Kazakhstan, it seems, has a very clear and coherent idea of what kind of image does it want to project on the international stage and more so, what kind it does not.

In 2006, when Turkmenbashi (“Father of all Turkmens”), President Saparmurat Niyazov, suddenly died and was replaced by former Health Minister and dentist Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov, there was hope and open discussion that some of the more farcical eccentricities of the previous president would be removed.

Turkmenistan can be labeled as the most traditional society in the Caspian area. As a country, somewhere between historical tribalism and current authoritarianism, Turkmenistan has yet to establish a clear image of itself beyond state borders.

So many headlines and analysis and reports about India lately.

In the nineteenth century Europe's key cultural impact on China has probably been its influence in modernizing the Chinese state. In the 1870s and 1880s, Chinese engineers who visited Europe realized in no time that Europe's successes were not just due to technological advances but were more deeply rooted.

“I predict that it is in Asia where the fate of the future will be decided.”-Tsar Alexander III

Needless to say, forecasts are extremely difficult to make in international relations, and all the more so when so many factors are in play. The author does not have any special information that he could use to forecast the future. The different miniscenarios are very wide and therefore any of these could reasonably, or unreasonably, be expected to occur.

The speed and determination with which South Korea rose from war-torn poverty to innovative leadership amazed the world. Sungchul Chung examines the lessons to be learned by others seeking to emulate its success.

Futuristic, expansive, cold, frigid, and even the “the space station in the steppes” are some words that are used to describe Kazakhstan’s capital of Astana. The city is beautiful, with futuristic and colorful buildings reflecting Kazakh folklore, history, and culture and a look into Kazakhstan will be.

Three strategic recommendations and case studies are proposed to guide the Government of India in addressing the most pressing urban development challenges, in a new Report “The Future of Urban Development and Services Initiative: Urban Development Recommendations for the Government of India”. The report highlights the importance of wider private-sector participation to bridge the urban infrastructure and services funding gap, widening due to India’s rapid urban population growth.

In a planned economic community that will link 10 nations across South-East Asia and account for the seventh-largest economy in the world, the ASEAN economic community (AEC) will rival the European Union (EU) in the years to come.

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