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The Arctic Economic Council (AEC) is a new independent body established between the members of the Arctic Council (AC), the eight Arctic states, and the six Indigenous Peoples Organizations appointed Permanent Participants. The newly established AEC held its first meeting between September 1st and 3rd in Iqaluit, Canada.
Iceland applied for European Union membership in July 2009 and was formally acknowledged by all the then 27 member states as a candidate country a year later.
Written by: Elena Pavlova, Victor Chauvet
On April 22, a meeting of the Russian Security Council for the Arctic state policy took place in Moscow. In the next few years, Russia accordingly decided to push for the development of its Arctic areas, referring to the creation of new transport infrastructures, the implementation of large-scale mining programs and the strengthening of its military presence.
Arctic and Antarctica, the world’s two regions within the polar circles of the Northern and Southern hemispheres, were rarely discussed in the past (be it in general literature on geopolitics, law or international relations), but lately have gained the attention of the international community.
While the world’s attention remains focused on Ukraine, Crimea is portrayed as its hotbed. No wonder as this peninsula is an absolutely pivotal portion of the Black Sea theatre for the very survival of the Black Sea fleet to both Russia and Ukraine.