Israel is trying to encircle and protect the network its regional and international interests to protect its areas of influence with the help of the United States of America), which can explain to us all the American-Israeli moves in the Gulf and Asian region itself to form that (the joint security umbrella between Israel and the Arabs and a number of Asian countries to protect Israel’s security, its borders, and the areas of its regional and international outlets, whether from Middle East or Asia), which may explain to us the reasons for this Israeli insistence on being among all those parties internationally and regionally to make partnerships and peace agreements and political normalization with them, as the researcher analyzed in the previous manner.
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