Stuenkel, Oliver.The BRICS and the Future of Global Order. 1st ed. Lexington Books, 2015. 213pp.
In a world in which there is an ever-growing discourse about a “Post-American/Post-Western World”, a natural interest arises in any government groupings that escape the United States-Europe paradigm, and the BRICS, which is formed by Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, are at the centre of this interest. Simply put, the BRICS is a semi-formal bloc that unites countries considered, arguably, rising or emerging powers, in their interest to reorganise the world order in favour of the entire world, and not only of the so-called “Western Powers”, thus enhancing multipolarity.
One of the biggest obstacles in understanding Russian foreign policy of late for NATO is that it still seems a bit too tied to American assumptions. There seems to be an element of purposeful animosity in the way Russia is viewed, analyzed, and engaged, especially at the so-called expert level and most prominently within the now Republican-controlled United States Congress.
The international order is akin to the science fiction character Dr. Who—it periodically is destroyed, only to reemerge in an altered form. Certain core features are retained; the Classical Greek historian Thucydides observed that political actors are motivated by fear, honor, and interest, and that remains the ruling principle of international politics.
The Syriza-dominated government is a loner in the EU. However, not far away, there is Russia, a country that is ready to give an unconditional support to the fresh force in Athens. That makes this puzzle interesting: The new Greek government is a leftist and very secular one. The Russian Federation is a legal but not ideological successor of the late Soviet Union. So, what is the link missing here? Well, following lines could shade some light on the peculiarities of less visible, though ancient, links.
For the vast majority of the population of the former Federal Republic, NATO has been the guarantor of peace and freedom for a long time. Anti-communism, fuelled by the fear of the Soviet Union operated by the world revolution, the Berlin Blockade and the construction of the Berlin Wall left little room to think about alternatives to NATO.