September 11th changed the trajectory of history. The attacks began what appears to be war campaign with no end in sight. While the initial operations against Afghanistan was justified and supported by the international community, the direction of the campaigns afterward was both financially imprudent and unproductive to an extent.
Reports have surfaced indicating that long time regional adversaries Russia and the Taliban are exchanging intelligence on the presence of ISIS in Afghanistan . Even though the Taliban deny sharing intelligence on ISIS, they have been in communication with Russia . The presence of ISIS in Afghanistan has changed the political dynamics that govern the region. Ironically, ISIS has helped legitimize the Taliban insurgency to many in the region.
The Shia-Sunni rivalry is old and goes back centuries. Iran assumes itself to be the leader of the world Shias and the promotion of their interests is a foundation of the Islamic republic’s ideology.
The Saudi Riyal has been pegged to the US Dollar for the past 30 years but this may all soon change as the volatile oil markets will force them to abandon the fixed currency and devalue.
The execution of Sheikh Nimr al Nimr by Saudi Arabia is heating up the Cold War in the Middle East. The tension between Saudi Arabia and Iran has been ratcheting up since the overthrow of Saddam Hussein. But more so, the recent Iranian nuclear deal has begun to change the geopolitics of the region forever.
With a view to better understanding what might happen in the future between the Shi’ite Republic of Iran and the Wahhabi and Sunni stronghold represented by Saudi Arabia, we need to examine a wide range of geoeconomic, political, ideological, strategic and military data and conditions.
Iranian President Rohani, a pragmatist, was elected in 2013 which led to a diplomatic thaw between the Islamic Republic and the West. Finally, after 20 months of "strenuous" negotiations between Iran, the P5+1 and Iran the JCPOA on the nuclear program of Iran was reached in July 2015 to ensure that Islamic Republic’s future nuclear program would be exclusively peaceful.
In a heavily sentimental performance, Barack Obama addressed the last state of the union of his term. 2016 is going to be an election year, so Obama addressed to the union what for his legacy to be reassured, remains to be done. His speech was based on three pillars, economic, social and foreign policy.