Uran Botobekov

Uran Botobekov

Doctor of Political Science (PhD), expert on Political Islam

Uighur Foreign Fighters: Al Qaeda’s Connection

Analysis of military actions in Syria in the past month shows that Uyghur militants of Turkestan Islamic Party(TIP) hold their positions taken up earlier in Idlib province and are in no haste to go back to China. On November 23, 2017, the media center of TIPIslam Avazi (Voice of Islam)via Telegram posted a video in which jihadists destroyed two tanksТ-62 and nearly ten soldiers of the Syrian army. TIP used advanced anti-tank weapons, armored vehicles and drones, which confirms its good military technical capability.

The Turkistan Islamic Party (TIP) called the 19th Congress of the Communist Party of China held in October 2017 “a gathering of atheists” and summoned the supporters to continue the holy war against the Beijing “godless regime”. This message was distributed through the channel via the Telegram of the Media Center Islam Avazi (Voice of Islam) which is considered to be TIP’s propaganda body based in Syria. This was the first reaction of the Uighur militants to Xi Jinping's re-election as the country's president.

A terrorist attack committed by a 29-year-old national of Uzbekistan, Sayfullo Saipov, in the downtown of New York City, which killed 8 civilians has set a new task of forecasting and preventing future attacks that can be committed by the immigrants from the post-Soviet states of Central Asia for the Western intelligence agencies.

The confrontation between Russia and the West has had a negative impact on the closest partners of Moscow that share in the trade and economic market with Russia. Thus, the member states of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU), including Russia, Belorussia, Kazakhstan, Armenia and Kyrgyzstan, have been concerned over the new law on sanctions against Russia, Iran and North Korea signed by U.S. President Donald Trump (www.whitehouse.gov, August 02).

How did members of opposition emerge as jihadist?

Often, the authorities of the Central Asian states fight against supporters of the so-called "Islamic states" by using the actions of their political opponents to prosecute their family members. In particular, under the slogan of combating Islamic extremism Tajik President Emomali Rakhmon has been repressing the leaders of Islamic Revolutionary Party of Tajikistan (IRPT) and their family more than two years.

In Kyrgyzstan, the adjudication concerning the people involved in an act of terrorism in Embassy of China in Bishkek was pronounced. It is known that on August 30, 2016 the suicide bomber rammed the gates of Chinese Embassy in Kyrgyzstan by car and detonated a bomb together with the car in the territory of diplomatic mission. As a result of explosion, the terrorist died, three employees of embassy were wounded and serious damage was caused to the building of the consulate.

F
or expansion of the military-political influence in the Middle East Moscow wishes to use in Syria members of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) which is the amorphous military block. On June 22, 2017, the Chairman of the Defense Committee of the State Duma of Russia, former commander of the Airborne Forces, Colonel-General Vladimir Shamanov said that Russia was negotiating with Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan to send troops to Syria monitoring the military situation (RIA Novosti, June 22).

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