9 December is the anniversary of the 1948 Convention on Genocide, signed at the UN General Assembly held in 1948 in Paris. The Genocide Convention was signed the day before the proclamation on 10 December 1948 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Non-nuclear weapon states have become increasingly disgruntled over what they perceive as the nuclear weapon states’ unwillingness to seriously commit to nuclear disarmament.

Critics of capital punishment have long claimed that the utilization of such measures are inhumane and disregard certain human rights. One state at the center of this debate has been the United States.

The Syrian refugee crisis has clearly displayed the difficulties of Western societies to accept culturally and religiously different peoples in the wake of regional civil war.

"The 70th anniversary of the United Nations is an opportunity to reflect – to look back on the UN’s history and take stock of its enduring achievements. It is also an opportunity to spotlight where the UN – and the international community as a whole – needs to redouble its efforts to meet current and future challenges across the three pillars of its work: peace and security, development, and human rights." - Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon's message for UN70

The International Court is the judicial body that brings to justice individuals accused of violation of the international law. The idea to create the court arose after the end of the World War II and it is based on the principle: all persons, including high-ranking state officials, accused of committing serious international crimes must be punished.

On October 24th, 2015 the United Nations and its charter will be 70 years old. However, it was before October, more specifically on June 26th 1945 that the charter was signed by 50 of 51 original member countries.

A South African court banned the President of Sudan Omar Al-Bashir from leaving the country after he had come to attend the African Union Summit being held in Johannesburg earlier this week.

Fairness and equal opportunity are vital to rich and developing countries alike, warns Jan Vandemoortele, who was among the architects of the UN’s Millennium Development Goals

The United Nations, an organization of governments created in 1945 following World War II, was meant to foster international cooperation between members and prevent cycles of violence and bloodshed. Its leader is the secretary general of the organization. Currently the post is held by a Korean national, Ban Ki-moon, who assumed the post in 2007.

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