7 July 2017 was a momentous day for disarmament and arms control. On that day, 122 states approved the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, often called ‘the ban treaty’, at the United Nations in New York. Once 50 states have ratified the treaty, nuclear weapons will be illegal. The agreement will prohibit the possession of nuclear weapons for all states in the same way as the chemical and biological weapon conventions have prohibited those weapons for all.

The global nuclear justice quest has been culminated by adopting a new regime that intends to dilute the Westphalian Exceptionalism and tries to establish the Universal Constitutionalism based on UN Charter’s goal of violence free world enunciated in its preamble. But its plausibility and pragmatism would be tested in the years ahead.

The theory of Good Governance (GG) relies on the belief an effective government builds upon the criteria of transparency and accountability. Moreover, government brings together the formal institutions of the state and their monopoly of legitimate coercive power (Stoker, 1998). The post-colonialism era left many states in a situation of civil war, bankruptcy and corruption, where an alliance of elites controlled the country’s main resources and wealth, which led to persistent inequalities and divisions within a country (Henderson, Stalker, 2000).

One of the most significant dimensions of Genocide jurisprudence in recent years has been the decisive shift from ‘Objective’ standards to ‘Subjective’ standards in defining the four protected groups under the Genocide Convention, 1948.  Jargon aside, what this essentially means is that controversial objective factors like skin color, physical appearance among others no longer exclusively constitute the determinative tests to assess the commission of the ultimate crime.

"No other concept is as powerful, visceral, emotional, unruly, and as steep in creating aspirations and hopes as self-determination."-Wolfgang Danspeckgruber

Principle at its outset

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ublic International Law, which governs the relation inter-alia between two or more states, expressly provides for right to self-determination. The principle is of jus cogens nature, which means that a norm or a principle attaining a status of customary international law against which no derogation is allowed, whatsoever.

I
n a vain attempt to streamline global new world order governance, it is sometimes very tempting for “macro” world leaders to simply implement domestic and global policies which completely steam roll over the rights of their individual citizens, for purposes of ease of control and rule, rather than taking the time out to deal with, and rectify, the multiple internecine conflicts, fundamental denials of human and civil rights, race/religious/ethnic tensions, and the rampant injustices which plague their people.

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idely acclaimed and criticized at the same time, the judgment in Bilkis Bano’s case is likely to remain enmeshed in Indian public memory for a long time to come. On 4th May, the Bombay High Court apart from upholding the conviction of 11 persons for gang rape and murder convicted seven people including 5 policemen and 2 doctors for destruction of evidence and non-performance of duties. In total, 18 persons were held guilty for the dastardly crime that continues to haunt the public conscience of the country.

O
n 7th April, the United States announced the firing of 59 tomahawk missiles each armed with 1000 pounds of explosives at the Al Shayrat airfield in Syria. The firing which was the first direct attack by the Trump administration against the Assad regime was targeted at Syrian radar equipments, jets, bunkers, fuel sites and other military equipment at the airfield.

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hen a small band of Deep State criminals and hooligans can manage to literally hijack the most powerful country on earth, the United States of America, a land of 300 million plus people, replete with more than 30-50,000 nuclear weapons, the most powerful military on earth, and with a GDP of 25% of the entire world’s nations combined, and when this band of Deep State criminals literally control 99% of that nation’s wealth to literally force its hand to do whatever they want, all across the globe, even in the face of direct resistance and protests of 99.9% of that nation’s governed people, it is time for someone or some entity to curb that international criminal behavior and conduct.

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ith the election of Donald Trump as the 45th President of the United States the possible approach of the new administration to international criminal justice and anti-impunity initiatives would be watched very keenly. Trump’s victory has brought back memories of George W. Bush’s presidency, which was characterized by a general contempt towards international criminal law and its only permanent institution, the International Criminal Court (ICC).

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