T
he 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees is a key document that defines the term ‘refugee’, outlines rights for refugees, and keeps States accountable for their actions. Important requirements to become a refugee include: facing a well-rounded fear of persecution, seeking asylum or refugee status in the first possible venue, and receiving a fair hearing from a person who is legally qualified (Lect, Nov.8).

T
he possibility of President Trump's decision to lift some sanctions that were imposed on Russia has created some concern in both media and expert community and has even sparked the arguments that such course of action may even affect the international law enforcement in most negative way. While there is some truth to that, the situation is much more complicated when it comes to the real enforcement of international law on the global scale.

N
o one, or country, no matter how novel or inventive they are, has any right, or can be trusted, with absolute power over everyone else. It is absolutely essential for political leaders, all across the world, to ensure that the balance of power exists, in all spheres of power and the body politic, both domestically as well as internationally, because there is no way that any one individual or government can ensure the equal protection of the people, in all of their myriad conflicts and challenges, from the very large, to the very small.

I
n today’s world, why does the world community always focus on the merely one Holocaust committed by Hitler’s Germany, which was subjected to fervent interests and ideas on disposing “Enlightenment” policy of Nazi Germany amid the Hitler’ regime?!- But indeed, it is undeniable fact that a civil society in different periods observed far more anti-Semitist campaign against Jewish community with their own eyes along the history.

T
he unstoppable flow of new issues in international relations (IR) always pushes aside present and past crises. The entrance of these modern day challenges occupy more of the international community’s resources and time, making other vital issues less important. Is this an organic design, and the natural consequences?

A
ntonio Guterres, former prime minister of Portugal, who also led the UN's refugee agency for 10 years, took over as the United Nations' new secretary-general and issued an appeal for peace. “Let us make 2017 a year in which we all — citizens, governments, leaders — strive to overcome our differences,” Guterres declared after taking the reins of the UN. He urged people to share his New Year's resolution: "Let us resolve to put peace first."

T
he late Tony Judt coined the expression “misremembering” by which he meant that while it is fine, year after year, to commemorate the Holocaust with conferences, memorials, monuments, museums galore, if the commemoration is not followed by a meaningful moral analysis of the lessons learned from such a horrific event, if we periodically commemorate the event, but then dwell merely on the political, the economic, the military, the purely utilitarian considerations of the event, forgetting the much more important moral considerations, then the whole commemorative exercise turns into a sham ultimately dishonoring the very memory of that horrific event.

T
he UN General Assembly on December 08 formally appointed former prime minister of Portugal Antonio Guterres as the new secretary-general of the United Nations, replacing Ban Ki-moon. Guterres won unanimous support from the UN Security Council during a vote last week that capped the most transparent campaign ever held at the UN for the top post. The Security Council is deadlocked over Syria after two draft resolutions were defeated in separate votes over the weekend, one of which was vetoed by Damascus ally Russia.

On Friday, October 5th, the U.S. Secretary of State – John Kerry calls for war crimes investigation of Russia’s and Assad governments for the destruction of Syrian city of Aleppo. The western corporative mass media was a very quick, like, for instance, The New York Times, immediately and clearly to accuse the Russian President Vladimir Putin and the Syrian President Bashar al-Assad for alleged war crimes in Syria – the same cliché used by the same propaganda machinery against the Serbs (Srebrenica case from 1995 or Kosovo War from 1999) during the bloody destruction of ex-Yugoslavia (by the U.S. and the E.U.).

When thinking about slavery, people have the tendency to view it as “past history” and many will probably argue that slavery was definitively abolished during the nineteenth century. However, even if slavery was formally abolished by almost all countries more than one century ago, the exploitation of human beings is more than a reality.

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