Terrorism and security have newly become one of the top priorities in post-Soviet Central Asia. States are discussing how to face the threat of a strengthening of the terrorism and, in particular, of the Islamic State. The attention to this phenomenon has been growing in relation to the Russian involvement in the Syrian war and the risk of a “contagion” that, from North Africa and Middle East, could affect Central Asia.
The world of globalization has brought enormous veiled opportunities and challenges for the each of the developed, developing and under developed nation in the world. The economic sustenance is the only guarantee of the national prestige in the contemporary inter-state interactions and fundamentally a means of the nation’s survival.
An increased likelihood for all risks, from the environmental to society, the economy, geopolitics and technology, looks set to shape the global agenda in the coming year, the World Economic Forum’s Global Risks Report 2016 has found.
With the world contemplating another year of geopolitical uncertainty and the international security landscape in flux, urgent action to improve governance at the international and national levels and the involvement of a wider cross-section of stakeholders could prevent the international security landscape from taking a dystopian turn in the next 15 years.
Iranian President Rohani, a pragmatist, was elected in 2013 which led to a diplomatic thaw between the Islamic Republic and the West. Finally, after 20 months of "strenuous" negotiations between Iran, the P5+1 and Iran the JCPOA on the nuclear program of Iran was reached in July 2015 to ensure that Islamic Republic’s future nuclear program would be exclusively peaceful.
In 1980, on the eve of the final decline of the Soviet-style centralized economies, North Korea - officially called the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea - defaulted on almost all its foreign debt, except for Japan’s.
What the Enlightenment political philosopher Montesquieu wrote: "There are three types of government ...." does not apply to the Maghreb region where there are one or two political authorities.
The recent Heart of Asia Conference-Istanbul Process was an attempt to bridge the existing gap between the Asian partners and the stakeholders with the greater objectivity for the attainment of regional peace and development goals.