This year is the year for global action. If politicians, the private sector and international organizations fail to act on climate change and sustainable development in 2015, the opportunity to create low-carbon growth and reduce poverty will be lost.
The world is at a critical crossroads. The third International Conference on Financing for Development in Addis Ababa next July is expected to result in a new roadmap to support sustainable development. The UN Summit in New York in September will adopt the post-2015 development agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals. In Paris in December, 196 countries will meet to agree on a new climate change agreement.
“With these [events] we can set our life and world on course for a better future,” said Ban Ki-moon, Secretary-General, United Nations, New York. “I am very encouraged. The climate summit last September has created new political momentum. It was a far-reaching leadership decision to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 20% by 2040.”
Ki-moon noted that sustainable development and climate change are “two sides of one coin” – climate action will also contribute to the Sustainable Development Goals, agreed to by world leaders at the Rio+20 UN Conference on Sustainable Development in 2012. However, success will depend on growth, which is associated with pollution and more emissions. “Growth must be more inclusive and green,” he said. “By 2030 the world will make a massive investment in infrastructure, cities and agriculture. If this spending is directed towards low-carbon growth, we will be on our way to climate-resilient societies.”
The UN Secretary-General reminded participants that leadership is needed if growth and infrastructure are to be considered together. “I urge you to choose wisely and to invest in the low-carbon pathway,” he said.
Jim Yong Kim, President, The World Bank, Washington DC; Co-Chair of the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2015, said it is important to get the maths right. “With an aggressive move towards clean transport and greater energy efficiency policies, we could [boost] the global economy by up to $1.8 trillion to $2.6 trillion per year,” he said. Yong Kim noted that it is important to get the incentives right. “We have to include the private sector in a way that we have never done before. We need to make growth robust [and make it] have an effect on poverty,” he said.
Many developing countries are “leapfrogging” with new technologies to combat climate change, said Paul Kagame, President of Rwanda. He described simple initiatives, such as reducing deforestation by providing cooking stoves and involving women and young people in climate change and sustainable development. “You have to begin at home in terms of land management and use of resources,” he said. “It is important to involve everybody. As we look forward to development, we are not making a choice between environment and prosperity; we are trying to combine both.”
Energy subsidies have wide-ranging negative consequences on growth, sustainable development and climate change. A. Michael Spence, William R. Berkley Professor in Economics and Business, NYU Stern School of Business, Italy, said it is a “catastrophic policy” that produces distorted economies. Subsidies for producers and consumers come at a high cost. Fortunately, Spence noted, they are in the process of disappearing.
“We have a choice between an energy-efficient, low-carbon path or an energy-intensive, high-carbon path that will end catastrophically,” he said. “The good news is that you don’t pay much of a price in terms of growth by getting on the energy-efficient, low-carbon growth path.” However, it will take a great deal of “commitment and creativity” to get there, he added.
Paul Polman, Chief Executive Officer, Unilever, United Kingdom, urged business leaders to pursue growth and job creation, but to make it sustainable. “Translate commitment into action in your companies,” he said. “We have an opportunity to show politicians that there are solutions and that they are better from an economic and sustainable point of view. We are talking about a new moral framework. Do you want to be the one that misses this opportunity?”
Promoting food production that values ecosystems
Kenya is looking to develop agricultural activity that recognizes the benefits of biodiversity and climate-friendly land management.
UN Environment and the National Museums of Kenya have agreed to work together to develop policy reforms in agriculture that take into account the value of ecosystems. A scoping workshop for the three-year German-funded project entitled Supporting Biodiversity and Climate-friendly Land Management in Agricultural Landscapes will take place on 21-22 February 2018. Other collaborating countries are Colombia, Tanzania and Thailand.
Within UN Environment the project is being led by The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) unit, which focuses on “making nature’s values visible”.
The project seeks to:
- mainstream the values of biodiversity and ecosystem services into decision-making at all levels
- help decision-makers recognize the wide range of benefits provided by ecosystems and biodiversity.
- demonstrate their value in economic terms.
Agriculture is at the centre of human well-being and sustainable development. It has influenced our value systems, our cultural heritage, the structure and location of our communities, and the development of other sectors in the economy.
However, the ties between food systems and human health and cultural heritage are increasingly becoming invisible, as are the impacts our production systems are having on nature. This invisibility discourages stewardship of our natural resources and fosters their unsustainable use, generating negative impacts for both present and future generations.
2015 TEEB for Agriculture and Food (TEEBAgriFood) Interim Report seeks to explain the complex links between ecosystems, agriculture and the food we eat. It provides insights into the importance of ecosystems and biodiversity, and the (visible and invisible) impacts of different production systems on human and ecological well-being.
Much of the project’s work will focus on building national, regional and local government capacity to produce tailored economic assessments of ecosystems. The ecosystems and agricultural landscapes that are critical to policy will be chosen at the workshop.
The project will consolidate guidance and training for TEEB national implementation; provide technical support on valuation and accounting for specific national-level TEEB projects; and enhance the communication and dissemination of TEEB results.
5 ways the United Kingdom is leading the fight against plastic pollution
We’re only two months into 2018, but this year has already seen a number of concrete steps to combat plastic pollution in the United Kingdom. Changing public opinion, along with new restrictions on sending plastics to China (which previously took in 66 per cent of the UK’s plastic waste), have forced businesses and government bodies to reconsider traditional strategies for dealing with discarded plastic.
1. Queen Elizabeth bans disposable plastic
Buckingham Palace has implemented a plan to phase out the use of disposable plastics at royal estates. The new waste plan calls for ending the use of plastic straws and bottles in public and private dining areas. Additionally, biodegradable takeaway containers will be introduced. The Queen was reportedly inspired after working on a wildlife film with Sir David Attenborough, whose recent involvement in the BBC series Blue Planet 2 has been praised for bringing greater attention to the issue of plastic pollution in the world’s oceans.
2. Restaurants ditch plastic straws
An increasing number of UK restaurants and pubs are joining the global movement to end the use of plastic straws. Chains such as Costa Coffee, Pizza Express, Wagamama restaurants, and Wetherspoons have all put plans into place to phase out the use of non-biodegradable drinking straws in 2018. A number of independent establishments have also followed suit, encouraging customers to forego the straw or use a biodegradable one.
3. Scotland announces nationwide bans
While many companies and individuals have made great progress by phasing out plastic straws, the British nation of Scotland took it a step further by announcing plans for a countrywide ban on straws, which will be developed this year. This came on the heels of a previous announcement in January to ban the sale and manufacture of plastic cotton buds, which will be phased out over the course of 2018.
4. The UK says no to microbeads
In January, a government ban on plastic microbeads officially went into effect. The miniature plastic particles are widely used in cosmetics, soaps, and toothpastes, and due to their small size, can slip through treatment plants and pollute rivers and lakes. The first phase of the ban prevents the plastics from being used in the making of cosmetics and cleaning products, followed by a complete sales ban in July. This law follows similar ones passed by the United States, Canada, and Ireland, as well as moves by global cosmetics companies to phase out the use of such products.
5. Supermarkets go plastic free
In January the UK supermarket chain Iceland made headlines when it announced plans to eliminate plastic packaging for all Iceland branded products. The company released a five-year strategy that calls for introducing paper and pulp food containers, as well as paper bags, all of which can be returned to in-store recycling facilities. The company has already banned plastic straws and is beginning to introduce the new packaging over the next couple of months. Other companies such as Tesco and Aldi UK have announced similar plans, a response to increased demands from shoppers for environmental responsibility.
This article was originally published by UN Environment
India to host World Environment Day 2018
Today, Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, and Erik Solheim, United Nations Under-Secretary-General and Head of UN Environment, jointly announced that India will be hosting the global World Environment Day celebrations on 5 June 2018.
“Beat Plastic Pollution”, the theme for World Environment 2018, urges governments, industry, communities, and individuals to come together and explore sustainable alternatives and urgently reduce the production and excessive use of single-use plastic polluting our oceans, damaging marine life and threatening human health.
“India is excited to host the World Environment Day this year on June 5. Indian philosophy and lifestyle has long been rooted in the concept of co-existence with nature. We are committed to making Planet Earth a cleaner and greener place”, said Dr. Harsh Vardhan.
He added: “If each and every one of us does at least one green good deed daily towards our Green Social Responsibility, there will be billions of green good deeds daily on the planet.”
The Government of India has committed to organizing and promoting the World Environment Day celebrations through a series of engaging activities and events generating strong public interest and participation. From pan-Indian plastic clean-up drives in public areas, national reserves and forests to simultaneous beach clean-up activities – India will lead the initiative by setting an example.
“India will be a great global host of 2018’s World Environment Day celebrations,” said Erik Solheim at the announcement on Monday.
He added: “The country has demonstrated tremendous global leadership on climate change and the need to shift to a low carbon economy, and India will now help galvanize greater action on plastics pollution. It’s a global emergency affecting every aspect of our lives. It’s in the water we drink and the food we eat. It’s destroying our beaches and oceans. India will now be leading the push to save our oceans and planet.”
India is emerging as a leader, given it has one of the highest recycling rates in the world. It can be instrumental in combating plastic pollution. By hosting World Environment Day 2018, the Indian government is accelerating its leadership on an issue of tremendous magnitude.
World Environment Day is a UN Environment-led global event, the single largest celebration of our environment each year, which takes place on June 5 and is celebrated by thousands of communities worldwide.
Since it began in 1972, it has grown to become a global platform for public outreach that is widely celebrated across the globe.
Most of all, World Environment Day is a day of everyone around the world to take ownership of their environment and to actively engage in the protection of our earth.
Plastic Pollution facts:
- Every year the world uses 500 billion plastic bags
- Each year, at least 8 million tonnes of plastic end up in the oceans, the equivalent of a full garbage truck every minute.
- In the last decade, we produced more plastic than in the whole last century
- 50 percent of the plastic we use is single-use or disposable
- We buy 1 million plastic bottles every minute
- Plastic makes up 10% of all of the waste we generate
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