Russia and Iran – both members of the Caspian Five – believe they have acted as a main force for stability in the Caspian region and the Caucasus. Hidden under the waters of the Caspian Sea is a treasure trove of immense natural wealth, which both countries wish to protect at any cost for themselves.
Conflict in Syria is now in its fifth year and has become the world’s largest humanitarian crisis after the Second World War.
The recent appearance of Russian President Vladimir Putin before the UN was a command performance for any Western analyst who wants a deeper and more brazen access to Russian global affairs thinking.
The push to take back Ramadi has recently highlighted a litany of convoluted policy and societal sectarian concerns that have created pathways for DAESH to increase their territory and hold new positions.
The conflict and resulting destruction in Syria has been going on since 2011 and no foreseeable end is in sight.
Russia’s recent involvement in Syria led to a telephone conversation between the defence ministers of the US and Russia. During their discussion, they considered how they might avoid an accidental encounter.
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The militant group Islamic State (DAESH) has filled power vacuums from Syria to Iraq. As its advances struggle forward due to increasing external resistance, it is continually searching for new recruits and new territory to push its message and power.